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de) null, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas.d.C.C.(m., McLean, I. and Hewitt, F. Condorcet: foundations of social choice and political theory 1994   book  
Abstract: Even now, all too few understand that a society may change its decisions, even if every single voter s preferences remain unchanged, merely because of such things as differences in the order in which alternatives come up for decision or because of seemingly innocuous changes in voting rules. Let us hope that, because of this translation, insights of Condorcet s that went unappreciated a couple of centuries ago will, in the light of the modern theory of collective choice, come to receive the wide recognition they deserve. This is a most welcome book. Mancur Olson, formerly University of Maryland, US Condorcet was a powerful influence on modern thought in many directions, but it is only in fairly recent times that his role in political theory has begun to be appreciated. His analysis of social choice far exceeds that of any of his predecessors and raises virtually all the issues still being wrestled with. His work, scattered through many publications, has been brought together with outstanding scholarship by McLean and Hewitt and made more easily available to English-speaking readers. All those interested in mechanisms of political and social choice should be grateful. Kenneth J. Arrow, Stanford University, US Readers may well find some remarkably clear and refreshing insight into the most important and least understood mechanical aspect of democracy majority voting. J.D. Robertson, Choice Iain McLean and Fiona Hewitt have done a great service to social choice theory by edited and translating a collection of Condorcet s major political writings. Robert Sugden, The Economic Journal This book will certainly be useful to students who need a quick contemporary, initiation to Condorcet s life and ideas. It will be also an important reference for scholars working in social choice, human rights and the Enlightenment. This book belongs in the library of anyone planning to do research in social choice an political theory. Laur Razzolini, Public Choice My own judgment, on the basis of reading the Condorcet extracts and reflecting on them in light of McLean and Hewitt s excellent introduction, is that there is a case for reading Cordorcet in the original that there are important distinctive qualities in Condorcet s work which make it something rather more interesting than a mere inframarginal rendering of modern social choice insights. This judgment was not my initial inclination. What I had not realized is that the famous jury-theorem is really the point of departure for Condorcet s pre-occupations and that his interest in electoral cycling has to be seen through that lens. It is this that sets Condorcet apart from his modern social choice counterparts, and makes the work of considerable independent intellectual interest. Geoffrey Brennan, History of Economics Review The Marquis de Condorcet (1743 94) was a founding father of social science. He believed that what he called the moral sciences could be studied by the same exacting methods as the natural sciences, and he developed many of the tools for doing so. Condorcet has had two quite unconnected reputations: as the doomed and foolish Enlightenment scholar, writing about the perfectibility of mankind while in hiding from the Terror that would shortly claim his own life; and as the incomprehensible founder of social choice, whose Essai of 1785 was not understood until the 1950s. This book shows that he was not so foolish, nor so incomprehensible, as even sympathetic treatments have made him sound. A long introduction uses the latest French and English sources to put his work into context, explains the unity of his thought and explicates his difficult arguments in probability theory and social choice. The extracts from Condorcet s work that follow are in two parts. Part I, The Theory of Voting , includes some extracts from the notorious Essai of 1785 but also later work which is more accessible and makes new points. Part II, Human Rights , shows Condorcet the passionate
BibTeX:
@book{de94-condorcet,
  author = {de), Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat Condorcet (marquis and McLean, Iain and Hewitt, Fiona},
  title = {Condorcet: foundations of social choice and political theory},
  publisher = {Edward Elgar Publishing},
  year = {1994}
}
dawid null, a. FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICAL CAUSALITY 2007   article URL 
Abstract: Traditionally, Statistics has been concerned with uncovering and describing associations, and statisticians have been wary of causal interpretations of their findings. But users of Statistics have rarely had such qualms. For otherwise what is it all for? The enterprise of textquotedblleftStatistical Causalitytextquotedblright has developed to take such concerns seriously. It has led to the introduction of a variety of formal methods for framing and understanding causal questions, and specific techniques for collecting and analysing data to shed light on these. This course presents an overview of the panoply of concepts, with associated mathematical frameworks and analytic methods, that have been introduced in the course of attempts to ex- tend statistical inference beyond its traditional focus on association, and into the realm of causal connexion. Emphasis is placed on understanding the nature of the problems addressed, on the interplay between the concepts and the mathematics, and on the relationships and differences between the various formalisms. In particular, we show how a variety of problems concerned with assessing the textquotedbllefteffects of causestextquotedblright can be fruitfully formulated and solved using statistical decision theory. Our emphasis is almost entirely on problems of textquotedblleftidentificationtextquotedblright, where we suppose the proba- bilistic structure of the processes generating our data is fully known, and ask whether, when and how that knowledge can be used to address the causal questions of interest. In the causal con- text, the more traditional statistical concern with estimation of unknown probabilistic structure from limited data is a secondary (admittedly extremely important, and currently highly active) enterprise, that will hardly be addressed here. For reasons of space and coherence, our emphasis is also largely restricted to understanding and identifying the effects of applied causes. The problem of identifying the causes of observed effects raises many further subtle issues, both philosophical and mathematical, and would take us too far afield.
BibTeX:
@article{dawi07-fundamentals-a,
  author = {dawid, a},
  title = {FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICAL CAUSALITY},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Stats/research/reports/psfiles/rr279.pdf}
}
dePalma null, A., Hong, Gap-Seon. and Thisse, Jacques-Francois. Equilibria in Multi-Party Competition under Uncertainty 1990 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 7, pp. 247-259 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{depa90-equilibria,
  author = {dePalma, Andre and Hong, Gap-Seon and Thisse, Jacques-Francois},
  title = {Equilibria in Multi-Party Competition under Uncertainty},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {7},
  pages = {247--259}
}
cameron null, A.c. advances in count data regression 2009 , pp. 1{\textendash}7  article  
BibTeX:
@article{came09-advances,
  author = {cameron, A. c},
  title = {advances in count data regression},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {1textendash7}
}
dawid null, a.p. FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICAL CAUSALITY 2007 http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Stats/research/reports/psfiles/rr279.pdf  misc URL 
Abstract: Traditionally, Statistics has been concerned with uncovering and describing associations, and statisticians have been wary of causal interpretations of their findings. But users of Statistics have rarely had such qualms. For otherwise what is it all for? The enterprise of textquotedblleftStatistical Causalitytextquotedblright has developed to take such concerns seriously. It has led to the introduction of a variety of formal methods for framing and understanding causal questions, and specific techniques for collecting and analysing data to shed light on these. This course presents an overview of the panoply of concepts, with associated mathematical frameworks and analytic methods, that have been introduced in the course of attempts to ex- tend statistical inference beyond its traditional focus on association, and into the realm of causal connexion. Emphasis is placed on understanding the nature of the problems addressed, on the interplay between the concepts and the mathematics, and on the relationships and differences between the various formalisms. In particular, we show how a variety of problems concerned with assessing the textquotedbllefteffects of causestextquotedblright can be fruitfully formulated and solved using statistical decision theory. Our emphasis is almost entirely on problems of textquotedblleftidentificationtextquotedblright, where we suppose the proba- bilistic structure of the processes generating our data is fully known, and ask whether, when and how that knowledge can be used to address the causal questions of interest. In the causal con- text, the more traditional statistical concern with estimation of unknown probabilistic structure from limited data is a secondary (admittedly extremely important, and currently highly active) enterprise, that will hardly be addressed here. For reasons of space and coherence, our emphasis is also largely restricted to understanding and identifying the effects of applied causes. The problem of identifying the causes of observed effects raises many further subtle issues, both philosophical and mathematical, and would take us too far afield.
BibTeX:
@misc{dawi07-fundamentals,
  author = {dawid, a. p.},
  title = {FUNDAMENTALS OF STATISTICAL CAUSALITY},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Stats/research/reports/psfiles/rr279.pdf}
}
hichet null, b. distances and euclidean distances for presence-absence characters and their application to factor analysis 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}13  article  
BibTeX:
@article{hich10-distances,
  author = {hichet, b},
  title = {distances and euclidean distances for presence-absence characters and their application to factor analysis},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash13}
}
humes null, b.d. essays on institutional change: the choice and effects of legislative rules 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}160  article  
BibTeX:
@article{hume10-essays,
  author = {humes, brian douglas},
  title = {essays on institutional change: the choice and effects of legislative rules},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash160}
}
baldwin null, d. foriegn aid, intervention, and influence JSTOR: World Politics, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Apr., 1969), pp. 425-447 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2009640?uid=3739920&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101075212573  misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{bald??-foriegn,
  author = {baldwin, david},
  title = {foriegn aid, intervention, and influence JSTOR: World Politics, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Apr., 1969), pp. 425-447},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2009640?uid=3739920&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101075212573}
}
heinrich null, g. A Generic Approach to Topic Models   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{hein??-generic,
  author = {heinrich, g},
  title = {A Generic Approach to Topic Models},
  url = {http://www.arbylon.net/publications/mixnet-gibbs.pdf}
}
king null, g. and Gking.Harvard.Edu Advanced Quantitative Research Methodology, Lecture Notes: Single Equation Models 2009 , pp. 1{\textendash}68  article  
BibTeX:
@article{king09-advanced,
  author = {king, gary and Gking.Harvard.Edu},
  title = {Advanced Quantitative Research Methodology, Lecture Notes: Single Equation Models},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {1textendash68}
}
deFigueiredo null, J., Rakove, J. and Weingast, B.R. Rationality, Inaccurate Mental Models, and Self-confirming Equilibrium 2006 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 18(4), pp. 384-415 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{defi06-rationality,
  author = {deFigueiredo, Jr. and Rakove, Jack and Weingast, Barry R.},
  title = {Rationality, Inaccurate Mental Models, and Self-confirming Equilibrium},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {18},
  number = {4},
  pages = {384--415}
}
gower null, j.c. euclidean distance matricies 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}6  article  
BibTeX:
@article{gowe10-euclidean,
  author = {gower, j c},
  title = {euclidean distance matricies},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash6}
}
leeuw null, j.d. the role of models in principal component and factor analysis 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}5  article  
BibTeX:
@article{leeu10-role,
  author = {leeuw, jan de},
  title = {the role of models in principal component and factor analysis},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash5}
}
norris null, j.r. probability and measure 2009 , pp. 1{\textendash}44  article  
BibTeX:
@article{norr09-probability,
  author = {norris, j r},
  title = {probability and measure},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {1textendash44}
}
toft null, m. Ending Civil Wars: A Case for Rebel Victory? - Harvard - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/20031/endingcivilwars.html  misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{toft??-ending,
  author = {toft, monica},
  title = {Ending Civil Wars: A Case for Rebel Victory? - Harvard - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs},
  url = {http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/20031/ending_civil_wars.html}
}
nez null, R.M., Massó, J. and Nemetextbackslashldots, A. On the lattice structure of the set of stable matchings for a many-to-one modelâtextasciicircumtextemdash 2001 Optimization  article URL 
Abstract: For the many-to-one matching model with firms having substitutable and q-separable preferences we propose two very natural binary operations that together with the unanimous partial ordering of the workers endow the set of stable matchings with a lattice structure.
BibTeX:
@article{nez01-lattice,
  author = {nez, R. MartÍ and Massó, J. and Nemetextbackslashldots, A.},
  title = {On the lattice structure of the set of stable matchings for a many-to-one modelâtextasciicircumtextemdash},
  journal = {Optimization},
  year = {2001},
  url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02331930108844574}
}
ali null, s.n. and kartik null, n. Social Learning in Elections 2008 , pp. 1{\textendash}50  article  
BibTeX:
@article{ali08-social,
  author = {ali, s nageeb and kartik, navin},
  title = {Social Learning in Elections},
  year = {2008},
  pages = {1textendash50}
}
heiser null, w.j. distances and their approximation 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}9  article  
BibTeX:
@article{heis10-distances,
  author = {heiser, wilhem j},
  title = {distances and their approximation},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash9}
}
textbackslashÖstergtextbackslashaard, P.R.J. and Vaskelainen, V.P. A tournament of order 14 with disjoint Banks and Slater sets 2010 Discrete Applied Mathematics
Vol. 158(5), pp. 588{\textendash}591 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{oes10-tournament,
  author = {textbackslashÖstergtextbackslashaard, P. R.J and Vaskelainen, V. P},
  title = {A tournament of order 14 with disjoint Banks and Slater sets},
  journal = {Discrete Applied Mathematics},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {158},
  number = {5},
  pages = {588textendash591}
}
A. Blume, Y.-G..K. and Sobel, J. Evolutionary stability in games of communication 1993 Games and Economic Behaviour
Vol. 5, pp. 547-575 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{a.bl93-evolutionary,
  author = {A. Blume, Y.-G. Kim and Sobel, J.},
  title = {Evolutionary stability in games of communication},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behaviour},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {547--575}
}
A. Blume D. DeJong, Y-G.K.F.S. Experimental Evidence on the Evolution of Meaning of Messages in Sender-Receiver Games 1998 American Economic Review
Vol. 88(5), pp. 1323-1340 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{a.bl98-experimental,
  author = {A. Blume, D. DeJong, Y-G Kim, F. Sprinkle},
  title = {Experimental Evidence on the Evolution of Meaning of Messages in Sender-Receiver Games},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {88},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1323--1340}
}
A.Shepsle, K. and Weingast, B.R. Political Solutions to Market Problems 1984 American Political Science Review
Vol. 78(2), pp. 417-434 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{a.sh84-political,
  author = {A.Shepsle, Kenneth and Weingast, Barry R.},
  title = {Political Solutions to Market Problems},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {78(2)},
  pages = {417--434}
}
Abadie, A., Diamond, A. and Hainmueller, J. Synthetic control methods for comparative case studies: Estimating the effect of Californiatextquoterights tobacco control program 2010 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 105(490), pp. 493{\textendash}505 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{abad10-synthetic,
  author = {Abadie, A. and Diamond, A. and Hainmueller, J.},
  title = {Synthetic control methods for comparative case studies: Estimating the effect of Californiatextquoterights tobacco control program},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {105},
  number = {490},
  pages = {493textendash505}
}
Abbe, O.G., Goodliffe, J., Herrnson, P.S. and Patterson, K.D. Agenda Setting in Congressional Elections: The Impact of Issues and Campaigns on Voting Behavior 2003 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 56(4), pp. 419-430 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Do issues matter? This article extends recent research on issue voting and campaign agenda-setting to voting decisions in congressional elections. We use a unique data set that includes information from a survey of candidates and campaign aides who competed in the 1998 House elections and a survey of individuals who voted in them. The study assesses the impact of campaign-specific variables on citizenstextquoteright voting decisions, while controlling for relevant attitudinal and demographic factors. We find that when a candidate and voter agree on what is the most important issue in the election, the voter is more likely to vote for that candidate if that candidatetextquoterights party textquotedblleftownstextquotedblright the issue. The effects of shared issue priorities are especially strong for independent voters.
BibTeX:
@article{abbe03-agenda,
  author = {Abbe, Owen G. and Goodliffe, Jay and Herrnson, Paul S. and Patterson, Kelly D.},
  title = {Agenda Setting in Congressional Elections: The Impact of Issues and Campaigns on Voting Behavior},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {56},
  number = {4},
  pages = {419--430},
  url = {http://prq.sagepub.com/content/56/4/419},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/106591290305600404}
}
Abdulkadiroğlu, A. and Sönmez, T. Random serial dictatorship and the core from random endowments in house allocation problems 1998 Econometrica, pp. 689{\textendash}701  article  
BibTeX:
@article{abdu98-random,
  author = {Abdulkadiroğlu, A. and Sönmez, T.},
  title = {Random serial dictatorship and the core from random endowments in house allocation problems},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1998},
  pages = {689textendash701}
}
Aberbach, J.D. Keeping a Watchful Eye: The Politics of Congressional Oversight 1990   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aber90-keeping,
  author = {Aberbach, Joel D.},
  title = {Keeping a Watchful Eye: The Politics of Congressional Oversight},
  publisher = {Brookings Institution Press},
  year = {1990}
}
Aberbach, J.D., Putnam, R.D. and Rockman, B.A. Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies 1981   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aber81-bureaucrats,
  author = {Aberbach, Joel D. and Putnam, Robert D. and Rockman, Bert A.},
  title = {Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies},
  publisher = {Harvard University Press},
  year = {1981}
}
Aberbach, J.D. and Rockman, B.A. In the Web of Politics: Three Decades of the US Federal Executive 2000   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aber00-web,
  author = {Aberbach, Joel D. and Rockman, Bert A.},
  title = {In the Web of Politics: Three Decades of the US Federal Executive},
  publisher = {Brookings Institution Press},
  year = {2000}
}
Aberbach, J.D. and Rockman, B.A. Civil Servants and Policymakers: Neutral or Responsive Competence? 1994 Governance
Vol. 7(4), pp. 461{\textendash}469 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aber94-civil,
  author = {Aberbach, Joel D. and Rockman, Bert A.},
  title = {Civil Servants and Policymakers: Neutral or Responsive Competence?},
  journal = {Governance},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {7},
  number = {4},
  pages = {461textendash469}
}
Abraham, I., Bartal, Y. and Neimany, O. Advances in metric embedding theory 2006 Proceedings of the thirty-eighth annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing, pp. 271-286  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{abra06-advances,
  author = {Abraham, I. and Bartal, Y. and Neimany, O.},
  title = {Advances in metric embedding theory},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the thirty-eighth annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing},
  publisher = {ACM New York, NY, USA},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {271--286}
}
Abramson, P.R., Aldrich, J.H.., Paolino, P. and Rohde, D.W. `Sophisticated' Voting in the 1988 Presidential Primaries 1992 American Political Science Review
Vol. 86 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{abra92-sophisticated,
  author = {Abramson, Paul R. and Aldrich, J.H. and Paolino, Phil and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {`Sophisticated' Voting in the 1988 Presidential Primaries},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {86}
}
Abramson, P.R. and Aldrich, J.H. The Decline of Electoral Participation in America 1982 American Political Science Review
Vol. 76(3), pp. 502-521 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{abra82-decline,
  author = {Abramson, Paul R. and Aldrich, John H.},
  title = {The Decline of Electoral Participation in America},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {76(3)},
  pages = {502--521}
}
Abrevaya, J., Hausman, J.A. and Khan, S. Testing for causal effects in a generalized regression model with endogenous regressors 2010 Econometrica
Vol. 78(6), pp. 2043{\textendash}2061 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{abre10-testing,
  author = {Abrevaya, J. and Hausman, J. A. and Khan, S.},
  title = {Testing for causal effects in a generalized regression model with endogenous regressors},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {78},
  number = {6},
  pages = {2043textendash2061},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3982/ECTA7133/abstract}
}
Acemoglu, D., Chernozhukov, V. and Yildiz, M. Fragility of Asymptotic Agreement Under Bayesian Learning 2008 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Under the assumption that individuals know the conditional distributions of signals given the payoff-relevant parameters, existing results conclude that as individuals observe infinitely many signals, their beliefs about the parameters will eventually merge. We first show that these results are fragile when individuals are uncertain about the signal distributions: given any such model, a vanishingly small individual uncertainty about the signal distributions can lead to a substantial (non-vanishing) amount of differences between the asymptotic beliefs. We then characterize the conditions under which a small amount of uncertainty leads only to a small amount of asymptotic disagreement. According to our characterization, this is the case if the uncertainty about the signal distributions is generated by a family with "rapidly-varying tails" (such as the normal or the exponential distributions). However, when this family has "regularly-varying tails" (such as the Pareto, the log-normal, and the t-distributions), a small amount of uncertainty leads to a substantial amount of asymptotic disagreement.
BibTeX:
@article{acem08-fragility,
  author = {Acemoglu, Daron and Chernozhukov, Victor and Yildiz, Muhamet},
  title = {Fragility of Asymptotic Agreement Under Bayesian Learning},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2008},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1112855}
}
Acemoglu, D., Chernozhukov, V. and Yildiz, M. Learning and disagreement in an uncertain world 2006   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{acem06-learning,
  author = {Acemoglu, D. and Chernozhukov, V. and Yildiz, M.},
  title = {Learning and disagreement in an uncertain world},
  year = {2006}
}
Acemoglu, D., Egorov, G. and Sonin, K. Dynamics and Stability of Constitutions, Coalitions, and Clubs 2012 American Economic Review
Vol. 102(4), pp. 1446-1476 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{acem12-dynamics,
  author = {Acemoglu, Daron and Egorov, Georgy and Sonin, Konstantin},
  title = {Dynamics and Stability of Constitutions, Coalitions, and Clubs},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {102},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1446--1476},
  url = {http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.102.4.1446},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.102.4.1446}
}
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J.A. Economic origins of dictatorship and democracyâtexteuroŽ 2006 , pp. 416  article URL 
Abstract: This book systematically explains why some countries are democracies while others are not.
BibTeX:
@article{acem06-economic,
  author = {Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, James A.},
  title = {Economic origins of dictatorship and democracyâtexteuroŽ},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {416},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?id=gzdbfu55IGgC&printsec=frontcover}
}
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J.A. Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy 2005   book URL 
BibTeX:
@book{acem05-economic,
  author = {Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. A.},
  title = {Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {2005},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=gzdbfu55IGgC&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=Daron+Acemoglu+and+James+Robinson.+political+transitions&ots=S0vszAnaWF&sig=109YaRQI666_ssCa32qyFApU6qs}
}
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J.A. A Theory of Political Transitions 2001 The American Economic Review
Vol. 91(4), pp. 938-963 
article URL 
Abstract: We develop a theory of political transitions inspired by the experiences of Western Europe and Latin America. Nondemocratic societies are controlled by a rich elite. The initially disenfranchised poor can contest power by threatening revolution, especially when the opportunity cost is low, for example, during recessions. The threat of revolution may force the elite to democratize. Democracy may not consolidate because it is redistributive, and so gives the elite an incentive to mount a coup. Highly unequal societies are less likely to consolidate democracy, and may end up oscillating between regimes and suffer substantial fiscal volatility.
BibTeX:
@article{acem01-theory,
  author = {Acemoglu, Daron and Robinson, James A.},
  title = {A Theory of Political Transitions},
  journal = {The American Economic Review},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {91},
  number = {4},
  pages = {938--963},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 2001 / Copyright textcopyright 2001 American Economic Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2677820}
}
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J.A. A theory of political transitions 2001 The American Economic Review
Vol. 91(4), pp. 938{\textendash}963 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{acem01-theory-a,
  author = {Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. A.},
  title = {A theory of political transitions},
  journal = {The American Economic Review},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {91},
  number = {4},
  pages = {938textendash963}
}
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J.A. Why did the West extend the franchise? Democracy, inequality, and growth in historical perspective 2000 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 115(4), pp. 1167{\textendash}1199 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{acem00-why,
  author = {Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. A.},
  title = {Why did the West extend the franchise? Democracy, inequality, and growth in historical perspective},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {115},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1167textendash1199},
  url = {http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/115/4/1167.short}
}
Achen, C. Parental socialization and rational party identification 2002 Political Behavior
Vol. 24(2), pp. 151{\textendash}170 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ache02-parental,
  author = {Achen, C.},
  title = {Parental socialization and rational party identification},
  journal = {Political Behavior},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {24},
  number = {2},
  pages = {151textendash170}
}
Achen, C.H. Mass Political Attitudes and the Survey Response 1975 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 69(4), pp. 1218-1231 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ache75-mass,
  author = {Achen, Christopher H.},
  title = {Mass Political Attitudes and the Survey Response},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {69},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1218--1231},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Dec., 1975 / Copyright textcopyright 1975 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1955282},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1955282}
}
Achen, C.H. and Bartels, L.M. Blind Retrospection: Electoral Responses to Drought, Flu, and Shark Attacks 2004   book  
BibTeX:
@book{ache04-blind,
  author = {Achen, Christopher H. and Bartels, Larry M.},
  title = {Blind Retrospection: Electoral Responses to Drought, Flu, and Shark Attacks},
  year = {2004}
}
Adams, E.W. On the nature and purpose of measurement 1966 Synthese
Vol. 16(2), pp. 125-169 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{adam66-nature-a,
  author = {Adams, E. W.},
  title = {On the nature and purpose of measurement},
  journal = {Synthese},
  year = {1966},
  volume = {16},
  number = {2},
  pages = {125--169}
}
Adams, J. and Merrill, S. Candidate and Party Strategies in Two-Stage Elections Beginning with a Primary 2008 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 52(2), pp. 344{\textendash}359 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In the United States and Latin America, candidates for national and state-level office frequently must win primary elections in order to advance to the general election. We model policy and valence issues for office-seeking candidates facing such two-stage elections. We determine a Nash equilibrium for the candidates' optimal strategies, and we find that holding a primary is likely to increase a party's chances of winning the general election, particularly in situations where valence issues that involve the candidates' campaigning skills and that are not known prior to the campaign are more salient than policy issues. Furthermore, we find that primary elections are especially likely to benefit parties that expect to be underdogs in the general election. Our conclusions are directly relevant to U.S. politics and by extension to the strategic decisions that many Latin American parties currently confront, about whether it is strategically desirable to hold primaries.
BibTeX:
@article{adam08-candidate,
  author = {Adams, James and Merrill, Samuel},
  title = {Candidate and Party Strategies in Two-Stage Elections Beginning with a Primary},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {52},
  number = {2},
  pages = {344textendash359},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-5907.2008.00316.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5907.2008.00316.x}
}
Adams, J. and Merrill, S. Candidate equilibrium and the behavioral model of voter choice and turnout: Theoretical results and an empirical test 2004 Midwest Political Science Association Annual Conference, Chicago, IL  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{adam04-candidate,
  author = {Adams, J. and Merrill, S.},
  title = {Candidate equilibrium and the behavioral model of voter choice and turnout: Theoretical results and an empirical test},
  booktitle = {Midwest Political Science Association Annual Conference, Chicago, IL},
  year = {2004}
}
Adams, J., Merrill, S. and Grofman, B. A unified theory of party competition: A cross-national analysis integrating spatial and behavioral factors 2005   book  
BibTeX:
@book{adam05-unified,
  author = {Adams, J. and Merrill, S. and Grofman, B.},
  title = {A unified theory of party competition: A cross-national analysis integrating spatial and behavioral factors},
  publisher = {Cambridge Univ Pr},
  year = {2005}
}
Adams, J., Merrill, S., Simas, E.N. and Stone, W.J. When Candidates Value Good Character: A Spatial Model with Applications to Congressional Elections 2011 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 73(01), pp. 17{\textendash}30 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{adam11-when,
  author = {Adams, J. and Merrill, S. and Simas, E. N and Stone, W. J},
  title = {When Candidates Value Good Character: A Spatial Model with Applications to Congressional Elections},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {73},
  number = {01},
  pages = {17textendash30}
}
Adcock, R. Measurement validity: A shared standard for qualitative and quantitative research 2001 American Political Science Association
Vol. 95(03), pp. 529{\textendash}546 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{adco01-measurement,
  author = {Adcock, R.},
  title = {Measurement validity: A shared standard for qualitative and quantitative research},
  journal = {American Political Science Association},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {95},
  number = {03},
  pages = {529textendash546}
}
Adcock, R. and Collier, D. Measurement Validity: A Shared Standard for Qualitative and Quantitative Research 2001 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 95(3), pp. 529{\textendash}546 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Scholars routinely make claims that presuppose the validity of the observations and measurements that operationalize their concepts. Yet, despite recent advances in political science methods, surprisingly little attention has been devoted to measurement validity. We address this gap by exploring four themes. First, we seek to establish a shared framework that allows quantitative and qualitative scholars to assess more effectively, and communicate about, issues of valid measurement. Second, we underscore the need to draw a clear distinction between measurement issues and disputes about concepts. Third, we discuss the contextual specificity of measurement claims, exploring a variety of measurement strategies that seek to combine generality and validity by devoting greater attention to context. Fourth, we address the proliferation of terms for alternative measurement validation procedures and offer an account of the three main types of validation most relevant to political scientists.
BibTeX:
@article{adco01-measurement-a,
  author = {Adcock, Robert and Collier, David},
  title = {Measurement Validity: A Shared Standard for Qualitative and Quantitative Research},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {95},
  number = {3},
  pages = {529textendash546},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3118231},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3118231}
}
Adelman, P. Gladstone, Disraeli, and later Victorian politics 1997   book  
Abstract: A major new edition of this introductory survey of the two main political parties, from the rise of the Liberal Party under Gladstone until the period of Conservative domination under Salisbury in the late nineteenth century. As well as assessing the impact of major political landmarks such as the Great Reform Acts, it also describes the nineteenth century political scene.
BibTeX:
@book{adel97-gladstone,
  author = {Adelman, Paul},
  title = {Gladstone, Disraeli, and later Victorian politics},
  publisher = {Longman},
  year = {1997}
}
Adler, E.S. and Lapinski, J.S. Demand-Side Theory and Congressional Committee Composition: A Constituency Characteristics Approach 1997 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 41(3), pp. 895-918 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{adle97-demand-side,
  author = {Adler, E. Scott and Lapinski, John S.},
  title = {Demand-Side Theory and Congressional Committee Composition: A Constituency Characteristics Approach},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {41(3)},
  pages = {895--918}
}
Admati, A.R. and Perry, M. Strategic Delay in Bargaining 1987 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 54(3), pp. 345-364 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This paper analyses a bargaining model with incomplete information in which the time between offers is an endogenous strategic variable. We find equilibria involving a delay to agreement that is due to the use of strategic time delay by bargainers to signal their relative strength. Under some specifications of the parameters, delay is present in the unique sequential equilibrium whose beliefs satisfy one intuitive restriction. This delay does not vanish as the minimal time between offers becomes small.
BibTeX:
@article{adma87-strategic,
  author = {Admati, Anat R. and Perry, Motty},
  title = {Strategic Delay in Bargaining},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {54},
  number = {3},
  pages = {345--364},
  url = {http://restud.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/3/345},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2297563}
}
Administrator 3191.tif 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}27  article  
BibTeX:
@article{admi10-tif,
  author = {Administrator},
  title = {3191.tif},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash27}
}
Administrator 3371.tif 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}33  article  
BibTeX:
@article{admi10-tif-a,
  author = {Administrator},
  title = {3371.tif},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash33}
}
Administrator 2031.tif 2009 , pp. 1{\textendash}13  article  
BibTeX:
@article{admi09-tif,
  author = {Administrator},
  title = {2031.tif},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {1textendash13}
}
Administrator 71.tif 2009 , pp. 1{\textendash}46  article  
BibTeX:
@article{admi09-tif-a,
  author = {Administrator},
  title = {71.tif},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {1textendash46}
}
Aghion, P., Alesina, A. and Trebbi, F. Endogenous Political Institutions 2011 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 119(2), pp. 565-611 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: A fundamental aspect of institutional design is how much society chooses to delegate unchecked power to its leaders. If, once elected, a leader cannot be restrained, society runs the risk of a tyranny of the majority, if not the tyranny of a dictator. If a leader faces too many ex post checks and balances, legislative action is too often blocked. As our critical constitutional choice, we focus upon the size of the minority needed to block legislation, or conversely the size of the (super) majority needed to govern. We analyze both textquotedblleftoptimaltextquotedblright constitutional design and textquotedblleftpositivetextquotedblright aspects of this process. We derive several empirical implications which we then discuss.
BibTeX:
@article{aghi11-endogenous,
  author = {Aghion, Philippe and Alesina, Alberto and Trebbi, Francesco},
  title = {Endogenous Political Institutions},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {119},
  number = {2},
  pages = {565--611},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/0033553041382148},
  doi = {i: 10.1162/0033553041382148

} }
Aghion, P., Alesina, A. and Trebbi, F. Endogenous Political Institutions* 2004 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 119(2), pp. 565{\textendash}611 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aghi04-endogenous,
  author = {Aghion, P. and Alesina, A. and Trebbi, F.},
  title = {Endogenous Political Institutions*},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {119},
  number = {2},
  pages = {565textendash611}
}
Aghion, P. and Tirole, J. Formal and Real Authority in Organizations 1997 Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 105(1), pp. 1{\textendash}29 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aghi97-formal,
  author = {Aghion, Philippe and Tirole, Jean},
  title = {Formal and Real Authority in Organizations},
  journal = {Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {105(1)},
  pages = {1textendash29}
}
Agliardi, E. Pseudo-supermodular games: theory and an application 1999
Vol. 8Current trends in economics: theory and applications: proceedings of the third international meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory, Antalya, Turkey, June 1997 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{agli99-pseudo-supermodular,
  author = {Agliardi, E.},
  title = {Pseudo-supermodular games: theory and an application},
  booktitle = {Current trends in economics: theory and applications: proceedings of the third international meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory, Antalya, Turkey, June 1997},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {8}
}
Ahn, T.K., Ostrom, E. and Walker, J.M. Heterogeneous Preferences and Collective Action 2003 Public Choice
Vol. 117(3/4), pp. 295-314 
article URL 
Abstract: In recent years, scholars have turned to alternative representations of utility to capture motivational heterogeneity across individuals. In the research reported here, we examine two models of heterogeneous utility - linear-altruism and inequity-aversion - in the context of two-person, social dilemma games. Empirical tests are conducted drawing on data from experiments and surveys. We find that the model of inequity-aversion accounts for a substantial proportion of the preference types and behavior that are not explained by the standard model of self-interested preferences. In contrast, the altruism model does not provide a significant increase in explanatory power over the inequity-aversion model.
BibTeX:
@article{ahn03-heterogeneous,
  author = {Ahn, T. K. and Ostrom, Elinor and Walker, James M.},
  title = {Heterogeneous Preferences and Collective Action},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {117},
  number = {3/4},
  pages = {295--314},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Essays in Memory of Mancur Olson / Full publication date: Dec., 2003 / Copyright textcopyright 2003 Springer},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/30025907}
}
Aidt, T. and Giovannoni, F. Critical decisions and constitutional rules 2011 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 37(2), pp. 219-268 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Many constitutions specify procedures that allow critical decisions to be made with a different rule than routine decisions. We propose a theory of constitutional rules that explains why. The theory is based on the assumption that the type of a decision can be observed, but not verified. We characterize two classes of second-best constitutions, both with clear analogues in real world constitutions: (i) incentive scheme (IS) constitutions that elicit information about the type of a decision through a costly switching procedure and (ii) veto (VT) constitutions that grant limited veto powers to interested parties.
BibTeX:
@article{aidt11-critical,
  author = {Aidt, Toke and Giovannoni, Francesco},
  title = {Critical decisions and constitutional rules},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {37},
  number = {2},
  pages = {219--268},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/l3142402360r6p20/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-010-0492-3}
}
Ainsworth, S. and Sened, I. The Effects of Patterned Lobbying Behavior on the Interpretation of Lobbyists' Signals 1996   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{ains96-effects,
  author = {Ainsworth, Scott and Sened, Itai},
  title = {The Effects of Patterned Lobbying Behavior on the Interpretation of Lobbyists' Signals},
  year = {1996}
}
Ainsworth, S. and Sened, I. The Role of Lobbyists: Entrepreneurs with Two Audiences 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37(3), pp. 834{\textendash}866 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ains93-role,
  author = {Ainsworth, Scott and Sened, Itai},
  title = {The Role of Lobbyists: Entrepreneurs with Two Audiences},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37(3)},
  pages = {834textendash866}
}
Ainsworth, S.H. The Role of Legislators in the Determination of Interest Group Influence 1997 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 22(4), pp. 517-533 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ains97-role,
  author = {Ainsworth, Scott H.},
  title = {The Role of Legislators in the Determination of Interest Group Influence},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {22(4)},
  pages = {517--533}
}
Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A. Beyond optimal matching: the textquoteleftsecond wavetextquoterightof sequence analysis 2007   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{aise07-beyond,
  author = {Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A.},
  title = {Beyond optimal matching: the textquoteleftsecond wavetextquoterightof sequence analysis},
  year = {2007}
}
Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A. Beyond optimal matching: the `second wave'of sequence analysis 2007   article  
BibTeX:
@article{aise07-beyond-a,
  author = {Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A.},
  title = {Beyond optimal matching: the `second wave'of sequence analysis},
  year = {2007}
}
Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A.E. New Life for Old Ideas: ThetextquotedblrightSecond Wavetextquotedblrightof Sequence Analysis Bringing thetextquotedblrightCoursetextquotedblrightBack Into the Life Course 2010 Sociological Methods & Research
Vol. 38(3), pp. 420 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aise10-new,
  author = {Aisenbrey, S. and Fasang, A. E},
  title = {New Life for Old Ideas: ThetextquotedblrightSecond Wavetextquotedblrightof Sequence Analysis Bringing thetextquotedblrightCoursetextquotedblrightBack Into the Life Course},
  journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {38},
  number = {3},
  pages = {420}
}
Aitkin, M. Posterior Bayes factors 1991 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological)
Vol. 53(1), pp. 111{\textendash}142 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aitk91-posterior,
  author = {Aitkin, M.},
  title = {Posterior Bayes factors},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological)},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {53},
  number = {1},
  pages = {111textendash142}
}
Aizerman, M.A. New problems in the general choice theory 1985 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 2(4), pp. 235-282 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{aize85-new,
  author = {Aizerman, M. A.},
  title = {New problems in the general choice theory},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {2},
  number = {4},
  pages = {235--282},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/w6tr757420307621/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00292690}
}
Aizerman, M. and Malishevski, A. General theory of best variants choice: Some aspects 1981 Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on
Vol. 26(5), pp. 1030-1040 
article DOI  
Abstract: The conventional mechanisms of making the best choice, in particular, optimization mechanisms, make explicit or implicit use of the structural principle of "pair comparability" for variants and of the specific logic of the "dominant" rule for choice. This paper argues for going beyond the framework of "pairness-dominance" on the structures and rules of choice and for using "nonconventional" structures and rules. This is shown to be possible if the notions of "multitudinal influences of variants" is formalized in determining the best choices.
BibTeX:
@article{aize81-general,
  author = {Aizerman, M. and Malishevski, A.},
  title = {General theory of best variants choice: Some aspects},
  journal = {Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {26},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1030--1040},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAC.1981.1102777}
}
Akaike, H. A new look at the statistical model identification 1974 Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on
Vol. 19(6), pp. 716{\textendash}723 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{akai74-new,
  author = {Akaike, H.},
  title = {A new look at the statistical model identification},
  journal = {Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {19},
  number = {6},
  pages = {716textendash723}
}
Akay, A. Finite-sample comparison of alternative methods for estimating dynamic panel data models 2011 Journal of Applied Econometrics, pp. n/a-n/a  article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{akay11-finite-sample,
  author = {Akay, Alpaslan},
  title = {Finite-sample comparison of alternative methods for estimating dynamic panel data models},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Econometrics},
  year = {2011},
  pages = {n/a--n/a},
  url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jae.1254},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jae.1254}
}
Akerlof, G.A. The Market for textquotedblleftLemonstextquotedblright: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism 1970 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 84(3), pp. 488{\textendash}500 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aker70-market,
  author = {Akerlof, George A.},
  title = {The Market for textquotedblleftLemonstextquotedblright: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {84(3)},
  pages = {488textendash500}
}
Akerlof, G.A. The Market for ``Lemons'': Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism 1970 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 84(3), pp. 488-500 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aker70-market-a,
  author = {Akerlof, George A.},
  title = {The Market for ``Lemons'': Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {84(3)},
  pages = {488--500}
}
Akerlof, G.A. and Dickens, W.T. The economic consequences of cognitive dissonance 1982 American Economic Review
Vol. 72, pp. 307-319 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aker82-economic,
  author = {Akerlof, George A. and Dickens, William T.},
  title = {The economic consequences of cognitive dissonance},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {72},
  pages = {307--319}
}
Akerlof, G. and Kranton, R. Economics and Identity 2000 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 115(3), pp. 715-753 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aker00-economics,
  author = {Akerlof, George and Kranton, Rachel},
  title = {Economics and Identity},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {115(3)},
  pages = {715--753}
}
Aldrich, J.H. Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America 1995   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aldr95-why,
  author = {Aldrich, John H.},
  title = {Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America},
  publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
  year = {1995}
}
Aldrich, J.H. A Model of a Legislature with Two Parties and a Committee System 1994 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 19(3), pp. 313-339 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aldr94-model,
  author = {Aldrich, John H.},
  title = {A Model of a Legislature with Two Parties and a Committee System},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {19(3)},
  pages = {313--339}
}
Aldrich, J.H. Rational Choice and Turnout 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37(1), pp. 246-278 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aldr93-rational,
  author = {Aldrich, John H.},
  title = {Rational Choice and Turnout},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37(1)},
  pages = {246--278}
}
Aldrich, J.H. A Downsian Spatial Model with Party Activism 1983 American Political Science Review
Vol. 77(4), pp. 974-990 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aldr83-downsian,
  author = {Aldrich, John H.},
  title = {A Downsian Spatial Model with Party Activism},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {77},
  number = {4},
  pages = {974--990}
}
Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. Congressional Committees in a Partisan Era 2004 Congress Reconsidered, pp. 249-270  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{aldr04-congressional,
  author = {Aldrich, John H. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {Congressional Committees in a Partisan Era},
  booktitle = {Congress Reconsidered},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {2004},
  pages = {249--270},
  edition = {8th}
}
Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. The Logic of Conditional Party Government: Revisiting the Electoral Connection 2001 Congress Reconsidered, pp. 269-292  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{aldr01-logic,
  author = {Aldrich, John H. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {The Logic of Conditional Party Government: Revisiting the Electoral Connection},
  booktitle = {Congress Reconsidered},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {2001},
  pages = {269--292},
  edition = {7}
}
Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. The Republican Revolution and the House Appropriations Committee 2000 Journal of Politics
Vol. 62, pp. 1-33 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aldr00-republican,
  author = {Aldrich, John H. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {The Republican Revolution and the House Appropriations Committee},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {62},
  pages = {1--33}
}
Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. Measuring conditional party government 1998   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aldr98-measuring,
  author = {Aldrich, J. H and Rohde, D. W},
  title = {Measuring conditional party government},
  publisher = {PIPC, Political Institutions and Public Choice, a program of Michigan State University's Institute for Public Policy and Social Research},
  year = {1998}
}
Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. Measuring Conditional Party Government 1998   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aldr98-measuring-a,
  author = {Aldrich, John H. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {Measuring Conditional Party Government},
  year = {1998},
  note = {Published: Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.}
}
Alemán, E. Legislative Rules and the Amending Process in Argentina, Chile and Mexico: Theory and Evidence 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{alem03-legislative,
  author = {Alemán, Eduardo},
  title = {Legislative Rules and the Amending Process in Argentina, Chile and Mexico: Theory and Evidence},
  year = {2003}
}
Alesina, A. and Angeletos, G.M. Fairness and redistribution 2005 American Economic Review
Vol. 95(4), pp. 960{\textendash}980 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales05-fairness,
  author = {Alesina, A. and Angeletos, G. M},
  title = {Fairness and redistribution},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {95},
  number = {4},
  pages = {960textendash980}
}
Alesina, A. and Cukierman, A. The politics of ambiguity 1990 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 105(4), pp. 829{\textendash}850 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales90-politics,
  author = {Alesina, A. and Cukierman, A.},
  title = {The politics of ambiguity},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {105},
  number = {4},
  pages = {829textendash850}
}
Alesina, A. and Glaeser, E.L. Fighting Poverty in the U.S. and Europe 2004   book  
BibTeX:
@book{ales04-fighting,
  author = {Alesina, Alberto and Glaeser, Edward L.},
  title = {Fighting Poverty in the U.S. and Europe},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  year = {2004}
}
Alesina, A., Londregan, J. and Rosenthal, H. A Model of the Political Economy of the United States 1993 American Political Science Review
Vol. 87, pp. 12-33 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales93-model,
  author = {Alesina, Alberto and Londregan, John and Rosenthal, Howard},
  title = {A Model of the Political Economy of the United States},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {87},
  pages = {12--33}
}
Alesina, A. and Rosenthal, H. A Theory of Divided Government 1996 Econometrica
Vol. 64(6), pp. 1311-1341 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales96-theory,
  author = {Alesina, Alberto and Rosenthal, Howard},
  title = {A Theory of Divided Government},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {64(6)},
  pages = {1311--1341}
}
Alesina, A. and Rosenthal, H. Partisan Politics, Divided Government, and the Economy 1995   book  
BibTeX:
@book{ales95-partisan,
  author = {Alesina, Alberto and Rosenthal, Howard},
  title = {Partisan Politics, Divided Government, and the Economy},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1995}
}
Alesina, A. and Rosenthal, H. Partisan Cycles in Congressional Elections and the Macroeconomy 1989 American Political Science Review
Vol. 83, pp. 373-398 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales89-partisan,
  author = {Alesina, Alberto and Rosenthal, Howard},
  title = {Partisan Cycles in Congressional Elections and the Macroeconomy},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {83},
  pages = {373--398}
}
Alesina, A. and Spolaore, E. On the Number and Size of Nations* 1997 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 112(4), pp. 1027{\textendash}1056 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales97-number,
  author = {Alesina, A. and Spolaore, E.},
  title = {On the Number and Size of Nations*},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {112},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1027textendash1056}
}
Aleskerov, F., Bouyssou, D. and Monjardet, B. Numerical representations of binary relations with thresholds: A brief survey   article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales??-numerical,
  author = {Aleskerov, F. and Bouyssou, D. and Monjardet, B.},
  title = {Numerical representations of binary relations with thresholds: A brief survey}
}
Aleskerov, F. and Masatlioglu, Y. Binary Relations and Choice Functions Representable via Utility Functions and Supermodular or Multiplicative Error Functions 1999 Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics
Vol. 2, pp. 178 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ales99-binary,
  author = {Aleskerov, Fuad and Masatlioglu, Yusufcan},
  title = {Binary Relations and Choice Functions Representable via Utility Functions and Supermodular or Multiplicative Error Functions},
  journal = {Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {2},
  pages = {178},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571065304000381},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1571-0653(04)00038-1}
}
Aleskerov, F.T. Threshold Utility, Choice, and Binary Relations 2003 Automation and Remote Control
Vol. 64(3), pp. 350{\textendash}367 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ales03-threshold,
  author = {Aleskerov, F. T.},
  title = {Threshold Utility, Choice, and Binary Relations},
  journal = {Automation and Remote Control},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {64},
  number = {3},
  pages = {350textendash367}
}
Alexander, D.A.S.. History and Procedure of the House of Representatives 1970   book  
BibTeX:
@book{alex70-history,
  author = {Alexander, D.A.S.},
  title = {History and Procedure of the House of Representatives},
  publisher = {Ayer Publishing},
  year = {1970}
}
Ali, S.N. and Kartik, N. A Theory of Momentum in Sequential Voting   article  
BibTeX:
@article{ali??-theory,
  author = {Ali, S. N. and Kartik, N.},
  title = {A Theory of Momentum in Sequential Voting}
}
Aliprantis, C.D. and Border, K.C. Infinite Dimensional Analysis 1999   book  
BibTeX:
@book{alip99-infinite,
  author = {Aliprantis, Charalambos D. and Border, Kim C.},
  title = {Infinite Dimensional Analysis},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = {1999}
}
Allen, H.W. and Slagter, R. Congress in Crisis: Changes in Personnel and the Legislative Agenda in the U.S. Congress in the 1890s 1992 Social Science History
Vol. 16(3), pp. 401-420 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alle92-congress,
  author = {Allen, Howard W. and Slagter, Robert},
  title = {Congress in Crisis: Changes in Personnel and the Legislative Agenda in the U.S. Congress in the 1890s},
  journal = {Social Science History},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {16(3)},
  pages = {401--420}
}
Allern, E.H. and Pedersen, K. The impact of party organisational changes on democracy 2007 West European Politics
Vol. 30(1), pp. 92, 68 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{alle07-impact,
  author = {Allern, Elin H. and Pedersen, Karina},
  title = {The impact of party organisational changes on democracy},
  journal = {West European Politics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {30},
  number = {1},
  pages = {92, 68},
  url = {10.1080/01402380601019688}
}
Allison, P. Introducing a disturbance into logit and probit regression models 1987 Sociological Methods & Research
Vol. 15(4), pp. 355{\textendash}355 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alli87-introducing,
  author = {Allison, P.},
  title = {Introducing a disturbance into logit and probit regression models},
  journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {15},
  number = {4},
  pages = {355textendash355}
}
Allison, P.D. Comparing logit and probit coefficients across groups 1999 Sociological Methods & Research
Vol. 28(2), pp. 186 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alli99-comparing,
  author = {Allison, P. D},
  title = {Comparing logit and probit coefficients across groups},
  journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {28},
  number = {2},
  pages = {186}
}
Allsop, D. and Weisberg, H.F. Measuring change in party identification in an election campaign 1988 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 32(4), pp. 996{\textendash}1017 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alls88-measuring,
  author = {Allsop, D. and Weisberg, H. F},
  title = {Measuring change in party identification in an election campaign},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {32},
  number = {4},
  pages = {996textendash1017}
}
Alon, N. Voting Paradoxes and Digraphs Realizations 2002 Advances in Applied Mathematics
Vol. 29, pp. 126-135 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alon02-voting,
  author = {Alon, N.},
  title = {Voting Paradoxes and Digraphs Realizations},
  journal = {Advances in Applied Mathematics},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {126--135}
}
Alspach, B., Liu, Yi-Ping. and Zhang, Cun-Quan. Nowhere-Zero 4-Flows and Cayley Graphs on Solvable Groups 1996 SIAM Journal of Discrete Math
Vol. 9(1), pp. 151-154 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alsp96-nowhere-zero,
  author = {Alspach, Brian and Liu, Yi-Ping and Zhang, Cun-Quan},
  title = {Nowhere-Zero 4-Flows and Cayley Graphs on Solvable Groups},
  journal = {SIAM Journal of Discrete Math},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {9},
  number = {1},
  pages = {151--154}
}
AlSumait, L., Barbará, D., Gentle, J. and Domeniconi, C. Topic significance ranking of lda generative models 2009 Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, pp. 67{\textendash}82  article  
BibTeX:
@article{alsu09-topic,
  author = {AlSumait, L. and Barbará, D. and Gentle, J. and Domeniconi, C.},
  title = {Topic significance ranking of lda generative models},
  journal = {Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {67textendash82}
}
Alt, J.E. The Evolution of Tax Structures 1983 Public Choice
Vol. 41, pp. 181-223 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alt83-evolution,
  author = {Alt, James E.},
  title = {The Evolution of Tax Structures},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {181--223}
}
Alt, J.E., Calvert, R.L. and Humes, B.D. Reputation and Hegemonic Stability: A Game-Theoretic Analysis 1988 American Political Science Review
Vol. 82(2), pp. 445-466 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alt88-reputation,
  author = {Alt, James E. and Calvert, Randall L. and Humes, Brian D.},
  title = {Reputation and Hegemonic Stability: A Game-Theoretic Analysis},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {82(2)},
  pages = {445--466}
}
Alter, A.B. and McGranahan, L.M. Reexamining the Filibuster and Proposal Powers in the Senate 2000 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 25(2), pp. 259-284 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alte00-reexamining,
  author = {Alter, Alison B. and McGranahan, Leslie Moscow},
  title = {Reexamining the Filibuster and Proposal Powers in the Senate},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {25(2)},
  pages = {259--284}
}
Alvarez, R.M. Informations and Elections 1998   book  
BibTeX:
@book{alva98-informations,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael},
  title = {Informations and Elections},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {1998}
}
Alvarez, R.M. Information and Elections 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{alva97-information,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael.},
  title = {Information and Elections},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {1997}
}
Alvarez, R.M. and Brehm, J. Hard Choices, Easy Answers: Values, Information, and American Public Opinion 2002   book  
BibTeX:
@book{alva02-hard,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Brehm, John},
  title = {Hard Choices, Easy Answers: Values, Information, and American Public Opinion},
  publisher = {Princeton University Press},
  year = {2002}
}
Alvarez, R.M. and Brehm, J. American Ambivalence Towards Abortion Policy: Development Of A Heteroskedastic Probit Model Of Competing Values 1995 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 35, pp. 1055-1082 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alva95-american,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Brehm, John},
  title = {American Ambivalence Towards Abortion Policy: Development Of A Heteroskedastic Probit Model Of Competing Values},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {35},
  pages = {1055--1082}
}
Alvarez, R.M. and Nagler, J. Correlated Disturbances in Discrete Choice Models: A Comparison of Multinomial Probit Models and Logit Models 2001   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{alva01-correlated,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Nagler, Jonathan},
  title = {Correlated Disturbances in Discrete Choice Models: A Comparison of Multinomial Probit Models and Logit Models},
  year = {2001}
}
Alvarez, R.M. and Nagler, J. When Politics and Models Collide: Estimating Models of Multiparty Competition 1998 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 42, pp. 55-96 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alva98-when,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Nagler, Jonathan},
  title = {When Politics and Models Collide: Estimating Models of Multiparty Competition},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {42},
  pages = {55--96}
}
Alvarez, R.M. and Nagler, J. Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election 1995 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 39, pp. 714-744 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alva95-economics,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Nagler, Jonathan},
  title = {Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {39},
  pages = {714--744}
}
Alvarez, R.M., Nagler, J. and Bowler, S. Issues, Economics, and the Dynamics of Multiparty Elections: The British 1987 General Election 2000 American Political Science Review
Vol. 94, pp. 131-149 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alva00-issues,
  author = {Alvarez, R. Michael and Nagler, Jonathan and Bowler, Shaun},
  title = {Issues, Economics, and the Dynamics of Multiparty Elections: The British 1987 General Election},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94},
  pages = {131--149}
}
Alwin, D. Information transmission in the survey interview: Number of response categories and the reliability of attitude measurement 1992 Sociological methodology
Vol. 22, pp. 83{\textendash}118 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{alwi92-information,
  author = {Alwin, D.},
  title = {Information transmission in the survey interview: Number of response categories and the reliability of attitude measurement},
  journal = {Sociological methodology},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {22},
  pages = {83textendash118}
}
Amemiya, T. The estimation of a simultaneous equation generalized probit model 1978 Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society
Vol. 46(5), pp. 1193{\textendash}1205 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{amem78-estimation,
  author = {Amemiya, T.},
  title = {The estimation of a simultaneous equation generalized probit model},
  journal = {Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {46},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1193textendash1205}
}
Amemiya, T. The nonlinear two-stage least-squares estimator 1974 Journal of Econometrics
Vol. 2(2), pp. 105-110 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{amem74-nonlinear,
  author = {Amemiya, Takeshi},
  title = {The nonlinear two-stage least-squares estimator},
  journal = {Journal of Econometrics},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {2},
  number = {2},
  pages = {105--110},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VC0-4582HRX-5N/2/327a443ac9a3471507129b170191b2c4},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4076(74)90033-5}
}
Amorós, P. and Puy, M. Issue convergence or issue divergence in a political campaign? Public Choice, pp. 1-17  article DOI URL 
Abstract: In this article, a two-party contest where candidates allocate their campaign resources strategically between two salient issues is studied. The analysis aims to determine the circumstances under which there is issue convergence (both parties emphasizing the same issue) or issue divergence (different parties emphasizing different issues) during a political campaign. For this purpose, the concepts of a partytextquoterights absolute and comparative advantage are used. A party has an absolute advantage on an issue if a majority of voters prefer its position on this issue to that of its opponent. A party has a comparative advantage on an issue if the percentage of votes that it would obtain if voters cared only about that issue is larger than those that it would obtain if voters cared only about the other issue. It is shown here that issue convergence can occur only if one of the parties has an absolute advantage on both issues, but its comparative advantage is not too large. Otherwise, there will be issue divergence in the political campaign.
BibTeX:
@article{amor??-issue,
  author = {Amorós, Pablo and Puy, M.},
  title = {Issue convergence or issue divergence in a political campaign?},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  pages = {1--17},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/content/7t1070837w22t3p5/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11127-011-9865-0}
}
Anantharam, V. A technique to study the correlation measures of binary sequences 2008 Discrete Mathematics
Vol. 308(24), pp. 6203-6209 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{anan08-technique,
  author = {Anantharam, Venkat},
  title = {A technique to study the correlation measures of binary sequences},
  journal = {Discrete Mathematics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {308},
  number = {24},
  pages = {6203--6209},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012365X07009521},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2007.11.043}
}
Andersen, R., Curtis, J. and Grabb, E. Trends in Civic Association Activity in Four Democracies: The Special Case of Women in the United States 2006 American Sociological Review
Vol. 71(3), pp. 376{\textendash}400 
article DOI  
Anderson, P.W.. and others More is different 1972 Science
Vol. 177(4047), pp. 393{\textendash}396 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ande72-more,
  author = {Anderson, P.W. and others},
  title = {More is different},
  journal = {Science},
  year = {1972},
  volume = {177},
  number = {4047},
  pages = {393textendash396}
}
Anderson, L., Watts, M. and Wilcox, A. Legislative roll-call analysis 1966   book  
BibTeX:
@book{ande66-legislative-a,
  author = {Anderson, L. and Watts, M. and Wilcox, A.},
  title = {Legislative roll-call analysis},
  year = {1966}
}
Anderson, L.F., Watts, M.W. and Wilcox, A.R. Legislative roll-call analysis 1966   book  
BibTeX:
@book{ande66-legislative,
  author = {Anderson, L. F and Watts, M. W and Wilcox, A. R},
  title = {Legislative roll-call analysis},
  publisher = {Evanston, Ill., Northwestern U. P},
  year = {1966}
}
Anderson, S.P., Kats, A. and Thisse, Jacques-Francois. Probabilistic Voting and Platform Selection in Multi-Party Elections 1992 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 11, pp. 305-322 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ande92-probabilistic,
  author = {Anderson, Simon P. and Kats, Amoz and Thisse, Jacques-Francois},
  title = {Probabilistic Voting and Platform Selection in Multi-Party Elections},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {305--322}
}
Anderson, W.D., Box-Steffensmeier, J.M. and Sinclair-Chapman, V. Structure, Strategy, and Success: Legislative Effectiveness in the U.S. House of Representatives 2001   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{ande01-structure,
  author = {Anderson, William D. and Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and Sinclair-Chapman, Valeria},
  title = {Structure, Strategy, and Success: Legislative Effectiveness in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  year = {2001}
}
Andrew Bell, K.J. Explaining Fixed Effects: Random Effects modelling of Time-Series Cross-Sectional and Panel Data http://polmeth.wustl.edu/mediaDetail.php?docId=1319  misc URL 
Abstract: This article challenges the status of Fixed Effects models as the default modelling option when using time-series cross-sectional and panel data. We show that a complete understanding of the difference between textquoteleftwithintextquoteright and textquoteleftbetweentextquoteright effects of predictor variables is important in considering what modelling strategy to use. We show that the main problem of Random Effects modelling - endogenous variables - is in fact a case of omitted variable bias that is readily solvable using a variant of the Mundlak (1978a) formulation. Consequently, Random Effects modelling provides everything that Fixed Effects modelling promises, and much more. Crucially it allows the modelling of time-invariant variables, and does so in a more parsimonious and explicit way than an alternative, Plümper and Troegertextquoterights Fixed Effects Vector Decomposition (2007). It is also readily extendable to a Random Coefficients Model, allowing reliable, differential effects of variables without heavy parameterisation. As such we are arguing not simply for a technical solution to endogeneity, but for the substantive importance of modelling context, and the ability of Random Effects modelling to do so. Our empirical examples then show that failing to do this can lead to very misleading results. The distinctive focus of this paper is the stress on the substantive interpretation of the within and between relations. This has implications that extend beyond the realm of political science, to all datasets that have a multilevel structure.
BibTeX:
@misc{andr??-explaining,
  author = {Andrew Bell, Kelvyn Jones},
  title = {Explaining Fixed Effects: Random Effects modelling of Time-Series Cross-Sectional and Panel Data},
  url = {http://polmeth.wustl.edu/mediaDetail.php?docId=1319}
}
Andrews, J.T. and Jackman, R.W. Strategic fools: electoral rule choice under extreme uncertainty 2005 Electoral Studies
Vol. 24(1), pp. 65{\textendash}84 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{andr05-strategic,
  author = {Andrews, J. T and Jackman, R. W},
  title = {Strategic fools: electoral rule choice under extreme uncertainty},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {24},
  number = {1},
  pages = {65textendash84}
}
Andrikopoulos, A. and Zacharias, E. General solutions for choice sets: The Generalized Optimal-Choice Axiom set 2008 (11645)  techreport URL 
Abstract: In this paper we characterize the existence of best choices of arbitrary binary relations over non finite sets of alternatives, according to the Generalized Optimal-Choice Axiom condition introduced by Schwartz. We focus not just in the best choices of a single set X, but rather in the best choices of all the members of a family K of subsets of X. Finally we generalize earlier known results concerning the existence (or the characterization) of maximal elements of binary relations on compact subsets of a given space of alternatives.
BibTeX:
@techreport{andr08-general,
  author = {Andrikopoulos, Athanasios and Zacharias, Eleftherios},
  title = {General solutions for choice sets: The Generalized Optimal-Choice Axiom set},
  year = {2008},
  number = {11645},
  url = {http://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/11645.html}
}
Anesi, V. A new old solution for weak tournaments 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(4), pp. 919-930 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This article uncovers dynamic properties of the von NeumanntextendashMorgenstern solution in weak tournaments and majoritarian games. We propose a new procedure for the construction of choice sets from weak tournaments, based on dynamic stability criteria. The idea is to analyze dynamic versions of tournament games. The exploration of a specific class of Markov perfect equilibria in these textquotedblleftdynamic tournament gamestextquotedblright yields a new solution concept for weak tournamentstextemdashthe A-stable set. The alternatives in an A-stable set constitute persistent, long-run policy outcomes in the corresponding dynamic tournament games. We find that, in any weak tournament, the class of A-stable sets coincides with that of von NeumanntextendashMorgenstern stable sets.
BibTeX:
@article{anes12-new,
  author = {Anesi, Vincent},
  title = {A new old solution for weak tournaments},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {4},
  pages = {919--930},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/6666v541181lu6ln/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0561-2}
}
Angrist, J.D.. Estimation of limited dependent variable models with dummy endogenous regressors 2001 Journal of Business and economic Statistics
Vol. 19(1), pp. 2{\textendash}28 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{angr01-estimation-a,
  author = {Angrist, J.D.},
  title = {Estimation of limited dependent variable models with dummy endogenous regressors},
  journal = {Journal of Business and economic Statistics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {2textendash28}
}
Angrist, J., Imbens, G. and Rubin, D. Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables 1996 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 91(434), pp. 444{\textendash}455 
article URL 
Abstract: We outline a framework for causal inference in settings where assignment to a binary treatment is ignorable, but compliance with the assignment is not perfect so that the receipt of treatment is nonignorable. To address the problems associated with comparing subjects by the ignorable assignment-an "intention-to-treat analysis"-we make use of instrumental variables, which have long been used by economists in the context of regression models with constant treatment effects. We show that the instrumental variables (IV) estimand can be embedded within the Rubin Causal Model (RCM) and that under some simple and easily interpretable assumptions, the IV estimand is the average causal effect for a subgroup of units, the compliers. Without these assumptions, the IV estimand is simply the ratio of intention-to-treat causal estimands with no interpretation as an average causal effect. The advantages of embedding the IV approach in the RCM are that it clarifies the nature of critical assumptions needed for a causal interpretation, and moreover allows us to consider sensitivity of the results to deviations from key assumptions in a straightforward manner. We apply our analysis to estimate the effect of veteran status in the Vietnam era on mortality, using the lottery number that assigned priority for the draft as an instrument, and we use our results to investigate the sensitivity of the conclusions to critical assumptions.
BibTeX:
@article{angr96-identification-a,
  author = {Angrist, Joshua and Imbens, Guido and Rubin, Donald},
  title = {Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {91},
  number = {434},
  pages = {444textendash455},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2291629}
}
Angrist, J.D. Treatment effect heterogeneity in theory and practice 2004 Economic Journal
Vol. 114(494), pp. C52{\textendash}C83 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{angr04-treatment,
  author = {Angrist, J. D},
  title = {Treatment effect heterogeneity in theory and practice},
  journal = {Economic Journal},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {114},
  number = {494},
  pages = {C52textendashC83}
}
Angrist, J.D. Estimation of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice 2001 Journal of Business & Economic Statistics
Vol. 19(1), pp. 2-16 
article URL 
Abstract: Applied economists have long struggled with the question of how to accommodate binary endogenous regressors in models with binary and nonnegative outcomes. I argue here that much of the difficulty with limited dependent variables comes from a focus on structural parameters, such as index coefficients, instead of causal effects. Once the object of estimation is taken to be the causal effect of treatment, several simple strategies are available. These include conventional two-stage least squares, multiplicative models for conditional means, linear approximation of nonlinear causal models, models for distribution effects, and quantile regression with an endogenous binary regressor. The estimation strategies discussed in the article are illustrated by using multiple births to estimate the effect of childbearing on employment status and hours of work.
BibTeX:
@article{angr01-estimation,
  author = {Angrist, Joshua D.},
  title = {Estimation of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice},
  journal = {Journal of Business & Economic Statistics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {2--16},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan., 2001 / Copyright textcopyright 2001 American Statistical Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1392531}
}
Angrist, J.D., Imbens, G.W. and Rubin, D.B. Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables 1996 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 91(434), pp. 444-455 
article URL 
Abstract: We outline a framework for causal inference in settings where assignment to a binary treatment is ignorable, but compliance with the assignment is not perfect so that the receipt of treatment is nonignorable. To address the problems associated with comparing subjects by the ignorable assignment-an "intention-to-treat analysis"-we make use of instrumental variables, which have long been used by economists in the context of regression models with constant treatment effects. We show that the instrumental variables (IV) estimand can be embedded within the Rubin Causal Model (RCM) and that under some simple and easily interpretable assumptions, the IV estimand is the average causal effect for a subgroup of units, the compliers. Without these assumptions, the IV estimand is simply the ratio of intention-to-treat causal estimands with no interpretation as an average causal effect. The advantages of embedding the IV approach in the RCM are that it clarifies the nature of critical assumptions needed for a causal interpretation, and moreover allows us to consider sensitivity of the results to deviations from key assumptions in a straightforward manner. We apply our analysis to estimate the effect of veteran status in the Vietnam era on mortality, using the lottery number that assigned priority for the draft as an instrument, and we use our results to investigate the sensitivity of the conclusions to critical assumptions.
BibTeX:
@article{angr96-identification,
  author = {Angrist, Joshua D. and Imbens, Guido W. and Rubin, Donald B.},
  title = {Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {91},
  number = {434},
  pages = {444--455},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jun., 1996 / Copyright textcopyright 1996 American Statistical Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2291629}
}
Ansell, B. and Samuels, D. Inequality and Democratization: A Contractarian Approach 2010 Comparative Political Studies
Vol. 43(12), pp. 1543-1574 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Scholars continue to grapple with the question of the relationship between economic development and democratization; prominent recent research has focused on the effects of economic inequality. Boix suggests that democratization is likelier when inequality is low, whereas Acemoglu and Robinson argue that democratization is likelier when inequality is at middling levels. Both assume that democratization is a function of autocratic elitestextquoteright fear of the extent to which a future median voter would redistribute under different levels of inequality. Drawing on contractarian political theory, the authors suggest that democratization is instead a function of demands by rising economic groups for protection from the state. This alternative approach suggests that land and income inequality affect democratization differently: Autocracies with equal land distribution are indeed more likely to democratize, but contrary to the conventional wisdom, income inequality is more likely to promote democratization.
BibTeX:
@article{anse10-inequality,
  author = {Ansell, Ben and Samuels, David},
  title = {Inequality and Democratization: A Contractarian Approach},
  journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {43},
  number = {12},
  pages = {1543--1574},
  url = {http://cps.sagepub.com/content/43/12/1543},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414010376915}
}
Ansolabehere, S., Behr, R. and Iyengar, S. The Media Game: American Politics in the Television Age 1993   book  
BibTeX:
@book{anso93-media,
  author = {Ansolabehere, Stephen and Behr, Roy and Iyengar, Shanto},
  title = {The Media Game: American Politics in the Television Age},
  publisher = {Macmillan},
  year = {1993}
}
Ansolabehere, S. and James M. Snyder, J. Valence Politics and Equilibrium in Spatial Election Models 2000 Public Choice
Vol. 103(3), pp. 327-336 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{anso00-valence,
  author = {Ansolabehere, Stephen and James M. Snyder, Jr.},
  title = {Valence Politics and Equilibrium in Spatial Election Models},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {103(3)},
  pages = {327--336}
}
Ansolabehere, S., James M. Snyder, J. and Charles Stewart, III. The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting 2001 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 26, pp. 533-572 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{anso01-effects,
  author = {Ansolabehere, Steve and James M. Snyder, Jr. and Charles Stewart, III},
  title = {The Effects of Party and Preferences on Congressional Roll-Call Voting},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {533--572}
}
Ansolabehere, S. and Jones, P.E. Constituentstextquoteright Responses to Congressional Roll-Call Voting 2010 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 54(3), pp. 597, 583 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{anso10-constituents,
  author = {Ansolabehere, Stephen and Jones, Philip Edward},
  title = {Constituentstextquoteright Responses to Congressional Roll-Call Voting},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {54},
  number = {3},
  pages = {597, 583},
  url = {10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00448.x}
}
Ansolabehere, S. and Jrtextbackslashldots, J.S. The effects of party and preferences on congressional roll-call voting 2001 Legislative Studies Quarterly  article URL 
Abstract: We assess importance of parties in by comparing - behavior against of members of House as expressed in surveys conducted during 1996 and 1998 elections. surveys were conducted by Project Smart. Our findings
BibTeX:
@article{anso01-effects-a,
  author = {Ansolabehere, S. and Jrtextbackslashldots, J. Snyder},
  title = {The effects of party and preferences on congressional roll-call voting},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2001},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/440269}
}
Ansolabehere, S., Snyder, J.M. and Stewart, C. Candidate Positioning in U.S. House Elections 2001 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 45(1), pp. 136 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{anso01-candidate-a,
  author = {Ansolabehere, Stephen and Snyder, James M. and Stewart, Charles},
  title = {Candidate Positioning in U.S. House Elections},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {45},
  number = {1},
  pages = {136},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2669364?uid=3739920&uid=2134&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101276949653},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2669364}
}
Ansolabehere, S., Snyder Jr., J.M. and Stewart III, C. Candidate positioning in US House elections 2001 American Journal of Political Science, pp. 136{\textendash}159  article  
BibTeX:
@article{anso01-candidate,
  author = {Ansolabehere, S. and Snyder Jr., James M. and Stewart III, Charles},
  title = {Candidate positioning in US House elections},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2001},
  pages = {136textendash159}
}
Antoniak, C.E. Mixtures of Dirichlet processes with applications to Bayesian nonparametric problems 1974 The annals of statistics, pp. 1152{\textendash}1174  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{anto74-mixtures,
  author = {Antoniak, C. E.},
  title = {Mixtures of Dirichlet processes with applications to Bayesian nonparametric problems},
  journal = {The annals of statistics},
  year = {1974},
  pages = {1152textendash1174},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2958336}
}
Anwar On the Co-existence of Conventions 2002 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 107, pp. 145-155 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{anwa02-co-existence,
  author = {Anwar},
  title = {On the Co-existence of Conventions},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {107},
  pages = {145--155}
}
Anwar, A.W. On the Co-existence of Conventions 2002 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 107(1), pp. 145{\textendash}155 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{anwa02-co-existence-a,
  author = {Anwar, A. W.},
  title = {On the Co-existence of Conventions},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {107},
  number = {1},
  pages = {145textendash155}
}
Apesteguia, J., Ballester, M.A. and Ferrer, R. On the Justice of Decision Rules 2011 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 78(1), pp. 1 -16 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Which decision rules are the most efficient? Which are the best in terms of maximin or maximax? We study these questions for the case of a group of individuals faced with a collective choice from a set of alternatives. A key message from our results is that the set of optimal decision rules is well defined, particularly simple, and well known: the class of scoring rules. We provide the optimal scoring rules for the three different ideals of justice under consideration: utilitarianism (efficiency), maximin, and maximax. The optimal utilitarian scoring rule depends crucially on the probability distribution of the utilities. The optimal maximin (respectively maximax) scoring rule takes the optimal utilitarian scoring rule and applies a factor that shifts it towards negative voting (respectively plurality voting).
BibTeX:
@article{apes11-justice,
  author = {Apesteguia, Jose and Ballester, Miguel A. and Ferrer, Rosa},
  title = {On the Justice of Decision Rules},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {78},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1 --16},
  url = {http://restud.oxfordjournals.org/content/78/1/1.abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/restud/rdq023}
}
Apesteguia, J., Ballester, M. and Masatlioglu, Y. A foundation for strategic agenda voting 2012   techreport URL 
BibTeX:
@techreport{apes12-foundation,
  author = {Apesteguia, J. and Ballester, M. and Masatlioglu, Y.},
  title = {A foundation for strategic agenda voting},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://www.econ.upf.edu/~apesteguia/PoliticalAgenda.pdf}
}
Aragones, E. Negativity Effect and the Emergence of Ideologies 1997 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 9(2), pp. 198-210 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{arag97-negativity,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta},
  title = {Negativity Effect and the Emergence of Ideologies},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {9(2)},
  pages = {198--210}
}
Aragones, E., Castanheira, M. and Giani, M. Electoral Competition Through Issue Selection 2012 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Politics must tackle multiple issues at once. In a first-best world, political competition constrains parties to prioritize issues according to the voters' true concerns. In the real world, the opposite also happens: parties manipulate voter priorities by emphasizing issues selectively during the political campaign. This phenomenon, known as priming, should allow parties to pay less attention to the issues that they intend to mute. We develop a model of endogenous issue ownership in which two vote-seeking parties (i) invest to attract voters with "better" policy proposals and (ii) choose a communication campaign to focus voter attention on specific issues. We identify novel feedbacks between communication and investment. In particular, we find that stronger priming effects can backfire by constraining parties to invest more resources in all issues, including the ones they would otherwise intend to mute. We also identify under which conditions parties prefer to focus on their "historical issues" or to engage in issue stealing. Typically, the latter happens when priming effects are strong, and historical reputations differentiates parties less.
BibTeX:
@article{arag12-electoral,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Castanheira, Micael and Giani, Marco},
  title = {Electoral Competition Through Issue Selection},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2153444}
}
Aragones, E., Gilboa, I., Postlewaite, A. and Schmeidler, D. Rhetoric and Analogies 2001   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{arag01-rhetoric,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Gilboa, Itzhak and Postlewaite, Andrew and Schmeidler, David},
  title = {Rhetoric and Analogies},
  year = {2001}
}
Aragones, E. and Neeman, Z. Strategic Ambiguity in Electoral Competition 2000 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 12(2), pp. 183-204 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{arag00-strategic,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Neeman, Zvika},
  title = {Strategic Ambiguity in Electoral Competition},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {12(2)},
  pages = {183--204}
}
Aragones, E. and Palfrey, T. The Effect of Candidate Quality on Electoral Equilibrium: An Experimental Study 2004 American Political Science Review
Vol. 98(1), pp. 77-90 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{arag04-effect,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Palfrey, Thomas},
  title = {The Effect of Candidate Quality on Electoral Equilibrium: An Experimental Study},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {98(1)},
  pages = {77--90}
}
Aragones, E. and Palfrey, T. Mixed Equilibrium in a Downsian Model with a Favored Candidate 2002 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 103(1), pp. 131-161 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{arag02-mixed,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Palfrey, Thomas},
  title = {Mixed Equilibrium in a Downsian Model with a Favored Candidate},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {103(1)},
  pages = {131--161}
}
Aragones, E. and Postlewaite, A. Ambiguity in Election Games 2002 Review of Economic Design
Vol. 7(3), pp. 233-255 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{arag02-ambiguity,
  author = {Aragones, Enriqueta and Postlewaite, Andrew},
  title = {Ambiguity in Election Games},
  journal = {Review of Economic Design},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {7(3)},
  pages = {233--255}
}
Aranson, P.H., Hinich, M.J. and Ordeshook, P.C. Election Goals and Strategies: Equivalent and Nonequivalent Candidate Objectives 1974 American Political Science Review
Vol. 68, pp. 135-152 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aran74-election,
  author = {Aranson, Peter H. and Hinich, Melvin J. and Ordeshook, Peter C.},
  title = {Election Goals and Strategies: Equivalent and Nonequivalent Candidate Objectives},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {68},
  pages = {135--152}
}
Arbour, B.K. Issue Ownership, District Partisanship and the Use of Issue Frames 2011 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Political scientists have examined campaign rhetoric from the perspective of what issues campaigns place on the agenda. In this paper, I examine how campaigns talk about issue, assessing the frames used for particular issues in television advertisements aired by House and Senate campaigns. I find that campaigns are willing to trespass onto the issue ground owned by the opposing party, but do so by using frames which invoke traditional themes for their party. In addition, I find that the partisanship of voters plays an important role in influencing what frames a campaign uses. I also test the relationship between district demography and the use of issue frames, but find few, if any, patterns. My results show the importance of moving beyond examining just issue use and studying issue content. In addition, they show that in addition to issues, political parties also seem to own particular issue frames.
BibTeX:
@article{arbo11-issue,
  author = {Arbour, Brian K.},
  title = {Issue Ownership, District Partisanship and the Use of Issue Frames},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2011},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1901828&}
}
Armor, D.A., Taylor, S.E. and Zanna, M.P. Situated optimism: Specific outcome expectancies and self-regulation 1998 Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 30  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{armo98-situated,
  author = {Armor, David A. and Taylor, Shelley E. and Zanna, M. P.},
  title = {Situated optimism: Specific outcome expectancies and self-regulation},
  booktitle = {Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 30},
  publisher = {Academic},
  year = {1998}
}
Arnau, R. Second-Order Factor Analysis: Methods and Interpretation. 1998   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{arna98-second-order-a,
  author = {Arnau, Randolph},
  title = {Second-Order Factor Analysis: Methods and Interpretation.},
  year = {1998},
  url = {http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED417216}
}
Arnau, R.C. Second-Order Factor Analysis: Methods and Interpretation. 1998   inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{arna98-second-order,
  author = {Arnau, Randolph C.},
  title = {Second-Order Factor Analysis: Methods and Interpretation.},
  year = {1998},
  url = {http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED417216}
}
Aroian, L.A., Taneja, V.S. and Cornwell, L.W. Mathematical forms of the distribution of the product of two normal variables 1978 Communications in Statistics-Theory and Methods
Vol. 7(2), pp. 165{\textendash}172 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aroi78-mathematical,
  author = {Aroian, L. A. and Taneja, V. S. and Cornwell, L. W.},
  title = {Mathematical forms of the distribution of the product of two normal variables},
  journal = {Communications in Statistics-Theory and Methods},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {7},
  number = {2},
  pages = {165textendash172}
}
Arrow, K.J. Social choice and individual valuesâtexteuroŽ 1963 , pp. 124  article URL 
Abstract: The literature on the theory of social choice has grown considerably beyond the few items in existence at the time the first edition of this book appeared in ...
BibTeX:
@article{arro63-social,
  author = {Arrow, Kenneth Joseph},
  title = {Social choice and individual valuesâtexteuroŽ},
  year = {1963},
  pages = {124},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?id=Lo2uCECV__8C&printsec=frontcover}
}
Arter, D. From 'Parliamentary Control' to 'Accountable Government'? The Role of Public Committee Hearings in the Swedish Riksdag 2008 Parliamentary Affairs
Vol. 61(1), pp. 143, 122 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{arte08-parliamentary,
  author = {Arter, D.},
  title = {From 'Parliamentary Control' to 'Accountable Government'? The Role of Public Committee Hearings in the Swedish Riksdag},
  journal = {Parliamentary Affairs},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {61},
  number = {1},
  pages = {143, 122},
  url = {10.1093/pa/gsm058}
}
Arter, D. On Assessing Strength and Weakness in Parliamentary Committee Systems: Some Preliminary Observations on the New Scottish Parliament 2002 The Journal of Legislative Studies
Vol. 8(2), pp. 117, 93 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{arte02-assessing,
  author = {Arter, D.},
  title = {On Assessing Strength and Weakness in Parliamentary Committee Systems: Some Preliminary Observations on the New Scottish Parliament},
  journal = {The Journal of Legislative Studies},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {8},
  number = {2},
  pages = {117, 93},
  url = {10.1080/714003918}
}
Arter, D. The Nordic parliaments: a comparative analysis 1984   book  
BibTeX:
@book{arte84-nordic,
  author = {Arter, David},
  title = {The Nordic parliaments: a comparative analysis},
  publisher = {Hurst},
  year = {1984}
}
Asher, H.B. and Weisberg, H.F. Voting Change in Congress: Some Dynamic Perspectives on an Evolutionary Process 1978 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 22(2), pp. 391-425 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ashe78-voting,
  author = {Asher, Herbert B. and Weisberg, Herbert F.},
  title = {Voting Change in Congress: Some Dynamic Perspectives on an Evolutionary Process},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {22},
  number = {2},
  pages = {391--425}
}
Ashworth, S. Campaign Effects with Ambiguity-Averse Voters 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{ashw05-campaign,
  author = {Ashworth, Scott},
  title = {Campaign Effects with Ambiguity-Averse Voters},
  year = {2005}
}
Ashworth, S. Reputational Dynamics and Political Careers 2005 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
Vol. 21(2), pp. 441-466 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ashw05-reputational,
  author = {Ashworth, Scott},
  title = {Reputational Dynamics and Political Careers},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {21(2)},
  pages = {441--466}
}
Ashworth, S. and Bueno de Mesquita, E. Monotone comparative statics for models of politics 2006 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 50(1), pp. 214{\textendash}231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ashw06-monotone,
  author = {Ashworth, S. and Bueno de Mesquita, E.},
  title = {Monotone comparative statics for models of politics},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {50},
  number = {1},
  pages = {214textendash231}
}
Ashworth, S. and de Mesquita, E.B. Electoral Selection and the Incumbency Advantage 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{ashw05-electoral,
  author = {Ashworth, Scott and de Mesquita, Ethan Bueno},
  title = {Electoral Selection and the Incumbency Advantage},
  year = {2005}
}
Ashworth, S. and de Mesquita, E.B. Endogenous Party Discipline with Variable Electoral and Legislative Institutions 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{ashw04-endogenous,
  author = {Ashworth, Scott and de Mesquita, Ethan Bueno},
  title = {Endogenous Party Discipline with Variable Electoral and Legislative Institutions},
  year = {2004}
}
Asp, K. The Struggle for the Agenda 1983 Communication Research
Vol. 10(3), pp. 333 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{asp83-struggle,
  author = {Asp, K.},
  title = {The Struggle for the Agenda},
  journal = {Communication Research},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {10},
  number = {3},
  pages = {333}
}
Atchison, J. and Shen, S.M. Logistic-normal distributions: Some properties and uses 1980 Biometrika
Vol. 67(2), pp. 261{\textendash}272 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{atch80-logistic-normal,
  author = {Atchison, J. and Shen, S. M},
  title = {Logistic-normal distributions: Some properties and uses},
  journal = {Biometrika},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {67},
  number = {2},
  pages = {261textendash272},
  url = {http://biomet.oxfordjournals.org/content/67/2/261.short}
}
Athey, S., Milgrom, P. and Roberts, J. Robust comparative statics 1998 Unpublished manuscript. Stanford University, Stanford, Calif  article  
BibTeX:
@article{athe98-robust,
  author = {Athey, S. and Milgrom, P. and Roberts, J.},
  title = {Robust comparative statics},
  journal = {Unpublished manuscript. Stanford University, Stanford, Calif},
  year = {1998}
}
Atteveldt, W.V. Semantic Network Analysis: Techniques for Extracting, Representing, and ...âtexteuroŽ 2008 , pp. 248  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{atte08-semantic,
  author = {Atteveldt, Wouter Van},
  title = {Semantic Network Analysis: Techniques for Extracting, Representing, and ...âtexteuroŽ},
  year = {2008},
  pages = {248},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?id=lM7RPAAACAAJ&printsec=frontcover}
}
Attias, H. A variational Bayesian framework for graphical models 2000 Advances in neural information processing systems
Vol. 12(1-2), pp. 209{\textendash}215 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{atti00-variational,
  author = {Attias, H.},
  title = {A variational Bayesian framework for graphical models},
  journal = {Advances in neural information processing systems},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {12},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {209textendash215}
}
Attneave, F. Dimensions of Similarity 1950 The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 63(4), pp. 516-556 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{attn50-dimensions,
  author = {Attneave, Fred},
  title = {Dimensions of Similarity},
  journal = {The American Journal of Psychology},
  year = {1950},
  volume = {63},
  number = {4},
  pages = {516--556},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Oct., 1950 / Copyright textcopyright 1950 University of Illinois Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1418869},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1418869}
}
Aumann, R. and Brandenburger, A. Epistemic Conditions for Nash Equilibrium 1995 Econometrica
Vol. 63(5), pp. 1161-1180 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Sufficient conditions for Nash equilibrium in an n-person game are given in terms of what the players know and believe--about the game, and about each other's rationality, actions, knowledge, and beliefs. Mixed strategies are treated not as conscious randomizations, but as conjectures, on the part of other players, as to what a player will do. Common knowledge plays a smaller role in characterizing Nash equilibrium than had been supposed. When n = 2, mutual knowledge of the payoff functions, of rationality, and of the conjectures implies that the conjectures form a Nash equilibrium. When n >= 3 and there is a common prior, mutual knowledge of the payoff functions and of rationality, and common knowledge of the conjectures, imply that the conjectures form a Nash equilibrium. Examples show the results to be tight.
BibTeX:
@article{auma95-epistemic,
  author = {Aumann, Robert and Brandenburger, Adam},
  title = {Epistemic Conditions for Nash Equilibrium},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {63},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1161--1180},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 1995 / Copyright textcopyright 1995 The Econometric Society},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2171725},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2171725}
}
Aumann, R., J. Gabszeqicz, J.-F..R. and Wolsey, L. Economic Decision Making: Games, Econometrics and Optimisation 1990   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{auma90-economic,
  author = {Aumann, R. and J. Gabszeqicz, J.-F. Richard and Wolsey, L.},
  title = {Economic Decision Making: Games, Econometrics and Optimisation},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
  year = {1990}
}
Aumann, R.J. Agreeing to Disagree 1976 The Annals of Statistics
Vol. 4(6), pp. 1236-1239 
article URL 
Abstract: Two people, 1 and 2, are said to have common knowledge of an event E if both know it, 1 knows that 2 knows it, 2 knows that 1 knows is, 1 knows that 2 knows that 1 knows it, and so on. THEOREM. If two people have the same priors, and their posteriors for an event A are common knowledge, then these posteriors are equal.
BibTeX:
@article{auma76-agreeing,
  author = {Aumann, Robert J.},
  title = {Agreeing to Disagree},
  journal = {The Annals of Statistics},
  year = {1976},
  volume = {4},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1236--1239},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 1976 / Copyright textcopyright 1976 Institute of Mathematical Statistics},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2958591}
}
Aumann, R.J. Agreeing to disagree 1976 The annals of statistics
Vol. 4(6), pp. 1236{\textendash}1239 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{auma76-agreeing-a,
  author = {Aumann, R. J},
  title = {Agreeing to disagree},
  journal = {The annals of statistics},
  year = {1976},
  volume = {4},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1236textendash1239}
}
Aumann, R.J. and Hart, S. Long Cheap Talk 2003 Econometrica
Vol. 71(6), pp. 1619-1660 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{auma03-long,
  author = {Aumann, Robert J. and Hart, Sergiu},
  title = {Long Cheap Talk},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {71},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1619--1660}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Campaign Contributions and Access 1995 American Political Science Review
Vol. 89(3), pp. 566-581 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust95-campaign,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David},
  title = {Campaign Contributions and Access},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {89(3)},
  pages = {566--581}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Information and Influence: Lobbying for Agendas and Votes 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37, pp. 799-833 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust93-information,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David},
  title = {Information and Influence: Lobbying for Agendas and Votes},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37},
  pages = {799--833}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Explaining the Vote: Constituency Constrains on Sophisticated Voting 1992 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 36(1), pp. 68-95 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust92-explaining,
  author = {Austen-Smith, D.},
  title = {Explaining the Vote: Constituency Constrains on Sophisticated Voting},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {36},
  number = {1},
  pages = {68--95}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Strategic Models of Talk in Political Decision Making 1992 International Political Science Review/ Revue internationale de science politique
Vol. 13(1), pp. 45-58 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust92-strategic,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David},
  title = {Strategic Models of Talk in Political Decision Making},
  journal = {International Political Science Review/ Revue internationale de science politique},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {13},
  number = {1},
  pages = {45--58}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Information Transmission in Debate 1990 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34(1), pp. 124-152 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust90-information,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David},
  title = {Information Transmission in Debate},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {34(1)},
  pages = {124--152}
}
Austen-Smith, D. Sophisticated sincerity: voting over endogenous agendas 1987 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 81(4), pp. 1323{\textendash}1330 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust87-sophisticated,
  author = {Austen-Smith, D.},
  title = {Sophisticated sincerity: voting over endogenous agendas},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {81},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1323textendash1330}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J. Monotonicity in electoral systems 1991 The American Political Science Review, pp. 531{\textendash}537  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{aust91-monotonicity,
  author = {Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J.},
  title = {Monotonicity in electoral systems},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1991},
  pages = {531textendash537},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/1963173}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J. Stable Governments and the Allocation of Policy Portfolios 1990 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 84(3), pp. 891-906 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Different members of coalition governments typically have responsibility for different aspects, or dimensions, of policy. Such responsibilities are allocated as portfolios to government members. Given a distribution of such portfolios, final government policy is derived as the accumulation of individual members' decisions in regard to their respective responsibilities. We develop a portfolio allocation model of government formation and policy decision in multiparty legislatures. In particular, we focus on stable portfolio allocations, where a stable allocation is one that yields a policy that no legislative coalition is willing or able to overturn. Several notions of stability are considered and related to the usual concept of the core. Among the results are that although stable allocations are not guaranteed, such allocations can exist with minority governments; and that final policy outcomes associated with stable governments need not be @'centrist.@'
BibTeX:
@article{aust90-stable,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Banks, Jeffrey},
  title = {Stable Governments and the Allocation of Policy Portfolios},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {84},
  number = {3},
  pages = {891--906},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 1990 / Copyright textcopyright 1990 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1962771},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1962771}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J. Elections, Coalitions, and Legislative Outcomes 1988 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 82(2), pp. 405-422 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust88-elections,
  author = {Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J.},
  title = {Elections, Coalitions, and Legislative Outcomes},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {82},
  number = {2},
  pages = {405--422}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J.S. Costly signaling and cheap talk in models of political influence 2002 European Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 18(2), pp. 263-280 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust02-costly,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Costly signaling and cheap talk in models of political influence},
  journal = {European Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {18},
  number = {2},
  pages = {263--280}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J.S. Social Choice Theory, Game Theory, AND Positive Political Theory 1998 Annual Review of Political Science
Vol. 1(1), pp. 259-287 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust98-social,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Social Choice Theory, Game Theory, AND Positive Political Theory},
  journal = {Annual Review of Political Science},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {1},
  number = {1},
  pages = {259--287}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J.S. Information aggregation, rationality, and the Condorcet jury theorem 1996 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 90(1), pp. 34{\textendash}45 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust96-information,
  author = {Austen-Smith, D. and Banks, J. S.},
  title = {Information aggregation, rationality, and the Condorcet jury theorem},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90},
  number = {1},
  pages = {34textendash45}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Duggan, J. Social Choice and Strategic Decisions: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey S. Banks 2005   book  
BibTeX:
@book{aust05-social,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Duggan, John},
  title = {Social Choice and Strategic Decisions: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey S. Banks},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = {2005}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Feddersen, T.J. Deliberation, Preference Uncertainty, and Voting Rules 2006 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 100(2), pp. 209-217 
article URL 
Abstract: A deliberative committee is a group of at least two individuals who first debate about what alternative to choose prior to these same individuals voting to determine the choice. We argue, first, that uncertainty about individuals' private preferences is necessary for full information sharing and, second, demonstrate in a very general setting that the condition under which unanimity can support full information revelation in debate amounts to it being common knowledge that all committee members invariably share identical preferences over the alternatives. It follows that if ever there exists an equilibrium with fully revealing debate under unanimity rule, there exists an equilibrium with fully revealing debate under any voting rule. Moreover, the converse is not true of majority rule if there is uncertainty about individuals' preferences.
BibTeX:
@article{aust06-deliberation,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Feddersen, Timothy J.},
  title = {Deliberation, Preference Uncertainty, and Voting Rules},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {100},
  number = {2},
  pages = {209--217},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: May, 2006 / Copyright textcopyright 2006 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/27644345}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Wright, J.R. Theory and Evidence for Counteractive Lobbying 1996 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 40(2), pp. 543-564 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust96-theory,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Wright, John R.},
  title = {Theory and Evidence for Counteractive Lobbying},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {40(2)},
  pages = {543--564}
}
Austen-Smith, D. and Wright, J.R. Counteractive Lobbying 1994 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 38(1), pp. 25-44 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{aust94-counteractive,
  author = {Austen-Smith, David and Wright, John R.},
  title = {Counteractive Lobbying},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {38(1)},
  pages = {25--44}
}
Ausubel, L., Cramton, P. and Deneckere, R. Bargaining with incomplete information 2002 Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications
Vol. 3, pp. 1897{\textendash}1945 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ausu02-bargaining,
  author = {Ausubel, L. and Cramton, P. and Deneckere, R.},
  title = {Bargaining with incomplete information},
  journal = {Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {1897textendash1945},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B7P5P-4FD79WM-F&_user=108429&_coverDate=01%252F01%252F2002&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=gateway&_origin=gateway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_rerunOrigin=scholar.google&_acct=C000059713&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=108429&md5=e3c1e97d22b9229524ed77afafe7967d&searchtype=a},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1574-0005(02)03013-8}
}
Axhausen, K.W., Zimmermann, A., Schtextbackslashönfelder, S., Rindsftextbackslashüser, G. and Haupt, T. Observing the rhythms of daily life: A six-week travel diary 2002 Transportation
Vol. 29(2), pp. 95{\textendash}124 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{axha02-observing,
  author = {Axhausen, K. W and Zimmermann, A. and Schtextbackslashönfelder, S. and Rindsftextbackslashüser, G. and Haupt, T.},
  title = {Observing the rhythms of daily life: A six-week travel diary},
  journal = {Transportation},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {29},
  number = {2},
  pages = {95textendash124}
}
Ayata, A.G. and Tutuncu, F. Critical Acts without a Critical Mass: The Substantive Representation of Women in the Turkish Parliament 2008 Parliamentary Affairs
Vol. 61(3), pp. 475, 461 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ayat08-critical,
  author = {Ayata, A. G. and Tutuncu, F.},
  title = {Critical Acts without a Critical Mass: The Substantive Representation of Women in the Turkish Parliament},
  journal = {Parliamentary Affairs},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {61},
  number = {3},
  pages = {475, 461},
  url = {10.1093/pa/gsn012}
}
Azevedo-Harman, E. Parliaments in Africa: Representative Institutions in the Land of the textquoteleftBig Mantextquoteright 2011 The Journal of Legislative Studies
Vol. 17(1), pp. 85, 65 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{azev11-parliaments,
  author = {Azevedo-Harman, Elisabete},
  title = {Parliaments in Africa: Representative Institutions in the Land of the textquoteleftBig Mantextquoteright},
  journal = {The Journal of Legislative Studies},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {17},
  number = {1},
  pages = {85, 65},
  url = {10.1080/13572334.2011.545180}
}
Bò, E.D. Bribing Voters 2007 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 51(4), pp. 789-803 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bo07-bribing,
  author = {Bò, Ernesto Dal},
  title = {Bribing Voters},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {51},
  number = {4},
  pages = {789--803}
}
Babcock, L. and Loewenstein, G. Explaining bargaining impasse: The role of self-serving biases 1997 Journal of Economic Perspectives
Vol. 11, pp. 109-126 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{babc97-explaining,
  author = {Babcock, Linda and Loewenstein, George},
  title = {Explaining bargaining impasse: The role of self-serving biases},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Perspectives},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {109--126}
}
Bach, S. The Amending Process in the Senate 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bach03-amending,
  author = {Bach, Stanley},
  title = {The Amending Process in the Senate},
  year = {2003}
}
Bach, S. Special Rules of the House of Representatives 2003   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bach03-special,
  author = {Bach, Stanley},
  title = {Special Rules of the House of Representatives},
  publisher = {Nova Science},
  year = {2003}
}
Bach, S. Suspension of the Rules, the Order of Business, and the Development of Congressional Procedure 1990 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 15(1), pp. 49-63 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bach90-suspension,
  author = {Bach, Stanley},
  title = {Suspension of the Rules, the Order of Business, and the Development of Congressional Procedure},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {15},
  number = {1},
  pages = {49--63}
}
Bach, S. Germaneness Rules and Bicameral Relations in the U. S. Congress 1982 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 7(3), pp. 341-357 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bach82-germaneness,
  author = {Bach, Stanley},
  title = {Germaneness Rules and Bicameral Relations in the U. S. Congress},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {7(3)},
  pages = {341--357}
}
Bach, S. and Smith, S.S. Managing Uncertainty in the House of Representatives 1988   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bach88-managing,
  author = {Bach, Stanley and Smith, Steven S.},
  title = {Managing Uncertainty in the House of Representatives},
  publisher = {The Brookings Institution},
  year = {1988}
}
Bade, S. Electoral competition with uncertainty averse parties 2011 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 72(1), pp. 12-29 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The non-existence of equilibria in models of electoral competition involving multiple issues is one of the more puzzling results in political economics. In this paper, we relax the standard assumption that parties act as expected utility maximizers. We show that equilibria often exist when parties with limited knowledge about the electorate are modeled as uncertainty-averse. What is more, these equilibria can be characterized as a straightforward generalization of the classical median voter result.
BibTeX:
@article{bade11-electoral,
  author = {Bade, Sophie},
  title = {Electoral competition with uncertainty averse parties},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {72},
  number = {1},
  pages = {12--29},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0899825610001417},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2010.09.001}
}
Badger, W. Political individualism, positional preferences, and optimal decision-rules 1972 Probability Models of Collective Decision Making, edited by RG Niemi and HF Weisberg, Merrill Publishing: Columbus Ohio  article  
BibTeX:
@article{badg72-political,
  author = {Badger, W.},
  title = {Political individualism, positional preferences, and optimal decision-rules},
  journal = {Probability Models of Collective Decision Making, edited by RG Niemi and HF Weisberg, Merrill Publishing: Columbus Ohio},
  year = {1972}
}
Bafumi, J., Gelman, A., Park, D.K. and Kaplan, N. Practical Issues in Implementing and Understanding Bayesian Ideal Point Estimation 2005 Political Analysis
Vol. 13(2), pp. 171 -187 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Logistic regression models have been used in political science for estimating ideal points of legislators and Supreme Court justices. These models present estimation and identifiability challenges, such as improper variance estimates, scale and translation invariance, reflection invariance, and issues with outliers. We address these issues using Bayesian hierarchical modeling, linear transformations, informative regression predictors, and explicit modeling for outliers. In addition, we explore new ways to usefully display inferences and check model fit.
BibTeX:
@article{bafu05-practical,
  author = {Bafumi, Joseph and Gelman, Andrew and Park, David K. and Kaplan, Noah},
  title = {Practical Issues in Implementing and Understanding Bayesian Ideal Point Estimation},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {13},
  number = {2},
  pages = {171 --187},
  url = {http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/2/171.abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pan/mpi010}
}
Bag, P.K., Sabourian, H. and Winter, E. Sequential Elimination vs. Instantaneous Voting 2007   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bag07-sequential,
  author = {Bag, Parimal Kanti and Sabourian, Hamid and Winter, Eyal},
  title = {Sequential Elimination vs. Instantaneous Voting},
  year = {2007}
}
Bagnoli, M., Ben-David, S. and McKee, M. Voluntary provision of public goods : The multiple unit case 1992 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 47(1), pp. 85-106 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bagn92-voluntary,
  author = {Bagnoli, Mark and Ben-David, Shaul and McKee, Michael},
  title = {Voluntary provision of public goods : The multiple unit case},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {47},
  number = {1},
  pages = {85--106}
}
Bagnoli, M. and Bergstrom, T. Log-concave probability and its applications 2005 Economic Theory
Vol. 26(2), pp. 445-469 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bagn05-log-concave,
  author = {Bagnoli, Mark and Bergstrom, Ted},
  title = {Log-concave probability and its applications},
  journal = {Economic Theory},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {26},
  number = {2},
  pages = {445--469},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/0gpbr2l8h9uh6w6f/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00199-004-0514-4}
}
Bai, J.H. and Lagunoff, R. Revealed Political Power 2010 Levine's Working Paper Archive  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bai10-revealed,
  author = {Bai, J. H and Lagunoff, R.},
  title = {Revealed Political Power},
  journal = {Levine's Working Paper Archive},
  year = {2010}
}
Bailey, A. and Schonhardt-Bailey, C. Does deliberation matter in FOMC monetary policymaking? The Volcker revolution of 1979 2008 Political Analysis
Vol. 16(4), pp. 404 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bail08-deliberation,
  author = {Bailey, A. and Schonhardt-Bailey, C.},
  title = {Does deliberation matter in FOMC monetary policymaking? The Volcker revolution of 1979},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {16},
  number = {4},
  pages = {404},
  url = {http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=info:eLpcTkAxnJoJ:scholar.google.com/&output=search}
}
Bailey, M. Quiet Influence: The Representation of Diffuse Interests on Trade Policy, 1983-94 2001 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 26(1), pp. 45-80 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bail01-quiet,
  author = {Bailey, Michael},
  title = {Quiet Influence: The Representation of Diffuse Interests on Trade Policy, 1983-94},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {26},
  number = {1},
  pages = {45--80}
}
Bala, V. and Goyal, S. A Noncooperative Model of Network Formation 2002 Econometrica
Vol. 68(5), pp. 1181-1229 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bala02-noncooperative,
  author = {Bala, Venkatesh and Goyal, Sanjeev},
  title = {A Noncooperative Model of Network Formation},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {68},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1181--1229}
}
Balakrishnan, S. and Madigan, D. Algorithms for Sparse Linear Classifiers in the Massive Data Setting 2008 J. Mach. Learn. Res.
Vol. 9, pp. 313{\textendash}337 
article URL 
Abstract: Classifiers favoring sparse solutions, such as support vector machines, relevance vector machines, LASSO-regression based classifiers, etc., provide competitive methods for classification problems in high dimensions. However, current algorithms for training sparse classifiers typically scale quite unfavorably with respect to the number of training examples. This paper proposes online and multi-pass algorithms for training sparse linear classifiers for high dimensional data. These algorithms have computational complexity and memory requirements that make learning on massive data sets feasible. The central idea that makes this possible is a straightforward quadratic approximation to the likelihood function.
BibTeX:
@article{bala08-algorithms,
  author = {Balakrishnan, Suhrid and Madigan, David},
  title = {Algorithms for Sparse Linear Classifiers in the Massive Data Setting},
  journal = {J. Mach. Learn. Res.},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {9},
  pages = {313textendash337},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1390681.1390691}
}
Bale, T. Towards a textquoteleftcultural theorytextquoteright of parliamentary party groups 1997 The Journal of Legislative Studies
Vol. 3(4), pp. 43, 25 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bale97-towards,
  author = {Bale, Tim},
  title = {Towards a textquoteleftcultural theorytextquoteright of parliamentary party groups},
  journal = {The Journal of Legislative Studies},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {3},
  number = {4},
  pages = {43, 25},
  url = {10.1080/13572339708420527}
}
Baliga, S., Corchon, L.C.. and Sjöström, T. The Theory of Implementation When the Planner Is a Player 1997 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 77(1), pp. 15-33 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bali97-theory,
  author = {Baliga, S. and Corchon, L.C. and Sjöström, T.},
  title = {The Theory of Implementation When the Planner Is a Player},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {77},
  number = {1},
  pages = {15--33}
}
Balinski, M. and Laraki, R. A theory of measuring, electing, and ranking 2007 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 104(21), pp. 8720{\textendash}8725 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bali07-theory,
  author = {Balinski, M. and Laraki, R.},
  title = {A theory of measuring, electing, and ranking},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {104},
  number = {21},
  pages = {8720textendash8725},
  url = {http://www.pnas.org/content/104/21/8720.short}
}
Balinski, M.L. and Young, H.P. Fair representation: meeting the ideal of one man, one vote 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bali01-fair,
  author = {Balinski, M. L. and Young, H. Peyton},
  title = {Fair representation: meeting the ideal of one man, one vote},
  publisher = {Brookings Institution Press},
  year = {2001}
}
Ball, K. Eigenvalues of Euclidean distance matrices 1992 Journal of Approximation Theory
Vol. 68(1), pp. 74-82 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: It is shown that if x1, ..., xn, n textgreater 1 are points in d and [short parallel]xi - xj[short parallel] [greater-or-equal, slanted] [var epsilon] whenever i [not equal to] j then the matrix A = (aij) = ([short parallel]xi - xj[short parallel]) has an inverse whose norm (as an operator on l2n) satisfies for some absolute constant c. The implication for radial basis function interpolation is discussed together with an observation on the norm of the interpolation operator.
BibTeX:
@article{ball92-eigenvalues,
  author = {Ball, Keith},
  title = {Eigenvalues of Euclidean distance matrices},
  journal = {Journal of Approximation Theory},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {68},
  number = {1},
  pages = {74--82},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WH7-4CX03X1-M1/2/4b94f4a30edb392f89cadd143ec0bf47},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9045(92)90101-S}
}
Balla, S.J., Lawrence, E.D., Maltzman, F. and Sigelman, L. Partisanship, Blame Avoidance, and the Distribution of Legislative Pork 2002 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 46(3), pp. 515-525 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ball02-partisanship,
  author = {Balla, Steven J. and Lawrence, Eric D. and Maltzman, Forrest and Sigelman, Lee},
  title = {Partisanship, Blame Avoidance, and the Distribution of Legislative Pork},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {46},
  number = {3},
  pages = {515--525}
}
Balla, S.J. and Wright, J.R. Interest Groups, Advisory Committees, and Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy 2001 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 45(4), pp. 799-812 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ball01-interest,
  author = {Balla, Steven J. and Wright, John R.},
  title = {Interest Groups, Advisory Committees, and Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {45(4)},
  pages = {799--812}
}
Ballester, M. and Haeringer, G. A characterization of the single-peaked domain 2011 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 36(2), pp. 305-322 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We provide in this paper two properties that are both necessary and sufficient to characterize the domain of single-peaked preference profiles. This characterization allows for a definition of single-peaked preference profiles without using an ad hoc underlying order of the alternatives and also sheds light on the structure of single-peaked profiles. Considering the larger domain of value-restricted preference profiles (Sen, Econometrica 34:491textendash499, 1966) we also provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a preference profile to be single-caved or group-separable. Our results show that for single-peaked, single-caved and group-separable profiles it is sufficient to restrict to profiles containing of either three individuals and three alternatives or two individuals and four alternatives.
BibTeX:
@article{ball11-characterization,
  author = {Ballester, Miguel and Haeringer, Guillaume},
  title = {A characterization of the single-peaked domain},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {36},
  number = {2},
  pages = {305--322},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/n272g51r9336744v/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-010-0476-3}
}
Banda, K.K. The Role of Partisan Context and Dynamics in Campaign Issue Emphases 2011 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Election campaigns are dynamic political events during which candidates vie to control the information environment, thus defining the considerations that voters will face when before they cast a ballot. Much of the extant research focuses on the ways in which campaigns affect voters, significantly less research has explored the ways in which candidates interact with each other during campaigns. Even less research has examined candidate interaction as a dynamic process. I argue that candidates will shape their issue emphases based in part on the emphases of their opponents when an election is competitive. I offer two competing theories of candidate issue emphases in noncompetitive elections. I further argue that the partisan political context in which the campaign occurs will also affect issue emphases. I test my theory of candidate interaction and context using weekly advertising data from 38 Senate campaigns in 2002 and 2004. I find that the issue emphases of candidates converge in competitive elections and diverge in noncompetitive elections. I find limited support for any kind of partisan contextual effects.
BibTeX:
@article{band11-role,
  author = {Banda, Kevin K.},
  title = {The Role of Partisan Context and Dynamics in Campaign Issue Emphases},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2011},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1901826&}
}
Banerjee, S., Konishi, H. and Sönmez, T. Core in a simple coalition formation game 2001 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 18(1), pp. 135{\textendash}153 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bane01-core,
  author = {Banerjee, S. and Konishi, H. and Sönmez, T.},
  title = {Core in a simple coalition formation game},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {18},
  number = {1},
  pages = {135textendash153}
}
Banks, J. and Bordestextbackslashldots, G. Covering relations, closest orderings and hamiltonian bypaths in tournaments 1991 Social Choice and Welfare  article URL 
Abstract: A stronger claim has been formulated by (1988) who writes (p, 73): "It is probably true that [the Slater ] is uniformly more discriminatory than [the Minimal CR Acad Sci Paris 249:2151-2152 Durra B (1988) and a .
BibTeX:
@article{bank91-covering,
  author = {Banks, J. and Bordestextbackslashldots, G.},
  title = {Covering relations, closest orderings and hamiltonian bypaths in tournaments},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1991},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/W17373738603317H.pdf}
}
Banks, J. and Duggan, J. A bargaining model of collective choice 2000 American Political Science Review, pp. 73{\textendash}88  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank00-bargaining-a,
  author = {Banks, J. and Duggan, J.},
  title = {A bargaining model of collective choice},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  pages = {73textendash88}
}
Banks, J., Duggan, J., Austen-Smith, D. and Duggan, J. Probabilistic Voting in the Spatial Model of Elections: The Theory of Office-Motivated Candidates 2004 Social Choice and Strategic Decisions  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{bank04-probabilistic,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey and Duggan, John and Austen-Smith, David and Duggan, John},
  title = {Probabilistic Voting in the Spatial Model of Elections: The Theory of Office-Motivated Candidates},
  booktitle = {Social Choice and Strategic Decisions},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = {2004}
}
Banks, J., Duggan, J. and Breton, M.L. Bounds for Mixed Strategy Equilibria and the Spatial Model of Elections 2002 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 103, pp. 88-105 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank02-bounds,
  author = {Banks, Jeff and Duggan, John and Breton, Michel Le},
  title = {Bounds for Mixed Strategy Equilibria and the Spatial Model of Elections},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {103},
  pages = {88--105}
}
Banks, J. and Gasmi, F. Endogenous Agenda Formation in Three Person Committees 1987 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 4, pp. 133-152 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank87-endogenous,
  author = {Banks, J. and Gasmi, F.},
  title = {Endogenous Agenda Formation in Three Person Committees},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {133--152}
}
Banks, J.S. Buying Supermajorities in Finite Legislatures 2000 American Political Science Review
Vol. 94(3), pp. 677-681 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank00-buying,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Buying Supermajorities in Finite Legislatures},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94(3)},
  pages = {677--681}
}
Banks, J.S. Committee proposals and restrictive rules. 1999 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 96(14), pp. 8295-8300 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank99-committee,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Committee proposals and restrictive rules.},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {96},
  number = {14},
  pages = {8295--8300}
}
Banks, J.S. Signaling Games in Political Science 1991   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bank91-signaling,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Signaling Games in Political Science},
  publisher = {Taylor & Francis Group},
  year = {1991}
}
Banks, J.S. Agency Budgets, Cost Information, and Auditing 1989 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33, pp. 670-699 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank89-agency,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Agency Budgets, Cost Information, and Auditing},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {33},
  pages = {670--699}
}
Banks, J.S. Equilibrium Outcomes in Two-Stage Amendment Procedures 1989 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33(1), pp. 25-43 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank89-equilibrium,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S.},
  title = {Equilibrium Outcomes in Two-Stage Amendment Procedures},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {33(1)},
  pages = {25--43}
}
Banks, J.S. Sophisticated voting outcomes and agenda control 1985 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 1(4), pp. 295-306 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Necessary and sufficient conditions for an alternative to be a sophisticated voting outcome under an amendment procedure are derived. The uncovered set, as first defined by Miller (1980), is shown to be potentially reducible, and conditions are determined for which this reduction equals the set of sophisticated voting outcomes. In addition, simple methods are given for calculating both the uncovered set and its reduction.
BibTeX:
@article{bank85-sophisticated,
  author = {Banks, J. S.},
  title = {Sophisticated voting outcomes and agenda control},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {1},
  number = {4},
  pages = {295--306},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00649265},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00649265}
}
Banks, J.S. and Bordes, G.A. Voting Games, Indifference, and Consistent Sequential Choice Rules 1988 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 5(1), pp. 31-44 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank88-voting,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S. and Bordes, Georges A.},
  title = {Voting Games, Indifference, and Consistent Sequential Choice Rules},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {5(1)},
  pages = {31--44}
}
Banks, J.S. and Duggan, J. A Bargaining Model of Collective Choice 2000 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 94(1), pp. 73-88 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We provide a general theory of collective decision making, one that relates social choices to the strategic incentives of individuals, by generalizing the Baron-Ferejohn (1989) model of bargaining to the multidimensional spatial model. We prove existence of stationary equilibria, upper hemicontinuity of equilibrium outcomes in structural and preference parameters, and equivalence of equilibrium outcomes and the core in certain environments, including the one-dimensional case. The model generates equilibrium predictions even when the core is empty, and it yields a "continuous" generalization of the core in some familiar environments in which the core is nonempty. As the description of institutional detail in the model is sparse, it applies to collective choice in relatively unstructured settings and provides a benchmark for the general analysis of legislative and parliamentary politics.
BibTeX:
@article{bank00-bargaining,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S. and Duggan, John},
  title = {A Bargaining Model of Collective Choice},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94},
  number = {1},
  pages = {73--88},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Mar., 2000 / Copyright textcopyright 2000 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2586381},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2586381}
}
Banks, J.S., Duggan, J. and Le Breton, M. Social choice and electoral competition in the general spatial model 2006 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 126(1), pp. 194-234 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This paper extends the theory of the core, the uncovered set, and the related undominated set to a general set of alternatives and an arbitrary measure space of voters. We investigate the properties of social preferences generated by simple games; we extend results on generic emptiness of the core; we prove the general nonemptiness of the uncovered and undominated sets; and we prove the upper hemicontinuity of these correspondences when the voterstextquoteright preferences are such that the core is nonempty and externally stable. Finally, we give conditions under which the undominated set is lower hemicontinuous.
BibTeX:
@article{bank06-social,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S. and Duggan, John and Le Breton, Michel},
  title = {Social choice and electoral competition in the general spatial model},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {126},
  number = {1},
  pages = {194--234},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002205310400198X},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2004.08.001}
}
Banks, J.S. and Weingast, B.R. The Political Control of Bureaucracies under Asymmetric Information 1992 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 36(2), pp. 509-524 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bank92-political,
  author = {Banks, Jeffrey S. and Weingast, Barry R.},
  title = {The Political Control of Bureaucracies under Asymmetric Information},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {36(2)},
  pages = {509--524}
}
Barban, N. and Billari, F.C. Classifying life course trajectories: a comparison of latent class and sequence analysis 2012 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics)
Vol. 61(5), pp. 765{\textendash}784 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Summary. We compare two techniques that are widely used in the analysis of life course trajectories: latent class analysis and sequence analysis. In particular, we focus on the use of these techniques as devices to obtain classes of individual life course trajectories. We first compare the consistency of the classification that is obtained via the two techniques by using a data set on the life course trajectories of young adults. Then, we adopt a simulation approach to measure the ability of these two methods to classify groups of life course trajectories correctly when specific forms of textquoteleftrandomtextquoteright variability are introduced within prespecified classes in an artificial data set. To do so, we introduce simulation operators that have a life course and/or observational meaning. Our results contribute on the one hand to outline the usefulness and robustness of findings based on the classification of life course trajectories through latent class analysis and sequence analysis and on the other hand to illuminate the potential pitfalls in applications of these techniques.
BibTeX:
@article{barb12-classifying,
  author = {Barban, Nicola and Billari, Francesco C.},
  title = {Classifying life course trajectories: a comparison of latent class and sequence analysis},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics)},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {61},
  number = {5},
  pages = {765textendash784},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9876.2012.01047.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9876.2012.01047.x}
}
Barberà, S. and Moreno, B. Top monotonicity: A common root for single peakedness, single crossing and the median voter result 2011 Games and Economic Behavior  article  
BibTeX:
@article{barb11-top,
  author = {Barberà, S. and Moreno, B.},
  title = {Top monotonicity: A common root for single peakedness, single crossing and the median voter result},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2011}
}
Barbera, S. and Jackson, M.O. Choosing How to Choose: Self-Stable Majority Rules and Constitutions 2004 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 119(3), pp. 1011-1048 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{barb04-choosing,
  author = {Barbera, Salvador and Jackson, Matthew O.},
  title = {Choosing How to Choose: Self-Stable Majority Rules and Constitutions},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {119},
  number = {3},
  pages = {1011--1048}
}
Barbera, S., Sonnenschein, H. and Zhou, L. Voting by Committees 1991 Econometrica
Vol. 59(3), pp. 595-609 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{barb91-voting,
  author = {Barbera, Salvador and Sonnenschein, Hugo and Zhou, Lin},
  title = {Voting by Committees},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {59},
  number = {3},
  pages = {595--609}
}
Barkan, J.D. Legislatures on the Rise? 2008 Journal of Democracy
Vol. 19(2), pp. 137, 124 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bark08-legislatures,
  author = {Barkan, Joel D.},
  title = {Legislatures on the Rise?},
  journal = {Journal of Democracy},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {19},
  number = {2},
  pages = {137, 124},
  url = {10.1353/jod.2008.0020}
}
Barker, F. and Levine, S. The individual parliamentary member and institutional change: The changing role of the New Zealand member of parliament 1999 The Journal of Legislative Studies
Vol. 5(3-4), pp. 105{\textendash}130 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bark99-individual,
  author = {Barker, F. and Levine, S.},
  title = {The individual parliamentary member and institutional change: The changing role of the New Zealand member of parliament},
  journal = {The Journal of Legislative Studies},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {5},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {105textendash130},
  url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13572339908420601}
}
Barman, P., Iqbal, N. and Lee, Soo-Young. Non-negative Matrix Factorization Based Text Mining: Feature Extraction and Classification 2006 Neural Information Processing, pp. 703-712  incollection URL 
Abstract: The unlabeled document or text collections are becoming larger and larger which is common and obvious; mining such data sets are a challenging task. Using the simple word-document frequency matrix as feature space the mining process is becoming more complex. The text documents are often represented as high dimensional about few thousand sparse vectors with sparsity about 95 to 99% which significantly affects the efficiency and the results of the mining process. In this paper, we propose the two-stage Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF): in the first stage we tried to extract the uncorrelated basis probabilistic document feature vectors by significantly reducing the dimension of the feature vectors of the word-document frequency from few thousand to few hundred, and in the second stage for clustering or classification. In our propose approach it has been observed that the clustering or classification performance with more than 98.5% accuracy. The dimension reduction and classification performance has observed for the Classic3 dataset.
BibTeX:
@incollection{barm06-non-negative,
  author = {Barman, P. and Iqbal, Nadeem and Lee, Soo-Young},
  title = {Non-negative Matrix Factorization Based Text Mining: Feature Extraction and Classification},
  booktitle = {Neural Information Processing},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {703--712},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11893257_78}
}
Barnea, S. and Rahat, G. Reforming Candidate Selection Methods: A Three-Level Approach 2007 Party Politics
Vol. 13(3), pp. 394, 375 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{barn07-reforming,
  author = {Barnea, S. and Rahat, G.},
  title = {Reforming Candidate Selection Methods: A Three-Level Approach},
  journal = {Party Politics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {13},
  number = {3},
  pages = {394, 375},
  url = {10.1177/1354068807075942}
}
Baron, D.P.. A spatial bargaining theory of government formation in parliamentary systems 1991 The American political science review, pp. 137{\textendash}164  article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro91-spatial,
  author = {Baron, D.P.},
  title = {A spatial bargaining theory of government formation in parliamentary systems},
  journal = {The American political science review},
  year = {1991},
  pages = {137textendash164}
}
Baron, D. and Ferejohn, J. Bargaining in Legislatures 1989 American Political Science Review
Vol. 83, pp. 1181-1206 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro89-bargaining,
  author = {Baron, David and Ferejohn, John},
  title = {Bargaining in Legislatures},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {83},
  pages = {1181--1206}
}
Baron, D.P. Legislative Organization with Informational Committees 2000 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 44(3), pp. 485-505 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro00-legislative,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {Legislative Organization with Informational Committees},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {44(3)},
  pages = {485--505}
}
Baron, D.P. Comparative Dynamics of Parliamentary Governments 1998 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 92(3), pp. 593-609 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This article presents a dynamic theory of parliamentary governments that incorporates attributes of the institutional system in a country, exogenous events that shape parliamentary and electoral opportunities, and the strategies of the government and the opposition as structured by institutions and preferences. The dynamics are investigated in an infinitely repeated game in which events in the form of shocks to income or government resources occur and the government responds with a legislative proposal that is subject to a confidence or censure procedure and may lead to government continuation, reorganization, or dissolution. With a majority confidence procedure, governments are stable, and if parties are politically patient, voting cohesion within the government is high. A censure motion initiated by the opposition can result in voluntary dissolution of government, and the approach of required elections increases the likelihood of dissolution. If the events represent fluctuations in aggregate income, government dissolution occurs in good times for the government leader and bad times for the other parties.
BibTeX:
@article{baro98-comparative,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {Comparative Dynamics of Parliamentary Governments},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {92},
  number = {3},
  pages = {593--609},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 1998 / Copyright textcopyright 1998 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585483},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2585483}
}
Baron, D.P. A Dynamic Theory of Collective Goods Programs 1996 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 90(2), pp. 316-330 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro96-dynamic,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {A Dynamic Theory of Collective Goods Programs},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90},
  number = {2},
  pages = {316--330}
}
Baron, D.P. A Sequential Choice Theory Perspective on Legislative Organization 1994 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 19(2), pp. 267-296 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro94-sequential,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {A Sequential Choice Theory Perspective on Legislative Organization},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {19(2)},
  pages = {267--296}
}
Baron, D.P. Majoritarian Incentives, Pork Barrel Programs, and Procedural Control 1991 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 35(1), pp. 57-90 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro91-majoritarian,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {Majoritarian Incentives, Pork Barrel Programs, and Procedural Control},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {35},
  number = {1},
  pages = {57--90}
}
Baron, D.P. A Noncooperative Theory of Legislative Coalitions 1989 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33(4), pp. 1048-1084 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro89-noncooperative,
  author = {Baron, David P.},
  title = {A Noncooperative Theory of Legislative Coalitions},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {33},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1048--1084}
}
Baron, D.P. and Diermeier, D. Elections, Governments, and Parliaments in Proportional Representation Systems 2001 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 116(3), pp. 933-967 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{baro01-elections,
  author = {Baron, David P. and Diermeier, Daniel},
  title = {Elections, Governments, and Parliaments in Proportional Representation Systems},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {116},
  number = {3},
  pages = {933--967},
  url = {http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/116/3/933},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/00335530152466278}
}
Baron, D.P. and Kalai, E. The simplest equilibrium of a majority rule game 1993 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 61, pp. 290-301 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baro93-simplest,
  author = {Baron, David P. and Kalai, Ehud},
  title = {The simplest equilibrium of a majority rule game},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {61},
  pages = {290--301}
}
Bartels, B.L., Box-Steffensmeier, J.M., Smidt, C.D. and Smith, R.M. The dynamic properties of individual-level party identification in the United States 2011 Electoral Studies
Vol. 30(1), pp. 210{\textendash}222 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bart11-dynamic,
  author = {Bartels, Brandon L. and Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and Smidt, Corwin D. and Smith, Renée M.},
  title = {The dynamic properties of individual-level party identification in the United States},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {30},
  number = {1},
  pages = {210textendash222},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261379410001241},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2010.11.002}
}
Bartels, L. Partisanship and voting behavior, 1952-1996 2000 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 44(1), pp. 35{\textendash}50 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bart00-partisanship,
  author = {Bartels, L.},
  title = {Partisanship and voting behavior, 1952-1996},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {44},
  number = {1},
  pages = {35textendash50}
}
Bartels, L.M. Panel effects in the American national election studies 1999 Political Analysis
Vol. 8(1), pp. 1 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bart99-panel,
  author = {Bartels, L. M},
  title = {Panel effects in the American national election studies},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {8},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1}
}
Bartels, L.M. Uninformed Votes: Information Effects in Presidential Elections 1996 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 40, pp. 194-231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bart96-uninformed,
  author = {Bartels, Larry M.},
  title = {Uninformed Votes: Information Effects in Presidential Elections},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {194--231}
}
Barthélemy, J.P., Leclerc, B. and Monjardet, B. On the use of ordered sets in problems of comparison and consensus of classifications 1986 Journal of classification
Vol. 3(2), pp. 187{\textendash}224 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bart86-use,
  author = {Barthélemy, J. P and Leclerc, B. and Monjardet, B.},
  title = {On the use of ordered sets in problems of comparison and consensus of classifications},
  journal = {Journal of classification},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {3},
  number = {2},
  pages = {187textendash224}
}
Barthelemy, J.P. and Janowitz, M.F. A formal theory of consensus 1991 SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
Vol. 4, pp. 305 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bart91-formal,
  author = {Barthelemy, J. P and Janowitz, M. F},
  title = {A formal theory of consensus},
  journal = {SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {305}
}
BartheUemy, J.P. and Leclerc, B. The median procedure for partitions 1995
Vol. 19Partitioning data sets: DIMACS workshop, April 19-21, 1993, pp. 3 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{bart95-median,
  author = {BartheUemy, J. P and Leclerc, B.},
  title = {The median procedure for partitions},
  booktitle = {Partitioning data sets: DIMACS workshop, April 19-21, 1993},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {19},
  pages = {3}
}
Bartholdi, J.J. and Orlin, J.B. Single transferable vote resists strategic voting 1991 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 8(4), pp. 341{\textendash}354 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bart91-single,
  author = {Bartholdi, J. J. and Orlin, J. B.},
  title = {Single transferable vote resists strategic voting},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {8},
  number = {4},
  pages = {341textendash354},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/x22814n716t786u3.pdf}
}
Bartholomew, D. The statistical approach to social measurement 1996   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bart96-statistical-a,
  author = {Bartholomew, D.},
  title = {The statistical approach to social measurement},
  year = {1996}
}
Bartholomew, D.J. The statistical approach to social measurement 1996   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bart96-statistical,
  author = {Bartholomew, D. J.},
  title = {The statistical approach to social measurement},
  publisher = {Academic Press},
  year = {1996}
}
Basinger, S.J. and Lavine, H. Ambivalence, Information, and Electoral Choice 2005 American Political Science Review
Vol. 99(2), pp. 169-184 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{basi05-ambivalence,
  author = {Basinger, Scott J. and Lavine, Howard},
  title = {Ambivalence, Information, and Electoral Choice},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {99},
  number = {2},
  pages = {169--184}
}
Bates, J., Neville, J. and Tyler, J. Using Latent Communication Styles to Predict Individual Characteristics   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bate??-using,
  author = {Bates, J. and Neville, J. and Tyler, J.},
  title = {Using Latent Communication Styles to Predict Individual Characteristics},
  url = {http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/neville/papers/bates-et-al-soma2012.pdf}
}
Bates, R.H. and Shepsle, K.A. Intertemporal Institutions 1997 The Frontiers of the New Institutional Economics, ed. John N. Drobak and John VC Nye. San Diego: Academic Press pp. 197r211  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bate97-intertemporal,
  author = {Bates, R. H. and Shepsle, K. A.},
  title = {Intertemporal Institutions},
  journal = {The Frontiers of the New Institutional Economics, ed. John N. Drobak and John VC Nye. San Diego: Academic Press pp. 197r211},
  year = {1997}
}
Battaglini, M. Multiple Referrals and Multidimensional Cheap Talk 2002 Econometrica
Vol. 70(4), pp. 1379-1401 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{batt02-multiple,
  author = {Battaglini, Marco},
  title = {Multiple Referrals and Multidimensional Cheap Talk},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {70},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1379--1401}
}
Batteau, P., Blin, Jean-Marie. and Monjardet, B. Stability of Aggregation Procedures, Ultrafilters, and Simple Games 1981 ec
Vol. 49(1), pp. 527-534 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{batt81-stability,
  author = {Batteau, Pierre and Jean-Marie Blin and Monjardet, Bernard},
  title = {Stability of Aggregation Procedures, Ultrafilters, and Simple Games},
  journal = {ec},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {49},
  number = {1},
  pages = {527--534}
}
Baughman, A.L. Mixture model framework facilitates understanding of zero-inflated and hurdle models for count data 2007 Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics
Vol. 17(5), pp. 943{\textendash}946 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baug07-mixture,
  author = {Baughman, A. L.},
  title = {Mixture model framework facilitates understanding of zero-inflated and hurdle models for count data},
  journal = {Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {17},
  number = {5},
  pages = {943textendash946}
}
Baum, C., Schaffer, M., Stillman, S. and Baum, M.C. Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM estimation and testing 2007   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{baum07-enhanced,
  author = {Baum, Christopher and Schaffer, Mark and Stillman, Steven and Baum, Mark Christopher},
  title = {Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM estimation and testing},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://econpapers.repec.org/paper/bocbocoec/667.htm}
}
Baum, C., Schaffer, M., Stillman, S., Christopher Baum, M.S. and Stillman, S. Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM estimation and testing 2007 http://econpapers.repec.org/paper/bocbocoec/667.htm  misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{chri07-enhanced,
  author = {Christopher Baum and Mark Schaffer and Steven Stillman and Christopher Baum, Mark Schaffer and Steven Stillman},
  title = {Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM estimation and testing},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://econpapers.repec.org/paper/bocbocoec/667.htm}
}
Baumgartner, F.R. and Jones, B.D. Congressional Hearings Data 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{baum05-congressional,
  author = {Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jones, Bryan D.},
  title = {Congressional Hearings Data},
  year = {2005}
}
Baumgartner, F.R., Jones, B.D. and MacLeod, M.C. The Evolution of Legislative Jurisdictions 2000 Journal of Politics
Vol. 62(2), pp. 321-349 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baum00-evolution,
  author = {Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jones, Bryan D. and MacLeod, Michael C.},
  title = {The Evolution of Legislative Jurisdictions},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {62(2)},
  pages = {321--349}
}
Baumgartner, F.R. and Jones., B.D. Agendas and Instability in American Politics 1993   book  
BibTeX:
@book{baum93-agendas,
  author = {Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jones., Bryan D.},
  title = {Agendas and Instability in American Politics},
  publisher = {The University of Chicago Press},
  year = {1993}
}
Baumgartner, F.R. and Leech, B.L. The Multiple Ambiguities of ``Counteractive Lobbying'' 1996 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 40(2), pp. 521-542 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{baum96-multiple,
  author = {Baumgartner, Frank R. and Leech, Beth L.},
  title = {The Multiple Ambiguities of ``Counteractive Lobbying''},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {40(2)},
  pages = {521--542}
}
Bawn, K. Congressional Party Leadership: Utilitarian versus Majoritarian Incentives 1998 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 23(2), pp. 219-243 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bawn98-congressional,
  author = {Bawn, Kathleen},
  title = {Congressional Party Leadership: Utilitarian versus Majoritarian Incentives},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {23},
  number = {2},
  pages = {219--243}
}
Bawn, K. Political Control Versus Expertise: Congressional Choices about Administrative Procedures 1995 American Political Science Review
Vol. 89(1), pp. 62-73 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bawn95-political,
  author = {Bawn, Kathleen},
  title = {Political Control Versus Expertise: Congressional Choices about Administrative Procedures},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {89(1)},
  pages = {62--73}
}
Bawn, K. The Logic of Institutional Preferences: German Electoral Law as a Social Choice Outcome 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37(4), pp. 965-989 
article URL 
Abstract: Institutions determine the results of social decision processes, yet institutions are themselves endogenous products of earlier social choices. This paper explores the hypothesis that participants in the choice of institutions seek alternatives that favor their desired policies. The choice of institutions can be analyzed in terms of bargaining between individuals or parties, where preferences derive from preferences over policy and bargaining is structured by existing institutions. This approach is used to study the choice of an electoral system in Germany after World War II. The hypothesis that parties choose electoral institutions to maximize their future policy influence explains both the adoption of proportional representation in 1949 and the switch to a two-vote ballot in 1953.
BibTeX:
@article{bawn93-logic,
  author = {Bawn, Kathleen},
  title = {The Logic of Institutional Preferences: German Electoral Law as a Social Choice Outcome},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37},
  number = {4},
  pages = {965--989},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 1993 / Copyright textcopyright 1993 Midwest Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111539}
}
Beal, M.J. and MA, M. Variational algorithms for approximate Bayesian inference 2003 Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University College London  article  
BibTeX:
@article{beal03-variational,
  author = {Beal, M. J and MA, M.},
  title = {Variational algorithms for approximate Bayesian inference},
  journal = {Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University College London},
  year = {2003}
}
Beals, R. and Krantz, D.H. Metrics and geodesics induced by order relations 1967 Mathematische Zeitschrift
Vol. 101(4), pp. 285-298 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beal67-metrics,
  author = {Beals, R. and Krantz, D. H.},
  title = {Metrics and geodesics induced by order relations},
  journal = {Mathematische Zeitschrift},
  year = {1967},
  volume = {101},
  number = {4},
  pages = {285--298}
}
Beals, R., Krantz, D.H. and Tversky, A. Foundations of multidimensional scaling 1968 Psychological Review
Vol. 75(2), pp. 127-142 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beal68-foundations,
  author = {Beals, R. and Krantz, D. H. and Tversky, A.},
  title = {Foundations of multidimensional scaling},
  journal = {Psychological Review},
  year = {1968},
  volume = {75},
  number = {2},
  pages = {127--142}
}
Bean, L. The Mid-Term Battle 1950   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bean50-mid-term,
  author = {Bean, Louis},
  title = {The Mid-Term Battle},
  publisher = {Cantillion Books},
  year = {1950}
}
Bean, L. How to Predict Elections 1948   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bean48-how,
  author = {Bean, Louis},
  title = {How to Predict Elections},
  publisher = {Knopf},
  year = {1948}
}
Beardon, A. and Mehta, G. The Utility Theorems of Wold, Debreu, and Arrow-Hahn 1994 Econometrica
Vol. 62(1), pp. 181{\textendash}186 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bear94-utility-a,
  author = {Beardon, Alan and Mehta, Ghanshyam},
  title = {The Utility Theorems of Wold, Debreu, and Arrow-Hahn},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {62},
  number = {1},
  pages = {181textendash186},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2951480}
}
Beardon, A.F. and Mehta, G.B. The Utility Theorems of Wold, Debreu, and Arrow-Hahn 1994 Econometrica
Vol. 62(1), pp. 181-186 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bear94-utility,
  author = {Beardon, Alan F. and Mehta, Ghanshyam B.},
  title = {The Utility Theorems of Wold, Debreu, and Arrow-Hahn},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {62},
  number = {1},
  pages = {181--186},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jan., 1994 / Copyright textcopyright 1994 The Econometric Society},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2951480}
}
Beck, N. From Statistical Nuisances to Serious Modeling: Changing How We Think About the Analysis of Time-SeriestextendashCross-Section Data 2007 Political Analysis
Vol. 15(2), pp. 97 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beck07-statistical,
  author = {Beck, N.},
  title = {From Statistical Nuisances to Serious Modeling: Changing How We Think About the Analysis of Time-SeriestextendashCross-Section Data},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {15},
  number = {2},
  pages = {97}
}
Beck, N. and Katz, J.N. What to do (and not to do) with time-series cross-section data 1995 American Political Science Review, pp. 634{\textendash}647  article  
BibTeX:
@article{beck95-what,
  author = {Beck, N. and Katz, J. N},
  title = {What to do (and not to do) with time-series cross-section data},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {634textendash647}
}
Becker, G.S. A Treatise on the Family 1981   book  
BibTeX:
@book{beck81-treatise,
  author = {Becker, Gary S.},
  title = {A Treatise on the Family},
  publisher = {Harvard University Press},
  year = {1981}
}
Bednar, J. An Institutional Theory of Federal Stability 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bedn04-institutional,
  author = {Bednar, Jenna},
  title = {An Institutional Theory of Federal Stability},
  year = {2004}
}
Bednar, J. and Page, S.E. Can Game(s) Theory Explain Culture? The Emergence of Cultural Behavior Within Multiple Games 2007 Rationality and Society
Vol. 19(1), pp. 65-97 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bedn07-games,
  author = {Bednar, Jenna and Page, Scott E.},
  title = {Can Game(s) Theory Explain Culture? The Emergence of Cultural Behavior Within Multiple Games},
  journal = {Rationality and Society},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {65--97}
}
Belkin, M. and Niyogi, P. Semi-supervised learning on Riemannian manifolds 2004 Machine Learning
Vol. 56(1), pp. 209{\textendash}239 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{belk04-semi-supervised,
  author = {Belkin, M. and Niyogi, P.},
  title = {Semi-supervised learning on Riemannian manifolds},
  journal = {Machine Learning},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {56},
  number = {1},
  pages = {209textendash239}
}
Belkin, M. and Niyogi, P. Using manifold structure for partially labelled classification 2003   book URL 
BibTeX:
@book{belk03-using,
  author = {Belkin, M. and Niyogi, P.},
  title = {Using manifold structure for partially labelled classification},
  year = {2003},
  url = {http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/belkin03using.html}
}
Bell, C.E. A Random Voting Graph Almost Surely has a Hamiltonian Cycle when the Number of Alternatives is Large 1981 Econometrica
Vol. 49(6), pp. 1597-1603 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bell81-random,
  author = {Bell, Colin E.},
  title = {A Random Voting Graph Almost Surely has a Hamiltonian Cycle when the Number of Alternatives is Large},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {49(6)},
  pages = {1597--1603}
}
Bell, D.E., Bell, D.E., Raiffa, H. and Tversky, A. Disappointment in Decision Making under Uncertainty 1988 Decision making: Descriptive normative and prescriptive interactions  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{bell88-disappointment,
  author = {Bell, David E. and Bell, David E. and Raiffa, Howard and Tversky, Amos},
  title = {Disappointment in Decision Making under Uncertainty},
  booktitle = {Decision making: Descriptive normative and prescriptive interactions},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1988}
}
Bellman, R.E. Dynamic Programming 2003   book  
Abstract: An introduction to the mathematical theory of multistage decision processes, this text takes a "functional equation" approach to the discovery of optimum policies. The text examines existence and uniqueness theorems, the optimal inventory equation, bottleneck problems in multistage production processes, a new formalism in the calculus of variation, multistage games, and more. 1957 edition. Includes 37 figures.
BibTeX:
@book{bell03-dynamic,
  author = {Bellman, Richard Ernest},
  title = {Dynamic Programming},
  publisher = {Courier Dover Publications},
  year = {2003}
}
Bem, D.J. Self-Perception: An Alternative Interpretation of Cognitive Dissonance Phenomena 1967 Psychological Review
Vol. 74, pp. 183-200 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bem67-self-perception,
  author = {Bem, Daryl J.},
  title = {Self-Perception: An Alternative Interpretation of Cognitive Dissonance Phenomena},
  journal = {Psychological Review},
  year = {1967},
  volume = {74},
  pages = {183--200}
}
Benabou, R. Unequal societies: Income distribution and the social contract 2000 American Economic Review
Vol. 90(1), pp. 96{\textendash}129 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena00-unequal,
  author = {Benabou, R.},
  title = {Unequal societies: Income distribution and the social contract},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {90},
  number = {1},
  pages = {96textendash129}
}
Benabou, R. and Ok, E.A. Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: The Poum Hypothesis* 2001 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 116(2), pp. 447{\textendash}487 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena01-social,
  author = {Benabou, R. and Ok, E. A},
  title = {Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: The Poum Hypothesis*},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {116},
  number = {2},
  pages = {447textendash487}
}
Benabou, R. and Tirole, J. Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics* 2006 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 121(2), pp. 699{\textendash}746 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena06-belief,
  author = {Benabou, R. and Tirole, J.},
  title = {Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics*},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {121},
  number = {2},
  pages = {699textendash746}
}
Benabou, R. and Tirole, J. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation 2003 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 70(3), pp. 489-520 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena03-intrinsic,
  author = {Benabou, Roland and Tirole, Jean},
  title = {Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {70(3)},
  pages = {489--520}
}
Benabou, R. and Tirole, J. Self-Confidence and Social Interactions 2000 NBER Working Paper 7585  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena00-self-confidence,
  author = {Benabou, Roland and Tirole, Jean},
  title = {Self-Confidence and Social Interactions},
  journal = {NBER Working Paper 7585},
  year = {2000}
}
Benabou, R. and Tirole, J. Self confidence: Intrapersonal strategies 1999 Princeton University Working Paper  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bena99-self,
  author = {Benabou, Roland and Tirole, Jean},
  title = {Self confidence: Intrapersonal strategies},
  journal = {Princeton University Working Paper},
  year = {1999}
}
Bendor, J. Formal Models of Bureaucracy 1988 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 18(3), pp. 353-395 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bend88-formal,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan},
  title = {Formal Models of Bureaucracy},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {18(3)},
  pages = {353--395}
}
Bendor, J., Diermeier, D. and Ting, M. A Behavioral Model of Turnout 2003 American Political Science Review
Vol. 97(2), pp. 261-280 
article URL 
Abstract: The so-called "paradox of voting" is a major anomaly for rational choice theories of elections. If voting is costly and citizens are rational, then in large electrorates the expected turnout would be small, for if many people voted the chance of anyone being pivotal would be too small to make the act worthwhile. Yet many people do vote, even in large national elections. To address this puzzle we construct a model of adaptive rationality: Citizens learn by simple trial and error, repeating satisfactory actions and avoiding unsatisfactory ones. (Their aspiration levels, which code current payoffs as satisfactory or unsatisfactory, are also endogenous, themselves adjusting to experience.) Our main result is that agents who adapt in this manner turn out in substantial numbers even in large electorates and even if voting is costly for everyone.
BibTeX:
@article{bend03-behavioral,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Diermeier, Daniel and Ting, Michael},
  title = {A Behavioral Model of Turnout},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {97},
  number = {2},
  pages = {261--280},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: May, 2003 / Copyright textcopyright 2003 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3118208}
}
Bendor, J., Glazer, A. and Hammond, T. Theories of Delegation 2001 Annual Review of Political Science
Vol. 4(1), pp. 235-269 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We survey modern models of delegation that assume a boss and a subordinate pursue their own goals. Among the major themes covered are the following: the conditions under which the boss will prefer to delegate versus those in which she will prefer to retain authority; how a boss can induce a subordinate to truthfully reveal information; when rational principals will use the ally principle (i.e. delegate to agents with similar goals); delegation in repeated interactions; and how delegation can overcome commitment problems. These themes are relevant to a wide variety of institutions, affecting intralegislative organization, executive-legislative relations, and central banks.
BibTeX:
@article{bend01-theories,
  author = {Bendor, J. and Glazer, A. and Hammond, T.},
  title = {Theories of Delegation},
  journal = {Annual Review of Political Science},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {4},
  number = {1},
  pages = {235--269},
  url = {http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.polisci.4.1.235},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.4.1.235}
}
Bendor, J., Kumar, S. and Siegel, D.A. V. O. Key Formalized: Retrospective Voting as Adaptive Behavior 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bend05-v,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Kumar, Sunil and Siegel, David A},
  title = {V. O. Key Formalized: Retrospective Voting as Adaptive Behavior},
  year = {2005}
}
Bendor, J. and Meirowitz, A. Spatial Models of Delegation 2004 American Political Science Review
Vol. 98(02), pp. 293-310 
article DOI  
BibTeX:
@article{bend04-spatial,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Meirowitz, Adam},
  title = {Spatial Models of Delegation},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {98},
  number = {02},
  pages = {293--310},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055404001157}
}
Bendor, J. and Moe, T. An Adaptive Model of Bureaucratic Politics 1985 American Political Science Review
Vol. 79, pp. 755-774 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bend85-adaptive,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Moe, Terry},
  title = {An Adaptive Model of Bureaucratic Politics},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {79},
  pages = {755--774}
}
Bendor, J. and Moe, T.M. Agenda Control, Committee Capture and the Dynamics of Institutional Politics 1986 American Political Science Review
Vol. 80(4), pp. 1187-1207 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bend86-agenda,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Moe, Terry M.},
  title = {Agenda Control, Committee Capture and the Dynamics of Institutional Politics},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {80(4)},
  pages = {1187--1207}
}
Bendor, J., Taylor, S. and Gaalen, R.V. Stacking the Deck: Bureaucratic Missions and Policy Design 1987 American Political Science Review
Vol. 81(3), pp. 873-896 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bend87-stacking,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Taylor, Serge and Gaalen, Roland Van},
  title = {Stacking the Deck: Bureaucratic Missions and Policy Design},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {81},
  number = {3},
  pages = {873--896}
}
Bendor, J., Taylor, S. and Gaalen, R.V. Bureaucratic Expertise versus Legislative Authority: A Model of Deception and Monitoring in Budgeting 1985 American Political Science Review
Vol. 79(4), pp. 1041-1060 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bend85-bureaucratic,
  author = {Bendor, Jonathan and Taylor, Serge and Gaalen, Roland Van},
  title = {Bureaucratic Expertise versus Legislative Authority: A Model of Deception and Monitoring in Budgeting},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {79},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1041--1060}
}
Benedetto, G. and Hix, S. The Rejected, the Ejected, and the Dejected: Explaining Government Rebels in the 2001-2005 British House of Commons 2007 Comparative Political Studies
Vol. 40(7), pp. 781, 755 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bene07-rejected,
  author = {Benedetto, G. and Hix, S.},
  title = {The Rejected, the Ejected, and the Dejected: Explaining Government Rebels in the 2001-2005 British House of Commons},
  journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {40},
  number = {7},
  pages = {781, 755},
  url = {10.1177/0010414006299095}
}
Bengtsson, A. and Wass, H. Styles of Political Representation: What Do Voters Expect? 2010 Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties
Vol. 20(1), pp. 81, 55 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{beng10-styles,
  author = {Bengtsson, Asa and Wass, Hanna},
  title = {Styles of Political Representation: What Do Voters Expect?},
  journal = {Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {20},
  number = {1},
  pages = {81, 55},
  url = {10.1080/17457280903450724}
}
Benhabib, S. Democracy and difference : contesting the boundaries of the political
Vol. Princeton paperbacksDemocracy and difference: contesting the boundaries of the political 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{benh??-democracy,
  author = {Benhabib, Seyla},
  title = {Democracy and difference : contesting the boundaries of the political},
  booktitle = {Democracy and difference: contesting the boundaries of the political},
  publisher = {Princeton University Press},
  volume = {Princeton paperbacks}
}
Benhabib, S. Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method 1971 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 65(3), pp. 693, 682 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{benh71-comparative,
  author = {Benhabib, Seyla},
  title = {Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1971},
  volume = {65},
  number = {3},
  pages = {693, 682},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1955513}
}
Bennett, E. The Aspiration Approach to Predicting Coalition Formation and Payoff Distributions in Sidepayment Games 1983 International Journal of Game Theory
Vol. 12, pp. 1-28 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{benn83-aspiration,
  author = {Bennett, Elaine},
  title = {The Aspiration Approach to Predicting Coalition Formation and Payoff Distributions in Sidepayment Games},
  journal = {International Journal of Game Theory},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {1--28}
}
Bennett, E. Characterization Results for Aspirations in Games with Sidepayments 1983 Mathematical Social Sciences
Vol. 4, pp. 229-241 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{benn83-characterization,
  author = {Bennett, Elaine},
  title = {Characterization Results for Aspirations in Games with Sidepayments},
  journal = {Mathematical Social Sciences},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {229--241}
}
Bennett, J.F. Determination of the number of independent parameters of a score matrix from the examination of rank orders 1956 Psychometrika
Vol. 21(4), pp. 383-393 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{benn56-determination,
  author = {Bennett, J. F.},
  title = {Determination of the number of independent parameters of a score matrix from the examination of rank orders},
  journal = {Psychometrika},
  year = {1956},
  volume = {21},
  number = {4},
  pages = {383--393}
}
Bennett, J.F. and Hays, W.L. Multidimensional unfolding: Determining the dimensionality of ranked preference data 1960 Psychometrika
Vol. 25(1), pp. 27{\textendash}43 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{benn60-multidimensional,
  author = {Bennett, J. F and Hays, W. L},
  title = {Multidimensional unfolding: Determining the dimensionality of ranked preference data},
  journal = {Psychometrika},
  year = {1960},
  volume = {25},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27textendash43}
}
Benoit, D.F. and Van den Poel, D. Binary quantile regression: a Bayesian approach based on the asymmetric Laplace distribution 2010 Journal of Applied Econometrics, pp. n/a-n/a  article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{beno10-binary,
  author = {Benoit, Dries F. and Van den Poel, Dirk},
  title = {Binary quantile regression: a Bayesian approach based on the asymmetric Laplace distribution},
  journal = {Journal of Applied Econometrics},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {n/a--n/a},
  url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jae.1216},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jae.1216}
}
Benoit, K. Electoral laws as political consequences: explaining the origins and change of electoral institutions 2007 Political Science
Vol. 10(1), pp. 363 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beno07-electoral,
  author = {Benoit, K.},
  title = {Electoral laws as political consequences: explaining the origins and change of electoral institutions},
  journal = {Political Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {10},
  number = {1},
  pages = {363}
}
Benoit, K. Models of electoral system change 2004 Electoral Studies
Vol. 23(3), pp. 363{\textendash}389 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beno04-models,
  author = {Benoit, K.},
  title = {Models of electoral system change},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {23},
  number = {3},
  pages = {363textendash389}
}
Benoit, K. and Hayden, J. Institutional Change and Persistence: The Evolution of Poland's Electoral System, 1989textendash2001 2004 Journal of Politics
Vol. 66(2), pp. 396{\textendash}427 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beno04-institutional,
  author = {Benoit, K. and Hayden, J.},
  title = {Institutional Change and Persistence: The Evolution of Poland's Electoral System, 1989textendash2001},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {66},
  number = {2},
  pages = {396textendash427}
}
Bensel, R. Of Rules and Speakers: Toward a Theory of Institutional Change for the US House of Representatives 2000 Social Science History
Vol. 24(2), pp. 349 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bens00-rules-a,
  author = {Bensel, R.},
  title = {Of Rules and Speakers: Toward a Theory of Institutional Change for the US House of Representatives},
  journal = {Social Science History},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {24},
  number = {2},
  pages = {349}
}
Berch, N. Another Look at Closeness and Turnout: The Case of the 1979 and 1980 Canadian National Elections 1993 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 46(2), pp. 421-432 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{berc93-another,
  author = {Berch, Neil},
  title = {Another Look at Closeness and Turnout: The Case of the 1979 and 1980 Canadian National Elections},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {46(2)},
  pages = {421--432}
}
Berelson, B.R., Lazarsfeld, P.F. and McPhee, W.N. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign 1954   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bere54-voting,
  author = {Berelson, Bernard R. and Lazarsfeld, Paul F. and McPhee, William N.},
  title = {Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign},
  publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
  year = {1954}
}
Bergemann, D. and Morris, S. Robust Predictions in Games with Incomplete Information 2012 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: We analyze games of incomplete information and offer equilibrium predictions which are valid for, and in this sense robust to, all possible private information structures that the agents may have. We completely characterize the set of Bayes correlated equilibria in a class of games with quadratic payoffs and normally distributed uncertainty in terms of restrictions on the first and second moments of the equilibrium action-state distribution. We derive exact bounds on how prior knowledge about the private information refines the set of equilibrium predictions.We consider information sharing among firms under demand uncertainty and find newly optimal information policies via the Bayes correlated equilibria. Finally, we reverse the perspective and investigate the identification problem under concerns for robustness to private information. The presence of private information leads to set rather than point identification of the structural parameters of the game.
BibTeX:
@article{berg12-robust,
  author = {Bergemann, Dirk and Morris, Stephen},
  title = {Robust Predictions in Games with Incomplete Information},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2163606}
}
Bergemann, D. and Morris, S. Robust implementation in general mechanisms 2011 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 71(2), pp. 261-281 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: A social choice function is robustly implemented if every equilibrium on every type space achieves outcomes consistent with it. We identify a robust monotonicity condition that is necessary and (with mild extra assumptions) sufficient for robust implementation. Robust monotonicity is strictly stronger than both Maskin monotonicity (necessary and almost sufficient for complete information implementation) and ex post monotonicity (necessary and almost sufficient for ex post implementation). It is equivalent to Bayesian monotonicity on all type spaces.
BibTeX:
@article{berg11-robust,
  author = {Bergemann, Dirk and Morris, Stephen},
  title = {Robust implementation in general mechanisms},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {71},
  number = {2},
  pages = {261--281},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WFW-5033XW8-1/2/84ce3fce4d67faddf5900901a1a28a54},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2010.05.001}
}
Bergemann, D. and Vtextbackslashälimtextbackslashäki, J. Information in mechanism design 2005 Advances in economics and econometrics: theory and applications, ninth World Congress  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{berg05-information,
  author = {Bergemann, D. and Vtextbackslashälimtextbackslashäki, J.},
  title = {Information in mechanism design},
  booktitle = {Advances in economics and econometrics: theory and applications, ninth World Congress},
  year = {2005}
}
Berger, J.O. Statistical Decision Theory and Bayesian Analysis, 2nd Edition 1985   book  
BibTeX:
@book{berg85-statistical,
  author = {Berger, James O.},
  title = {Statistical Decision Theory and Bayesian Analysis, 2nd Edition},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year = {1985}
}
Berger, J.O. and Pericchi, L.R. The Intrinsic Bayes Factor for Model Selection and Prediction. 1996 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 91(433) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{berg96-intrinsic,
  author = {Berger, J. O. and Pericchi, L. R.},
  title = {The Intrinsic Bayes Factor for Model Selection and Prediction.},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {91},
  number = {433}
}
Bergman, T. Formation rules and minority governments 1993 European Journal of Political Research
Vol. 23(1), pp. 55-66 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{berg93-formation,
  author = {Bergman, T.},
  title = {Formation rules and minority governments},
  journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {23},
  number = {1},
  pages = {55--66}
}
Bergman, T., Müller, W.C. and Strom, K. Delegation and accountability in parliamentary democracies 2003
Vol. Comparative politics 
book URL 
BibTeX:
@book{berg03-delegation,
  author = {Bergman, Torbjörn and Müller, Wolfgang C. and Strom, Kaare},
  title = {Delegation and accountability in parliamentary democracies},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {Comparative politics},
  url = {http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/019829784X.001.0001/acprof-9780198297840}
}
Berinsky, A.J. American Public Opinion in the 1930s and 1940s 2006 Public Opinion Quarterly
Vol. 70(4), pp. 499 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{beri06-american,
  author = {Berinsky, A. J.},
  title = {American Public Opinion in the 1930s and 1940s},
  journal = {Public Opinion Quarterly},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {70},
  number = {4},
  pages = {499}
}
berinsky, herron and lewis the political methodologist 2006
Vol. 14(2) 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{beri06-political,
  author = {berinsky and herron and lewis},
  title = {the political methodologist},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {14},
  number = {2},
  url = {http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/ spirling/documents/tpm.pdf}
}
Berliant, M. and Konishi, H. Salience: Agenda choices by competing candidates 2005 Public Choice
Vol. 125(1), pp. 129-149 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Which issues are discussed by candidates in an election campaign? Why are some issues never discussed? Model tractability is lost quickly when dealing with these questions, partly because of the multidimensional voting inherent in models of multiple issues. Our model features two candidates for office who can talk about any subset of issues, allowing uncertainty both on the part of voters and candidates, and taking candidates to be office motivated. Candidates move first and simultaneously, announcing any positions they choose on any issues. To us, salience is simply the discussion of an issue in a campaign. If both candidates and voters are expected utility maximizers, we find salience results, in that candidates typically want to talk about everything (or they are indifferent between talking and nonsalience). Leaving the expected utility framework, we present an example using textquotedblleftKnightian uncertaintytextquotedblright or textquotedblleftmaxmin expected utility with multiple priorstextquotedblright of GilboatextendashSchmeidler to illustrate how robust nonsalience and salience of issues might be generated.
BibTeX:
@article{berl05-salience,
  author = {Berliant, Marcus and Konishi, Hideo},
  title = {Salience: Agenda choices by competing candidates},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {125},
  number = {1},
  pages = {129--149},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11127-005-3412-9},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11127-005-3412-9}
}
Bernauer, J. and Bräuninger, T. Intra-Party Preference Heterogeneity and Faction Membership in the 15th German Bundestag: A Computational Text Analysis of Parliamentary Speeches 2009 German Politics
Vol. 18(3), pp. 385-402 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In a broad range of research in comparative politics, political parties are conceptualised as unitary actors with consistent preferences. We depart from this sometimes accurate, at other times overly strong assumption by studying patterns of intra-party heterogeneity of preferences within parliamentary parties in the German Bundestag from 2002?05. For this purpose, we use the Wordscores method, a form of computational text analysis, to estimate policy positions of 453 individual legislators based on plenary speeches. We then study the link between intra-party faction membership and expressed policy positions. We find that there is a limited, but consistent effect of intra-party factionalism in the German Bundestag. According to random effects ANOVA, faction membership determines about 3 per cent of the variance of positions on economic policy in the present study. In a broad range of research in comparative politics, political parties are conceptualised as unitary actors with consistent preferences. We depart from this sometimes accurate, at other times overly strong assumption by studying patterns of intra-party heterogeneity of preferences within parliamentary parties in the German Bundestag from 2002?05. For this purpose, we use the Wordscores method, a form of computational text analysis, to estimate policy positions of 453 individual legislators based on plenary speeches. We then study the link between intra-party faction membership and expressed policy positions. We find that there is a limited, but consistent effect of intra-party factionalism in the German Bundestag. According to random effects ANOVA, faction membership determines about 3 per cent of the variance of positions on economic policy in the present study.
BibTeX:
@article{bern09-intra-party,
  author = {Bernauer, Julian and Bräuninger, Thomas},
  title = {Intra-Party Preference Heterogeneity and Faction Membership in the 15th German Bundestag: A Computational Text Analysis of Parliamentary Speeches},
  journal = {German Politics},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {18},
  number = {3},
  pages = {385--402},
  url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09644000903055823#preview},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09644000903055823}
}
Berndsen, M. and van der Pligt, J. Time is on my side: Optimism in intertemporal choice 2001 Acta Psychologica
Vol. 108, pp. 173-186 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bern01-time,
  author = {Berndsen, Mariette and van der Pligt, Joop},
  title = {Time is on my side: Optimism in intertemporal choice},
  journal = {Acta Psychologica},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {108},
  pages = {173--186}
}
Bernhard, W. and Sala, B.R. The Remaking of an American Senate: The 17th Amendment and Ideological Responsiveness 2006 Journal of Politics
Vol. 68(2), pp. 345-357 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bern06-remaking,
  author = {Bernhard, William and Sala, Brian R.},
  title = {The Remaking of an American Senate: The 17th Amendment and Ideological Responsiveness},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {68},
  number = {2},
  pages = {345--357}
}
Bernheim, B.D., Peleg, B. and Whinston, M.D. Coalition-Proof Nash Equilibria: I Concepts 1987 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 42(1), pp. 1-12 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bern87-coalition-proof,
  author = {Bernheim, B. Douglas and Peleg, Bezalel and Whinston, Michael D.},
  title = {Coalition-Proof Nash Equilibria: I Concepts},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {42(1)},
  pages = {1--12}
}
Bernheim, B.D. and Whinston, M.D. Coalition-Proof Nash Equilibria: II Applications 1987 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 42(1), pp. 13-29 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bern87-coalition-proof-a,
  author = {Bernheim, B. Douglas and Whinston, Michael D.},
  title = {Coalition-Proof Nash Equilibria: II Applications},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {42(1)},
  pages = {13--29}
}
Berninghaus, S.K., Ehrhart, K.M. and Keser, C. Conventions and Local Interaction Structures: Experimental Evidence* 1 2002 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 39(2), pp. 177{\textendash}205 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bern02-conventions,
  author = {Berninghaus, S. K. and Ehrhart, K. M. and Keser, C.},
  title = {Conventions and Local Interaction Structures: Experimental Evidence* 1},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {39},
  number = {2},
  pages = {177textendash205}
}
Berry, S., Levinsohn, J. and Pakes, A. Automobile prices in market equilibrium 1995 Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, pp. 841{\textendash}890  article  
BibTeX:
@article{berr95-automobile,
  author = {Berry, S. and Levinsohn, J. and Pakes, A.},
  title = {Automobile prices in market equilibrium},
  journal = {Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {841textendash890}
}
Berry, W., Ringquist, E., Fording, R. and Hanson, R. Measuring Citizen and Government Ideology in the American States, 1960-93 1998 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 42(1), pp. 327{\textendash}348 
article URL 
Abstract: We construct dynamic measures of the ideology of a state's citizens and political leaders, using the roll call voting scores of state congressional delegations, the outcomes of congressional elections, the partisan division of state legislatures, the party of the governor, and various assumptions regarding voters and state political elites. We establish the utility of our indicators for 1960-93 by (i) examining and, whenever possible, testing the assumptions on which they are based, (ii) assessing their reliability, (iii) assessing their convergent validity by correlating them with other ideology indicators, and (iv) appraising their construct validity by analyzing their predictive power within multivariate models from some of the best recent research in the state politics field. Strongly supportive results from each battery of tests indicate the validity of our annual, state-level measures of citizen and government ideology. Substantively, our measures reveal more temporal variation in state citizen ideology than is generally recognized.
BibTeX:
@article{berr98-measuring,
  author = {Berry, William and Ringquist, Evan and Fording, Richard and Hanson, Russell},
  title = {Measuring Citizen and Government Ideology in the American States, 1960-93},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {42},
  number = {1},
  pages = {327textendash348},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991759}
}
Bertelli, A.M. and Lynn, L.E. Madison's Managers: Public Administration and the Constitution 2006   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bert06-madisons,
  author = {Bertelli, Anthony M. and Lynn, Laurence E.},
  title = {Madison's Managers: Public Administration and the Constitution},
  publisher = {Johns Hopkins University Press},
  year = {2006}
}
Besley, T. and Case, A. Political institutions and policy choices: Evidence from the United States 2003 Journal of Economic Literature
Vol. 41(1), pp. 7{\textendash}73 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{besl03-political,
  author = {Besley, T. and Case, A.},
  title = {Political institutions and policy choices: Evidence from the United States},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Literature},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {41},
  number = {1},
  pages = {7textendash73}
}
Besley, T. and Coate, S. An Economic Model of Representative Democracy 1997 Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp. 85-114  article  
BibTeX:
@article{besl97-economic,
  author = {Besley, Timothy and Coate, Stephen},
  title = {An Economic Model of Representative Democracy},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {85--114}
}
Beth, R.S. The Discharge Rule in the House: Principal Features and Uses 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{beth03-discharge,
  author = {Beth, Richard S.},
  title = {The Discharge Rule in the House: Principal Features and Uses},
  year = {2003}
}
Beth, R.S. The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{beth03-discharge-a,
  author = {Beth, Richard S.},
  title = {The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context},
  year = {2003}
}
Bettin, G. and Lucchetti, R. Instrumental Variable Interval Regression , pp. 91{\textendash}107  article URL 
Abstract: This paper develops a new method for dealing with endogenous selection. The usual instrumental strategy based on the independence between the outcome and the instrument is likely to fail when selection is directly driven by the dependent variable. Instead, we suggest to rely on the independence between the instrument and the selection variable, conditional on the outcome. This approach may be particularly suitable for nonignorable nonresponse, binary models with missing covariates or Roy models with an unobserved sector. The nonparametric identification of the joint distribution of the variables is obtained under a completeness assumption, which has been used recently in several nonparametric instrumental problems. Even if the conditional independence between the instrument and the selection variable fails to hold, the approach provides sharp bounds on parameters of interest under weaker monotonicity conditions. Apart from identification, nonparametric and parametric estimations are also considered. Finally, the method is applied to estimate the effect of grade retention in French primary schools.
BibTeX:
@article{bett??-instrumental,
  author = {Bettin, Giulia and Lucchetti, Riccardo},
  title = {Instrumental Variable Interval Regression},
  pages = {91textendash107},
  url = {http://ideas.repec.org/h/ehu/ehucha/01-06.html}
}
Bettin, G. and Lucchetti, R. Instrumental Variable Interval Regression , pp. 91-107  incollection URL 
Abstract: This paper develops a new method for dealing with endogenous selection. The usual instrumental strategy based on the independence between the outcome and the instrument is likely to fail when selection is directly driven by the dependent variable. Instead, we suggest to rely on the independence between the instrument and the selection variable, conditional on the outcome. This approach may be particularly suitable for nonignorable nonresponse, binary models with missing covariates or Roy models with an unobserved sector. The nonparametric identification of the joint distribution of the variables is obtained under a completeness assumption, which has been used recently in several nonparametric instrumental problems. Even if the conditional independence between the instrument and the selection variable fails to hold, the approach provides sharp bounds on parameters of interest under weaker monotonicity conditions. Apart from identification, nonparametric and parametric estimations are also considered. Finally, the method is applied to estimate the effect of grade retention in French primary schools.
BibTeX:
@incollection{giul??-instrumental,
  author = {Giulia Bettin and Riccardo Lucchetti},
  title = {Instrumental Variable Interval Regression},
  publisher = {Universidad del País Vasco - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales},
  pages = {91--107},
  url = {http://ideas.repec.org/h/ehu/ehucha/01-06.html}
}
Beyme, K.v. Functions of parliaments 2000
Vol. Advances in political scienceParliamentary democracy: democratization, destabilization, reconsolidation, 1789-1999 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{beym00-functions,
  author = {Beyme, Klaus von},
  title = {Functions of parliaments},
  booktitle = {Parliamentary democracy: democratization, destabilization, reconsolidation, 1789-1999},
  publisher = {Macmillan; Published in associacion with International Political Science Association},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {Advances in political science}
}
Beyme, K.v. Parliamentary democracy: democratization, destabilization, reconsolidation, 1789-1999 2000
Vol. Advances in political science 
book  
BibTeX:
@book{beym00-parliamentary,
  author = {Beyme, Klaus von},
  title = {Parliamentary democracy: democratization, destabilization, reconsolidation, 1789-1999},
  publisher = {Macmillan; Published in associacion with International Political Science Association},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {Advances in political science}
}
Beyme, K.v. Divided Parties, Divided Government 1999 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 24(1), pp. 29, 5 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{beym99-divided,
  author = {Beyme, Klaus von},
  title = {Divided Parties, Divided Government},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {24},
  number = {1},
  pages = {29, 5},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/440298}
}
Bhat, C.R. and Koppelman, F.S. A retrospective and prospective survey of time-use research 1999 Transportation
Vol. 26(2), pp. 119-139 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The central basis of the activity-based approach to travel demand modeling is that individuals' activity-travel patterns are a result of their time-use decisions within a continuous time domain. This paper reviews earlier theoretical and empirical research in the time-use area, emphasizing the need to examine activities in the context or setting in which they occur. The review indicates the substantial progress made in the past five years and identifies some possible reasons for this sudden spurt and rejuvenation in the field. The paper concludes that the field of time-use and its relevance to activity-travel modeling has gone substantially past the "tip of the iceberg", though it certainly still has a good part of the "iceberg" to uncover. Important future areas of research are identified and discussed.
BibTeX:
@article{bhat99-retrospective,
  author = {Bhat, Chandra R. and Koppelman, Frank S.},
  title = {A retrospective and prospective survey of time-use research},
  journal = {Transportation},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {26},
  number = {2},
  pages = {119--139},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005196331393},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005196331393}
}
Bhattacharya, R.N. and Rao, R.R. Normal Approximation and Asymptotic Expansions 1986   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bhat86-normal,
  author = {Bhattacharya, Rabindra Nath and Rao, Ramaswamy Ranga},
  title = {Normal Approximation and Asymptotic Expansions},
  publisher = {R. E. Krieger Publishing Co},
  year = {1986}
}
Bianco, W.T.., Lynch, M., Gary, M. and Itai, S. The Constrained Instability of Majority Rule: Experiments on the Robusthess of the Uncovered Set 2008 Political Analysis
Vol. 16, pp. 115-37 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bian08-constrained,
  author = {Bianco, W.T. and Lynch, M. and Gary, M. and Itai, S.},
  title = {The Constrained Instability of Majority Rule: Experiments on the Robusthess of the Uncovered Set},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {16},
  pages = {115--37}
}
Bianco, W.T. Different Paths to the Same Result: Rational Choice, Political Psychology, and Impression Formation in Campaigns 1998 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 42(4), pp. 1061-1081 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bian98-different,
  author = {Bianco, William T.},
  title = {Different Paths to the Same Result: Rational Choice, Political Psychology, and Impression Formation in Campaigns},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {42(4)},
  pages = {1061--1081}
}
Bianco, W.T., Jeliazkov, I. and Sened, I. The Uncovered Set and the Limits of Legislative Action 2004 Political Analysis
Vol. 12, pp. 256-276 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bian04-uncovered,
  author = {Bianco, William T. and Jeliazkov, Ivan and Sened, Itai},
  title = {The Uncovered Set and the Limits of Legislative Action},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {256--276}
}
Bianco, W.T., Lynch, M.S., Miller, G.J. and Sened, I. ``A Theory Waiting to Be Discovered and Used'': A Reanalysis of Canonical Experiments on Majority-Rule Decision Making 2006 Journal of Politics
Vol. 68(4), pp. 838-851 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bian06-theory,
  author = {Bianco, William T. and Lynch, Michael S. and Miller, Gary J. and Sened, Itai},
  title = {``A Theory Waiting to Be Discovered and Used'': A Reanalysis of Canonical Experiments on Majority-Rule Decision Making},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {68},
  number = {4},
  pages = {838--851}
}
Bianco, W.T. and Sened, I. Uncovering Evidence of Conditional Party Government: Reassessing Majority Party Influence in Congress and State Legislatures 2005 American Political Science Review
Vol. 99(3), pp. 361-371 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bian05-uncovering,
  author = {Bianco, William T. and Sened, Itai},
  title = {Uncovering Evidence of Conditional Party Government: Reassessing Majority Party Influence in Congress and State Legislatures},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {99},
  number = {3},
  pages = {361--371}
}
Bickers, K.N. and Stein, R.M. Building majority coalitions for sub-majority benefit distributions 1997 Public Choice
Vol. 91(3), pp. 229-249 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bick97-building,
  author = {Bickers, Kenneth N. and Stein, Robert M.},
  title = {Building majority coalitions for sub-majority benefit distributions},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {91},
  number = {3},
  pages = {229--249}
}
Biernacki, C., Celeux, G. and Govaert, G. An improvement of the NEC criterion for assessing the number of clusters in a mixture model 1999 Pattern Recognition Letters
Vol. 20(3), pp. 267{\textendash}272 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bier99-improvement,
  author = {Biernacki, C. and Celeux, G. and Govaert, G.},
  title = {An improvement of the NEC criterion for assessing the number of clusters in a mixture model},
  journal = {Pattern Recognition Letters},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {20},
  number = {3},
  pages = {267textendash272}
}
Biernacki, C. and Govaert, G. Choosing models in model-based clustering and discriminant analysis 1999 Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
Vol. 64(1), pp. 49{\textendash}71 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bier99-choosing,
  author = {Biernacki, C. and Govaert, G.},
  title = {Choosing models in model-based clustering and discriminant analysis},
  journal = {Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {64},
  number = {1},
  pages = {49textendash71}
}
van Biezen, I. On the Internal Balance of Party Power: Party Organizations in New Democracies 2000 Party Politics
Vol. 6(4), pp. 417, 395 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{vanb00-internal,
  author = {van Biezen, I.},
  title = {On the Internal Balance of Party Power: Party Organizations in New Democracies},
  journal = {Party Politics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {6},
  number = {4},
  pages = {417, 395},
  url = {10.1177/1354068800006004001}
}
van Biezen, I. and Borz, G. Models of party democracy: patterns of party regulation in post-war European constitutions 2012 European Political Science Review
Vol. 4(03), pp. 327-359 
article DOI  
Abstract: This article investigates the ways in which political parties are codified in modern democratic constitutions, providing a unique cross-sectional and longitudinal overview of the patterns of party constitutionalization in post-war Europe. Although the constitutions of western liberal democracies traditionally have paid little attention to the role of parties, evidence suggests that in contemporary democracies, both old and new, they are increasingly accorded a formal constitutional status. Little is known, however, about the substantive content of their constitutional position or about the normative connotations of their constitutional codification. In this article, we demonstrate that there is a clear correlation between the nature and the intensity of party constitutionalization and the newness and historical experience of democracy and that, with time, the constitutional regulation of the extra-parliamentary organization and the partiestextquoteright rights and duties has gained in importance at the expense of their parliamentary and electoral roles. The analysis furthermore suggests that three distinct models of party constitutionalization can be identified textendash Defending Democracy, Parties in Public Office, and Parties as Public Utilities textendash each of which is related to a particular conception of party democracy.
BibTeX:
@article{vanb12-models,
  author = {van Biezen, Ingrid and Borz, Gabriela},
  title = {Models of party democracy: patterns of party regulation in post-war European constitutions},
  journal = {European Political Science Review},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {4},
  number = {03},
  pages = {327--359},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755773911000294}
}
Billheimer, D. and Guttorptextbackslashldots, P. Statistical interpretation of species composition 2001 Journal of the American Statistical textbackslashldots  article URL 
Abstract: The relative abundance of different characterizes the structure of a biological community. We analyze an experiment address- ing the relationship between omnivorous feeding linkages and community stability. Our goal is to determine whether communities with
BibTeX:
@article{bill01-statistical,
  author = {Billheimer, D. and Guttorptextbackslashldots, P.},
  title = {Statistical interpretation of species composition},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical textbackslashldots},
  year = {2001},
  url = {http://pubs.amstat.org/doi/abs/10.1198/016214501753381850}
}
Billingsley, P. Probability and Measure 1995   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bill95-probability,
  author = {Billingsley, Patrick},
  title = {Probability and Measure},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {1995}
}
Billot, A. Aggregation of preferences: The fuzzy case 1991 Theory and Decision
Vol. 30(1), pp. 51-93 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The basic purpose of this paper is to link both theorems of impossibility and existence by introducing fuzzy relations of preference and an exogeneous requirement, the planner's one, and then proving the fundamental part played by the extremist agents, leximin and leximax. In other words, to bring out the link between the planner's requirement and the difficulty of the transition from individual to collective, as well as the theoric relation between this requirement and the extremist agents, we define a fuzzy behavior of preference which allows us to build up two determinant fuzzy coalitions. These coalitions will be the base of the planner's requirement and the link between pessimistic results (Arrow's impossibility) and optimistic ones (May's theorem of majority choice).
BibTeX:
@article{bill91-aggregation,
  author = {Billot, Antoine},
  title = {Aggregation of preferences: The fuzzy case},
  journal = {Theory and Decision},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {30},
  number = {1},
  pages = {51--93},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00134636},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00134636}
}
Bimber, B. Information as a Factor in Congressional Politics 1991 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 16(4), pp. 585-605 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bimb91-information,
  author = {Bimber, Bruce},
  title = {Information as a Factor in Congressional Politics},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {16},
  number = {4},
  pages = {585--605}
}
Binder, S. Minority Rights, Majority Rule: Partisanship and the Development of Congress 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bind97-minority,
  author = {Binder, Sarah},
  title = {Minority Rights, Majority Rule: Partisanship and the Development of Congress},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1997}
}
Binder, S. The Partisan Basis of Procedural Choice: Allocating Parliamentary Rights in the House, 1789-1991 1996 American Political Science Review
Vol. 90, pp. 8-20 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bind96-partisan,
  author = {Binder, Sarah},
  title = {The Partisan Basis of Procedural Choice: Allocating Parliamentary Rights in the House, 1789-1991},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90},
  pages = {8--20}
}
Binder, S.A., Lawrence, E.D. and Maltzman, F. Uncovering the Hidden Effect of Party 1999 Journal of Politics
Vol. 61(3), pp. 815-831 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bind99-uncovering,
  author = {Binder, Sarah A. and Lawrence, Eric D. and Maltzman, Forrest},
  title = {Uncovering the Hidden Effect of Party},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {61(3)},
  pages = {815--831}
}
Binmore, K. Playing for Real: A Text on Game Theory 2007   book  
Abstract: Ken Binmore's previous game theory textbook, Fun and Games (D.C. Heath, 1991), carved out a significant niche in the advanced undergraduate market; it was intellectually serious and more up-to-date than its competitors, but also accessibly written. Its central thesis was that game theory allows us to understand many kinds of interactions between people, a point that Binmore amply demonstrated through a rich range of examples and applications. This replacement for the now out-of-date 1991 textbook retains the entertaining examples, but changes the organization to match how game theory courses are actually taught, making Playing for Real a more versatile text that almost all possible course designs will find easier to use, with less jumping about than before. In addition, the problem sections, already used as a reference by many teachers, have become even more clever and varied, without becoming too technical. Playing for Real will sell into advanced undergraduate courses in game theory, primarily those in economics, but also courses in the social sciences, and serve as a reference for economists.
BibTeX:
@book{binm07-playing,
  author = {Binmore, Ken},
  title = {Playing for Real: A Text on Game Theory},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  year = {2007}
}
Biran, O. and Rambow, O. IDENTIFYING JUSTIFICATIONS IN WRITTEN DIALOGS BY CLASSIFYING TEXT AS ARGUMENTATIVE 2011 International Journal of Semantic Computing
Vol. 05(04), pp. 363-381 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bira11-identifying,
  author = {Biran, Or and Rambow, Owen},
  title = {IDENTIFYING JUSTIFICATIONS IN WRITTEN DIALOGS BY CLASSIFYING TEXT AS ARGUMENTATIVE},
  journal = {International Journal of Semantic Computing},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {05},
  number = {04},
  pages = {363--381},
  url = {http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S1793351X11001328},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1793351X11001328}
}
Biro, D., Sumpter, D.J.T., Meade, J. and Guilford, T. From compromise to leadership in pigeon homing 2006 Current Biology
Vol. 16(21), pp. 2123{\textendash}2128 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{biro06-compromise,
  author = {Biro, D. and Sumpter, D. J.T and Meade, J. and Guilford, T.},
  title = {From compromise to leadership in pigeon homing},
  journal = {Current Biology},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {16},
  number = {21},
  pages = {2123textendash2128}
}
Bjurulf, B.H. and Niemi, R.G. Power, Voting, and Voting Power 1982   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bjur82-power,
  author = {Bjurulf, Bo H. and Niemi, Richard G.},
  title = {Power, Voting, and Voting Power},
  publisher = {Physica-Verlag},
  year = {1982}
}
Black, D. The Theory of Committees and Elections 1958   book  
BibTeX:
@book{blac58-theory,
  author = {Black, Duncan},
  title = {The Theory of Committees and Elections},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press.},
  year = {1958}
}
Black, D. On the Rationale of Group Decision-making 1948 Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 56, pp. 23-34 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blac48-rationale,
  author = {Black, Duncan},
  title = {On the Rationale of Group Decision-making},
  journal = {Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {1948},
  volume = {56},
  pages = {23--34}
}
Blackwell, D. Discounted Dynamic Programming 1965 Annals of Mathematical Statistics
Vol. 36(1), pp. 226-235 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blac65-discounted,
  author = {Blackwell, D.},
  title = {Discounted Dynamic Programming},
  journal = {Annals of Mathematical Statistics},
  year = {1965},
  volume = {36},
  number = {1},
  pages = {226--235}
}
Blackwell, D. and Dubins, L. Merging of opinions with increasing information 1962 The Annals of Mathematical Statistics
Vol. 33(3), pp. 882{\textendash}886 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blac62-merging,
  author = {Blackwell, D. and Dubins, L.},
  title = {Merging of opinions with increasing information},
  journal = {The Annals of Mathematical Statistics},
  year = {1962},
  volume = {33},
  number = {3},
  pages = {882textendash886}
}
Blackwell, D. and MacQueen, J.B. Ferguson Distributions Via Polya Urn Schemes 1973 The Annals of Statistics
Vol. 1(2), pp. 353-355 
article URL 
Abstract: The Polya urn scheme is extended by allowing a continuum of colors. For the extended scheme, the distribution of colors after n draws is shown to converge as n textrightarrow $ to a limiting discrete distribution $*. The distribution of $* is shown to be one introduced by Ferguson and, given $*, the colors drawn from the urn are shown to be independent with distribution $*.
BibTeX:
@article{blac73-ferguson,
  author = {Blackwell, David and MacQueen, James B.},
  title = {Ferguson Distributions Via Polya Urn Schemes},
  journal = {The Annals of Statistics},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {1},
  number = {2},
  pages = {353--355},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Mar., 1973 / Copyright textcopyright 1973 Institute of Mathematical Statistics},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2958020}
}
Blair, C. The Lattice Structure of the Set of Stable Matchings with Multiple Partners 1988 Mathematics of Operations Research
Vol. 13(4), pp. 619-628 
article URL 
Abstract: We continue recent work on the matching problem for firms and workers, and show that, for a suitable ordering, the set of stable matchings is a lattice.
BibTeX:
@article{blai88-lattice,
  author = {Blair, Charles},
  title = {The Lattice Structure of the Set of Stable Matchings with Multiple Partners},
  journal = {Mathematics of Operations Research},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {13},
  number = {4},
  pages = {619--628},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 1988 / Copyright textcopyright 1988 INFORMS},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3689947}
}
Blais, A. To vote or not to vote? The merits and limits of rational choice theory. 2000   book  
BibTeX:
@book{blai00-vote,
  author = {Blais, Andrew},
  title = {To vote or not to vote? The merits and limits of rational choice theory.},
  publisher = {University of Pittsburgh Press},
  year = {2000}
}
Blais, A. and Carty, R.K. The psychological impact of electoral laws: Measuring Duverger's elusive factor 1991 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 21(01), pp. 79{\textendash}93 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blai91-psychological,
  author = {Blais, A. and Carty, R. K},
  title = {The psychological impact of electoral laws: Measuring Duverger's elusive factor},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {21},
  number = {01},
  pages = {79textendash93}
}
Blau, P.M., Duncan, O.D. and Tyree, A. The American occupational structure 1978   book  
BibTeX:
@book{blau78-american,
  author = {Blau, Peter Michael and Duncan, Otis Dudley and Tyree, Andrea},
  title = {The American occupational structure},
  publisher = {Free Press ; London},
  year = {1978}
}
Blei, D.M.. and Lafferty, J.D.. Dynamic topic models 2006 Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Machine learning, pp. 113{\textendash}120  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{blei06-dynamic,
  author = {Blei, D.M. and Lafferty, J.D.},
  title = {Dynamic topic models},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Machine learning},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {113textendash120}
}
Blei, D.M., Griffiths, T.L. and Jordan, M.I. The nested chinese restaurant process and bayesian nonparametric inference of topic hierarchies 2010 Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Vol. 57(2), pp. 7 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{blei10-nested,
  author = {Blei, D. M and Griffiths, T. L and Jordan, M. I},
  title = {The nested chinese restaurant process and bayesian nonparametric inference of topic hierarchies},
  journal = {Journal of the ACM (JACM)},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {57},
  number = {2},
  pages = {7},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1667056}
}
Blei, D.M. and Jordan, M.I. Modeling annotated data 2003 Proceedings of the 26th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in informaion retrieval, pp. 127{\textendash}134  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{blei03-modeling,
  author = {Blei, D. M. and Jordan, M. I.},
  title = {Modeling annotated data},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 26th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in informaion retrieval},
  year = {2003},
  pages = {127textendash134},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=860460}
}
Blei, D.M. and Lafferty, J.D. Visualizing Topics with Multi-Word Expressions 2009 arXiv
Vol. {stat.ML} 
article URL 
Abstract: We describe a new method for visualizing topics, the distributions over terms that are automatically extracted from large text corpora using latent variable models. Our method finds significant n-grams related to a topic, which are then used to help understand and interpret the underlying distribution. Compared with the usual visualization, which simply lists the most probable topical terms, the multi-word expressions provide a better intuitive impression for what a topic is "about." Our approach is based on a language model of arbitrary length expressions, for which we develop a new methodology based on nested permutation tests to find significant phrases. We show that this method outperforms the more standard use of textbackslashchitextasciicircum2 and likelihood ratio tests. We illustrate the topic presentations on corpora of scientific abstracts and news articles.
BibTeX:
@article{blei09-visualizing,
  author = {Blei, David M. and Lafferty, John D.},
  title = {Visualizing Topics with Multi-Word Expressions},
  journal = {arXiv},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {stat.ML},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.1013v1}
}
Blei, D.M. and Lafferty, J.D. Visualizing Topics with Multi-Word Expressions 2009 0907.1013  article URL 
Abstract: We describe a new method for visualizing topics, the distributions over terms that are automatically extracted from large text corpora using latent variable models. Our method finds significant n-grams related to a topic, which are then used to help understand and interpret the underlying distribution. Compared with the usual visualization, which simply lists the most probable topical terms, the multi-word expressions provide a better intuitive impression for what a topic is "about." Our approach is based on a language model of arbitrary length expressions, for which we develop a new methodology based on nested permutation tests to find significant phrases. We show that this method outperforms the more standard use of textbackslashchitextasciicircum2 and likelihood ratio tests. We illustrate the topic presentations on corpora of scientific abstracts and news articles.
BibTeX:
@article{blei09-visualizing-a,
  author = {Blei, David M and Lafferty, John D},
  title = {Visualizing Topics with Multi-Word Expressions},
  journal = {0907.1013},
  year = {2009},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.1013}
}
Blei, D.M. and Lafferty, J.D. A Correlated Topic Model of Science 2007 The Annals of Applied Statistics
Vol. 1(1), pp. 17-35 
article URL 
Abstract: Topic models, such as latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), can be useful tools for the statistical analysis of document collections and other discrete data. The LDA model assumes that the words of each document arise from a mixture of topics, each of which is a distribution over the vocabulary. A limitation of LDA is the inability to model topic correlation even though, for example, a document about genetics is more likely to also be about disease than X-ray astronomy. This limitation stems from the use of the Dirichlet distribution to model the variability among the topic proportions. In this paper we develop the correlated topic model (CTM), where the topic proportions exhibit correlation via the logistic normal distribution [J. Roy. Statist. Soc. Ser. B 44 (1982) 139-177]. We derive a fast variational inference algorithm for approximate posterior inference in this model, which is complicated by the fact that the logistic normal is not conjugate to the multinomial. We apply the CTM to the articles from Science published from 1990-1999, a data set that comprises 57M words. The CTM gives a better fit of the data than LDA, and we demonstrate its use as an exploratory tool of large document collections.
BibTeX:
@article{blei07-correlated,
  author = {Blei, David M. and Lafferty, John D.},
  title = {A Correlated Topic Model of Science},
  journal = {The Annals of Applied Statistics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {1},
  number = {1},
  pages = {17--35},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jun., 2007 / Copyright textcopyright 2007 Institute of Mathematical Statistics},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/4537420}
}
Blei, D.M. and McAuliffe, J.D. Supervised topic models 2010 Arxiv preprint arXiv:1003.0783  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{blei10-supervised,
  author = {Blei, D. M. and McAuliffe, J. D.},
  title = {Supervised topic models},
  journal = {Arxiv preprint arXiv:1003.0783},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.0783}
}
Blei, D.M., Ng, A.Y. and Jordan, M.I. Latent dirichlet allocation 2003 The Journal of Machine Learning Research
Vol. 3, pp. 993{\textendash}1022 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blei03-latent,
  author = {Blei, D. M and Ng, A. Y and Jordan, M. I},
  title = {Latent dirichlet allocation},
  journal = {The Journal of Machine Learning Research},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {993textendash1022}
}
Bleitextbackslashldots, D. Topic models 2009 Text mining: classification  article URL 
Abstract: Chapter 4 David M. Blei and John D. Lafferty 4.1 Introduction................................ ............................. 4.2 Latent Dirichlet Allocation.............................................. 4.3 Posterior Inference for LDA............................................. 4.4 Dynamic and Correlated
BibTeX:
@article{blei09-topic,
  author = {Bleitextbackslashldots, D.},
  title = {Topic models},
  journal = {Text mining: classification},
  year = {2009},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=BnvYaYhMl-MC&oi=fnd&pg=PA71&dq=topic+models&ots=oh6KusYVij&sig=8G3hLBaW4mBMbBWsHI_yoExVw20}
}
Bleitextbackslashldots, D. Supervised topic models 2008 Advances in Neural Information Processing textbackslashldots  article URL 
Abstract: Abstract. We introduce latent Dirichlet allocation (sLDA), a statistical model of labelled documents. The model accommodates a va- riety of response types. We derive an approximate maximum-likelihood procedure for parameter estimation, which relies on variational
BibTeX:
@article{blei08-supervised,
  author = {Bleitextbackslashldots, D.},
  title = {Supervised topic models},
  journal = {Advances in Neural Information Processing textbackslashldots},
  year = {2008},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1003.0783}
}
Bleitextbackslashldots, D. A correlated topic model of science 2007 Annals  article URL 
Abstract: , such as latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), can be useful tools for the statistical analysis of document collections and other discrete data. The LDA assumes that the words of each document arise from a mixture of , each of which is a distribution over the
BibTeX:
@article{blei07-correlated-a,
  author = {Bleitextbackslashldots, D.},
  title = {A correlated topic model of science},
  journal = {Annals},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://www.projecteuclid.org/DPubS/Repository/1.0/Disseminate?view=body&id=pdfview_1&handle=euclid.aoas/1183143727}
}
Bleitextbackslashldots, D. Dynamic topic models 2006 textbackslashldots of the 23rd international conference on textbackslashldots  article URL 
Abstract: A family of probabilistic time series is developed to analyze the time evolution of topics in large document collections. The approach is to use state space on the natural param- eters of the multinomial distributions that repre- sent the topics. Variational
BibTeX:
@article{blei06-dynamic-a,
  author = {Bleitextbackslashldots, D.},
  title = {Dynamic topic models},
  journal = {textbackslashldots of the 23rd international conference on textbackslashldots},
  year = {2006},
  url = {http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1143859}
}
Bleitextbackslashldots, D. Variational inference for Dirichlet process mixtures 2006 Bayesian Analysis  article URL 
Abstract: Page 4. 124 Variational inference for mixtures In the mixture model, the DP is used as a nonparametric prior in a Bayesian specification (Antoniak 1974): G textbarÎtextpm, G0 âtextasciicircumtextonequarter DP(Îtextpm, G0) Îtextperiodcenteredn textbar G âtextasciicircumtextonequarter G Xn textbar Îtextperiodcenteredn âtextasciicircumtextonequarter p(xn textbar Îtextperiodcenteredn).
BibTeX:
@article{blei06-variational,
  author = {Bleitextbackslashldots, D.},
  title = {Variational inference for Dirichlet process mixtures},
  journal = {Bayesian Analysis},
  year = {2006},
  url = {http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.61.4467&rep=rep1&type=pdf}
}
Blondel, J. Chapter 15: Representation: legislatures and parliaments 1995 Comparative government: an introduction  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{blon95-chapter,
  author = {Blondel, Jean},
  title = {Chapter 15: Representation: legislatures and parliaments},
  booktitle = {Comparative government: an introduction},
  publisher = {Pearson Education},
  year = {1995}
}
Blondel, J. and Cotta, M. Governments, Supporting Parties and Policy-making 2000 The nature of party government: a comparative European perspective  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{blon00-governments,
  author = {Blondel, Jean and Cotta, Maurizio},
  title = {Governments, Supporting Parties and Policy-making},
  booktitle = {The nature of party government: a comparative European perspective},
  publisher = {Palgrave},
  year = {2000}
}
Blume, A. Coordination and Learning with a Parital Language 2000 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 95, pp. 1-36 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blum00-coordination,
  author = {Blume, A.},
  title = {Coordination and Learning with a Parital Language},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {95},
  pages = {1--36}
}
Blume, A. and Gneezy, U. An Experimental Investigation of Optimal Learning in Coordination Games 2000 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 90, pp. 161-172 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blum00-experimental,
  author = {Blume, A. and Gneezy, U.},
  title = {An Experimental Investigation of Optimal Learning in Coordination Games},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {90},
  pages = {161--172}
}
Blume, A. and Temzelides, T. On the Geography of Conventions 1999   article  
BibTeX:
@article{blum99-geography,
  author = {Blume, Andreas and Temzelides, Ted},
  title = {On the Geography of Conventions},
  year = {1999}
}
Blumstein, J.F. Regulatory Review by the Executive Office of the President: An Overview and Policy Analysis of Current Issues 2001 Duke Law Journal
Vol. 51(3), pp. 851-899 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blum01-regulatory,
  author = {Blumstein, James F.},
  title = {Regulatory Review by the Executive Office of the President: An Overview and Policy Analysis of Current Issues},
  journal = {Duke Law Journal},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {51},
  number = {3},
  pages = {851--899}
}
Blundell, R. and Powell, J.L. Endogeneity in nonparametric and semiparametric regression models 2003
Vol. 2Advances in economics and econometrics: Theory and applications, eighth world congress, pp. 655{\textendash}679 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{blun03-endogeneity,
  author = {Blundell, R. and Powell, J. L},
  title = {Endogeneity in nonparametric and semiparametric regression models},
  booktitle = {Advances in economics and econometrics: Theory and applications, eighth world congress},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {2},
  pages = {655textendash679}
}
Blundell, R.W. and Powell, J.L. Endogeneity in semiparametric binary response models 2004 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 71(3), pp. 655{\textendash}679 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blun04-endogeneity,
  author = {Blundell, R. W and Powell, J. L},
  title = {Endogeneity in semiparametric binary response models},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {71},
  number = {3},
  pages = {655textendash679}
}
Blundell, R.W. and Smith, R.J. Estimation in a class of simultaneous equation limited dependent variable models 1989 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 56(1), pp. 37{\textendash}57 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{blun89-estimation,
  author = {Blundell, R. W and Smith, R. J},
  title = {Estimation in a class of simultaneous equation limited dependent variable models},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {56},
  number = {1},
  pages = {37textendash57}
}
Bochel, J. and Denver, D. Candidate Selection in the Labour Party: What the Selectors Seek 2009 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 13(01), pp. 45 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{boch09-candidate,
  author = {Bochel, John and Denver, David},
  title = {Candidate Selection in the Labour Party: What the Selectors Seek},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {13},
  number = {01},
  pages = {45},
  url = {10.1017/S0007123400003136}
}
Bodner, R., Prelec, D., Brocas, I. and Carrillo, J.D. Self-signaling and diagnostic utility in everyday decision-making 2001 Collected essays in psychology and economics  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{bodn01-self-signaling,
  author = {Bodner, Ronit and Prelec, Drazen and Brocas, Isabelle and Carrillo, Juan D.},
  title = {Self-signaling and diagnostic utility in everyday decision-making},
  booktitle = {Collected essays in psychology and economics},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  year = {2001}
}
Boehmke, F., Gailmard, S. and Patty, J. Whose Ear to Bend? Information Sources and Venue Choice in Policy Making 2006 Quarterly Journal of Political Science
Vol. 1(2), pp. 139-169 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boeh06-whose,
  author = {Boehmke, Frederick and Gailmard, Sean and Patty, John},
  title = {Whose Ear to Bend? Information Sources and Venue Choice in Policy Making},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {1(2)},
  pages = {139--169}
}
Boehmke, F. and Patty, J. The Selection of Policies for Ballot Initiatives: What Voters Can Learn from Legislative Inaction 2007 Economics and Politics
Vol. 19(1), pp. 97-121 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boeh07-selection,
  author = {Boehmke, Frederick and Patty, John},
  title = {The Selection of Policies for Ballot Initiatives: What Voters Can Learn from Legislative Inaction},
  journal = {Economics and Politics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {97--121}
}
Boehmke, F. and Patty, J. Voter Information and Cues in Direct Legislation Settings 2000   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{boeh00-voter,
  author = {Boehmke, Frederick and Patty, John},
  title = {Voter Information and Cues in Direct Legislation Settings},
  year = {2000}
}
Boehmke, F.J. and Patty, J.W. A Game Theoretic Filtering Model of the Initiative Process 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{boeh04-game,
  author = {Boehmke, Frederick J. and Patty, John W.},
  title = {A Game Theoretic Filtering Model of the Initiative Process},
  year = {2004}
}
du Boff, R.B. The Telegraph in Nineteenth-Century America: Technology and Monopoly 1984 Comparative Studies in Society and History
Vol. 26(4), pp. 571-586 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dubo84-telegraph,
  author = {du Boff, Richard B.},
  title = {The Telegraph in Nineteenth-Century America: Technology and Monopoly},
  journal = {Comparative Studies in Society and History},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {26},
  number = {4},
  pages = {571--586}
}
du Boff, R.B. The Introduction of Electric Power in American Manufacturing 1967 The Economic History Review
Vol. 20(3), pp. 509-518 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dubo67-introduction,
  author = {du Boff, Richard B.},
  title = {The Introduction of Electric Power in American Manufacturing},
  journal = {The Economic History Review},
  year = {1967},
  volume = {20},
  number = {3},
  pages = {509--518}
}
Bogdanor, V. and for Political Studies, E.C. Representatives of the people?: parliamentarians and constituents in western democracies 1985   book URL 
BibTeX:
@book{bogd85-representatives,
  author = {Bogdanor, Vernon and European Centre for Political Studies},
  title = {Representatives of the people?: parliamentarians and constituents in western democracies},
  publisher = {Gower},
  year = {1985},
  url = {http://ls-tlss.ucl.ac.uk/course-materials/39610.pdf}
}
Bogomolnaia, A. and Laslier, Jean-François. Euclidean preferences 2007 Journal of Mathematical Economics
Vol. 43(2), pp. 87-98 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This note is devoted to the question: how restrictive is the assumption that preferences be Euclidean in d dimensions. In particular it is proven that any preference profile with I individuals and A alternatives can be represented by Euclidean utilities with d dimensions if and only if dtextgreater=min[character showing function application in Presentation tagging](I,A-1). The paper also describes the systems of A points which allow for the representation of any profile over A alternatives, and provides similar results when only strict preferences are considered. These findings contrast with the observation that if preferences are only required to be convex then two dimensions are always sufficient.
BibTeX:
@article{bogo07-euclidean-a,
  author = {Bogomolnaia, Anna and Laslier, Jean-François},
  title = {Euclidean preferences},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematical Economics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {43},
  number = {2},
  pages = {87--98},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VBY-4M5WJ53-1/2/d333193bc85de1143220ae3f7aed0e27},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmateco.2006.09.004}
}
Bogomolnaia, A. and Laslier, J.F. Euclidean preferences 2007 Journal of Mathematical Economics
Vol. 43(2), pp. 87{\textendash}98 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bogo07-euclidean,
  author = {Bogomolnaia, A. and Laslier, J. F.},
  title = {Euclidean preferences},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematical Economics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {43},
  number = {2},
  pages = {87textendash98}
}
Bogomolnaia, A. and Moulin, H. A new solution to the random assignment problem 2001 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 100(2), pp. 295-328 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bogo01-new,
  author = {Bogomolnaia, A. and Moulin, H.},
  title = {A new solution to the random assignment problem},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {100},
  number = {2},
  pages = {295--328}
}
Boix, C. Setting the rules of the game: the choice of electoral systems in advanced democracies 1999 American Political Science Review
Vol. 93(3), pp. 609{\textendash}624 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boix99-setting,
  author = {Boix, C.},
  title = {Setting the rules of the game: the choice of electoral systems in advanced democracies},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {93},
  number = {3},
  pages = {609textendash624}
}
Boldea, O. and Magnus, J.R. Maximum likelihood estimation of the multivariate normal mixture model 2009 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 104(488), pp. 1539{\textendash}1549 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bold09-maximum,
  author = {Boldea, O. and Magnus, J. R},
  title = {Maximum likelihood estimation of the multivariate normal mixture model},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {104},
  number = {488},
  pages = {1539textendash1549}
}
Bollen, K.A. Liberal democracy: Validity and meoth factors in cross-national measures 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37(4), pp. 1207-1230 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boll93-liberal,
  author = {Bollen, Kenneth A.},
  title = {Liberal democracy: Validity and meoth factors in cross-national measures},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1207--1230}
}
Bollen, K.A. Issues in the comparative measurement of political democracy. 1980 American Sociological Review
Vol. 45(2), pp. 370-390 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boll80-issues,
  author = {Bollen, Kenneth A.},
  title = {Issues in the comparative measurement of political democracy.},
  journal = {American Sociological Review},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {45},
  number = {2},
  pages = {370--390}
}
Bollen, K.A. and Indeles, A. On measuring democracy: its consequences and concomitants 1991   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{boll91-measuring,
  author = {Bollen, Kenneth A. and Indeles, Alex},
  title = {On measuring democracy: its consequences and concomitants},
  publisher = {Transaction},
  year = {1991}
}
Bolles, B. Tyrant from Illinois 1951   book  
BibTeX:
@book{boll51-tyrant,
  author = {Bolles, Blair},
  title = {Tyrant from Illinois},
  publisher = {W.W. Norton},
  year = {1951}
}
Bollobás, B. Modern Graph Theory 1998   book  
BibTeX:
@book{boll98-modern,
  author = {Bollobás, Bélla},
  title = {Modern Graph Theory},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
  year = {1998}
}
Bolton, P., Harris, C. and Brabant, K.U.. Strategic Experimentation: A Revision 1996   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{bolt96-strategic,
  author = {Bolton, P. and Harris, C. and Brabant, K.U.},
  title = {Strategic Experimentation: A Revision},
  year = {1996}
}
Boogaart, K.G.v.d. and Tolosana-Delgado, R. textquotedblleftcompositionstextquotedblright: A unified R package to analyze compositional data 2008 Computers and Geosciences
Vol. 34(4), pp. 320{\textendash}338 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{boog08-compositions,
  author = {Boogaart, K. G. van den and Tolosana-Delgado, R.},
  title = {textquotedblleftcompositionstextquotedblright: A unified R package to analyze compositional data},
  journal = {Computers and Geosciences},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {34},
  number = {4},
  pages = {320textendash338}
}
Bookstein, A. and Raita, T. Discovering term occurrence structure in text 2001 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology
Vol. 52(6), pp. 476{\textendash}486 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{book01-discovering,
  author = {Bookstein, A. and Raita, T.},
  title = {Discovering term occurrence structure in text},
  journal = {Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {52},
  number = {6},
  pages = {476textendash486}
}
Boorman, S.A. and Arabie, P. Structural measures and the method of sorting 1972 Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory, pp. 225  article  
BibTeX:
@article{boor72-structural,
  author = {Boorman, S. A and Arabie, P.},
  title = {Structural measures and the method of sorting},
  journal = {Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory},
  year = {1972},
  pages = {225}
}
Border, K.C. Introduction to Correspondences 2010   misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{bord10-introduction,
  author = {Border, K. C.},
  title = {Introduction to Correspondences},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://www.hss.caltech.edu/~kcb/Notes/Correspondences.pdf}
}
Border, K.C. Fixed Point Theorems with Applications to Economics and Game Theory 1985   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bord85-fixed,
  author = {Border, Kim C.},
  title = {Fixed Point Theorems with Applications to Economics and Game Theory},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1985}
}
Border, K.C. More on Harsanyi's utilitarian cardinal welfare theorem 1984 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 1(4), pp. 279-281 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bord84-more,
  author = {Border, Kim C.},
  title = {More on Harsanyi's utilitarian cardinal welfare theorem},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {1},
  number = {4},
  pages = {279--281}
}
Bordley, R.F. A Pragmatic Method for Evaluating Election Schemes through Simulation 1983 American Political Science Review
Vol. 77(1), pp. 123-141 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bord83-pragmatic,
  author = {Bordley, Robert F.},
  title = {A Pragmatic Method for Evaluating Election Schemes through Simulation},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {77},
  number = {1},
  pages = {123--141}
}
Born, R. Surge and Decline, Negative Voting, and the Midterm Loss Phenomenon: A Simultaneous Choice Analysis 1990 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34(3), pp. 615-645 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{born90-surge,
  author = {Born, Richard},
  title = {Surge and Decline, Negative Voting, and the Midterm Loss Phenomenon: A Simultaneous Choice Analysis},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {34(3)},
  pages = {615--645}
}
Born, R. Strategic Politicians and Unresponsive Voters 1986 American Political Science Review
Vol. 80, pp. 599-612 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{born86-strategic,
  author = {Born, Richard},
  title = {Strategic Politicians and Unresponsive Voters},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {80},
  pages = {599--612}
}
Boswell, J. Why and How Narrative Matters in Deliberative Systems 2012 Political Studies, pp. n/a{\textendash}n/a  article DOI URL 
Abstract: Narrative has become a fashionable concept in the everyday practice and analysis of democratic politics. Politicians, bureaucrats, lobbyists, activists and commentators all talk about the importance of constructing and controlling narratives in democratic debate. Yet astonishingly, the pre-eminent way of thinking about public debate in democratic theory textendash deliberative democracy textendash has almost nothing to say about narrative. Drawing on the substantial bodies of literature on narrative in general, and on its relationship to public debate in particular, this article argues that narrative is in fact a crucial aspect of democratic deliberation. In light of the textquoteleftsystemic turntextquoteright in deliberative theory, which sees deliberation as occurring across a range of differentiated but interconnected spaces, it suggests that narrative is a crucial device by which people talk and think about complex and contested issues. It argues that deliberative democrats must come to terms with narrative because its pervasive influence can affect deliberative systems in important ways. The article outlines these potential impacts textendash both those that reinforce deliberative ideals and those that conflict with them. It concludes by looking at the broader implications for the practice, theory and study of deliberative democracy.
BibTeX:
@article{bosw12-why,
  author = {Boswell, John},
  title = {Why and How Narrative Matters in Deliberative Systems},
  journal = {Political Studies},
  year = {2012},
  pages = {n/atextendashn/a},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00987.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00987.x}
}
Bovitz, G.L. and Carson, J.L. Position Taking and Electoral Accountability in the U.S. House of Representatives 2006 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 59(June) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bovi06-position,
  author = {Bovitz, Gregory L. and Carson, Jamie L.},
  title = {Position Taking and Electoral Accountability in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {59},
  number = {June}
}
Bowler, S. Private Members' Bills in the UK Parliament: Is There an textquoteleftElectoral Connectiontextquoteright? 2010 The Journal of Legislative Studies
Vol. 16(4), pp. 494, 476 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bowl10-private,
  author = {Bowler, Shaun},
  title = {Private Members' Bills in the UK Parliament: Is There an textquoteleftElectoral Connectiontextquoteright?},
  journal = {The Journal of Legislative Studies},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {16},
  number = {4},
  pages = {494, 476},
  url = {10.1080/13572334.2010.519457}
}
Bowler, S., Brockington, D. and Donovan, T. Election Systems and Voter Turnout: Experiments in the United States 2001 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 63(3), pp. 902{\textendash}915 
article URL 
Abstract: Theory suggests that majoritarian/plurality elections depress voter participation and that proportional election systems encourage greater voter mobilization and turnout. We examine the effect that cumulative voting (CV) has on turnout in local elections in the U.S. Variation in social/cultural context is largely held constant by our design while election system varies, allowing us to identify the unique effect CV has on turnout. We test if turnout is higher when CV is used in the same context as plurality rules. Consistent with expectations about institutional effects, turnout is about 5 percentage points higher under CV than in similar plurality elections.
BibTeX:
@article{bowl01-election,
  author = {Bowler, Shaun and Brockington, David and Donovan, Todd},
  title = {Election Systems and Voter Turnout: Experiments in the United States},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {63},
  number = {3},
  pages = {902textendash915},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2691719}
}
Bowler, S., Donovan, T. and Farrell, D.M. Party strategy and voter organization under cumulative voting in Victorian England 1999 Political Studies
Vol. 47(5), pp. 906{\textendash}917 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bowl99-party,
  author = {Bowler, S. and Donovan, T. and Farrell, D. M.},
  title = {Party strategy and voter organization under cumulative voting in Victorian England},
  journal = {Political Studies},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {47},
  number = {5},
  pages = {906textendash917}
}
Bowring, N. and Chester, D.N. Questions in Parliament 1962   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bowr62-questions,
  author = {Bowring, N. and Chester, D. N.},
  title = {Questions in Parliament},
  publisher = {Oxford: Clarendon Press},
  year = {1962}
}
Box, G. Non-normality and tests on variances 1953 Biometrika
Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 318{\textendash}335 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{box53-non-normality,
  author = {Box, G.},
  title = {Non-normality and tests on variances},
  journal = {Biometrika},
  year = {1953},
  volume = {40},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {318textendash335}
}
Box-Steffensmeier, J.M., Darmofal, D. and Farrell, C.A. The Aggregate Dynamics of Campaigns 2009 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 71(01), pp. 309-323 
article DOI  
BibTeX:
@article{box-09-aggregate,
  author = {Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and Darmofal, David and Farrell, Christian A.},
  title = {The Aggregate Dynamics of Campaigns},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {71},
  number = {01},
  pages = {309--323},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022381608090208}
}
Box-Steffensmeier, J.M. and Grant, J.T. All in a Day's Work: The Financial Rewards of Legislative Effectiveness 1999 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 24(4), pp. 511-523 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{box-99-all,
  author = {Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and Grant, J. Tobin},
  title = {All in a Day's Work: The Financial Rewards of Legislative Effectiveness},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {24(4)},
  pages = {511--523}
}
Box-Steffensmeier, J.M. and Smith, R.M. The dynamics of aggregate partisanship 1996 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 90(3), pp. 567{\textendash}580 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{box-96-dynamics,
  author = {Box-Steffensmeier, J. M. and Smith, R. M.},
  title = {The dynamics of aggregate partisanship},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90},
  number = {3},
  pages = {567textendash580}
}
Boyd, J. Information distance for discrete structures 1972 Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory, pp. 213{\textendash}213  article  
BibTeX:
@article{boyd72-information-a,
  author = {Boyd, J.},
  title = {Information distance for discrete structures},
  journal = {Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory},
  year = {1972},
  pages = {213textendash213}
}
Boyd, J.P. Information distance for discrete structures 1972 Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory, pp. 213  article  
BibTeX:
@article{boyd72-information,
  author = {Boyd, J. P},
  title = {Information distance for discrete structures},
  journal = {Multidimensional Scaling; Theory and Applications in the Behavioral Sciences: Theory},
  year = {1972},
  pages = {213}
}
Boyd and Vandenberghe 3. convex functions Convex Optimization  article URL 
Abstract: lecture notes
BibTeX:
@article{boyd??-,
  author = {Boyd and Vandenberghe},
  title = {3. convex functions},
  journal = {Convex Optimization},
  url = {http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBwQFjAA&url=http%253A%252F%252Fwww.ee.ucla.edu%252Fee236b%252Flectures%252Ffunctions.pdf&ei=96_KTszTMpCTtwfGwdneBw&usg=AFQjCNGQYLj9_i5lxiTscnQit11zsK-tjQ}
}
Boyd-Graber, J. and Blei, D.M. Syntactic Topic Models 2010 arXiv:1002.4665  article URL 
Abstract: The syntactic topic model (STM) is a Bayesian nonparametric model of language that discovers latent distributions of words (topics) that are both semantically and syntactically coherent. The STM models dependency parsed corpora where sentences are grouped into documents. It assumes that each word is drawn from a latent topic chosen by combining document-level features and the local syntactic context. Each document has a distribution over latent topics, as in topic models, which provides the semantic consistency. Each element in the dependency parse tree also has a distribution over the topics of its children, as in latent-state syntax models, which provides the syntactic consistency. These distributions are convolved so that the topic of each word is likely under both its document and syntactic context. We derive a fast posterior inference algorithm based on variational methods. We report qualitative and quantitative studies on both synthetic data and hand-parsed documents. We show that the STM is a more predictive model of language than current models based only on syntax or only on topics.
BibTeX:
@article{boyd10-syntactic,
  author = {Boyd-Graber, Jordan and Blei, David M.},
  title = {Syntactic Topic Models},
  journal = {arXiv:1002.4665},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.4665}
}
Boyer, D.M., Lipman, Y., Clair, E.S., Puente, J., Patel, B.A., Funkhouser, T., Jernvall, J. and Daubechies, I. Algorithms to automatically quantify the geometric similarity of anatomical surfaces 2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 108(45), pp. 18221-18226 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We describe approaches for distances between pairs of two-dimensional surfaces (embedded in three-dimensional space) that use local structures and global information contained in interstructure geometric relationships. We present algorithms to automatically determine these distances as well as geometric correspondences. This approach is motivated by the aspiration of students of natural science to understand the continuity of form that unites the diversity of life. At present, scientists using physical traits to study evolutionary relationships among living and extinct animals analyze data extracted from carefully defined anatomical correspondence points (landmarks). Identifying and recording these landmarks is time consuming and can be done accurately only by trained morphologists. This necessity renders these studies inaccessible to nonmorphologists and causes phenomics to lag behind genomics in elucidating evolutionary patterns. Unlike other algorithms presented for morphological correspondences, our approach does not require any preliminary marking of special features or landmarks by the user. It also differs from other seminal work in computational geometry in that our algorithms are polynomial in nature and thus faster, making pairwise comparisons feasible for significantly larger numbers of digitized surfaces. We illustrate our approach using three datasets representing teeth and different bones of primates and humans, and show that it leads to highly accurate results.
BibTeX:
@article{boye11-algorithms,
  author = {Boyer, Doug M. and Lipman, Yaron and Clair, Elizabeth St and Puente, Jesus and Patel, Biren A. and Funkhouser, Thomas and Jernvall, Jukka and Daubechies, Ingrid},
  title = {Algorithms to automatically quantify the geometric similarity of anatomical surfaces},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {108},
  number = {45},
  pages = {18221--18226},
  url = {http://www.pnas.org/content/108/45/18221},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1112822108}
}
Bozbay, I., Ozkal-Sanver, I. and Sanver, R. Choosing from an incomplete tournament   article  
BibTeX:
@article{bozb??-choosing,
  author = {Bozbay, I. and Ozkal-Sanver, I. and Sanver, R.},
  title = {Choosing from an incomplete tournament}
}
BräUninger, T. and Debus, M. Legislative agenda-setting in parliamentary democracies 2009 European Journal of Political Research
Vol. 48(6), pp. 804-839 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{brae09-legislative,
  author = {BräUninger, Thomas and Debus, Marc},
  title = {Legislative agenda-setting in parliamentary democracies},
  journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {48},
  number = {6},
  pages = {804--839},
  url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.00850.x},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.00850.x}
}
Brace, P., Arceneaux, K., Johnson, M. and Ulbig, S.G. Does State Political Ideology Change over Time? 2004 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 57(4), pp. 529-540 
article URL 
Abstract: Students of politics in the American states agree that political ideology varies significantly between the states. Due to the path-breaking work of Wright, Erikson and McIver (1985) and their subsequent research, there is consensus that interstate differences in public ideology are important in accounting for notable differences among the states in the policies they adopt. Despite this consensus, however, there remains a fundamental debate among state politics researchers regarding whether public ideology changes within the states in the post-WW II era. Erikson, Wright, and McIver (1993) contend that state-level ideology is mostly stable, with over-time variations representing "noise." Alternatively, Berry, Ringquist, Fording, and Hanson (1998) argue that meaningful ideological change occurs within states over time. We test the hypothesis that ideology is stable at the state level. In addition to using the data developed by these teams of researchers, we construct an alternative data set to provide an out-of-sample test of their conflicting expectations. The results have significant implications for the study of state political processes. Systematic analysis underscores the stability and relative dominance of between-state differences indicating that the effects of ideology commonly observed in many state policy studies are due to interstate variation rather than temporal change. However, we also find noteworthy longitudinal ideological variation within selected states during the last three decades. Scholars interested in studying the causes and consequences of state-level political ideology-particularly their implications for public policy adoption and change-might profitably focus on the handful of states where survey-based measures indicate the presence of ideological change.
BibTeX:
@article{brac04-state,
  author = {Brace, Paul and Arceneaux, Kevin and Johnson, Martin and Ulbig, Stacy G.},
  title = {Does State Political Ideology Change over Time?},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {57},
  number = {4},
  pages = {529--540},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Dec., 2004 / Copyright textcopyright 2004 University of Utah},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3219815}
}
Brace, P., Sims-Butler, K., Arceneaux, K. and Johnson, M. Public Opinion in the American States: New Perspectives Using National Survey Data 2002 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 46(1), pp. 173{\textendash}189 
article URL 
Abstract: General measures of ideology and partisanship derived from national survey data concatenated to the state level have been extremely important in understanding policy and political processes in the states. However, due to the lack of uniform survey data covering a broad array of survey questions, we know little about how specific state-level opinion relates to specific policies or processes. Using the General Social Survey (GSS) disaggregated to the state level, we develop and rigorously test specific measures of state-level opinion on tolerance, racial integration, abortion, religiosity, homosexuality, feminism, capital punishment, welfare, and the environment. To illustrate the utility of these measures, we compare the explanatory power of each to that of a general ideology measure. We use a simulation to clarify conditions under which a national sample frame can produce representative state samples. We offer these measures to advance the study of the role public opinion plays in state politics and policy.
BibTeX:
@article{brac02-public,
  author = {Brace, Paul and Sims-Butler, Kellie and Arceneaux, Kevin and Johnson, Martin},
  title = {Public Opinion in the American States: New Perspectives Using National Survey Data},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {46},
  number = {1},
  pages = {173textendash189},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088421}
}
Bracking, S. Hiding Conflict over Industry Returns: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative 2009 Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series  article  
BibTeX:
@article{brac09-hiding,
  author = {Bracking, S.},
  title = {Hiding Conflict over Industry Returns: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative},
  journal = {Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series},
  year = {2009}
}
Brady, D.W. Congressional Voting in a Partisan Era 1973   book  
BibTeX:
@book{brad73-congressional,
  author = {Brady, David W.},
  title = {Congressional Voting in a Partisan Era},
  publisher = {University Press of Kansas},
  year = {1973}
}
Brady, H. Factor and ideal point analysis for interpersonally incomparable data 1989 Psychometrika
Vol. 54(2), pp. 181-202 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Abstract Interpersonally incomparable responses pose a significant problem for survey researchers. If the manifest responses of individuals differ from their underlying true responses by monotonic transformations which vary from person to person, then the covariances of the manifest responses tools such as factor analysis may yield incorrect results. Satisfactory results for interpersonally incomparable ordinal responses can be obtained by assuming that rankings are based upon a set of multivariate normal latent variables which satisfy the factor or ideal point models of choice. Two statistical methods based upon these assumptions are described; their statistical properties are explored; and their computational feasibility is demonstrated in some simulations. We conclude that is possible to develop methods for factor and ideal point analysis of interpersonally incomparable ordinal data.
BibTeX:
@article{brad89-factor,
  author = {Brady, Henry},
  title = {Factor and ideal point analysis for interpersonally incomparable data},
  journal = {Psychometrika},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {54},
  number = {2},
  pages = {181--202},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02294514},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02294514}
}
Brady, H.E. Models of causal inference: Going beyond the Neyman-Rubin-Holland theory 2002 annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL  article  
BibTeX:
@article{brad02-models,
  author = {Brady, H. E.},
  title = {Models of causal inference: Going beyond the Neyman-Rubin-Holland theory},
  journal = {annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL},
  year = {2002}
}
Brady, H.E. Factor and ideal point analysis for interpersonally incomparable data 1989 Psychometrika
Vol. 54(2), pp. 181{\textendash}202 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{brad89-factor-a,
  author = {Brady, H. E.},
  title = {Factor and ideal point analysis for interpersonally incomparable data},
  journal = {Psychometrika},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {54},
  number = {2},
  pages = {181textendash202}
}
Brady, H.E., Schlozman, K.L. and Verba, S. Prospecting for Participants: Rational Expectations and the Recruitment of Political Activists 1999 American Political Science Review
Vol. 93(1), pp. 153-168 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{brad99-prospecting,
  author = {Brady, Henry E. and Schlozman, Kay Lehman and Verba, Sidney},
  title = {Prospecting for Participants: Rational Expectations and the Recruitment of Political Activists},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {93(1)},
  pages = {153--168}
}
Brams, S.J. Response to Randall Stone: Heresy or Scientific Progress? 2001 Journal of Conflict Resolution
Vol. 45(2), pp. 245-254 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bram01-response,
  author = {Brams, Steven J.},
  title = {Response to Randall Stone: Heresy or Scientific Progress?},
  journal = {Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {45(2)},
  pages = {245--254}
}
Brams, S.J. and Fishburn, P.C. Approval Voting 1983   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bram83-approval,
  author = {Brams, Steven J. and Fishburn, Peter C.},
  title = {Approval Voting},
  publisher = {Birkhauser},
  year = {1983}
}
Brandenburger, A. Knowledge and Equilibrium in Games 1992 The Journal of Economic Perspectives
Vol. 6(4), pp. 83-101 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bran92-knowledge,
  author = {Brandenburger, Adam},
  title = {Knowledge and Equilibrium in Games},
  journal = {The Journal of Economic Perspectives},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {6},
  number = {4},
  pages = {83--101},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Autumn, 1992 / Copyright textcopyright 1992 American Economic Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2138270}
}
Brandenburger, A., Friedenberg, A. and Keisler, H.J. Fixed points for strong and weak dominance 2006   techreport URL 
BibTeX:
@techreport{bran06-fixed,
  author = {Brandenburger, A. and Friedenberg, A. and Keisler, H. J.},
  title = {Fixed points for strong and weak dominance},
  year = {2006},
  url = {http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~abranden/fpsw-12-17-06.pdf}
}
Brandt From Arrow's Impossibility to Schwartz's Tournament Equilibrium Set   misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{bran??-arrows,
  author = {Brandt},
  title = {From Arrow's Impossibility to Schwartz's Tournament Equilibrium Set},
  url = {http://www.illc.uva.nl/COMSOC/estoril-2010/slides/Brandt.pdf}
}
Brandt, F. Minimal stable sets in tournaments 2011 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 146(4), pp. 1481-1499 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We propose a systematic methodology for defining tournament solutions as extensions of maximality. The central concepts of this methodology are maximal qualified subsets and minimal stable sets. We thus obtain an infinite hierarchy of tournament solutions, encompassing the top cycle, the uncovered set, the Banks set, the minimal covering set, and the tournament equilibrium set. Moreover, the hierarchy includes a new tournament solution, the minimal extending set, which is conjectured to refine both the minimal covering set and the Banks set.
BibTeX:
@article{bran11-minimal,
  author = {Brandt, Felix},
  title = {Minimal stable sets in tournaments},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {146},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1481--1499},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053111000706},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2011.05.004}
}
Brandt, F. Tournament solutions 2009 School: Habilitationsschrift, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität München  phdthesis  
BibTeX:
@phdthesis{bran09-tournament,
  author = {Brandt, F.},
  title = {Tournament solutions},
  school = {Habilitationsschrift, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität München},
  year = {2009}
}
Brandt, F., Brill, M., Fischer, F., Harrenstein, P. and others Minimal Retentive Sets in Tournaments 2010 Proc. of 9th Int. Conf. on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2010), Toronto, Canada  article  
BibTeX:
@article{bran10-minimal,
  author = {Brandt, F. and Brill, M. and Fischer, F. and Harrenstein, P. and others},
  title = {Minimal Retentive Sets in Tournaments},
  journal = {Proc. of 9th Int. Conf. on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2010), Toronto, Canada},
  year = {2010}
}
Brandt, F., Chudnovsky, M., Kim, I., Norin, S., Scott, A., Seymour, P., Thomassé, S. and Montpelier, F. A counterexample to a conjecture of Schwartz 2011   article  
BibTeX:
@article{bran11-counterexample,
  author = {Brandt, F. and Chudnovsky, M. and Kim, I. and Norin, S. and Scott, A. and Seymour, P. and Thomassé, S. and Montpelier, F.},
  title = {A counterexample to a conjecture of Schwartz},
  year = {2011}
}
Brandt, F., Fischer, F. and Harrenstein, P. The computational complexity of choice sets 2009 Mathematical Logic Quarterly
Vol. 55(4), pp. 444-459 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bran09-computational,
  author = {Brandt, F. and Fischer, F. and Harrenstein, P.},
  title = {The computational complexity of choice sets},
  journal = {Mathematical Logic Quarterly},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {55},
  number = {4},
  pages = {444--459}
}
Brandt, F., Fischer, F., Harrenstein, P. and Mair, M. A computational analysis of the tournament equilibrium set 2010 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 34(4), pp. 597-609 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bran10-computational,
  author = {Brandt, F. and Fischer, F. and Harrenstein, P. and Mair, M.},
  title = {A computational analysis of the tournament equilibrium set},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {34},
  number = {4},
  pages = {597--609}
}
Brandt, F. and Harrenstein, P. Set-rationalizable choice and self-stability 2011 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 146(4), pp. 1721-1731 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Rationalizability and similar notions of consistency have proved to be highly problematic in the context of social choice, as witnessed by a range of impossibility results, among which Arrow's is the most prominent. We propose to rationalize choice functions by preference relations over sets of alternatives (set-rationalizability) and introduce two consistency conditions, $ textasciicircum and $ textasciicircum , which are defined in analogy to Sen's $ and $. We find that a choice function satisfies $ textasciicircum if and only if it is set-rationalizable and that it satisfies $ textasciicircum and $ textasciicircum if and only if it is self-stable, a new concept based on earlier work by Dutta. The class of self-stable social choice functions contains a number of appealing Condorcet extensions.
BibTeX:
@article{bran11-set-rationalizable,
  author = {Brandt, Felix and Harrenstein, Paul},
  title = {Set-rationalizable choice and self-stability},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {146},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1721--1731},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053111000251},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2011.03.006}
}
Brandttextbackslashldots, F. Computing the minimal covering set 2008 Mathematical Social Sciences  article URL 
Abstract: To overcome this problem, (1988) proposed the , which is the smallest of alternatives (with respect to inclusion) that satisfies specific notions of internal and external stability (with respect to the underlying relation).
BibTeX:
@article{bran08-computing,
  author = {Brandttextbackslashldots, F.},
  title = {Computing the minimal covering set},
  journal = {Mathematical Social Sciences},
  year = {2008},
  url = {http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S016548960800036X}
}
Branscum, A.J. and Hanson, T.E. Bayesian Nonparametric Meta-Analysis Using Polya Tree Mixture Models 2008 Biometrics
Vol. 64(3), pp. 825{\textendash}833 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bran08-bayesian,
  author = {Branscum, A. J and Hanson, T. E},
  title = {Bayesian Nonparametric Meta-Analysis Using Polya Tree Mixture Models},
  journal = {Biometrics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {64},
  number = {3},
  pages = {825textendash833}
}
Brasher, H. Capitalizing on Contention: Issue Agendas in U.S. Senate Campaigns 2003 Political Communication
Vol. 20(4), pp. 453-471 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bras03-capitalizing,
  author = {Brasher, Holly},
  title = {Capitalizing on Contention: Issue Agendas in U.S. Senate Campaigns},
  journal = {Political Communication},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {20},
  number = {4},
  pages = {453--471},
  url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10584600390244194},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10584600390244194}
}
Braumoeller, B.F. Explaining Variance; Or, Stuck in a Moment We Can't Get Out Of 2006 Political Analysis
Vol. 14(3), pp. 268{\textendash}290 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{brau06-explaining,
  author = {Braumoeller, B. F.},
  title = {Explaining Variance; Or, Stuck in a Moment We Can't Get Out Of},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {14},
  number = {3},
  pages = {268textendash290}
}
Braumoeller, B.F. Causal Complexity and the Study of Politics 2003 Political Analysis
Vol. 11(3), pp. 209-233 
article URL 
Abstract: Theories that posit complex causation, or multiple causal paths, pervade the study of politics but have yet to find accurate statistical expression. To remedy this situation I derive new econometric procedures, Boolean probit and logit, based on the logic of complexity. The solution provides an answer to a puzzle in the rational deterrence literature: the divergence between theory and case-study findings, on the one hand, and the findings of quantitative studies, on the other, on the issue of the role of capabilities and willingness in the initiation of disputes. It also makes the case that different methodological traditions, rather than settling into "separate but equal" status, can instead inform and enrich one another.
BibTeX:
@article{brau03-causal,
  author = {Braumoeller, Bear F.},
  title = {Causal Complexity and the Study of Politics},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {11},
  number = {3},
  pages = {209--233},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Summer 2003 / Copyright textcopyright 2003 Society for Political Methodology},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/25791730}
}
Brazill, T.J. and Grofman, B. Factor analysis versus multi-dimensional scaling: binary choice roll-call voting and the US Supreme Court 2002 Social Networks
Vol. 24(3), pp. 201{\textendash}230 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{braz02-factor,
  author = {Brazill, T. J and Grofman, B.},
  title = {Factor analysis versus multi-dimensional scaling: binary choice roll-call voting and the US Supreme Court},
  journal = {Social Networks},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {24},
  number = {3},
  pages = {201textendash230}
}
Brechtel, T. and Kaiser, A. Party system and coalition formation in post-reform New Zealand 1999 Political Science
Vol. 51(1), pp. 3{\textendash}26 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{brec99-party,
  author = {Brechtel, T. and Kaiser, A.},
  title = {Party system and coalition formation in post-reform New Zealand},
  journal = {Political Science},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {51},
  number = {1},
  pages = {3textendash26},
  url = {http://pnz.sagepub.com/content/51/1/3.abstract}
}
Breen, R. Beliefs, Rational Choice and Bayesian Learning 1999 Rationality and Society
Vol. 11(4), pp. 463-479 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: People act in the light of their beliefs, yet sociological theories of action have been weak in explaining why people hold the beliefs they do. I propose a means of integrating beliefs into rational choice theory using a Bayesian learning model in which people act in accordance with the beliefs they hold about the world. By observing the outcomes of their actions they modify their beliefs. This approach, in contrast with many others, recognizes that beliefs evolve in the light of experience. The approach is applied to show how the evolution of beliefs about the returns to effort in education can give rise to observed patterns of class differences in educational expectations and so to class differences in mobility chances, at least as these are mediated through educational attainment. I discuss the general issue of learning in the Bayesian approach and outline some limitations and areas of further research.
BibTeX:
@article{bree99-beliefs,
  author = {Breen, Richard},
  title = {Beliefs, Rational Choice and Bayesian Learning},
  journal = {Rationality and Society},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {11},
  number = {4},
  pages = {463--479},
  url = {http://rss.sagepub.com/content/11/4/463},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/104346399011004005}
}
Brehm, J. Alternative Corrections for Sample Truncation: Applications to the 1988, 1990, and 1992 Senate Election Studies 1999 Political Analysis
Vol. 8(2), pp. 183-199 
article URL 
Abstract: High levels of nonresponse plague all three waves of the National Election Studies' Senate Studies. Each of the studies failed to elicit interviews from close to one of every two selected sample persons, a rate far worse than the NES regular Pre- and Post-Election Studies. This paper addresses three interdependent problems: Given limited data about the nonrespondents, how can we model the causes of nonresponse? Using these models, how can we adjust our analysis of the Senate Study data to compensate for nonresponse? What difference does nonresponse make for our understanding of the dynamics of Senate elections?
BibTeX:
@article{breh99-alternative,
  author = {Brehm, John},
  title = {Alternative Corrections for Sample Truncation: Applications to the 1988, 1990, and 1992 Senate Election Studies},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {8},
  number = {2},
  pages = {183--199},
  url = {http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/8/2/183}
}
Breitmoser, Y. Parliamentary bargaining with priority recognition for committee members Social Choice and Welfare, pp. 1{\textendash}21  article  
BibTeX:
@article{brei??-parliamentary,
  author = {Breitmoser, Y.},
  title = {Parliamentary bargaining with priority recognition for committee members},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  pages = {1textendash21}
}
Brennan, H.G. and Lomasky, L.E. Democracy and Decision 1993   book  
BibTeX:
@book{bren93-democracy,
  author = {Brennan, H. Geoffrey and Lomasky, Loren E.},
  title = {Democracy and Decision},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1993}
}
Breton, M. On the core of voting games 1987 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 4(4), pp. 295-305 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse a special class of cooperative games called voting games in the cases where the set of alternatives is finite or a convex and compact subset of an Euclidean space. In a first part we provide a complete classification of these games according to the non-emptiness of the core. Then in a second part we prove that the set of continuous preference profiles having a core is small from a topological point of view. The contribution of the paper is mainly a simplification of the existing proofs and the introduction of a suitable topology to formulate the second question.
BibTeX:
@article{bret87-core,
  author = {Breton, M.},
  title = {On the core of voting games},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {4},
  number = {4},
  pages = {295--305},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00286870},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00286870}
}
Breton, M.L. and Salles, M. The Stability Set of Voting Games: Classification and Genericity Results 1990 International Journal of Game Theory
Vol. 19, pp. 111-127 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bret90-stability,
  author = {Breton, Michel Le and Salles, Maurice},
  title = {The Stability Set of Voting Games: Classification and Genericity Results},
  journal = {International Journal of Game Theory},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {19},
  pages = {111--127}
}
Breton, M.L. and Weber, S. On Existence of Undominated Pure Strategy Nash Equilibria in Anonymous Nonatomic Games 1997 Economics Letters
Vol. 56, pp. 171-175 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bret97-existence,
  author = {Breton, Michel Le and Weber, Shlomo},
  title = {On Existence of Undominated Pure Strategy Nash Equilibria in Anonymous Nonatomic Games},
  journal = {Economics Letters},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {56},
  pages = {171--175}
}
Breunig, C. and Goerres, A. Searching for Electoral Irregularities in an Established Democracy: Applying Benford's Law Tests to Bundestag Elections in Unified Germany 2011 Electoral Studies  article  
BibTeX:
@article{breu11-searching,
  author = {Breunig, C. and Goerres, A.},
  title = {Searching for Electoral Irregularities in an Established Democracy: Applying Benford's Law Tests to Bundestag Elections in Unified Germany},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2011}
}
Breyer, S.G. Regulation and Its Reform 1982   book  
BibTeX:
@book{brey82-regulation,
  author = {Breyer, Stephen G.},
  title = {Regulation and Its Reform},
  publisher = {Harvard University Press},
  year = {1982}
}
Bridgland, M.F.., Reid, K.B.., Bondy, J.A.. and Murty, U.S.R.. Progress in Graph Theory 1984   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{brid84-progress,
  author = {Bridgland, M.F. and Reid, K.B. and Bondy, J.A. and Murty, U.S.R.},
  title = {Progress in Graph Theory},
  publisher = {Academic},
  year = {1984}
}
Bridgland, M.F. and Reid, K.B. Stability of kings in tournaments 1984 Progress in Graph Theory, pp. 117{\textendash}128  article  
BibTeX:
@article{brid84-stability,
  author = {Bridgland, M. F and Reid, K. B.},
  title = {Stability of kings in tournaments},
  journal = {Progress in Graph Theory},
  year = {1984},
  pages = {117textendash128}
}
van den Brink, R. On hierarchies and communication 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(4), pp. 721-735 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Many economic and political organizations have some relational structure, meaning that participating agents do not only differ with respect to certain individual characteristics such as wealth and preferences, but also belong to some relational structure in which they usually take different positions. Two examples of such structures are communication networks and hierarchies. In the literature, the distinction between these two types of relational structures is not always clear. In models of restricted cooperation, this distinction should be defined by properties of the set of feasible coalitions. We characterize the sets of feasible coalitions in communication networks and compare them with sets of feasible coalitions arising from hierarchies.
BibTeX:
@article{vand12-hierarchies,
  author = {van den Brink, René},
  title = {On hierarchies and communication},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {4},
  pages = {721--735},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/61088150x5026167/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0557-y}
}
Bronars, S.G. and Lott, J.R.J. Do Campaign Donations Alter How a Politician Votes? Or, Do Donors Support Candidates Who Value the Same Things That They Do? 1997 Journal of Law and Economics
Vol. 40(2), pp. 317-350 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bron97-campaign,
  author = {Bronars, Stephen G. and Lott, John R. Jr.},
  title = {Do Campaign Donations Alter How a Politician Votes? Or, Do Donors Support Candidates Who Value the Same Things That They Do?},
  journal = {Journal of Law and Economics},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {40},
  number = {2},
  pages = {317--350}
}
Bronstein, A.M., Bronstein, M.M. and Kimmel, R. Generalized multidimensional scaling: a framework for isometry-invariant partial surface matching 2006 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 103(5), pp. 1168 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bron06-generalized,
  author = {Bronstein, A. M and Bronstein, M. M and Kimmel, R.},
  title = {Generalized multidimensional scaling: a framework for isometry-invariant partial surface matching},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {103},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1168}
}
Broom, M. Evolutionary games with variable payoffs 2005 Comptes Rendus Biologies
Vol. 328(4), pp. 403 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{broo05-evolutionary,
  author = {Broom, M.},
  title = {Evolutionary games with variable payoffs},
  journal = {Comptes Rendus Biologies},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {328},
  number = {4},
  pages = {403}
}
Brown, D. Aggregation of Preferences 1975 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 89(3), pp. 456{\textendash}469 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{brow75-aggregation-a,
  author = {Brown, Donald},
  title = {Aggregation of Preferences},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {89},
  number = {3},
  pages = {456textendash469},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1885263}
}
Brown, D.J. Aggregation of Preferences 1975 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 89(3), pp. 456-469 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{brow75-aggregation,
  author = {Brown, Donald J.},
  title = {Aggregation of Preferences},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {89},
  number = {3},
  pages = {456--469},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Aug., 1975 / Copyright textcopyright 1975 The MIT Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1885263}
}
Brown, R.D., Jackson, R.A. and Wright, G.C. Registration, Turnout, and State Party Systems 1999 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 52(3), pp. 463-479 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{brow99-registration,
  author = {Brown, Robert D. and Jackson, Robert A. and Wright, Gerald C.},
  title = {Registration, Turnout, and State Party Systems},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {52(3)},
  pages = {463--479}
}
Brown, W.H. and Johnson, C.W. House Practice: A Guide to the Rules, Precedents, and Procedures of the House 2003   book  
BibTeX:
@book{brow03-house,
  author = {Brown, William Holmes and Johnson, Charles W.},
  title = {House Practice: A Guide to the Rules, Precedents, and Procedures of the House},
  publisher = {US Government Printing Office},
  year = {2003}
}
Brunnermeier, M.K. and Parker, J.A. Optimal Expectations 2002   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{brun02-optimal,
  author = {Brunnermeier, Markus K. and Parker, Jonathan A.},
  title = {Optimal Expectations},
  year = {2002}
}
Bruter, M., Erikson, R.S. and Strauss, A.B. Uncertain candidates, valence, and the dynamics of candidate position-taking 2010 Public choice
Vol. 144(1), pp. 153{\textendash}168 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{brut10-uncertain,
  author = {Bruter, M. and Erikson, R. S and Strauss, A. B},
  title = {Uncertain candidates, valence, and the dynamics of candidate position-taking},
  journal = {Public choice},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {144},
  number = {1},
  pages = {153textendash168}
}
Buchanan, J.M. Individual Choice in Voting and the Market 1954 Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 62, pp. 334-343 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{buch54-individual,
  author = {Buchanan, James M.},
  title = {Individual Choice in Voting and the Market},
  journal = {Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {1954},
  volume = {62},
  pages = {334--343}
}
Buchler, J. Competence, Schmompetence: Theoretical and Empirical Examinations of the Valence Dimension   article  
BibTeX:
@article{buch??-competence,
  author = {Buchler, J.},
  title = {Competence, Schmompetence: Theoretical and Empirical Examinations of the Valence Dimension}
}
Buchler, J., Brady, H.E., Buchler, J., Jarvis, M., Mcnulty, J., Brunell, T., Buchler, J., Buchler, J., Butler, D., Cain, B.E. and others The Statistical Properties of Competitive Districts: What the central limit theorem can teach us about election reform 2007 PS Political Science and Politics
Vol. 40(2), pp. 333 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{buch07-statistical,
  author = {Buchler, J. and Brady, H. E. and Buchler, J. and Jarvis, M. and Mcnulty, J. and Brunell, T. and Buchler, J. and Buchler, J. and Butler, D. and Cain, B. E. and others},
  title = {The Statistical Properties of Competitive Districts: What the central limit theorem can teach us about election reform},
  journal = {PS Political Science and Politics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {40},
  number = {2},
  pages = {333},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=6088192}
}
Budge, I. A new spatial theory of party competition: Uncertainty, ideology and policy equilibria viewed comparatively and temporally 1994 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 24(04), pp. 443{\textendash}467 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{budg94-new,
  author = {Budge, I.},
  title = {A new spatial theory of party competition: Uncertainty, ideology and policy equilibria viewed comparatively and temporally},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {24},
  number = {04},
  pages = {443textendash467},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0007123400006955}
}
Bullock, C.S.III. and Brady, D.W. Party, Constituency, and Roll-Call Voting in the U. S. Senate 1983 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 8(1), pp. 29-43 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bull83-party,
  author = {Bullock, Charles S. III and Brady, David W.},
  title = {Party, Constituency, and Roll-Call Voting in the U. S. Senate},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {8},
  number = {1},
  pages = {29--43}
}
Bullock, J.G. Appendix to textquotedblleftPartisan Bias and the Bayesian Ideal in the Study of Public Opiniontextquotedblright 2009   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{bull09-appendix,
  author = {Bullock, J. G},
  title = {Appendix to textquotedblleftPartisan Bias and the Bayesian Ideal in the Study of Public Opiniontextquotedblright},
  year = {2009},
  url = {http://bullock.research.yale.edu/papers/disagreement/Bullock_disagreement_web_appendix.pdf}
}
Bullock, J.G. Partisan Bias and the Bayesian Ideal in the Study of Public Opinion 2009 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 71(03), pp. 1109-1124 
article DOI  
BibTeX:
@article{bull09-partisan,
  author = {Bullock, John G.},
  title = {Partisan Bias and the Bayesian Ideal in the Study of Public Opinion},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {71},
  number = {03},
  pages = {1109--1124},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022381609090914}
}
Bullock III, C.S. TURNOUT IN MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS 1990 Review of Policy Research
Vol. 9(3), pp. 539-549 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Turnout in municipal elections is even lower than that in presidential elections. Yet the problem has been largely ignored by academicians. In recent years, there have been court challenges under the 1982 Voting Rights Act to majority vote and other than single-member districting provisions as requirements that are believed to dilute the political impact of minorities. The present analysis presents an overview of our knowledge to date, relating electoral districting and majority vote arrangements to black patterns of participation. It reviews the available literature, traces the associations that exist, identifies the problems in data collection and analysis that are present and sets forth a propositional inventory and set of conclusions that can serve as the basis for future research. The analysis incorporates original data and insights from the author's research and from cities in which he has served as a consultant.
BibTeX:
@article{bull90-turnout,
  author = {Bullock III, Charles S},
  title = {TURNOUT IN MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS},
  journal = {Review of Policy Research},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {9},
  number = {3},
  pages = {539--549},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01061.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01061.x}
}
Bulo, R. and others A game-theoretic framework for similarity-based data clustering 2009   article  
BibTeX:
@article{bulo09-game-theoretic,
  author = {Bulo, R. and others},
  title = {A game-theoretic framework for similarity-based data clustering},
  year = {2009}
}
Bunke, B. All States Were Not Created Equal: Control of the Public Lands in the Early American Republic and the Rise of Western Sectionalism 2003 Brandeis Graduate Journal
Vol. 1(1) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{bunk03-all,
  author = {Bunke, Bruce},
  title = {All States Were Not Created Equal: Control of the Public Lands in the Early American Republic and the Rise of Western Sectionalism},
  journal = {Brandeis Graduate Journal},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {1},
  number = {1}
}
Burden, B.C. The Discharge Rule and Minority Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{burd05-discharge,
  author = {Burden, Barry C.},
  title = {The Discharge Rule and Minority Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  year = {2005}
}
Burden, B.C. Institutions and Policy Representation in the States 2005 State Politics and Policy Quarterly
Vol. 5, pp. 373-93 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{burd05-institutions,
  author = {Burden, Barry C.},
  title = {Institutions and Policy Representation in the States},
  journal = {State Politics and Policy Quarterly},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {373--93}
}
Burden, B.C. The Discharge Rule and Majoritarian Politics in the U.S. House of Representatives 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{burd04-discharge,
  author = {Burden, Barry C.},
  title = {The Discharge Rule and Majoritarian Politics in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  year = {2004}
}
Burden, B.C., Caldeira, G.A. and Groseclose, T. Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same 2000 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 25, pp. 237-258 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{burd00-measuring,
  author = {Burden, Barry C. and Caldeira, Gregory A. and Groseclose, Tim},
  title = {Measuring the Ideologies of U.S. Senators: The Song Remains the Same},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {25},
  pages = {237--258}
}
Burden, B.C. and Frisby, T.M. Preferences, Partisanship, and Whip Activity in the U.S. House of Representatives 2004 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 29, pp. 569-590 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{burd04-preferences,
  author = {Burden, Barry C. and Frisby, Tammy M.},
  title = {Preferences, Partisanship, and Whip Activity in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {569--590}
}
Bureau, U.S.C. and of Labor Statistics, U.S.B. Design and Methodology Technical Paper 66 2006 , pp. 1-175  article  
Abstract: Current Population Survey
BibTeX:
@article{bure06-design,
  author = {Bureau, U S Census and of Labor Statistics, U S Bureau},
  title = {Design and Methodology Technical Paper 66},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {1--175}
}
Burnham, P. Comparative Methodology 2004
Vol. Political analysisResearch methods in politics 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{burn04-comparative,
  author = {Burnham, Peter},
  title = {Comparative Methodology},
  booktitle = {Research methods in politics},
  publisher = {Palgrave},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {Political analysis}
}
Cai, N., Lu, W. and Zhang, H.H. Time-Varying Latent Effect Model for Longitudinal Data with Informative Observation Times 2012 Biometrics, pp. no{\textendash}no  article DOI URL 
Abstract: Summary In analysis of longitudinal data, it is not uncommon that observation times of repeated measurements are subject-specific and correlated with underlying longitudinal outcomes. Taking account of the dependence between observation times and longitudinal outcomes is critical under these situations to assure the validity of statistical inference. In this article, we propose a flexible joint model for longitudinal data analysis in the presence of informative observation times. In particular, the new procedure considers the shared random-effect model and assumes a time-varying coefficient for the latent variable, allowing a flexible way of modeling longitudinal outcomes while adjusting their association with observation times. Estimating equations are developed for parameter estimation. We show that the resulting estimators are consistent and asymptotically normal, with variancetextendashcovariance matrix that has a closed form and can be consistently estimated by the usual plug-in method. One additional advantage of the procedure is that it provides a unified framework to test whether the effect of the latent variable is zero, constant, or time-varying. Simulation studies show that the proposed approach is appropriate for practical use. An application to a bladder cancer data is also given to illustrate the methodology.
BibTeX:
@article{cai12-time-varying,
  author = {Cai, Na and Lu, Wenbin and Zhang, Hao Helen},
  title = {Time-Varying Latent Effect Model for Longitudinal Data with Informative Observation Times},
  journal = {Biometrics},
  year = {2012},
  pages = {notextendashno},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0420.2012.01794.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0420.2012.01794.x}
}
Caillaud, B. and Tirole, J. Parties as Political Intermediaries 2002 The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 117(4), pp. 1453-1489 
article URL 
Abstract: This paper argues that parties regulate competition among like-minded factions so as to enhance reputation building by, and voter trust in, the politicians standing for a given cause. While intra- and interparty competition contributes to keeping politicians on their toes, unbridled competition may encourage politicians to challenge good platforms and to wage competition along socially suboptimal dimensions (for example, by privileging form over content). The paper builds a simple model of intraparty competition and studies whether various hierarchical or democratic party institutions constitute an efficient form of party governance. The paper shows that intraparty disagreements, when they occur, hurt the party's position in the general election, but that their possibility enhances party image; and that parties must be able to avoid behind-the-scene allocations of portfolios and spoils in order to be credible. Last, it analyzes the impact of political polarization and interparty competition on the choice of party governance.
BibTeX:
@article{cail02-parties,
  author = {Caillaud, Bernard and Tirole, Jean},
  title = {Parties as Political Intermediaries},
  journal = {The Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {117},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1453--1489},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 2002 / Copyright textcopyright 2002 Oxford University Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/4132483}
}
Cain, B.E. Assessing the partisan effects of redistricting 1985 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 79(2), pp. 320{\textendash}333 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cain85-assessing,
  author = {Cain, B. E.},
  title = {Assessing the partisan effects of redistricting},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {79},
  number = {2},
  pages = {320textendash333}
}
Cain, B.E., Ferejohn, J.A. and Fiorina, M.P. The personal vote: constituency service and electoral independence 1987   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cain87-personal,
  author = {Cain, Bruce E. and Ferejohn, John A. and Fiorina, Morris P.},
  title = {The personal vote: constituency service and electoral independence},
  publisher = {Harvard University Press},
  year = {1987}
}
CAIRNEY, PAUL. The analysis of Scottish Parliament committee influence: Beyond capacity and structure in comparing West European legislatures 2006 European Journal of Political Research
Vol. 45(2), pp. 208, 181 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cair06-analysis,
  author = {CAIRNEY, PAUL},
  title = {The analysis of Scottish Parliament committee influence: Beyond capacity and structure in comparing West European legislatures},
  journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {45},
  number = {2},
  pages = {208, 181},
  url = {10.1111/j.1475-6765.2006.00295.x}
}
CAIRNEY, PAUL. The Vote of Confidence in Parliamentary Democracies 1996 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 90(2), pp. 282, 269 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cair96-vote,
  author = {CAIRNEY, PAUL},
  title = {The Vote of Confidence in Parliamentary Democracies},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90},
  number = {2},
  pages = {282, 269},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2082884}
}
Calcagno, P.T. and Jackson, J.D. Political Action Committee Spending and Senate Roll Call Voting 1998 Public Choice
Vol. 97(4), pp. 569-585 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calc98-political,
  author = {Calcagno, Peter T. and Jackson, John D.},
  title = {Political Action Committee Spending and Senate Roll Call Voting},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {97},
  number = {4},
  pages = {569--585}
}
Caldeira, G., Patterson, S. and Markko, G. The Mobilization of Voters in Congressional Elections 1985 Journal of Politics
Vol. 47, pp. 490-509 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cald85-mobilization,
  author = {Caldeira, Gregory and Patterson, Samuel and Markko, Gregory},
  title = {The Mobilization of Voters in Congressional Elections},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {47},
  pages = {490--509}
}
Callander, S. Bandwagons and momentum in sequential voting 2007 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 74(3), pp. 653-684 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{call07-bandwagons,
  author = {Callander, S.},
  title = {Bandwagons and momentum in sequential voting},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {74},
  number = {3},
  pages = {653--684}
}
Callander, S. A Theory of Policy Expertise 2006   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{call06-theory,
  author = {Callander, Steven},
  title = {A Theory of Policy Expertise},
  year = {2006}
}
Callander, S. Duverger's Hypothesis, the Run-Off Rule, and Electoral Competition 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{call03-duvergers,
  author = {Callander, Steven},
  title = {Duverger's Hypothesis, the Run-Off Rule, and Electoral Competition},
  year = {2003}
}
Callander, S. Electoral Competition in Heterogeneous Districts 2003   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{call03-electoral,
  author = {Callander, Steven},
  title = {Electoral Competition in Heterogeneous Districts},
  year = {2003}
}
Callander, S. Vote Timing and Information Aggregation 2002   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{call02-vote,
  author = {Callander, Steven},
  title = {Vote Timing and Information Aggregation},
  year = {2002}
}
Callander, S. and Wilson, C. Context-dependent voting and political ambiguity 2008 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 92(3-4), pp. 565{\textendash}581 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{call08-context-dependent,
  author = {Callander, S. and Wilson, C.},
  title = {Context-dependent voting and political ambiguity},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {92},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {565textendash581}
}
Callander, S. and Wilson, C. Context Dependent Voting 2006 Quarterly Journal of Political Science
Vol. 1(3), pp. 227{\textendash}254 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{call06-context,
  author = {Callander, S. and Wilson, C.},
  title = {Context Dependent Voting},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {1},
  number = {3},
  pages = {227textendash254}
}
Callander, S. and Wilson, C.H. Context-dependent voting and political ambiguity 2008 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 92(3{\textendash}4), pp. 565-581 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In recent decades psychologists have shown that the standard model of individual choice is often violated. One regularly observed violation is that choices are influenced by the decision context. To incorporate these effects into politics, we introduce a theory of context-dependent voting and apply it to the puzzle of why candidates are so frequently ambiguous in their policy pronouncements. We show that context-dependent voters develop a taste for ambiguity, even when they evaluate distances quadratically and exhibit traditional risk aversion. Turning to aggregate effects, we incorporate context-dependent voting into a model of electoral competition and show that strategic candidates respond in equilibrium to context-dependent voters by offering ambiguous platforms, thereby affecting the policy outcome.
BibTeX:
@article{call08-context-dependent-a,
  author = {Callander, Steven and Wilson, Catherine H.},
  title = {Context-dependent voting and political ambiguity},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {92},
  number = {3textendash4},
  pages = {565--581},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004727270700120X},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.09.002}
}
Callandertextbackslashldots, S. Lies, damned lies, and political campaigns 2007 Games and Economic Behavior  article URL 
Abstract: 3. Electoral equilibrium The framework developed above creates a two-sender signaling problem. K . Then primeprime prime and prime textgreater0 in all universally-divine electoral equilibria. 60 (2007) 262 286 median voter, unlike in Wittman (1983) and (1985
BibTeX:
@article{call07-lies,
  author = {Callandertextbackslashldots, S.},
  title = {Lies, damned lies, and political campaigns},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2007},
  url = {http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S089982560600176X}
}
Calvert, R. Reputation and Legislative Leadership 1987 Public Choice
Vol. 55, pp. 81-119 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calv87-reputation,
  author = {Calvert, Randall},
  title = {Reputation and Legislative Leadership},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {55},
  pages = {81--119}
}
Calvert, R. Robustness of the Multidimensional Voting Model: Candidate Motivations, Uncertainty, and Convergence 1985 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 28(1), pp. 127-146 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calv85-robustness,
  author = {Calvert, Randall},
  title = {Robustness of the Multidimensional Voting Model: Candidate Motivations, Uncertainty, and Convergence},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {28(1)},
  pages = {127--146}
}
Calvert, R. Robustness of the multidimensional voting model: Candidate motivations, uncertainty, and convergence 1985 American Journal of Political Science  article URL 
Abstract: Page 1. of the Model: Candidate Motivations, Uncertainty, and Convergence* Randall L. , Carnegie-Mellon University and Washington University, St. Louis This analysis demonstrates
BibTeX:
@article{calv85-robustness-a,
  author = {Calvert, R.},
  title = {Robustness of the multidimensional voting model: Candidate motivations, uncertainty, and convergence},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1985},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111212}
}
Calvert, R., Knight, J. and Sened, I. Explaining Social Institutions 1995   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{calv95-explaining,
  author = {Calvert, Randall and Knight, Jack and Sened, Itai},
  title = {Explaining Social Institutions},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {1995}
}
Calvert, R., Knight, J. and Sened, I. Rational Actors, Equilibrium, and Social Institutions 1995 Explaining Social Institutions, pp. 57-95  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{calv95-rational,
  author = {Calvert, Randall and Knight, Jack and Sened, Itai},
  title = {Rational Actors, Equilibrium, and Social Institutions},
  booktitle = {Explaining Social Institutions},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {57--95}
}
Calvert, R., McCubbins, M. and Weingast, B. A Theory of Political Control and Agency Discretion 1989 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33, pp. 588-611 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calv89-theory,
  author = {Calvert, Randall and McCubbins, Mathew and Weingast, Barry},
  title = {A Theory of Political Control and Agency Discretion},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {33},
  pages = {588--611}
}
Calvert, R.L. The Value of Biased Information: A Rational Choice Model of Political Advice 1985 Journal of Politics
Vol. 47(2), pp. 530-555 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calv85-value,
  author = {Calvert, Randall L.},
  title = {The Value of Biased Information: A Rational Choice Model of Political Advice},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {47(2)},
  pages = {530--555}
}
Calvert, R.L., Banks, J.S. and Hanushek, E.A. Modern Political Economy: Old topics, New Directions 1995   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{calv95-modern,
  author = {Calvert, Randall L. and Banks, Jeffrey S. and Hanushek, Eric A.},
  title = {Modern Political Economy: Old topics, New Directions},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1995}
}
Calvert, R.L. and Fenno, R.F. Strategy and sophisticated voting in the senate 1994 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 56(02), pp. 349{\textendash}376 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{calv94-strategy,
  author = {Calvert, R. L and Fenno, R. F},
  title = {Strategy and sophisticated voting in the senate},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {56},
  number = {02},
  pages = {349textendash376}
}
Camastra, F. Data dimensionality estimation methods: a survey 2003 Pattern recognition
Vol. 36(12), pp. 2945{\textendash}2954 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cama03-data,
  author = {Camastra, F.},
  title = {Data dimensionality estimation methods: a survey},
  journal = {Pattern recognition},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {36},
  number = {12},
  pages = {2945textendash2954},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031320303001766}
}
Camerer, C.F. Behavioral Game Theory 2003   book  
BibTeX:
@book{came03-behavioral,
  author = {Camerer, Colin F.},
  title = {Behavioral Game Theory},
  publisher = {Russell Sage Foundation},
  year = {2003}
}
Cameron, A. and Trivedi, P. Essentials of count data regression 2001 A companion to theoretical econometrics, pp. 331{\textendash}348  article  
BibTeX:
@article{came01-essentials,
  author = {Cameron, A. and Trivedi, P.},
  title = {Essentials of count data regression},
  journal = {A companion to theoretical econometrics},
  year = {2001},
  pages = {331textendash348}
}
Cameron, A.C., Gelbach, J.B. and Miller, D.L. Bootstrap-based improvements for inference with clustered errors 2008 The Review of Economics and Statistics
Vol. 90(3), pp. 414{\textendash}427 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{came08-bootstrap-based,
  author = {Cameron, A. C and Gelbach, J. B and Miller, D. L},
  title = {Bootstrap-based improvements for inference with clustered errors},
  journal = {The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {90},
  number = {3},
  pages = {414textendash427}
}
Cameron, C.M. Veto Bargaining 2000   book  
BibTeX:
@book{came00-veto,
  author = {Cameron, Charles M.},
  title = {Veto Bargaining},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {2000}
}
Cameron, C.M., Segal, J.A. and Songer, D. Strategic Auditing in a Political Hierarchy: An Informational Model of the Supreme Court's Certiorari Decisions 2000 American Political Science Review
Vol. 94(1), pp. 101-116 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{came00-strategic,
  author = {Cameron, Charles M. and Segal, Jeffrey A. and Songer, Donald},
  title = {Strategic Auditing in a Political Hierarchy: An Informational Model of the Supreme Court's Certiorari Decisions},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94(1)},
  pages = {101--116}
}
Campbell, A. Surge and Decline: A Study of Electoral Change 1960 Public Opinion Quarterly
Vol. 24, pp. 397-418 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{camp60-surge,
  author = {Campbell, Angus},
  title = {Surge and Decline: A Study of Electoral Change},
  journal = {Public Opinion Quarterly},
  year = {1960},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {397--418}
}
Campbell, A., Converse, P.E., Miller, W.E. and Stokes, D.E. The American Voter 1960   book  
BibTeX:
@book{camp60-american,
  author = {Campbell, Angus and Converse, Philip E. and Miller, Warren E. and Stokes, Donald E.},
  title = {The American Voter},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {1960}
}
Campbell, A.C., Cox, G.W., McCubbins, M.D., Brady, D.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Agenda Power in the U.S. Senate, 1877-1986 2002 Party, Process, and Political Change in Congress  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{camp02-agenda,
  author = {Campbell, Andrea C. and Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. and Brady, David W. and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {Agenda Power in the U.S. Senate, 1877-1986},
  booktitle = {Party, Process, and Political Change in Congress},
  publisher = {Stanford University Press},
  year = {2002}
}
Campbell, J. The Presidential Pulse and the 1994 Midterm Congressional Election 1997 Journal of Politics
Vol. 59(3), pp. 830-857 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{camp97-presidential,
  author = {Campbell, James},
  title = {The Presidential Pulse and the 1994 Midterm Congressional Election},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {59(3)},
  pages = {830--857}
}
Campbell, J. The Presidential Surge and its Midterm Decline in Congressional Elections 1991 Journal of Politics
Vol. 53(2), pp. 477-487 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{camp91-presidential,
  author = {Campbell, James},
  title = {The Presidential Surge and its Midterm Decline in Congressional Elections},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {53(2)},
  pages = {477--487}
}
Campbell, J. The Revised Theory of Surge and Decline 1987 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 3(4), pp. 965-979 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{camp87-revised,
  author = {Campbell, James},
  title = {The Revised Theory of Surge and Decline},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {3(4)},
  pages = {965--979}
}
Campbell, J. Ambiguity in the issue positions of presidential candidates: A causal analysis 1983 American Journal of Political Science, pp. 284{\textendash}293  article  
BibTeX:
@article{camp83-ambiguity,
  author = {Campbell, J.},
  title = {Ambiguity in the issue positions of presidential candidates: A causal analysis},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1983},
  pages = {284textendash293}
}
Campos, J.E.L. Legislative institutions, lobbying, and the endogenous choice of regulatory instruments: a political economy approach to instrument choice 1989 Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, pp. 333{\textendash}353  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{camp89-legislative,
  author = {Campos, J. E. L.},
  title = {Legislative institutions, lobbying, and the endogenous choice of regulatory instruments: a political economy approach to instrument choice},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization},
  year = {1989},
  pages = {333textendash353},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/765029}
}
Canes-Wrone, B. Bureaucratic Decisions and the Composition of the Lower Courts 2003 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 47(2), pp. 205-214 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cane03-bureaucratic,
  author = {Canes-Wrone, Brandice},
  title = {Bureaucratic Decisions and the Composition of the Lower Courts},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {47},
  number = {2},
  pages = {205--214}
}
Canes-Wrone, B., Brady, D.W. and Cogan, J.F. Out of Step, Out of Office: Electoral Accountability and House Members' Voting 2002 American Political Science Review
Vol. 96(1), pp. 127-140 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cane02-out,
  author = {Canes-Wrone, Brandice and Brady, David W. and Cogan, John F.},
  title = {Out of Step, Out of Office: Electoral Accountability and House Members' Voting},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {96},
  number = {1},
  pages = {127--140}
}
Canes-Wrone, B., Herron, M.C. and Shotts, K.W. Leadership and Pandering: A Theory of Executive Policymaking 2001 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 45(3), pp. 532-550 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cane01-leadership,
  author = {Canes-Wrone, Brandice and Herron, Michael C. and Shotts, Kenneth W.},
  title = {Leadership and Pandering: A Theory of Executive Policymaking},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {45(3)},
  pages = {532--550}
}
Canon, D.T. The Institutionalization of Leadership in the U. S. Congress 1989 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 14(3), pp. 415-443 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cano89-institutionalization,
  author = {Canon, David T.},
  title = {The Institutionalization of Leadership in the U. S. Congress},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {14(3)},
  pages = {415--443}
}
Cantor, D.M. and Herrnson, P.S. Party Campaign Activity and Party Unity in the U. S. House of Representatives 1997 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 22(3), pp. 393-415 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cant97-party,
  author = {Cantor, David M. and Herrnson, Paul S.},
  title = {Party Campaign Activity and Party Unity in the U. S. House of Representatives},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {22},
  number = {3},
  pages = {393--415}
}
Caplin, A. and Leahy, J. Psychological expected theory and anticipatory feelings 1997 New York University Working Paper  article  
BibTeX:
@article{capl97-psychological,
  author = {Caplin, Andrew and Leahy, John},
  title = {Psychological expected theory and anticipatory feelings},
  journal = {New York University Working Paper},
  year = {1997}
}
Caplin, A., Loewenstein, G., Read, D. and Baumeister, R. Fear as a policy instrument 2003 Time and decision  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{capl03-fear,
  author = {Caplin, Andrew and Loewenstein, George and Read, Daniel and Baumeister, Roy},
  title = {Fear as a policy instrument},
  booktitle = {Time and decision},
  publisher = {Russell Sage},
  year = {2003}
}
Caplin, A. and Nalebuff, B. Competition among Institutions 1997 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 72(2), pp. 306-342 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Economic theory offers two different approaches to the analysis of group formation and the role of institutions. General equilibrium approach explores the influence of the economic environment on formation of coalitions. Game theory explores the influence of institutional rules on equilibrium outcomes. We introduce an integrative approachtextemdashan institution's policy depends on its membership, while its membership depends on the policies of all the institutions. We present three distinct mathematical approaches to these models, highlighting the algebraic nature of the question of existence of equilibrium. Our apparatus cover many economic and political environments, including cases with multiple dimensions and multiple institutions.Journal of Economic LiteratureClassification Numbers: C62, D50, D71, D72, H11, H40, R13, R53.
BibTeX:
@article{capl97-competition,
  author = {Caplin, Andrew and Nalebuff, Barry},
  title = {Competition among Institutions},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {72},
  number = {2},
  pages = {306--342},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053196922127},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jeth.1996.2212}
}
Caplin, A. and Nalebuff, B. Aggregation and Social Choice: A Mean Voter Theorem 1991 Econometrica
Vol. 59(1), pp. 1-23 
article URL 
Abstract: A celebrated result of Black (1948a) demonstrates the existence of a simple-majority winner when preferences are single-peaked. The social choice follows the preferences of the median voter: the median voter's most-preferred outcome beats any alternative. However, this conclusion does not extend to elections in which candidates differ in more than one dimension. This paper provides a multi-dimensional analog of the median voter result. We provide conditions under which the mean voter's most preferred outcome is unbeatable according to a 64majority rule. The conditions supporting this result represent a significant generalization of Caplin and Nalebuff (1988). The proof of our mean voter result uses a mathematical aggregation theorem due to Prékopa (1971, 1973) and Borell (1975). This theorem has broad applications in economics. An application to the distribution of income is described at the end of this paper; results on imperfect competition are presented in the companion paper, Caplin and Nalebuff (1991).
BibTeX:
@article{capl91-aggregation,
  author = {Caplin, Andrew and Nalebuff, Barry},
  title = {Aggregation and Social Choice: A Mean Voter Theorem},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {59},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1--23},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan., 1991 / Copyright textcopyright 1991 The Econometric Society},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2938238}
}
Caplin, A. and Nalebuff, B. On 64% Majority Rule 1988 Econometrica
Vol. 56(4), pp. 787-814 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{capl88-,
  author = {Caplin, Andrew and Nalebuff, Barry},
  title = {On 64% Majority Rule},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {56(4)},
  pages = {787--814}
}
Caplin, A. and Nalebuff, B. On 64majority rule 1988 Econometrica
Vol. 56(4), pp. 787{\textendash}814 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{capl88--majority,
  author = {Caplin, A. and Nalebuff, B.},
  title = {On 64majority rule},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {56},
  number = {4},
  pages = {787textendash814},
  url = {http://www.ams.org/leavingmsn?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1912699}
}
Cappé, O. and Moulines, E. On-line expectationtextendashmaximization algorithm for latent data models 2009 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology)
Vol. 71(3), pp. 593{\textendash}613 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{capp09--line,
  author = {Cappé, O. and Moulines, E.},
  title = {On-line expectationtextendashmaximization algorithm for latent data models},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology)},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {71},
  number = {3},
  pages = {593textendash613},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9868.2009.00698.x/full}
}
Carey, J.M.. Competing Principals, Political Institutions, and Party Unity in Legislative Voting 2007 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 51(1), pp. 92-107 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{care07-competing,
  author = {Carey, J.M.},
  title = {Competing Principals, Political Institutions, and Party Unity in Legislative Voting},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {51},
  number = {1},
  pages = {92--107}
}
Carey, J.M. Legislative Organization   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{care??-legislative,
  author = {Carey, J. M.},
  title = {Legislative Organization},
  url = {http://ls-tlss.ucl.ac.uk/course-materials/PUBLG057_44635.pdf}
}
Carey, J.M. Legislative voting and accountability 2009
Vol. Cambridge studies in comparative politics 
book  
BibTeX:
@book{care09-legislative,
  author = {Carey, John M.},
  title = {Legislative voting and accountability},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {Cambridge studies in comparative politics}
}
de Caritat Marquis de Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas. Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions 1785   book  
BibTeX:
@book{deca85-essay,
  author = {de Caritat Marquis de Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas},
  title = {Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions},
  year = {1785}
}
Carley, K. Communication Technologies and Their Effect on Cultural Homogeneity, Consensus, and the Diffusion of New Ideas 1995 Sociological Perspectives
Vol. 38(4), pp. 547-571 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carl95-communication,
  author = {Carley, Kathleen},
  title = {Communication Technologies and Their Effect on Cultural Homogeneity, Consensus, and the Diffusion of New Ideas},
  journal = {Sociological Perspectives},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {38},
  number = {4},
  pages = {547--571}
}
Carley, K. Designing Organizational Structures to Cope with Communication Breakdowns: A Simulation Model 1991 Industrial Crisis Quarterly
Vol. 5, pp. 19-57 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carl91-designing,
  author = {Carley, Kathleen},
  title = {Designing Organizational Structures to Cope with Communication Breakdowns: A Simulation Model},
  journal = {Industrial Crisis Quarterly},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {19--57}
}
Carpenter, B. Integrating out multinomial parameters in latent Dirichlet allocation and naive Bayes for collapsed Gibbs sampling 2010   techreport URL 
BibTeX:
@techreport{carp10-integrating,
  author = {Carpenter, Bob},
  title = {Integrating out multinomial parameters in latent Dirichlet allocation and naive Bayes for collapsed Gibbs sampling},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://lingpipe.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/lda3.pdf}
}
Carpenter, B. Integrating Out Multinomial Parameters in Latent Dirichlet Allocation and Naive Bayes for Collapsed Gibbs Sampling 2010   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{carp10-integrating-a,
  author = {Carpenter, B.},
  title = {Integrating Out Multinomial Parameters in Latent Dirichlet Allocation and Naive Bayes for Collapsed Gibbs Sampling},
  year = {2010}
}
Carpenter, D. and Ting, M.M. Regulatory Errors with Endogenous Agendas 2007 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 51(4), pp. 835-852 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp07-regulatory,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel and Ting, Michael M.},
  title = {Regulatory Errors with Endogenous Agendas},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {51},
  number = {4},
  pages = {835--852}
}
Carpenter, D.P. Protection without Capture: Product Approval by a Politically Responsive, Learning Regulator 2004 American Political Science Review
Vol. 98(4), pp. 613-631 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp04-protection,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P.},
  title = {Protection without Capture: Product Approval by a Politically Responsive, Learning Regulator},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {98(4)},
  pages = {613--631}
}
Carpenter, D.P. Groups, the Media, Agency Waiting Costs, and FDA Drug Approval 2002 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 46(3), pp. 490-505 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp02-groups,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P.},
  title = {Groups, the Media, Agency Waiting Costs, and FDA Drug Approval},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {46(3)},
  pages = {490--505}
}
Carpenter, D.P. The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{carp01-forging,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P.},
  title = {The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928},
  publisher = {Princeton University Press},
  year = {2001}
}
Carpenter, D.P. State Building through Reputation Building: Coalitions of Esteem and Program Innovation in the National Postal System, 1883--1913 2001 Studies in American Political Development
Vol. 14(2), pp. 121-155 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp01-state,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P.},
  title = {State Building through Reputation Building: Coalitions of Esteem and Program Innovation in the National Postal System, 1883--1913},
  journal = {Studies in American Political Development},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {14},
  number = {2},
  pages = {121--155}
}
Carpenter, D.P. Adaptive Signal Processing, Hierarchy, and Budgetary Control in Federal Regulation 1996 American Political Science Review
Vol. 90(2), pp. 283-302 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp96-adaptive,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P.},
  title = {Adaptive Signal Processing, Hierarchy, and Budgetary Control in Federal Regulation},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {90(2)},
  pages = {283--302}
}
Carpenter, D.P. and Ting, M.M. A Theory of Approval Regulation 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{carp04-theory,
  author = {Carpenter, Daniel P. and Ting, Michael M.},
  title = {A Theory of Approval Regulation},
  year = {2004}
}
Carpini, M.D. and Keeter, S. What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters 1996   book  
BibTeX:
@book{carp96-what,
  author = {Carpini, Michael Delli and Keeter, Scott},
  title = {What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1996}
}
Carpini, M.X.D. and Keeter, S. Measuring Political Knowledge: Putting First Things First 1993 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 37, pp. 1179-1206 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carp93-measuring,
  author = {Carpini, Michael X. Delli and Keeter, Scott},
  title = {Measuring Political Knowledge: Putting First Things First},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {37},
  pages = {1179--1206}
}
Carr, T.P. Suspension of the Rules in the House of Representatives 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{carr05-suspension,
  author = {Carr, Thomas P.},
  title = {Suspension of the Rules in the House of Representatives},
  year = {2005}
}
Carroll, R., Lewis, J.B., Lo, J., Poole, K.T. and Rosenthal, H. The Structure of Utility in Spatial Models of Voting 2009 Fourth Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies, Los Angeles  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{carr09-structure,
  author = {Carroll, R. and Lewis, J. B and Lo, J. and Poole, K. T and Rosenthal, H.},
  title = {The Structure of Utility in Spatial Models of Voting},
  booktitle = {Fourth Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies, Los Angeles},
  year = {2009}
}
Carrubba, C., Gabel, M. and Hug, S. Legislative voting behavior, seen and unseen: A theory of rollâtexteuro?call vote selection 2008 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 33(4), pp. 543{\textendash}572 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carr08-legislative,
  author = {Carrubba, C. and Gabel, M. and Hug, S.},
  title = {Legislative voting behavior, seen and unseen: A theory of rollâtexteuro?call vote selection},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {33},
  number = {4},
  pages = {543textendash572}
}
Carrubba, C.J. Courts and Compliance in International Regulatory Regimes 2005 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 67(3), pp. 669-689 
article URL 
Abstract: International regulatory regimes are increasingly important parts of interstate politics. As these regimes multiply, the question of what exactly governments are agreeing to is becoming increasingly important. Some scholars see the high levels of observed compliance with these regimes as a sign that they are transforming interstate relationships. Others argue that compliance rates are uninformative since governments will only choose a depth of agreement that is self-enforcing. This study demonstrates that even seemingly deep agreements with well developed, and seemingly effective, adjudicating mechanisms can suffer from severe enforcement problems. The relevance of this model for a real world deep agreement, the European Union, is demonstrated, and predictions that can determine if a regulatory regime suffers from enforcement problems are derived.
BibTeX:
@article{carr05-courts,
  author = {Carrubba, Clifford J.},
  title = {Courts and Compliance in International Regulatory Regimes},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {67},
  number = {3},
  pages = {669--689},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Aug., 2005 / Copyright textcopyright 2005 Southern Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3449567}
}
Carrubba, C.J., Gabel, M., Murrah, L., Clough, R., Montgomery, E. and Schambach, R. Off the record: unrecorded legislative votes, selection bias and roll-call vote analysis 2006 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 36(04), pp. 691{\textendash}704 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carr06-off,
  author = {Carrubba, C. J and Gabel, M. and Murrah, L. and Clough, R. and Montgomery, E. and Schambach, R.},
  title = {Off the record: unrecorded legislative votes, selection bias and roll-call vote analysis},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {36},
  number = {04},
  pages = {691textendash704}
}
Carrubba, C.J. and Singh, A. A Decision Theoretic Model of Public Opinion: Guns, Butter, and European Common Defense 2004 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 48(2), pp. 218{\textendash}231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carr04-decision,
  author = {Carrubba, C. J and Singh, A.},
  title = {A Decision Theoretic Model of Public Opinion: Guns, Butter, and European Common Defense},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {48},
  number = {2},
  pages = {218textendash231}
}
Carrubba, C.J. and Volden, C. Explaining institutional change in the European Union: what determines the voting rule in the Council of Ministers? 2001 European Union Politics
Vol. 2(1), pp. 5{\textendash}30 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{carr01-explaining,
  author = {Carrubba, C. J and Volden, C.},
  title = {Explaining institutional change in the European Union: what determines the voting rule in the Council of Ministers?},
  journal = {European Union Politics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {5textendash30}
}
Carrubba, C.J. and Volden, C. Coalitional Politics and Logrolling in Legislative Institutions 2000 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 44(2), pp. 261-277 
article URL 
Abstract: We examine how a foresighted legislative chamber will design its institutions in response to ex ante incentives for universalism and ex post incentives for minimum winning coalitions and what coalitions will form as a result. To do so, we develop a model of vote trading with an endogenous voting rule and coalition formation process. We find that in equilibrium, legislative chambers will almost never choose institutions that guarantee either simple majorities or universalistic outcomes. Rather, coalition sizes from minimal winning to universalistic will be possible under certain conditions given the choice of voting rule. Further, these coalitions will be "minimal necessary," just large enough to sustain cooperation.
BibTeX:
@article{carr00-coalitional,
  author = {Carrubba, Clifford J. and Volden, Craig},
  title = {Coalitional Politics and Logrolling in Legislative Institutions},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {44},
  number = {2},
  pages = {261--277},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Apr., 2000 / Copyright textcopyright 2000 Midwest Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669309}
}
Carsey, T. Campaign dynamics: The race for governor 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cars01-campaign,
  author = {Carsey, T.},
  title = {Campaign dynamics: The race for governor},
  year = {2001}
}
Carsey, T.M. Campaign dynamics: The race for governor 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cars01-campaign-a,
  author = {Carsey, T. M},
  title = {Campaign dynamics: The race for governor},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {2001}
}
Carsey, T.M. and Layman, G.C. Changing sides or changing minds? Party identification and policy preferences in the American electorate 2006 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 50(2), pp. 464{\textendash}477 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cars06-changing,
  author = {Carsey, T. M and Layman, G. C},
  title = {Changing sides or changing minds? Party identification and policy preferences in the American electorate},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {50},
  number = {2},
  pages = {464textendash477}
}
Carsey, T.M. and Layman, G.C. A Dynamic Model of Political Change among Party Activists 1999 Political Behavior
Vol. 21(1), pp. 17-41 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cars99-dynamic,
  author = {Carsey, Thomas M. and Layman, Geoffrey C.},
  title = {A Dynamic Model of Political Change among Party Activists},
  journal = {Political Behavior},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {21},
  number = {1},
  pages = {17--41}
}
Carsey, T.M., Niemi, R.G., Berry, W.D., Powell, L.W. and Snyder, J.M. State Legislative Elections, 1967-2003: Announcing the Completion of a Cleaned and Updated Dataset 2008 State Politics & Policy Quarterly
Vol. 8(4), pp. 430-443 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cars08-state,
  author = {Carsey, Thomas M. and Niemi, Richard G. and Berry, William D. and Powell, Lynda W. and Snyder, James M.},
  title = {State Legislative Elections, 1967-2003: Announcing the Completion of a Cleaned and Updated Dataset},
  journal = {State Politics & Policy Quarterly},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {8},
  number = {4},
  pages = {430--443},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Winter, 2008 /},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/40421623}
}
Carson, J.L. Strategic Interaction and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections: Empirical Applications of Probit and Strategic Probit Models 2003 Political Analysis
Vol. 11(4), pp. 368-380 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In recent work, Signorino (American Political Science Review 93:279textendash297, 1999; International Interactions 28:93textendash115, 2002) has sought to test statistical models derived from extensive-form games in the context of international relations research focusing on conflict and interstate bargaining. When two or more actors interact with one another under conditions of uncertainty, Signorino demonstrates that it is necessary to incorporate such strategic interaction into the underlying model to avoid potential threats to statistical inference. Outside the realm of international relations research, however, there have been limited applications of Signorino's strategic probit model in understanding strategic interaction. In this article, I present an empirical comparison of probit and strategic probit models in the context of candidate competition in House elections during the 1990s. I show that incumbent spending deters challenger entry and factors such as minority party affiliation and redistricting significantly affect incumbent career decisions, findings that run counter to those reported in the nonstrategic model. Overall, the results illustrate that failing to account for strategic interaction can lead to biased and inaccurate estimates related to challenger and incumbent entry decisions.
BibTeX:
@article{cars03-strategic,
  author = {Carson, Jamie L.},
  title = {Strategic Interaction and Candidate Competition in U.S. House Elections: Empirical Applications of Probit and Strategic Probit Models},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {11},
  number = {4},
  pages = {368--380},
  url = {http://pan.oxfordjournals.org.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/content/11/4/368},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pan/mpg022}
}
Carson, J.L. and Crespin, M.H. The effect of state redistricting methods on electoral competition in United States House of Representatives races 2004 State Politics & Policy Quarterly
Vol. 4(4), pp. 455{\textendash}469 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cars04-effect,
  author = {Carson, J. L. and Crespin, M. H.},
  title = {The effect of state redistricting methods on electoral competition in United States House of Representatives races},
  journal = {State Politics & Policy Quarterly},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {4},
  number = {4},
  pages = {455textendash469},
  url = {http://spa.sagepub.com/content/4/4/455.short}
}
Carson, J.L., Finocchiaro, C.J. and Rohde, D.W. Partisanship, Consensus, and Committee-Floor Divergence: A Comparison of Member Behavior in the 96th and 104th Congresses 2002 April
Vol. 30(1), pp. 3-33 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cars02-partisanship,
  author = {Carson, Jamie L. and Finocchiaro, Charles J. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {Partisanship, Consensus, and Committee-Floor Divergence: A Comparison of Member Behavior in the 96th and 104th Congresses},
  journal = {April},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {30(1)},
  pages = {3--33}
}
Carson, J.L., Koger, G. and Lebo, M. The Electoral Consequences of Party Loyalty in Congress 2006   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{cars06-electoral,
  author = {Carson, Jamie L. and Koger, Gregory and Lebo, Matthew},
  title = {The Electoral Consequences of Party Loyalty in Congress},
  year = {2006}
}
Carson, J.L., Koger, G., Lebo, M.J. and Young, E. The Electoral Costs of Party Loyalty in Congress 2010 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 54(3), pp. 616, 598 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cars10-electoral,
  author = {Carson, Jamie L. and Koger, Gregory and Lebo, Matthew J. and Young, Everett},
  title = {The Electoral Costs of Party Loyalty in Congress},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {54},
  number = {3},
  pages = {616, 598},
  url = {10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00449.x}
}
Carter T. Butts, J.H.M. and Rode, D. Communication and Cooperation 2002 Jounal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Vol. 47, pp. 179-195 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cart02-communication,
  author = {Carter T. Butts, John H. Miller and Rode, David},
  title = {Communication and Cooperation},
  journal = {Jounal of Economic Behavior and Organization},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {47},
  pages = {179--195}
}
Carty, R.K. and Cross, W. Can Stratarchically Organized Parties be Democratic? The Canadian Case 2006 Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties
Vol. 16(2), pp. 114, 93 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cart06-stratarchically,
  author = {Carty, R. Kenneth and Cross, William},
  title = {Can Stratarchically Organized Parties be Democratic? The Canadian Case},
  journal = {Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {16},
  number = {2},
  pages = {114, 93},
  url = {10.1080/13689880600715912}
}
Carvalho, C.M. and Scott, J.G. Objective Bayesian model selection in Gaussian graphical models 2009 Biometrika  article  
BibTeX:
@article{carv09-objective,
  author = {Carvalho, C. M and Scott, J. G},
  title = {Objective Bayesian model selection in Gaussian graphical models},
  journal = {Biometrika},
  year = {2009}
}
Casella, G. and Berger, R.L.. Statistical inference 1990   book  
BibTeX:
@book{case90-statistical,
  author = {Casella, G. and Berger, R.L.},
  title = {Statistical inference},
  publisher = {Duxbury Press Belmont, Calif},
  year = {1990}
}
Castaneda, M.A. The Hold-up Problem in a Repeated Relationship 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{cast04-hold-up,
  author = {Castaneda, Marco A.},
  title = {The Hold-up Problem in a Repeated Relationship},
  year = {2004}
}
Castles, F. and McKinlay, R.D. Does politics matter? 1997 European Journal of Political Research
Vol. 31(1), pp. 99{\textendash}107 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cast97-politics,
  author = {Castles, F. and McKinlay, R. D},
  title = {Does politics matter?},
  journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {31},
  number = {1},
  pages = {99textendash107}
}
Cato, S. Complements and consistent closures 2012 Discrete Mathematics
Vol. 312(6), pp. 1218-1221 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cato12-complements,
  author = {Cato, Susumu},
  title = {Complements and consistent closures},
  journal = {Discrete Mathematics},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {312},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1218--1221},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012365X11005401},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2011.11.033}
}
Cato, S. Social choice without the Pareto principle: a comprehensive analysis 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(4), pp. 869-889 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This article provides a systematic analysis of social choice theory without the Pareto principle, by revisiting the method of Murakami Yasusuke. This article consists of two parts. The first part investigates the relationship between rationality of social preference and the axioms that make a collective choice rule either Paretian or anti-Paretian. In the second part, the results in the first part are applied to obtain impossibility results under various rationality requirements of social preference, such as S-consistency, quasi-transitivity, semi-transitivity, the interval-order property, and acyclicity.
BibTeX:
@article{cato12-social,
  author = {Cato, Susumu},
  title = {Social choice without the Pareto principle: a comprehensive analysis},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {4},
  pages = {869--889},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/6077n60026355218/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0564-z}
}
Caussinus, H. Models and uses of principal components analysis: a comparison emphasizing graphical displays and metric choices 2010 , pp. 1{\textendash}12  article  
BibTeX:
@article{caus10-models,
  author = {Caussinus, Henri},
  title = {Models and uses of principal components analysis: a comparison emphasizing graphical displays and metric choices},
  year = {2010},
  pages = {1textendash12}
}
Celeux, G., Hurn, M. and Robert, C.P. Computational and Inferential Difficulties with Mixture Posterior Distributions. 2000 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 95(451) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cele00-computational,
  author = {Celeux, G. and Hurn, M. and Robert, C. P},
  title = {Computational and Inferential Difficulties with Mixture Posterior Distributions.},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {95},
  number = {451}
}
Celeux, G. and Soromenho, G. An entropy criterion for assessing the number of clusters in a mixture model 1996 Journal of Classification
Vol. 13(2), pp. 195{\textendash}212 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cele96-entropy,
  author = {Celeux, G. and Soromenho, G.},
  title = {An entropy criterion for assessing the number of clusters in a mixture model},
  journal = {Journal of Classification},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {13},
  number = {2},
  pages = {195textendash212}
}
Celikyilmaz, A., Hakkani-Tur, D., He, H., Kondrak, G. and Barbosa, D. The actortopic model for extracting social networks in literary narrative 2010 NIPS Workshop: Machine Learning for Social Computing  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{celi10-actortopic,
  author = {Celikyilmaz, A. and Hakkani-Tur, D. and He, H. and Kondrak, G. and Barbosa, D.},
  title = {The actortopic model for extracting social networks in literary narrative},
  booktitle = {NIPS Workshop: Machine Learning for Social Computing},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://webdocs.cs.ualberta.ca/~hhe/NIPS2010_ActorTopicModel.pdf}
}
Chambers, A.L., Smyth, P. and Steyvers, M. Learning concept graphs from text with stick-breaking priors 2010 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cham10-learning,
  author = {Chambers, A. L. and Smyth, P. and Steyvers, M.},
  title = {Learning concept graphs from text with stick-breaking priors},
  journal = {Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://people.ee.duke.edu/~lcarin/Chambers.pdf}
}
Chandra, S. On the Mixtures of Probability Distributions 1977 Scandinavian Journal of Statistics
Vol. 4(3), pp. 105-112 
article URL 
Abstract: The problem of mixtures of probability distributions in a general situation, where the parameter set and the observational space are measurable spaces, is considered here. A general theory is developed for identifiability of a class of mixing distributions. A characterization theorem of identifiability is given and a relationship between the identifiability of the mixing distributions relative to multivariate distributions and to that of corresponding marginals is established. Simpler proofs with lesser restrictions of some well known results are given and are supported by examples. Finally, a general method of estimating the mixing distribution in a metric space is considered. A consistent estimator of the mixing distribution, when the class of mixing distribution is compact in the topology of weak convergence, is constructed.
BibTeX:
@article{chan77-mixtures,
  author = {Chandra, Satish},
  title = {On the Mixtures of Probability Distributions},
  journal = {Scandinavian Journal of Statistics},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {4},
  number = {3},
  pages = {105--112},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: 1977 / Copyright textcopyright 1977 Board of the Foundation of the Scandinavian Journal of Statistics},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/4615660}
}
Chang, C. and Chang, G.J. An Existence Theorem for Abstract Stable Sets 1991 Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society (Series A)
Vol. 51(03), pp. 468-472 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{chan91-existence,
  author = {Chang, Chih and Chang, Gerard J.},
  title = {An Existence Theorem for Abstract Stable Sets},
  journal = {Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society (Series A)},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {51},
  number = {03},
  pages = {468--472},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=4932324&jid=JAZ&volumeId=51&issueId=03&aid=4932316},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1446788700034625}
}
Chang, J. and Blei, D.M.. Hierarchical relational models for document networks 2010 The Annals of Applied Statistics
Vol. 4(1), pp. 124{\textendash}150 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chan10-hierarchical,
  author = {Chang, J. and Blei, D.M.},
  title = {Hierarchical relational models for document networks},
  journal = {The Annals of Applied Statistics},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {4},
  number = {1},
  pages = {124textendash150}
}
Chang, J. and Blei, D. Relational topic models for document networks 2009 Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, pp. 81{\textendash}88  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{chan09-relational,
  author = {Chang, J. and Blei, D.},
  title = {Relational topic models for document networks},
  booktitle = {Artificial Intelligence and Statistics},
  year = {2009},
  pages = {81textendash88},
  url = {https://www.cs.princeton.edu/~blei/papers/ChangBlei2009.pdf}
}
Chang, J., Boyd-Graber, J., Gerrish, S., Wang, C. and Blei, D. Reading tea leaves: How humans interpret topic models 2009 Neural Information Processing Systems  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{chan09-reading,
  author = {Chang, J. and Boyd-Graber, J. and Gerrish, S. and Wang, C. and Blei, D.},
  title = {Reading tea leaves: How humans interpret topic models},
  booktitle = {Neural Information Processing Systems},
  year = {2009}
}
Chang, K., Lewis, D.E. and McCarty, N. The Tenure of Political Appointees 2001   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{chan01-tenure,
  author = {Chang, Kelly and Lewis, David E. and McCarty, Nolan},
  title = {The Tenure of Political Appointees},
  year = {2001}
}
Charness, G. Pre-Play Communication and Credibility: A Test of Aumann's Conjecture 1998 Universitat Pompeu Business
Vol. Economics Working Papers(293) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{char98-pre-play,
  author = {Charness, G.},
  title = {Pre-Play Communication and Credibility: A Test of Aumann's Conjecture},
  journal = {Universitat Pompeu Business},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {Economics Working Papers},
  number = {293}
}
Charness, G. and Rabin, M. Social Preferences: Some Simple Tests and a New Model 2000   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{char00-social,
  author = {Charness, Gary and Rabin, Matthew},
  title = {Social Preferences: Some Simple Tests and a New Model},
  year = {2000}
}
Chatfield, C. Model uncertainty, data mining and statistical inference 1995 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society)
Vol. 158(3), pp. 419{\textendash}466 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chat95-model,
  author = {Chatfield, C.},
  title = {Model uncertainty, data mining and statistical inference},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society)},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {158},
  number = {3},
  pages = {419textendash466}
}
Cheeseman, P. and Stutz, J. Bayesian classification (AutoClass): Theory and results 1996 Advances in knowledge discovery and data mining
Vol. 180 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chee96-bayesian,
  author = {Cheeseman, P. and Stutz, J.},
  title = {Bayesian classification (AutoClass): Theory and results},
  journal = {Advances in knowledge discovery and data mining},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {180}
}
Cheeseman, P. and Stutz, J. Bayesian Classification(AutoClass):Theory and Results 1996   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{chee96-bayesian-a,
  author = {Cheeseman, Peter and Stutz, John},
  title = {Bayesian Classification(AutoClass):Theory and Results},
  year = {1996},
  url = {http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.44.7048}
}
Chen, J., Tan, X. and Zhang, R. Consistency of penalized MLE for normal mixtures in mean and variance 2008 Statistica Sinica
Vol. 18, pp. 443{\textendash}465 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chen08-consistency,
  author = {Chen, J. and Tan, X. and Zhang, R.},
  title = {Consistency of penalized MLE for normal mixtures in mean and variance},
  journal = {Statistica Sinica},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {18},
  pages = {443textendash465}
}
Chen, X., Chernozhukov, V., Lee, S. and Newey, W.K. Local Identification of Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models 2012 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: In parametric models a sufficient condition for local identification is that the vector of moment conditions is differentiable at the true parameter with full rank derivative matrix. We show that additional conditions are often needed in nonlinear, nonparametric models to avoid nonlinearities overwhelming linear effects. We give restrictions on a neighborhood of the true value that are sufficient for local identification. We apply these results to obtain new, primitive identification conditions in several important models, including nonseparable quantile instrumental variable (IV) models, single-index IV models, and semiparametric consumption-based asset pricing models.
BibTeX:
@article{chen12-local,
  author = {Chen, Xiaohong and Chernozhukov, Victor and Lee, Sokbae and Newey, Whitney K.},
  title = {Local Identification of Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2175616}
}
Chen, X. and Deng, X. A Simplicial Approach for Discrete Fixed Point Theorems 2006
Vol. 4112Computing and Combinatorics, pp. 3-12 
incollection URL 
BibTeX:
@incollection{chen06-simplicial,
  author = {Chen, Xi and Deng, Xiaotie},
  title = {A Simplicial Approach for Discrete Fixed Point Theorems},
  booktitle = {Computing and Combinatorics},
  publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {4112},
  pages = {3--12},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/e3276577430j1q53/abstract/}
}
Chen, X. and Wu, K. The Upper Bound of Transitive Index of Reducible Tournaments 2012 Journal of Mathematics Research
Vol. 4(3), pp. p116 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{chen12-upper,
  author = {Chen, X. and Wu, K.},
  title = {The Upper Bound of Transitive Index of Reducible Tournaments},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematics Research},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {4},
  number = {3},
  pages = {p116},
  url = {http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jmr/article/viewFile/16169/11878}
}
Chen, X., Zhou, M. and Carin, L. The contextual focused topic model 2012 Proceedings of the 18th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining, pp. 96{\textendash}104  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{chen12-contextual,
  author = {Chen, X. and Zhou, M. and Carin, L.},
  title = {The contextual focused topic model},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 18th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining},
  year = {2012},
  pages = {96textendash104},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2339549}
}
Chernomordik, O.M. Nonparametric tests of homogeneity of several samples 1987 Journal of Mathematical Sciences
Vol. 38(6), pp. 2421-2430 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: One presents a class of nonparametric tests of homogeneity of k samples, based on the statistic p. One finds the exact and the asymptotic distributions under the validity of the fundamental hypothesis and the asymptotic distribution under approaching alternatives.
BibTeX:
@article{cher87-nonparametric,
  author = {Chernomordik, O. M.},
  title = {Nonparametric tests of homogeneity of several samples},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematical Sciences},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {38},
  number = {6},
  pages = {2421--2430},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01095086},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01095086}
}
Chernozhukov, V. and Hansen, C. An IV model of quantile treatment effects 2005 Econometrica
Vol. 73(1), pp. 245{\textendash}261 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cher05-iv,
  author = {Chernozhukov, V. and Hansen, C.},
  title = {An IV model of quantile treatment effects},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {73},
  number = {1},
  pages = {245textendash261}
}
Chernozhukov, V., Hong, H. and Tamer, E.T. Estimation and confidence regions for parameter sets in econometric models   article  
BibTeX:
@article{cher??-estimation,
  author = {Chernozhukov, V. and Hong, H. and Tamer, E. T},
  title = {Estimation and confidence regions for parameter sets in econometric models}
}
Chesher, A. Instrumental variable models for discrete outcomes 2008   article  
BibTeX:
@article{ches08-instrumental,
  author = {Chesher, A.},
  title = {Instrumental variable models for discrete outcomes},
  year = {2008}
}
Chevaleyre, Y., Endriss, U., Lang, J. and Maudet, N. A short introduction to computational social choice 2007 SOFSEM 2007: Theory and Practice of Computer Science, pp. 51-69  article  
BibTeX:
@article{chev07-short,
  author = {Chevaleyre, Y. and Endriss, U. and Lang, J. and Maudet, N.},
  title = {A short introduction to computational social choice},
  journal = {SOFSEM 2007: Theory and Practice of Computer Science},
  year = {2007},
  pages = {51--69}
}
Chevalier, A. Just like Daddy: the occupational choice of UK graduates 2001 Center for the Economics of Education. London School of Economics  article  
BibTeX:
@article{chev01-just,
  author = {Chevalier, A.},
  title = {Just like Daddy: the occupational choice of UK graduates},
  journal = {Center for the Economics of Education. London School of Economics},
  year = {2001}
}
Chiang, A.C. and Wainwright, K. Fundamental methods of mathematical economics 2005   book  
Abstract: It has been twenty years since the last edition of this classic book. Kevin Wainwright (British Columbia University and Simon Fraser University), a long time user of the text, has executed the perfect revision: he has updated examples, applications and theory without changing the elegant, precise presentation style of Alpha Chiang. Readers will find the wait was worthwhile.
BibTeX:
@book{chia05-fundamental,
  author = {Chiang, Alpha C. and Wainwright, Kevin},
  title = {Fundamental methods of mathematical economics},
  publisher = {McGraw-Hill},
  year = {2005}
}
Childs, S. A Feminised Style of Politics? Women MPs in the House of Commons 2004 The British Journal of Politics and International Relations
Vol. 6(1), pp. 19, 3 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{chil04-feminised,
  author = {Childs, Sarah},
  title = {A Feminised Style of Politics? Women MPs in the House of Commons},
  journal = {The British Journal of Politics and International Relations},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1},
  pages = {19, 3},
  url = {10.1111/j.1467-856X.2004.00124.x}
}
Chino, N. and Shiraiwa, K. Geometrical structures of some non-distance models for asymmetric MDS 1993 Behaviormetrika
Vol. 20(1), pp. 35-47 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chin93-geometrical,
  author = {Chino, N. and Shiraiwa, K.},
  title = {Geometrical structures of some non-distance models for asymmetric MDS},
  journal = {Behaviormetrika},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {20},
  number = {1},
  pages = {35--47}
}
Chisholm, D. Problem Solving and Institutional Design 1995 Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory: J-PART
Vol. 5(4), pp. 451-491 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The following values have no corresponding Zotero field:textlessbr/textgreaterPB - Oxford University Press on behalf of the Public Management Research Associationtextlessbr/textgreater
BibTeX:
@article{chis95-problem,
  author = {Chisholm, Donald},
  title = {Problem Solving and Institutional Design},
  journal = {Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory: J-PART},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {5},
  number = {4},
  pages = {451--491},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Oct., 1995 / Copyright textcopyright 1995 Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Inc.},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1181644},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1181644}
}
Christakis, N.A. and Fowler, J.H. The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years 2007 N Engl J Med
Vol. 357(4), pp. 370-379 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Background The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the person-to-person spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic. Methods We evaluated a densely interconnected social network of 12,067 people assessed repeatedly from 1971 to 2003 as part of the Framingham Heart Study. The body-mass index was available for all subjects. We used longitudinal statistical models to examine whether weight gain in one person was associated with weight gain in his or her friends, siblings, spouse, and neighbors. Results Discernible clusters of obese persons (body-mass index [the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters], [>=]30) were present in the network at all time points, and the clusters extended to three degrees of separation. These clusters did not appear to be solely attributable to the selective formation of social ties among obese persons. A person's chances of becoming obese increased by 57% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6 to 123) if he or she had a friend who became obese in a given interval. Among pairs of adult siblings, if one sibling became obese, the chance that the other would become obese increased by 40% (95% CI, 21 to 60). If one spouse became obese, the likelihood that the other spouse would become obese increased by 37% (95% CI, 7 to 73). These effects were not seen among neighbors in the immediate geographic location. Persons of the same sex had relatively greater influence on each other than those of the opposite sex. The spread of smoking cessation did not account for the spread of obesity in the network. Conclusions Network phenomena appear to be relevant to the biologic and behavioral trait of obesity, and obesity appears to spread through social ties. These findings have implications for clinical and public health interventions.
BibTeX:
@article{chri07-spread,
  author = {Christakis, Nicholas A. and Fowler, James H.},
  title = {The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years},
  journal = {N Engl J Med},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {357},
  number = {4},
  pages = {370--379},
  url = {http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/4/370},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa066082}
}
Christopher H. Foreman, J. Signals from the Hill 1989   book  
BibTeX:
@book{chri89-signals,
  author = {Christopher H. Foreman, Jr.},
  title = {Signals from the Hill},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1989}
}
Chwe, M. Rationally constructing the dimensions of the political sphere 2007 International Journal of Game Theory
Vol. 35(2), pp. 205-221 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: I construct a game-theoretic model in which people have preferences over two issues, but in which people rationally and endogenously choose to reveal their preferences over only one of them, leaving the other private and irrelevant for political action. In this way, people textquotedblleftconstructtextquotedblright the political sphere to include one issue and not the other.
BibTeX:
@article{chwe07-rationally,
  author = {Chwe, Michael},
  title = {Rationally constructing the dimensions of the political sphere},
  journal = {International Journal of Game Theory},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {35},
  number = {2},
  pages = {205--221},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/content/u219r17025644282/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00182-006-0040-7}
}
Chwe, M. Why Were Workers Whipped? Pain in a Principal-Agent Model 1990 The Economic Journal
Vol. 100(403), pp. 1109{\textendash}1121 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{chwe90-why,
  author = {Chwe, Michael},
  title = {Why Were Workers Whipped? Pain in a Principal-Agent Model},
  journal = {The Economic Journal},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {100},
  number = {403},
  pages = {1109textendash1121},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2233961}
}
Chwe, M.S. Farsighted Coalitional Stability 1994 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 63, pp. 299-325 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{chwe94-farsighted,
  author = {Chwe, Michael S.},
  title = {Farsighted Coalitional Stability},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {63},
  pages = {299--325}
}
Chwe, M.S.Y. Incentive compatibility implies signed covariance 2006   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{chwe06-incentive,
  author = {Chwe, M. S. Y.},
  title = {Incentive compatibility implies signed covariance},
  year = {2006}
}
Chwe, M.S.Y. Structure and strategy in collective action 1999 American Journal of Sociology, pp. 128{\textendash}156  article  
BibTeX:
@article{chwe99-structure,
  author = {Chwe, M. S. Y.},
  title = {Structure and strategy in collective action},
  journal = {American Journal of Sociology},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {128textendash156}
}
Claeskens, G. and Hjort, N.L. The focused information criterion 2003 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 98(464), pp. 900{\textendash}916 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clae03-focused,
  author = {Claeskens, G. and Hjort, N. L},
  title = {The focused information criterion},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {98},
  number = {464},
  pages = {900textendash916}
}
Claibourn, M. Connecting the Candidates to Issues: The Influence of Campaign Advertising   article  
BibTeX:
@article{clai??-connecting,
  author = {Claibourn, M.},
  title = {Connecting the Candidates to Issues: The Influence of Campaign Advertising}
}
Clark, J.H. Examining Parties as Procedural Cartels: Evidence from the U.S. States 2012 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 37(4), pp. 491{\textendash}507 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Procedural cartel theory states that the majority party exerts influence over legislative outcomes through agenda control. This research tests predictions from the party cartel theory in five state legislatures. I assess party influence through comparison of term-limited and nonterm-limited legislators. I argue that term-limited legislators (who are not seeking elective office) are no longer susceptible to party pressure, making them the perfect means to determine the existence of party influence. The results demonstrate that party influence is present in these legislatures. I find that party influence is magnified on the procedural, rather than final-passage, voting record which is precisely where procedural cartel theory predicts. I find lower levels of ideological consistency and party discipline among members for whom the party leadership offers the leasttextemdashthose leaving elective office. These results provide support for party cartel theory, demonstrating further evidence of how parties matter in modern democracies.
BibTeX:
@article{clar12-examining,
  author = {Clark, Jennifer Hayes},
  title = {Examining Parties as Procedural Cartels: Evidence from the U.S. States},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {37},
  number = {4},
  pages = {491textendash507},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1939-9162.2012.00059.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-9162.2012.00059.x}
}
Clark, T.S. and Carrubba, C.J. A Theory of Opinion Writing in a Political Hierarchy 2012 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 1(1), pp. 1{\textendash}20 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{clar12-theory,
  author = {Clark, T. S. and Carrubba, C. J.},
  title = {A Theory of Opinion Writing in a Political Hierarchy},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {1},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1textendash20},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022381611001794}
}
Clarke, H.D. and McCutcheon, A.L. The Dynamics of Party Identification Reconsidered 2009 Public Opinion Quarterly
Vol. 73(4), pp. 704-728 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{clar09-dynamics,
  author = {Clarke, H. D. and McCutcheon, A. L.},
  title = {The Dynamics of Party Identification Reconsidered},
  journal = {Public Opinion Quarterly},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {73},
  number = {4},
  pages = {704--728},
  url = {http://poq.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/doi/10.1093/poq/nfp051},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfp051}
}
Clarke, H.D. and Stewart, M.C. Partisan inconsistency and partisan change in federal states: The case of Canada 1987 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 31(2), pp. 383{\textendash}407 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clar87-partisan,
  author = {Clarke, H. D and Stewart, M. C},
  title = {Partisan inconsistency and partisan change in federal states: The case of Canada},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {31},
  number = {2},
  pages = {383textendash407}
}
Clarke, K. A simple distribution-free test for nonnested model selection 2007 Political Analysis  article  
BibTeX:
@article{clar07-simple,
  author = {Clarke, K.},
  title = {A simple distribution-free test for nonnested model selection},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2007}
}
Clarke, K. Nonparametric model discrimination in international relations 2003 Journal of Conflict Resolution
Vol. 47(1), pp. 72{\textendash}72 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clar03-nonparametric,
  author = {Clarke, K.},
  title = {Nonparametric model discrimination in international relations},
  journal = {Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {47},
  number = {1},
  pages = {72textendash72}
}
Clarke, K.A., Signorino, C.S. and Hall, H. Discriminating Methods: Tests for Nonnested Discrete Choice Models 2003 manuscript, University of Rochester  article  
BibTeX:
@article{clar03-discriminating,
  author = {Clarke, K. A. and Signorino, C. S. and Hall, H.},
  title = {Discriminating Methods: Tests for Nonnested Discrete Choice Models},
  journal = {manuscript, University of Rochester},
  year = {2003}
}
Clausen, A. How Congressmen Decide: A Policy Focus 1973   book  
BibTeX:
@book{clau73-how,
  author = {Clausen, Aage},
  title = {How Congressmen Decide: A Policy Focus},
  publisher = {St. Martin's Press},
  year = {1973}
}
Clausen, A.R. and Wilcox, C. Policy Partisanship in Legislative Leadership Recruitment and Behavior 1987 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 12(2), pp. 243-263 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clau87-policy,
  author = {Clausen, Aage R. and Wilcox, Clyde},
  title = {Policy Partisanship in Legislative Leadership Recruitment and Behavior},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {12(2)},
  pages = {243--263}
}
Climer, S. and Zhang, W. Rearrangement clustering: Pitfalls, remedies, and applications 2006 The Journal of Machine Learning Research
Vol. 7, pp. 919{\textendash}943 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clim06-rearrangement,
  author = {Climer, S. and Zhang, W.},
  title = {Rearrangement clustering: Pitfalls, remedies, and applications},
  journal = {The Journal of Machine Learning Research},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {7},
  pages = {919textendash943}
}
Clinton, JOSHUA., Jackman, SIMON. and Rivers, DOUGLAS. The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Data 2004 American Political Science Review
Vol. 98(02), pp. 355{\textendash}370 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{clin04-statistical-a,
  author = {Clinton, JOSHUA and Jackman, SIMON and Rivers, DOUGLAS},
  title = {The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Data},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {98},
  number = {02},
  pages = {355textendash370},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?aid=228449}
}
Clinton, J., Jackman, S. and Rivers, D. The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Voting: A Unified Approach 2004 American Political Science Review
Vol. 98(2), pp. 355-370 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clin04-statistical,
  author = {Clinton, Joshua and Jackman, Simon and Rivers, Doug},
  title = {The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Voting: A Unified Approach},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {98(2)},
  pages = {355--370}
}
Clinton, J. and Meirowitz, A. Integrating Roll Call Analysis and Voting Theory: A Framework 2003 Political Analysis
Vol. 11, pp. 381-396 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clin03-integrating,
  author = {Clinton, Joshua and Meirowitz, Adam},
  title = {Integrating Roll Call Analysis and Voting Theory: A Framework},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {381--396}
}
Clinton, J.D. and Meirowitz, A. Testing explanations of strategic voting in legislatures: A reexamination of the compromise of 1790 2004 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 48(4), pp. 675{\textendash}689 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clin04-testing,
  author = {Clinton, J. D and Meirowitz, A.},
  title = {Testing explanations of strategic voting in legislatures: A reexamination of the compromise of 1790},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {48},
  number = {4},
  pages = {675textendash689}
}
Clinton, J.D. and Meirowitz, A. Agenda constrained legislator ideal points and the spatial voting model 2001 Political Analysis
Vol. 9(3), pp. 242{\textendash}259 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clin01-agenda,
  author = {Clinton, J. D and Meirowitz, A.},
  title = {Agenda constrained legislator ideal points and the spatial voting model},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {9},
  number = {3},
  pages = {242textendash259}
}
Close, D. Legislatures and the new democracies in Latin America 1995   book  
BibTeX:
@book{clos95-legislatures,
  author = {Close, David},
  title = {Legislatures and the new democracies in Latin America},
  publisher = {L. Rienner Publishers},
  year = {1995}
}
Clots-Figueras, I. Are Female Leaders Good for Education? Evidence from India   article  
BibTeX:
@article{clot??-female,
  author = {Clots-Figueras, I.},
  title = {Are Female Leaders Good for Education? Evidence from India}
}
Clyde, M. and George, E.I. Model uncertainty 2004 Statistical Science
Vol. 19(1), pp. 81{\textendash}94 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{clyd04-model,
  author = {Clyde, M. and George, E. I},
  title = {Model uncertainty},
  journal = {Statistical Science},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {19},
  number = {1},
  pages = {81textendash94}
}
Coate, S. and Knight, B. Socially optimal districting: a theoretical and empirical exploration 2007 Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 122(4), pp. 1409{\textendash}1471 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coat07-socially,
  author = {Coate, S. and Knight, B.},
  title = {Socially optimal districting: a theoretical and empirical exploration},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {122},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1409textendash1471}
}
Coates, D. and Munger, M. Legislative Voting and the Economic Theory of Politics 1995 Southern Economic Journal
Vol. 61, pp. 861-873 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coat95-legislative,
  author = {Coates, Dennis and Munger, Michael},
  title = {Legislative Voting and the Economic Theory of Politics},
  journal = {Southern Economic Journal},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {61},
  pages = {861--873}
}
Codognatoy, G. and Ghosalz, S. On Existence of Undominated Pure Strategy Nash Equilibria in Anonymous Nonatomic Games: A Generalization 2003 International Journal of Game Theory
Vol. 31, pp. 493-498 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{codo03-existence,
  author = {Codognatoy, Giulio and Ghosalz, Sayantan},
  title = {On Existence of Undominated Pure Strategy Nash Equilibria in Anonymous Nonatomic Games: A Generalization},
  journal = {International Journal of Game Theory},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {493--498}
}
Cody, R.P. and Smith, J.K. Applied Statistics and the SAS programming language 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cody97-applied,
  author = {Cody, Ronald P. and Smith, Jeffrey K.},
  title = {Applied Statistics and the SAS programming language},
  publisher = {Prentice-Hall},
  year = {1997}
}
Coelho, D. Maximin choice of voting rules for committees 2005 Economics of Governance
Vol. 6(2), pp. 159-175 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coel05-maximin,
  author = {Coelho, D.},
  title = {Maximin choice of voting rules for committees},
  journal = {Economics of Governance},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {6},
  number = {2},
  pages = {159--175}
}
Cohen, J. An Epistemic Conception of Democracy 1986 Ethics
Vol. 97(1), pp. 6-25 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cohe86-epistemic,
  author = {Cohen, Joshua},
  title = {An Epistemic Conception of Democracy},
  journal = {Ethics},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {97(1)},
  pages = {6--25}
}
Cohen, J.E. The Polls: Presidential Referendum Effects in the 2006 Midterm Elections 2007 Presidential Studies Quarterly
Vol. 37(3), pp. 545-557 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cohe07-polls,
  author = {Cohen, Jeffrey E.},
  title = {The Polls: Presidential Referendum Effects in the 2006 Midterm Elections},
  journal = {Presidential Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {37},
  number = {3},
  pages = {545--557}
}
Cohen, M., March, J. and Olsen, J. A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice 1972 Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 17, pp. 1-25 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cohe72-garbage,
  author = {Cohen, Michael and March, James and Olsen, Johan},
  title = {A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice},
  journal = {Administrative Science Quarterly},
  year = {1972},
  volume = {17},
  pages = {1--25}
}
Coker, D.C.. and Crain, W.M.. Legislative Committees as Loyalty-Generating Institutions 1994 Public Choice
Vol. 81(3), pp. 195-221 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coke94-legislative,
  author = {Coker, D.C. and Crain, W.M.},
  title = {Legislative Committees as Loyalty-Generating Institutions},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {81},
  number = {3},
  pages = {195--221}
}
Colantuono, M.G. Revision of American State Constitutions: Legislative Power, Popular Sovereignty, and Constitutional Change, The 1987 California Law Review
Vol. 75, pp. 1473 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cola87-revision,
  author = {Colantuono, Michael G.},
  title = {Revision of American State Constitutions: Legislative Power, Popular Sovereignty, and Constitutional Change, The},
  journal = {California Law Review},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {75},
  pages = {1473},
  url = {http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/calr75&id=1487&div=&collection=journals}
}
Cole, D.H. The Varieties of Comparative Institutional Analysis 2012 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: This paper, written as a contribution to a festchrift in honor of Neil Komesar, subjects his "comparative institutional analysis" (CIA) to a comparative analysis with various other social-scientific approaches to CIA. Neil Komesar is among the very few legal scholars who has taken to heart Ronald Coase's call for comparative institutional analysis (CIA) of alternative "social arrangements." While Komesar has plowed a relatively lonely furrow in the legal academy, scholars from across the social sciences have been engaged in CIA (broadly defined), using various terminologies, methodologies, and evaluative criteria. This paper takes a pluralistic approach to understanding the differences in approach to CIA and seeks to explain them functionally. That is, scholars' preferred definitions of terms like "institution" and "organization," as well as different methods and criteria for comparison, can best be explained in light of the specific kinds of questions they are seeking to answer. After delineating and categorizing along two dimensions 17 distinct definitions of the term "institution," as used in the social-scientific literature, this paper examines more closely the two, significantly different, approaches to CIA taken, respectively, by Neil Komesar and the late Elinor Ostrom. The purpose of the comparison is not to argue that one's approach is necessarily preferable to that of the other, but merely to illustrate how differences in approaching CIA may depend on what social phenomena the scholar is attempting to understand and explain, and whether the purpose of the analysis is positive or normative. The paper concludes with a call for more cross-disciplinary communication among scholars engaged in various forms of CIA, not necessarily for the purpose of consolidation or standardization, but simply to better understand one another and the possible functional reasons for differences in approach.
BibTeX:
@article{cole12-varieties,
  author = {Cole, Daniel H.},
  title = {The Varieties of Comparative Institutional Analysis},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2162691}
}
Collie, M.P. The Legislature and Distributive Policy Making in Formal Perspective 1988 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 13(4), pp. 427-458 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coll88-legislature,
  author = {Collie, Melissa P.},
  title = {The Legislature and Distributive Policy Making in Formal Perspective},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {13},
  number = {4},
  pages = {427--458}
}
Collie, M.P. Universalism and the Parties in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1921-80 1988 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 32(4), pp. 865-883 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coll88-universalism,
  author = {Collie, Melissa P.},
  title = {Universalism and the Parties in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1921-80},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {32},
  number = {4},
  pages = {865--883}
}
Colomer, J. It's parties that choose electoral systems (or, Duverger's laws upside down) 2005 Political Studies
Vol. 53(1), pp. 1{\textendash}21 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{colo05-s,
  author = {Colomer, J.},
  title = {It's parties that choose electoral systems (or, Duverger's laws upside down)},
  journal = {Political Studies},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {53},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1textendash21}
}
Colomer, J.M. On the origins of electoral systems and political parties: The role of elections in multi-member districts 2007 Electoral Studies
Vol. 26(2), pp. 262-273 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The old, under-studied electoral system composed of multi-member districts, open ballot and plurality rule is presented in this article as the most remote scene of the origin of both political parties and new electoral systems. A survey of the uses of this set of electoral rules in different parts of the world during remote and recent periods shows its widespread use. A model of voting by this electoral system demonstrates that, while it can produce citizens' consensual representation, it also provides incentives for potential leaders to form factional or partisan candidacies. Famous negative reactions to the emergence of factions and political parties during the 18th and 19th centuries are reinterpreted in this context. Many electoral rules and procedures invented since the second half of the 19th century--including the Australian ballot, single-member districts, limited ballot, and proportional representation rules--derived from the search to reduce the effects of the [`]originating' multi-member district system in favor of a single party sweep. The general relations between political parties and electoral systems are restated to account for the foundational stage here discussed.
BibTeX:
@article{colo07-origins,
  author = {Colomer, Josep M.},
  title = {On the origins of electoral systems and political parties: The role of elections in multi-member districts},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {26},
  number = {2},
  pages = {262--273},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V9P-4JVTC22-1/2/9a0f7852b4d413f6885f3de23c761012},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2006.02.002}
}
Colomer, J.M. On the origins of electoral systems and political parties: The role of elections in multi-member districts 2007 Electoral Studies
Vol. 26(2), pp. 262{\textendash}273 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{colo07-origins-a,
  author = {Colomer, J. M.},
  title = {On the origins of electoral systems and political parties: The role of elections in multi-member districts},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {26},
  number = {2},
  pages = {262textendash273}
}
Committee, G.B.P.H.o.C.P. Election of the Speaker and of the Deputy Speakers: first report of session 2009-10, report, together with formal minutes and written evidence 2010   book  
Abstract: The election of the Speaker in 2009 was the first to be held under the new rules recommended by the Procedure Committee in 2000. The Committee reports satisfaction that it met the test of enabling the House to reach its decision in a fair and transparent way, and the use of the secret ballot was a particular success. Some improvements, though, are recommended: names of sponsors should be published; the minimum number of sponsors should be increased to 15; hustings should be welcomed but should continue to be run by outside organisations; the time allowed for each round of voting should be reduced to 20 minutes to speed up the process. The Committee has also devised a detailed procedure for electing Deputy Speakers reflecting that used for the Speaker, including the secret ballot, a minimum number of sponsors and publication of the names of those sponsors. Candidates should submit a brief statement along with their nomination form instead of speeches or hustings. The existing conventions would continue: the four Deputy Speakers should be drawn equally from the Government and opposition side of the House; there should be at least one man and at least one woman on the team.
BibTeX:
@book{comm10-election,
  author = {Committee, Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Procedure},
  title = {Election of the Speaker and of the Deputy Speakers: first report of session 2009-10, report, together with formal minutes and written evidence},
  publisher = {The Stationery Office},
  year = {2010}
}
Committee on the Budget, U.S..S. The Congressional Budget Process: An Explanation 1998   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{comm98-congressional,
  author = {Committee on the Budget, U.S. Senate},
  title = {The Congressional Budget Process: An Explanation},
  year = {1998}
}
Congleton, R.D. and Swedenborg, B. On the merits of bicameral legislatures: intragovernmental bargaining and policy stability Democratic constitutional design and public policy: analysis and evidence  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{cong??-merits,
  author = {Congleton, Roger D. and Swedenborg, Birgitta},
  title = {On the merits of bicameral legislatures: intragovernmental bargaining and policy stability},
  booktitle = {Democratic constitutional design and public policy: analysis and evidence},
  publisher = {MIT Press}
}
Conley, T.G. and Taber, C. Inference with'Difference in Differences' with a Small Number of Policy Changes 2005 NBER Working Paper  article  
BibTeX:
@article{conl05-inference,
  author = {Conley, T. G and Taber, C.},
  title = {Inference with'Difference in Differences' with a Small Number of Policy Changes},
  journal = {NBER Working Paper},
  year = {2005}
}
Connections, R.O. and Ones, E.N. 11 Critical Discourse Analysis and (US) Communication Scholarship 2011 Communication Yearbook 35, pp. 241  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{conn11-,
  author = {Connections, R. O. and Ones, E. N.},
  title = {11 Critical Discourse Analysis and (US) Communication Scholarship},
  journal = {Communication Yearbook 35},
  year = {2011},
  pages = {241},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UKl1-M4Sqh4C&oi=fnd&pg=PA241&dq=Jessica+S.+Robles+critical+discourse+analysis&ots=okoS_z9Oqj&sig=5HFrjtN2LHo63nqyJsR46PkOVcQ}
}
Conover, P.J. and Feldman, S. The Origins and Meaning of Liberal/Conservative Self-Identifications 1981 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 25(4), pp. 617-645 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Although over the past few decades liberal/conservative self-identifications have often played a part in studies of belief systems, they have seldom been the focus of research. Recently, however, several studies have suggested that such identifications play a significant role in voting behavior and political perception. Implicit in this research, however, are two tenuous assumptions: that liberal/conservative identifications are bipolar in meaning and that underlying this bipolarity is cognitive meaning based on political issues. In this paper, we develop a model of ideological identifications that emphasizes their symbolic and nondimensional origins and nature. Based on the 1976 and 1978 National Election Studies, our empirical analysis reveals strong support for the model. Specifically, ideological identifications are found to have largely symbolic meanings, a fact that helps to explain some of the findings concerning the relationship of the liberal/conservative continuum to political perception and behavior.
BibTeX:
@article{pame81-origins,
  author = {Pamela Johnston Conover and Feldman, Stanley},
  title = {The Origins and Meaning of Liberal/Conservative Self-Identifications},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {25},
  number = {4},
  pages = {617--645},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 1981 / Copyright textcopyright 1981 Midwest Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110756},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2110756}
}
Converse, P., Campbell, A., Converse, P., Miller, W. and Stokes, D. The Concept of a Normal Vote 1966 Elections and the Political Order  inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{conv66-concept,
  author = {Converse, Philip and Campbell, Angus and Converse, Philip and Miller, Warren and Stokes, Donald},
  title = {The Concept of a Normal Vote},
  booktitle = {Elections and the Political Order},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {1966}
}
Converse, P.E. and Apter, D.E. The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics 1964   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{conv64-nature,
  author = {Converse, Philip E. and Apter, David E.},
  title = {The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics},
  publisher = {Free Press},
  year = {1964}
}
Converse, P.E., Greenstein, F.I. and Polsby, N.W. Public Opinion and Voting Behavior 1966   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{conv66-public,
  author = {Converse, Philip E. and Greenstein, Fred I. and Polsby, Nelson W.},
  title = {Public Opinion and Voting Behavior},
  publisher = {Addison-Wesley},
  year = {1966}
}
Cook, R.D. and Critchley, F. Identifying Regression Outliers and Mixtures Graphically 2000 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 95(451), pp. 781-794 
article URL 
Abstract: Regressions in practice can include outliers and other unknown subpopulation structures. For example, mixtures of regressions occur if there is an omitted categorical predictor, like gender or location, and different regressions occur within each category. The theory of regression graphics based on central subspaces can be used to construct graphical solutions to long-standing problems of this type. It is argued that in practice the central subspace automatically expands to incorporate outliers and regression mixtures. Thus methods of estimating the central subspace can be used to identify these phenomena, without specifying a model. Examples illustrating the power of the theory are presented.
BibTeX:
@article{cook00-identifying,
  author = {Cook, R. Dennis and Critchley, Frank},
  title = {Identifying Regression Outliers and Mixtures Graphically},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {95},
  number = {451},
  pages = {781--794},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Sep., 2000 / Copyright textcopyright 2000 American Statistical Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669462}
}
Cook, R.D. and Croos-Dabrera, R. Partial Residual Plots in Generalized Linear Models 1998 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 93(442), pp. 730-739 
article URL 
Abstract: In this article we explore the structure and usefulness of partial residual plots as tools for visualizing curvature as a function of selected predictors X2 in a generalized linear model (GLM), where the vector of predictors x is partitioned as xT = (xT 1, xT 2). The GLM extension of CERES plots is discussed, but to a lesser extent. The usefulness of these plots for obtaining a good visual impression of curvature may be limited by the specified GLM, the link function, and the stochastic behavior of the predictors. Partial residual plots seem to work well when modeling is in a region where the conditional mean of the response given x stays well away from its extremes so that the link is essentially linear, and E(x1| x2) is linear in x2. CERES plots, however, require only the first condition. The behavior of these plots is contrasted with their behavior in additive-error models.
BibTeX:
@article{cook98-partial,
  author = {Cook, R. Dennis and Croos-Dabrera, Rodney},
  title = {Partial Residual Plots in Generalized Linear Models},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {93},
  number = {442},
  pages = {730--739},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jun., 1998 / Copyright textcopyright 1998 American Statistical Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2670123}
}
Coombs, C. Theory of Data 1954   book  
BibTeX:
@book{coom54-theory,
  author = {Coombs, Clyde},
  title = {Theory of Data},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {1954}
}
Coombs, C. and Kao, R. On a connection between factor analysis and multidimensional unfolding 1960 Psychometrika
Vol. 25(3), pp. 219{\textendash}231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coom60-connection,
  author = {Coombs, C. and Kao, R.},
  title = {On a connection between factor analysis and multidimensional unfolding},
  journal = {Psychometrika},
  year = {1960},
  volume = {25},
  number = {3},
  pages = {219textendash231}
}
Coombs, C.H. A theory of data 1960 Psychological review
Vol. 67(3), pp. 143{\textendash}159 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coom60-theory,
  author = {Coombs, C. H},
  title = {A theory of data},
  journal = {Psychological review},
  year = {1960},
  volume = {67},
  number = {3},
  pages = {143textendash159}
}
Cooper, J. and Brady, D.W. Institutional Context and Leadership Style: The House from Cannon to Rayburn 1981 American Political Science Review
Vol. 75, pp. 411-425 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coop81-institutional,
  author = {Cooper, Joseph and Brady, David W.},
  title = {Institutional Context and Leadership Style: The House from Cannon to Rayburn},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {75},
  pages = {411--425}
}
Cooper, J. and West, W.F. Presidential Power and Republican Government: The Theory and Practice of OMB Review of Agency Rules 1988 Journal of Politics
Vol. 50(4), pp. 864-895 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coop88-presidential,
  author = {Cooper, Joseph and West, William F.},
  title = {Presidential Power and Republican Government: The Theory and Practice of OMB Review of Agency Rules},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {50},
  number = {4},
  pages = {864--895}
}
Cooper, K.J. House Moves to Reduce Secrecy 1993   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{coop93-house,
  author = {Cooper, Kenneth J.},
  title = {House Moves to Reduce Secrecy},
  year = {1993}
}
Corman, S.R., Kuhn, T., McPhee, R.D. and Dooley, K.J. Studying Complex Discursive Systems. 2002 Human Communication Research
Vol. 28(2), pp. 157{\textendash}206 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{corm02-studying,
  author = {Corman, S. R. and Kuhn, T. and McPhee, R. D. and Dooley, K. J.},
  title = {Studying Complex Discursive Systems.},
  journal = {Human Communication Research},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {28},
  number = {2},
  pages = {157textendash206}
}
Corneo, G. and Grtextbackslashüner, H.P. Individual preferences for political redistribution 2002 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 83(1), pp. 83{\textendash}107 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{corn02-individual,
  author = {Corneo, G. and Grtextbackslashüner, H. P},
  title = {Individual preferences for political redistribution},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {83},
  number = {1},
  pages = {83textendash107}
}
Corsini, P. and Leoreanu, V. Hypergroups and Binary Relations 2000 Algebra Universalis
Vol. 43, pp. 321-330 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cors00-hypergroups,
  author = {Corsini, Piergiulio and Leoreanu, Violeta},
  title = {Hypergroups and Binary Relations},
  journal = {Algebra Universalis},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {43},
  pages = {321--330}
}
Cortell, A.P. and Peterson, S. Altered States: Explaining Domestic Institutional Change 1999 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 29(1), pp. 177-203 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The following values have no corresponding Zotero field:textlessbr/textgreaterPB - Cambridge University Presstextlessbr/textgreater
BibTeX:
@article{cort99-altered,
  author = {Cortell, Andrew P. and Peterson, Susan},
  title = {Altered States: Explaining Domestic Institutional Change},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {29},
  number = {1},
  pages = {177--203},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan., 1999 / Copyright textcopyright 1999 Cambridge University Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/194301},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/194301}
}
Coughlan, P.J. In Defense of Unanimous Jury Verdicts: Mistrials, Communication, and Strategic Voting 2000 American Political Science Review
Vol. 94, pp. 375-394 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coug00-defense,
  author = {Coughlan, Peter J.},
  title = {In Defense of Unanimous Jury Verdicts: Mistrials, Communication, and Strategic Voting},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94},
  pages = {375--394}
}
Coughlin, P.J. Probabilistic Voting Theory 1992   book  
BibTeX:
@book{coug92-probabilistic,
  author = {Coughlin, Peter J.},
  title = {Probabilistic Voting Theory},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1992}
}
Coughlin, P.J. and Nitzan, S. Directional and Local Electoral Equilibria with Probabilistic Voting 1981 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 24, pp. 226-240 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coug81-directional,
  author = {Coughlin, Peter J. and Nitzan, Shmuel},
  title = {Directional and Local Electoral Equilibria with Probabilistic Voting},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {226--240}
}
Coughlin, P.J. and Nitzan, S. Electoral Outcomes with Probabilistic Voting and Nash Social Welfare Maxima 1981 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 15, pp. 113-122 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{coug81-electoral,
  author = {Coughlin, Peter J. and Nitzan, Shmuel},
  title = {Electoral Outcomes with Probabilistic Voting and Nash Social Welfare Maxima},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {15},
  pages = {113--122}
}
Cover, A. Presidential Evaluations and Voting for Congress 1986 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 30(4), pp. 786-801 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cove86-presidential,
  author = {Cover, Albert},
  title = {Presidential Evaluations and Voting for Congress},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {30(4)},
  pages = {786--801}
}
Cover, A. Surge and Decline in Congressional Elections 1985 Western Political Quarterly
Vol. 38(4), pp. 606-619 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cove85-surge,
  author = {Cover, Albert},
  title = {Surge and Decline in Congressional Elections},
  journal = {Western Political Quarterly},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {38(4)},
  pages = {606--619}
}
Covington, C.R. Building Presidential Coalitions among Cross-Pressured Members of Congress 1988 Western Political Quarterly
Vol. 41(1), pp. 47-62 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{covi88-building,
  author = {Covington, Cary R.},
  title = {Building Presidential Coalitions among Cross-Pressured Members of Congress},
  journal = {Western Political Quarterly},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {41},
  number = {1},
  pages = {47--62}
}
Cowley, P. Chapter 2: It's a bit more complicated than that 2005 The rebels: how Blair mislaid his majority  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{cowl05-chapter,
  author = {Cowley, Philip},
  title = {Chapter 2: It's a bit more complicated than that},
  booktitle = {The rebels: how Blair mislaid his majority},
  publisher = {Politico's},
  year = {2005}
}
Cox, D.R.. Further results on tests of separate families of hypotheses 1962 J. Roy. Stat. Soc. B
Vol. 24, pp. 406-424 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox62-further,
  author = {Cox, D.R.},
  title = {Further results on tests of separate families of hypotheses},
  journal = {J. Roy. Stat. Soc. B},
  year = {1962},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {406--424}
}
Cox, D.R.. Tests of separate families of hypotheses 1961
Vol. 1Proceedings of the Fourth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, pp. 105-23 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{cox61-tests,
  author = {Cox, D.R.},
  title = {Tests of separate families of hypotheses},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fourth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability},
  year = {1961},
  volume = {1},
  pages = {105--23}
}
Cox, D.R. Some problems connected with statistical inference 1958 The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, pp. 357{\textendash}372  article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox58-problems,
  author = {Cox, D. R.},
  title = {Some problems connected with statistical inference},
  journal = {The Annals of Mathematical Statistics},
  year = {1958},
  pages = {357textendash372}
}
Cox, G. The organization of democratic legislatures 2004 The Organization of Democratic Legislatures
Vol. 27(1) 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cox04-organization,
  author = {Cox, G.},
  title = {The organization of democratic legislatures},
  journal = {The Organization of Democratic Legislatures},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {27},
  number = {1},
  url = {http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en-us&q=The+organization+of+democratic+legislatures&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8}
}
Cox, G. The uncovered set and the core 1987 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 31(2), pp. 408{\textendash}422 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox87-uncovered,
  author = {Cox, G.},
  title = {The uncovered set and the core},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {31},
  number = {2},
  pages = {408textendash422}
}
Cox, G.W. The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the Development of Political Parties ...âtexteuroŽ 2005 , pp. 204  article URL 
Abstract: A rational choice model analyses the problems of voter choice, the emergence of partly loyalty and cabinet government in Victorian England.
BibTeX:
@article{cox05-efficient,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the Development of Political Parties ...âtexteuroŽ},
  year = {2005},
  pages = {204},
  url = {http://books.google.com/books?id=TUWNrvc_PDwC&printsec=frontcover}
}
Cox, G.W. On the Effects of Legislative Rules 2000 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 25(2), pp. 169-192 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox00-effects,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {On the Effects of Legislative Rules},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {25},
  number = {2},
  pages = {169--192}
}
Cox, G.W. Making votes count: strategic coordination in the world's electoral systems 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cox97-making,
  author = {Cox, G. W},
  title = {Making votes count: strategic coordination in the world's electoral systems},
  publisher = {Cambridge Univ Pr},
  year = {1997}
}
Cox, G.W. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cox97-making-a,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1997}
}
Cox, G.W. Centripetal and Centrifugal Incentives in Electoral Systems 1990 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34, pp. 903-935 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox90-centripetal,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {Centripetal and Centrifugal Incentives in Electoral Systems},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {903--935}
}
Cox, G.W. Electoral Equilibria Under Alternative Voting Institutions 1987 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 31, pp. 82-108 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox87-electoral,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {Electoral Equilibria Under Alternative Voting Institutions},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {31},
  pages = {82--108}
}
Cox, G.W. Electoral Equilibrium Under Approval Voting 1985 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 29, pp. 112-118 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox85-electoral,
  author = {Cox, Gary W.},
  title = {Electoral Equilibrium Under Approval Voting},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {112--118}
}
Cox, G.W. Non-collegial simple games and the nowhere denseness of the set of preference profiles having a core 1984 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 1(2), pp. 159-164 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In recent papers, somewhat conflicting results on the generic emptiness of the core have been proven. Rubinstein (1979) has shown that the core is generically empty in the Kannai topology even without a restriction on the dimensionality of the alternative space. Schofield (1980) finds the core generically empty in the Whitney-C8 topology, but requires a dimensionality condition. This note explores the apparent conflict by proving a generalization of Rubinstein's result for the Whitney-C0 topology, and showing that the result does not extend to the Whitney-C1 topology without a dimensionality condition.
BibTeX:
@article{cox84-non-collegial,
  author = {Cox, G. W.},
  title = {Non-collegial simple games and the nowhere denseness of the set of preference profiles having a core},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {1},
  number = {2},
  pages = {159--164},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00452887},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00452887}
}
Cox, G.W., Hartog, C.D. and McCubbins, M.D. The Motion to Recommit in the U.S. House of Representatives   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{cox??-motion,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and Hartog, Chris Den and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {The Motion to Recommit in the U.S. House of Representatives}
}
Cox, G.W. and Katz, J.N. Gerrymandering Roll Calls in Congress, 1879-2000 2007 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 51(1), pp. 108-119 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox07-gerrymandering,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and Katz, Jonathan N.},
  title = {Gerrymandering Roll Calls in Congress, 1879-2000},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {51},
  number = {1},
  pages = {108--119}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Chapter 6: On the Decline of Party Voting
Vol. California series on social choice and political economyLegislative leviathan: party government in the House 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{cox??-chapter,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {Chapter 6: On the Decline of Party Voting},
  booktitle = {Legislative leviathan: party government in the House},
  publisher = {University of California Press},
  volume = {California series on social choice and political economy}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives 2005   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cox05-setting,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  publisher = {University of California Press},
  year = {2005}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Toward a theory of legislative rules changes: Assessing Schickler and Rich's evidence 1997 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 41, pp. 1376{\textendash}1386 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox97-toward,
  author = {Cox, G. W and McCubbins, M. D},
  title = {Toward a theory of legislative rules changes: Assessing Schickler and Rich's evidence},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {1376textendash1386}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Bonding, Structure, and the Stability of Political Parties: Party Government in the House 1994 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 19(2), pp. 215-231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox94-bonding,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {Bonding, Structure, and the Stability of Political Parties: Party Government in the House},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {19(2)},
  pages = {215--231}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House 1993   book  
BibTeX:
@book{cox93-legislative,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D.},
  title = {Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House},
  publisher = {University of California Press},
  year = {1993}
}
Cox, G.W. and McCubbins, M.D. Electoral politics as a redistributive game 1986 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 48(02), pp. 370{\textendash}389 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox86-electoral,
  author = {Cox, G. W and McCubbins, M. D},
  title = {Electoral politics as a redistributive game},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {48},
  number = {02},
  pages = {370textendash389}
}
Cox, G.W., McCubbins, M.D. and Sullivan, T. Policy choice as an electoral investment 1984 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 1(3), pp. 231{\textendash}242 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox84-policy,
  author = {Cox, G. W and McCubbins, M. D and Sullivan, T.},
  title = {Policy choice as an electoral investment},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1984},
  volume = {1},
  number = {3},
  pages = {231textendash242}
}
Cox, G.W. and Munger, M.C. Closeness, Expenditures, and Turnout in the 1982 U.S. House Elections 1989 American Political Science Review
Vol. 83(1), pp. 217-231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox89-closeness,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and Munger, Michael C.},
  title = {Closeness, Expenditures, and Turnout in the 1982 U.S. House Elections},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {83(1)},
  pages = {217--231}
}
Cox, G.W. and Poole, K.T. On Measuring Partisanship in Roll-Call Voting: The U.S. House of Representatives, 1877-1999 2002 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 46(3), pp. 477-489 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cox02-measuring,
  author = {Cox, Gary W. and Poole, Keith T.},
  title = {On Measuring Partisanship in Roll-Call Voting: The U.S. House of Representatives, 1877-1999},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {46(3)},
  pages = {477--489}
}
Crémer, J. and Palfrey, T.R. Federal Mandates by Popular Demand 2000 Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 108(5), pp. 905-927 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{crem00-federal,
  author = {Crémer, Jacques and Palfrey, Thomas R.},
  title = {Federal Mandates by Popular Demand},
  journal = {Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {108},
  number = {5},
  pages = {905--927},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/317669},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/317669}
}
Crémer, J. and Palfrey, T.R. Political Confederation 1999 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 93(1), pp. 69-83 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This article extends the spatial model of voting to study the implications of different institutional structures of federalism along two dimensions: degree of centralization and mode of representation. The representation dimension varies the weight between unit representation (one state, one vote) and population-proportional representation (one person, one vote). Voters have incomplete information and can reduce policy risk by increasing the degree of centralization or increasing the weight on unit representation. We derive induced preferences over the degree of centralization and the relative weights of the two modes of representation, and we study the properties of majority rule voting over these two basic dimensions of federalism. Moderates prefer more centralization than extremists, and voters in large states generally have different preferences from voters in small states. This implies two main axes of conflict in decisions concerning political confederation: moderates versus extremists and large versus small states.
BibTeX:
@article{crem99-political-a,
  author = {Crémer, Jacques and Palfrey, Thomas R.},
  title = {Political Confederation},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {93},
  number = {1},
  pages = {69--83},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Mar., 1999 / Copyright textcopyright 1999 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585761},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2585761}
}
Crépel, P. and Rieucau, Jean-Nicolas. Condorcet's Social Mathematic, A Few Tables 2005 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 25(2-3), pp. 243-285 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{crep05-condorcets,
  author = {Crépel, Pierre and Rieucau, Jean-Nicolas},
  title = {Condorcet's Social Mathematic, A Few Tables},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {25},
  number = {2-3},
  pages = {243--285},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/7l472275nk6kw26p/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-005-0003-0}
}
Cragg, J. Some statistical models for limited dependent variables with application to the demand for durable goods 1971 Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society  article URL 
Abstract: 1. INTRODUCTION THIS PAPER DEVELOPS for .2 The dis- tinguishing feature of these is that the range of values which they may assume has a lower bound and that this lowest value occurs in a fair number of observations. This
BibTeX:
@article{crag71-statistical,
  author = {Cragg, J.},
  title = {Some statistical models for limited dependent variables with application to the demand for durable goods},
  journal = {Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society},
  year = {1971},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/1909582}
}
Crandall, V.J., Solomon, D. and Kellaway, R. Expectancy statements and decision times as functions of objective probabilities and reinforcement values 1955 Journal of Personality
Vol. 24, pp. 192-203 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cran55-expectancy,
  author = {Crandall, Vaughn J. and Solomon, Dan and Kellaway, Richard},
  title = {Expectancy statements and decision times as functions of objective probabilities and reinforcement values},
  journal = {Journal of Personality},
  year = {1955},
  volume = {24},
  pages = {192--203}
}
Crawford, S.E.S. and Ostrom, E. A Grammar of Institutions 1995 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 89(3), pp. 582-600 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{craw95-grammar,
  author = {Crawford, Sue E. S. and Ostrom, Elinor},
  title = {A Grammar of Institutions},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {89},
  number = {3},
  pages = {582--600}
}
Crawford, V. A Survey of Experiments on Communication via Cheap Talk 1998 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 78, pp. 286-298 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{craw98-survey,
  author = {Crawford, Vincent},
  title = {A Survey of Experiments on Communication via Cheap Talk},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {78},
  pages = {286--298}
}
Crawford, V. and Haller, H. Learning How to Cooperate: Optimal Play in Repeated Coordination Games 1990 Econometrica
Vol. 58, pp. 581-596 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{craw90-learning,
  author = {Crawford, V. and Haller, H.},
  title = {Learning How to Cooperate: Optimal Play in Repeated Coordination Games},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {58},
  pages = {581--596}
}
Crawford, V.P. and Sobel, J. Strategic Information Transmission 1982 Econometrica
Vol. 50(6), pp. 1431-1451 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{craw82-strategic,
  author = {Crawford, Vincent P. and Sobel, Joel},
  title = {Strategic Information Transmission},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {50(6)},
  pages = {1431--1451}
}
Cremer, J. and Palfrey, T.R. Political confederation 1999 American Political Science Review, pp. 69{\textendash}83  article  
BibTeX:
@article{crem99-political,
  author = {Cremer, J. and Palfrey, T. R.},
  title = {Political confederation},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {69textendash83}
}
Crespin, M.H. and Monroe, N.W. Party Agenda Control in the Senate: A Preliminary Hearing 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{cres05-party,
  author = {Crespin, Michael H. and Monroe, Nathan W.},
  title = {Party Agenda Control in the Senate: A Preliminary Hearing},
  year = {2005}
}
Cripps, M.W., Ely, J.C., Mailath, G.J. and Samuelson, L. Common Learning 2008 Econometrica
Vol. 76(4), pp. 909{\textendash}933 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Consider two agents who learn the value of an unknown parameter by observing a sequence of private signals. The signals are independent and identically distributed across time but not necessarily across agents. We show that when each agent's signal space is finite, the agents will commonly learn the value of the parameter, that is, that the true value of the parameter will become approximate common knowledge. The essential step in this argument is to express the expectation of one agent's signals, conditional on those of the other agent, in terms of a Markov chain. This allows us to invoke a contraction mapping principle ensuring that if one agent's signals are close to those expected under a particular value of the parameter, then that agent expects the other agent's signals to be even closer to those expected under the parameter value. In contrast, if the agents' observations come from a countably infinite signal space, then this contraction mapping property fails. We show by example that common learning can fail in this case.
BibTeX:
@article{crip08-common,
  author = {Cripps, Martin W. and Ely, Jeffrey C. and Mailath, George J. and Samuelson, Larry},
  title = {Common Learning},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {76},
  number = {4},
  pages = {909textendash933},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0262.2008.00862.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0262.2008.00862.x}
}
Crombez, C. Legislative Procedures in the European Community 1996 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 26(2), pp. 199-228 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{crom96-legislative,
  author = {Crombez, Christophe},
  title = {Legislative Procedures in the European Community},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {26(2)},
  pages = {199--228}
}
Crombez, C. Minority governments, minimal winning coalitions and surplus majorities in parliamentary systems 1996 Eur J Political Res
Vol. 29(1), pp. 1{\textendash}29 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{crom96-minority,
  author = {Crombez, C.},
  title = {Minority governments, minimal winning coalitions and surplus majorities in parliamentary systems},
  journal = {Eur J Political Res},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {29},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1textendash29}
}
Crombez, C., Groseclose, T. and Krehbiel, K. Gatekeeping 2006 Journal of Politics
Vol. 68(2) 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{crom06-gatekeeping,
  author = {Crombez, Christophe and Groseclose, Tim and Krehbiel, Keith},
  title = {Gatekeeping},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {68(2)}
}
Cromwell, V. Mapping the Political World of 1861: A Multidimensional Analysis of House of Commons' Division Lists 1982 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 7(2), pp. 281-297 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: By applying multidimensional scaling analysis to House of Commons' Division Lists, maps of similarity of voting behaviour were prepared to assess the consistency and strength of groupings of MPs and to test existing assumptions. The votes of 550 MPs in all the divisions of one parliamentary session (187 in 1861) were analysed by the formation of ten overlapping batches of 100 MPs. Votes in eight separate subject categories of division were compared with voting behaviour across all divisions. Groups voting differently from other groups were easily identified, as was the varying composition of voting groups when different issues were at stake.
BibTeX:
@article{crom82-mapping,
  author = {Cromwell, Valerie},
  title = {Mapping the Political World of 1861: A Multidimensional Analysis of House of Commons' Division Lists},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1982},
  volume = {7},
  number = {2},
  pages = {281--297},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: May, 1982 / Copyright textcopyright 1982 Comparative Legislative Research Center},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/439672},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/439672}
}
Cross, W. Democratic Norms and Party Candidate Selection: Taking Contextual Factors into Account 2008 Party Politics
Vol. 14(5), pp. 619, 596 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{cros08-democratic,
  author = {Cross, W.},
  title = {Democratic Norms and Party Candidate Selection: Taking Contextual Factors into Account},
  journal = {Party Politics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {14},
  number = {5},
  pages = {619, 596},
  url = {10.1177/1354068808093392}
}
Cui, W., Liu, S., Tan, L., Shi, C., Song, Y., Gao, Z., Qu, H. and Tong, X. TextFlow: Towards Better Understanding of Evolving Topics in Text 2011 Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on
Vol. 17(12), pp. 2412{\textendash}2421 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cui11-textflow,
  author = {Cui, W. and Liu, S. and Tan, L. and Shi, C. and Song, Y. and Gao, Z. and Qu, H. and Tong, X.},
  title = {TextFlow: Towards Better Understanding of Evolving Topics in Text},
  journal = {Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {17},
  number = {12},
  pages = {2412textendash2421}
}
Cukierman, A. Asymmetric Information and the Electoral Momentum of Public Opinion Polls 1991 Public Choice
Vol. 70(2), pp. 181-213 
article URL 
Abstract: This paper demonstrates that the existence of public opinion polls amplifies the effects of shifts in the distribution of the public's preferences over the issue space on the election's results. Voters evaluate candidates by their positions on the issue space and by a valence or general ability dimension. Some individual's (the informed) have more precise information about the relative abilities of candidates than others (the uninformed). Since public opinion polls reflect the information of the informed, high approval for a candidate at the polls signals to the uninformed that he is more likely to be abler. However, high approval may also reflect changes in the distribution of the public on the issue space. As a result the uninformed partly confuse the two effects and public opinion polls tend to reinforce the effects of shifts in the public's ideological preferences on election results. A shift to the right that shows up as more support for the right-wing candidate at the polls is partly interpreted as a higher efficiency of this candidate. As a result he wins with a higher margin than the margin he would have won with in the absence of polls or under perfect information.
BibTeX:
@article{cuki91-asymmetric,
  author = {Cukierman, Alex},
  title = {Asymmetric Information and the Electoral Momentum of Public Opinion Polls},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {70},
  number = {2},
  pages = {181--213},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1991 / Copyright textcopyright 1991 Springer},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/30025460}
}
Cukierman, A. and Tommasi, M. When Does It Take a Nixon to Go to China? 1998 American Economic Review
Vol. 88(1), pp. 180-197 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{cuki98-when,
  author = {Cukierman, Alex and Tommasi, Mariano},
  title = {When Does It Take a Nixon to Go to China?},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {88},
  number = {1},
  pages = {180--197}
}
Curtis, R. Decision rules and collective values in constitutional choice 1972 Probability Models of Collective Decision Making, edited by RG Niemi and HF Weisberg, Merrill Publishing: Columbus Ohio  article  
BibTeX:
@article{curt72-decision,
  author = {Curtis, R.},
  title = {Decision rules and collective values in constitutional choice},
  journal = {Probability Models of Collective Decision Making, edited by RG Niemi and HF Weisberg, Merrill Publishing: Columbus Ohio},
  year = {1972}
}
Döring, H. Parliamentary Agenda Control and Legislative Outcomes in Western Europe 2001 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. {XXVI}(1), pp. 145-165 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{doer01-parliamentary,
  author = {Döring, Herbert},
  title = {Parliamentary Agenda Control and Legislative Outcomes in Western Europe},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {XXVI},
  number = {1},
  pages = {145--165}
}
Döring, H. Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe 1995   book  
BibTeX:
@book{doer95-parliaments,
  author = {Döring, Herbert},
  title = {Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe},
  publisher = {Campus Verlag},
  year = {1995}
}
Döring, H. and Döring, H. Fewer Though Presumably More Conflictual Bills: Parliamentary Government Acting as a Monopolist 1995 Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe, pp. 593-600  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{doer95-fewer,
  author = {Döring, Herbert and Döring, Herbert},
  title = {Fewer Though Presumably More Conflictual Bills: Parliamentary Government Acting as a Monopolist},
  booktitle = {Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe},
  publisher = {Campus Verlag},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {593--600}
}
Döring, H. and Döring, H. Institutions and Policies: Why We Need Cross-National Analysis 1995 Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe, pp. 27-49  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{doer95-institutions,
  author = {Döring, Herbert and Döring, Herbert},
  title = {Institutions and Policies: Why We Need Cross-National Analysis},
  booktitle = {Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe},
  publisher = {Campus Verlag},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {27--49}
}
Döring, H. and Döring, H. Time as a Scarce Resource: Government Control of the Agenda 1995 Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe, pp. 223-246  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{doer95-time,
  author = {Döring, Herbert and Döring, Herbert},
  title = {Time as a Scarce Resource: Government Control of the Agenda},
  booktitle = {Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe},
  publisher = {Campus Verlag},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {223--246}
}
Döring, H. and Hallerberg, M. Committee effects on legislation Patterns of parliamentary behavior: passage of legislation across Western Europe  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{doer??-committee,
  author = {Döring, Herbert and Hallerberg, Mark},
  title = {Committee effects on legislation},
  booktitle = {Patterns of parliamentary behavior: passage of legislation across Western Europe},
  publisher = {Ashgate}
}
Dahl, R. Polyarchy 1971   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dahl71-polyarchy,
  author = {Dahl, Robert},
  title = {Polyarchy},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1971}
}
Dahl, R.A. Pluralist Democracy in the United States: Conflict and Consent 1967   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dahl67-pluralist,
  author = {Dahl, Robert A.},
  title = {Pluralist Democracy in the United States: Conflict and Consent},
  publisher = {Rand McNally},
  year = {1967}
}
Dahl, R.A. A Preface to Democratic Theory 1956   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dahl56-preface,
  author = {Dahl, Robert A.},
  title = {A Preface to Democratic Theory},
  publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
  year = {1956}
}
Dahlerup, D. Arguing for and against quotas: theoretical issues 2006
Vol. Routledge research in comparative politicsWomen, quotas and politics 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{dahl06-arguing,
  author = {Dahlerup, Drude},
  title = {Arguing for and against quotas: theoretical issues},
  booktitle = {Women, quotas and politics},
  publisher = {Routledge},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {Routledge research in comparative politics}
}
Dalton, R.J. and Wattenberg, M.P. Parties in Legislatures
Vol. Comparative politicsParties without partisans: political change in advanced industrial democracies 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{dalt??-parties,
  author = {Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P.},
  title = {Parties in Legislatures},
  booktitle = {Parties without partisans: political change in advanced industrial democracies},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  volume = {Comparative politics}
}
van Damme, E. Renegotiation-proof equilibria in repeated prisoners' dilemma 1989 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 47(1), pp. 206-217 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In this note it is shown that the requirement of weak renegatiation proofness does not eliminate any subgame perfect equilibrium outcome of the repeated prisoner's dilemma. Specifically it is demonstrated that, when players are sufficiently patient, any feasible and individually rational outcome can be sustained by means of an equilibrium in which the punishing player always profits by carrying out the punishment.
BibTeX:
@article{vand89-renegotiation-proof,
  author = {van Damme, Eric},
  title = {Renegotiation-proof equilibria in repeated prisoners' dilemma},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {47},
  number = {1},
  pages = {206--217},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022053189901117},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0531(89)90111-7}
}
Damore, D.F. The Dynamics of Issue Ownership in Presidential Campaigns 2004 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 57(3), pp. 391-397 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This effort examines the dynamics of the agenda-setting process in presidential campaigns by assessing the conditions that motivate candidates to discuss issues associated with their opponent's party. The article's argument contends that occurrences of issue trespassing are a function of the context in which a campaign is occurring and factors stemming from the campaign process. The hypotheses are tested against data collected from all available campaign advertisements produced by major party candidates competing in the 1976 through 1996 presidential elections. The results of the logit analysis indicate that candidates' decisions to address issues owned by their opponent's party are a function of their competitive standing, their partisanship, the importance of an issue to the electorate, and the tone of their campaign messages.
BibTeX:
@article{damo04-dynamics,
  author = {Damore, David F.},
  title = {The Dynamics of Issue Ownership in Presidential Campaigns},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {57},
  number = {3},
  pages = {391--397},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 2004 / Copyright textcopyright 2004 University of Utah},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3219849},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3219849}
}
Damore, D.F. A Dynamic Model of Candidate Fundraising: The Case of Presidential Nomination Campaigns 1997 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 50(2), pp. 343-364 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{damo97-dynamic,
  author = {Damore, David F.},
  title = {A Dynamic Model of Candidate Fundraising: The Case of Presidential Nomination Campaigns},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {50},
  number = {2},
  pages = {343--364}
}
Damore, D.F. and Hansford, T.G. The Allocation of Party Controlled Campaign Resources in the House of Representatives, 1989-1996 1999 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 52(2), pp. 371 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{damo99-allocation,
  author = {Damore, David F. and Hansford, Thomas G.},
  title = {The Allocation of Party Controlled Campaign Resources in the House of Representatives, 1989-1996},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {52},
  number = {2},
  pages = {371}
}
Dana, J., Patty, J.W. and Weber, R. A Theory of Self-Consistent Choice   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dana??-theory,
  author = {Dana, Jason and Patty, John W. and Weber, Roberto},
  title = {A Theory of Self-Consistent Choice}
}
Dana, J., Weber, R. and Kuang, J. Exploiting ëmoral wriggle roomi: Behavior inconsistent with a preference for fair outcomes 2003 Under review  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dana03-exploiting,
  author = {Dana, Jason and Weber, Roberto and Kuang, Jason},
  title = {Exploiting ëmoral wriggle roomi: Behavior inconsistent with a preference for fair outcomes},
  journal = {Under review},
  year = {2003}
}
Dana, J.D., Cain, D.M. and Dawes, R.M. What You Don't Know Won't Hurt Me: Costly (but Quiet) Exit in a Dictator Game 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dana04-what,
  author = {Dana, Jason D. and Cain, Daylian M. and Dawes, Robyn M},
  title = {What You Don't Know Won't Hurt Me: Costly (but Quiet) Exit in a Dictator Game},
  year = {2004}
}
Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, C., Lee, L., Pang, B. and Kleinberg, J. Echoes of power: Language effects and power differences in social interaction 2012 Proceedings of the 21st international conference on World Wide Web, pp. 699{\textendash}708  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{dane12-echoes,
  author = {Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, C. and Lee, L. and Pang, B. and Kleinberg, J.},
  title = {Echoes of power: Language effects and power differences in social interaction},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 21st international conference on World Wide Web},
  year = {2012},
  pages = {699textendash708},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2187931}
}
Danilov, V.I.. Knowledge spaces from a topological point of view 2009 Journal of Mathematical Psychology
Vol. 53(6), pp. 510-517 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In this paper we consider the operations of restriction, extension and gluing of pre-topologies, antimatroids, neighborhood systems and heritage choice functions. Pre-topologies are also known as knowledge spaces in knowledge space theory, and some of these operations were recently discussed in a paper by Falmagne [Falmagne, J.-C. (2008). Projections and symmetric expansions of a learning space. arXiv:0803.0575]. We introduce the notion of a separator, which allows us to decompose such objects into simpler parts, or conversely, to assemble them from simpler parts.
BibTeX:
@article{dani09-knowledge,
  author = {Danilov, V.I.},
  title = {Knowledge spaces from a topological point of view},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematical Psychology},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {53},
  number = {6},
  pages = {510--517},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WK3-4WXB56K-1/2/c996f835d16d7774a4102600b7c13b98},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmp.2009.07.001}
}
Dardanoni, V. A pedagogical proof of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem 2001 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 18(1), pp. 107-112 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{dard01-pedagogical,
  author = {Dardanoni, Valentino},
  title = {A pedagogical proof of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {18},
  number = {1},
  pages = {107--112},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/ap4vhw62qbtv1vlr/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003550000062}
}
Darmofal, D., Botten, C., Minozzi, W. and Volden, C. Diffusion and Learning across Political Campaigns 2010 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Are campaigns for different offices isolated events, or do candidates observe and learn from each other? For example, when choosing which issues to emphasize, do candidates focus solely on their own strengths and their constituentstextquoteright desires, or do they emulate one another? The answers to these and other related questions have important implications for the genesis of the national policy agenda. To address these questions, we study the diffusion of issues across gubernatorial and senatorial campaigns in the general election of 2002. We find that candidates do learn, emulating other successful candidates, and that candidates learn more from copartisans and from those whose constituencies are ideologically similar. Moreover, we show that experimentation with new issues begins with risk-taking newcomers, followed by successful issues eventually spreading to the campaigns of entrenched incumbents. These results suggest that the national policy agenda is built from the bottom up, with new ideas attracting institutional support based on their proven electoral success.
BibTeX:
@article{darm10-diffusion,
  author = {Darmofal, David and Botten, Chelsea and Minozzi, William and Volden, Craig},
  title = {Diffusion and Learning across Political Campaigns},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1644658}
}
Das, M., Newey, W.K. and Vella, F. Nonparametric Estimation of Sample Selection Models 2003 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 70(1), pp. 33-58 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Sample selection models provide an important way of accounting for economic decisions that combine discrete and continuous choices and of correcting for nonrandom sampling. Nonparametric estimators for these models are developed in this paper. These can be used for estimating shapes and important economic quantities, as in standard nonparametric regression. Endogeneity of regressors of interest is allowed for. Series estimators for these models are developed, which are useful for imposing additivity restrictions that arise from selection corrections. Convergence rates and asymptotic normality results are derived. An application to returns to schooling among Australian young females is given.
BibTeX:
@article{das03-nonparametric,
  author = {Das, Mitali and Newey, Whitney K. and Vella, Francis},
  title = {Nonparametric Estimation of Sample Selection Models},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {70},
  number = {1},
  pages = {33--58},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jan., 2003 / Copyright textcopyright 2003 The Review of Economic Studies Ltd.},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3648610},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3648610}
}
Dascal, M. Hermeneutic interpretation and pragmatic interpretation 1989 Philosophy & rhetoric
Vol. 22(4), pp. 239{\textendash}259 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{dasc89-hermeneutic,
  author = {Dascal, M.},
  title = {Hermeneutic interpretation and pragmatic interpretation},
  journal = {Philosophy & rhetoric},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {22},
  number = {4},
  pages = {239textendash259},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/40237601}
}
Dasgupta, M. and Deb, R. Acyclicity of fuzzy preferences 1999
Vol. 8Current trends in economics: theory and applications: proceedings of the third international meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory, Antalya, Turkey, June 1997, pp. 133 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{dasg99-acyclicity,
  author = {Dasgupta, M. and Deb, R.},
  title = {Acyclicity of fuzzy preferences},
  booktitle = {Current trends in economics: theory and applications: proceedings of the third international meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory, Antalya, Turkey, June 1997},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {8},
  pages = {133}
}
Davern, M., Jones, A., Lepkowski, J., Davidson, G. and Blewett, L.A. Estimating regression standard errors with data from the Current Population Survey's public use file 2007 Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Vol. 44(2), pp. 211-224 
article URL 
Abstract: This study examines whether reasonable standard errors for multivariate models can be calculated using the public use file of the Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC). We restrict our analysis to the 2003 CPS ASEC and model three dependent variables at the individual level. income, poverty, and health insurance coverage. We compare standard error estimates performed on the CPS ASEC public use file with those obtained from the Census Bureau's restricted internal data that include all the relevant sampling information needed to compute standard errors adjusted for the complex survey sample design. Our analysis shows that the multivariate standard error estimates derived from the public use CPS ASEC following our specification perform relatively well compared to the estimates derived from the internal Census Bureau file. However, it is essential that users of CPS ASEC data do not simply choose any available method since three of the methods commonly used for adjusting for the complex sample design produce substantially different estimates.
BibTeX:
@article{dave07-estimating,
  author = {Davern, Michael and Jones, Arthur and Lepkowski, James and Davidson, Gestur and Blewett, Lynn A},
  title = {Estimating regression standard errors with data from the Current Population Survey's public use file},
  journal = {Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {44},
  number = {2},
  pages = {211--224},
  note = {PMID: 17850046},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17850046}
}
Davern, M., Jones, A., Lepkowski, J., Davidson, G. and Blewett, L.A. Unstable inferences? An examination of complex survey sample design adjustments using the Current Population Survey for health services research 2006 Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Vol. 43(3), pp. 283-297 
article URL 
Abstract: Statistical analysis of the Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement is used widely in health services research. However, the statistical evidence cited from the Current Population Survey (CPS) is not always consistent because researchers use a variety of methods to produce standard errors that are fundamental to significance tests. This analysis examines the 2002 Annual Social and Economic Supplement's (ASEC) estimates of national and state average income, national and state poverty rates, and national and state health insurance coverage rates. Findings show that the standard error estimates derived from the public use CPS data perform poorly compared with the survey design-based estimates derived from restricted internal data, and that the generalized variance parameters currently used by the U.S. Census Bureau in its ASEC reports and funding formula inputs perform erratically. Because the majority of published research (both by academics and Census Bureau analysts) does not make use of the survey design-based information available only on the internal ASEC data file, we argue that the Census Bureau ought to use alternative methods for its official ASEC reports. We also argue that for public use data the Census Bureau should produce a set of replicate weights for the ASEC or release a set of sample design variables that incorporate statistical "noise" to maintain respondent confidentiality (e.g., pseudo-primary sampling units) as other federal government surveys do. This is essential to make appropriate inferences using the ASEC data regarding statistical significance and estimate variance for health policy analysis.
BibTeX:
@article{dave06-unstable,
  author = {Davern, Michael and Jones, Arthur and Lepkowski, James and Davidson, Gestur and Blewett, Lynn A},
  title = {Unstable inferences? An examination of complex survey sample design adjustments using the Current Population Survey for health services research},
  journal = {Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {43},
  number = {3},
  pages = {283--297},
  note = {PMID: 17176970},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17176970}
}
David, H.A. The Method of Paired Comparisons 1963   book  
BibTeX:
@book{davi63-method,
  author = {David, H. A.},
  title = {The Method of Paired Comparisons},
  publisher = {Griffin},
  year = {1963}
}
Davidson, R.H. The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 1990 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 15(3), pp. 357-373 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{davi90-advent,
  author = {Davidson, Roger H.},
  title = {The Advent of the Modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {15},
  number = {3},
  pages = {357--373}
}
Davidson, R.H. and Longley, L.D. The new roles of parliamentary committees 1998
Vol. The library of legislative studies 
book  
BibTeX:
@book{davi98-new,
  author = {Davidson, Roger H. and Longley, Lawrence D.},
  title = {The new roles of parliamentary committees},
  publisher = {Frank Cass},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {The library of legislative studies}
}
Davidson, R.H. and Oleszek, W.J. Congress and Its Members 2003   book  
BibTeX:
@book{davi03-congress,
  author = {Davidson, Roger H. and Oleszek, Walter J.},
  title = {Congress and Its Members},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {2003}
}
Davidsontextbackslashldots, R. Adaptation and consolidation: structural innovation in the US House of Representatives 1976 Legislative Studies Quarterly  article URL 
Abstract: History is strewn with examples of one generation's which exacer- bated the next has come to rely increasingly upon the president for setting its agenda, and to In comparison with the nineteenth-century House, Cooper and Brady contend, the contemporary
BibTeX:
@article{davi76-adaptation,
  author = {Davidsontextbackslashldots, R.},
  title = {Adaptation and consolidation: structural innovation in the US House of Representatives},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1976},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/439627}
}
Davis, J. and Tanner, D. The Borough Franchise after 1867 1996 Historical Research
Vol. 69(170), pp. 306{\textendash}327 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This article investigates the practical effects of the extension of the parliamentary franchise in 1867, examining the extent of enfranchisement in different types of borough and the reasons for the differences observed. An uneven pattern emerges, with registration law more open-ended in its application than has previously been claimed, but with the practical obstacles to enfranchisement reinforced by the inadequacy of the registration machinery. The capricious process which resulted ensured that the limited pre-1918 franchise nonetheless displayed an unexpectedly wide social variation. Generalizations based upon the assumption that a limited electorate was also one which had been in some conscious way socially selected are therefore dangerous.
BibTeX:
@article{davi96-borough,
  author = {Davis, John and Tanner, Duncan},
  title = {The Borough Franchise after 1867},
  journal = {Historical Research},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {69},
  number = {170},
  pages = {306textendash327},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2281.1996.tb01860.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2281.1996.tb01860.x}
}
Davis, M.L. and Ferrantino, M. Towards a positive theory of political rhetoric: Why do politicians lie? 1996 Public Choice
Vol. 88(1), pp. 1{\textendash}13 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{davi96-towards,
  author = {Davis, M. L and Ferrantino, M.},
  title = {Towards a positive theory of political rhetoric: Why do politicians lie?},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {88},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1textendash13}
}
Davis, O., Hinich, M. and Ordeshook, P. An Expository Development of a Mathematical Model of the Electoral Process 1970 American Political Science Review
Vol. 54, pp. 426-448 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{davi70-expository,
  author = {Davis, Otto and Hinich, Melvin and Ordeshook, Peter},
  title = {An Expository Development of a Mathematical Model of the Electoral Process},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {54},
  pages = {426--448}
}
Davis, R. Structures of dominance relations 1954 Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Vol. 16(2), pp. 131-140 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Abstract Dominance relations and theirstructures have been studied in the context of animal sociology (Rapoport, 1949a, b; Landau, 1951a, b), and occur in many other theoretical models of the social and biological sciences. When Rapoport and Landau wrote, there was no method known for determining the number of dominance structures which could be defined on a set ofn elements, forntextgreater4. The answer to this question can be important in certain further investigations of the structural properties of dominance. Using a general method developed elsewhere (Davis, 1953), this paper derives a formula to answer the question for anyn, and gives an application of the method to treat a case not previously analyzed.
BibTeX:
@article{davi54-structures,
  author = {Davis, Robert},
  title = {Structures of dominance relations},
  journal = {Bulletin of Mathematical Biology},
  year = {1954},
  volume = {16},
  number = {2},
  pages = {131--140},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02478368},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02478368}
}
Dawes, R.M., Orbell, J.M., Simmons, R.T. and Kragt, A.J.C.V.D. Organizing Groups for Collective Action 1986 American Political Science Review
Vol. 80(4), pp. 1171-1185 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dawe86-organizing,
  author = {Dawes, Robyn M. and Orbell, John M. and Simmons, Randy T. and Kragt, Alphons J. C. Van De},
  title = {Organizing Groups for Collective Action},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {80(4)},
  pages = {1171--1185}
}
De Ayala, R.J. and Hertzog, M.A. The assessment of dimensionality for use in item response theory 1991 Multivariate Behavioral Research
Vol. 26(4), pp. 765-792 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{deay91-assessment,
  author = {De Ayala, R. J. and Hertzog, M. A.},
  title = {The assessment of dimensionality for use in item response theory},
  journal = {Multivariate Behavioral Research},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {26},
  number = {4},
  pages = {765--792}
}
Debreu, G. Representation of a preference ordering by a numerical function 1954 Decision processes, pp. 159{\textendash}165  article  
BibTeX:
@article{debr54-representation,
  author = {Debreu, G.},
  title = {Representation of a preference ordering by a numerical function},
  journal = {Decision processes},
  year = {1954},
  pages = {159textendash165}
}
Debus, M. Pre-electoral commitments and government formation 2009 Public Choice
Vol. 138(1), pp. 45{\textendash}64 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{debu09-pre-electoral,
  author = {Debus, M.},
  title = {Pre-electoral commitments and government formation},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {138},
  number = {1},
  pages = {45textendash64}
}
Deckert, J., Myagkov, M. and Ordeshook, P.C.. The Irrelevance of Benfordtextquoterights Law for Detecting Fraud in Elections   article  
BibTeX:
@article{deck??-irrelevance,
  author = {Deckert, J. and Myagkov, M. and Ordeshook, P.C.},
  title = {The Irrelevance of Benfordtextquoterights Law for Detecting Fraud in Elections}
}
Deckert, J., Myagkov, M. and Ordeshook, P.C. Benford's Law and the Detection of Election Fraud 2011 Political Analysis
Vol. 19(3), pp. 245 -268 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The proliferation of elections in even those states that are arguably anything but democratic has given rise to a focused interest on developing methods for detecting fraud in the official statistics of a state's election returns. Among these efforts are those that employ Benford's Law, with the most common application being an attempt to proclaim some election or another fraud free or replete with fraud. This essay, however, argues that, despite its apparent utility in looking at other phenomena, Benford's Law is problematical at best as a forensic tool when applied to elections. Looking at simulations designed to model both fair and fraudulent contests as well as data drawn from elections we know, on the basis of other investigations, were either permeated by fraud or unlikely to have experienced any measurable malfeasance, we find that conformity with and deviations from Benford's Law follow no pattern. It is not simply that the Law occasionally judges a fraudulent election fair or a fair election fraudulent. Its textquotedblleftsuccess ratetextquotedblright either way is essentially equivalent to a toss of a coin, thereby rendering it problematical at best as a forensic tool and wholly misleading at worst.
BibTeX:
@article{deck11-benfords,
  author = {Deckert, Joseph and Myagkov, Mikhail and Ordeshook, Peter C.},
  title = {Benford's Law and the Detection of Election Fraud},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {19},
  number = {3},
  pages = {245 --268},
  url = {http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/3/245.abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pan/mpr014}
}
Deemen, AD.M.A..V. Coalition Formation and Social Choice 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{deem97-coalition,
  author = {Deemen, AD M.A. Van},
  title = {Coalition Formation and Social Choice},
  publisher = {Kluwer Academic},
  year = {1997}
}
Deemen, A.M.A. A note on generalized stable sets 1991 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 8(3), pp. 255-260 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: A solution concept is introduced that is able to deal with cyclic relations. The concept is a generalization of the Von Neumann-Morgenstern solution concept of stable set and is therefore called the concept of generalized stable set. Its point of departure is the transitive closure of an asymmetric relation. A characterization theorem and an existence theorem are presented.
BibTeX:
@article{deem91-note,
  author = {Deemen, A. M. A.},
  title = {A note on generalized stable sets},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1991},
  volume = {8},
  number = {3},
  pages = {255--260},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/j8kjk508398p13hl/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00177663}
}
Deering, C.J. and Smith, S.S. Committees in Congress 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{deer97-committees,
  author = {Deering, Christopher J. and Smith, Steven S.},
  title = {Committees in Congress},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {1997}
}
Degan, A. and Merlo, A. Do voters vote ideologically? 2009 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 144(5), pp. 1868-1894 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: textlessptextgreatertextlessbr/textgreaterIn this paper we address the following question: To what extent is the hypothesis that voters vote "ideologically" (i.e., they always vote for the candidate who is ideologically "closest" to them) testable or falsifiable? We show that using data only on how individuals vote in a single election, the hypothesis that voters vote ideologically is irrefutable, regardless of the number of candidates competing in the election. On the other hand, using data on how the same individuals vote in multiple elections, the hypothesis that voters vote ideologically is potentially falsifiable, and we provide general conditions under which the hypothesis can be tested.textless/ptextgreater
BibTeX:
@article{dega09-voters,
  author = {Degan, Arianna and Merlo, Antonio},
  title = {Do voters vote ideologically?},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {144},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1868--1894},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053109000799},
  doi = {16/j.jet.2008.10.008}
}
DeGroot, M.H. Optimal Statistical Decisions 2005   book  
BibTeX:
@book{degr05-optimal,
  author = {DeGroot, Morris H.},
  title = {Optimal Statistical Decisions},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {2005}
}
De Leeuw, J. and van der Heijden, P.G.M. The analysis of time-budgets with a latent time-budget model 1988 Data analysis and informatics
Vol. 5, pp. 159{\textendash}166 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dele88-analysis,
  author = {De Leeuw, J. and van der Heijden, P. G.M},
  title = {The analysis of time-budgets with a latent time-budget model},
  journal = {Data analysis and informatics},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {159textendash166}
}
De Leeuw, J., Van der Heijden, P.G.M. and Verboon, P. A latent time-budget model 1990 Statistica Neerlandica
Vol. 44(1), pp. 1{\textendash}21 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dele90-latent,
  author = {De Leeuw, J. and Van der Heijden, P. G. M. and Verboon, P.},
  title = {A latent time-budget model},
  journal = {Statistica Neerlandica},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {44},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1textendash21}
}
Dellis, A. The salient issue of issue salience 2009 Journal of Public Economic Theory
Vol. 11(2), pp. 203{\textendash}231 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dell09-salient,
  author = {Dellis, A.},
  title = {The salient issue of issue salience},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economic Theory},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {11},
  number = {2},
  pages = {203textendash231}
}
De Mesquita, B.B., Morrow, J.D., Siverson, R.M. and Smith, A. An institutional explanation of the democratic peace 1999 American Political Science Review, pp. 791{\textendash}807  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{deme99-institutional,
  author = {De Mesquita, B. B. and Morrow, J. D. and Siverson, R. M. and Smith, A.},
  title = {An institutional explanation of the democratic peace},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {791textendash807},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2586113}
}
DeNardo, J. Turnout and the Vote: The Joke's on the Democrats 1980 American Political Science Review
Vol. 74, pp. 406-420 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dena80-turnout,
  author = {DeNardo, James},
  title = {Turnout and the Vote: The Joke's on the Democrats},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {74},
  pages = {406--420}
}
Denzau, A., Riker, W. and Shepsle, K. Farquharson and Fenno: Sophisticated Voting and Home Style 1985 American Political Science Review
Vol. 79(4), pp. 1117-1134 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{denz85-farquharson,
  author = {Denzau, Arthur and Riker, William and Shepsle, Kenneth},
  title = {Farquharson and Fenno: Sophisticated Voting and Home Style},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {79(4)},
  pages = {1117--1134}
}
Denzau, A.T. and Mackay, R.J. Gatekeeping and Monopoly Power of Committees: An Analysis of Sincere and Sophisticated Behavior 1983 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 27(4), pp. 740-761 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{denz83-gatekeeping,
  author = {Denzau, Arthur T. and Mackay, Robert J.},
  title = {Gatekeeping and Monopoly Power of Committees: An Analysis of Sincere and Sophisticated Behavior},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {27(4)},
  pages = {740--761}
}
Denzau, A.T. and Munger, M. Legislators and Interest Groups: How Unorganized Interests Get Represented 1986 American Political Science Review
Vol. 80, pp. 89-106 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{denz86-legislators,
  author = {Denzau, Arthur T. and Munger, Michael},
  title = {Legislators and Interest Groups: How Unorganized Interests Get Represented},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {80},
  pages = {89--106}
}
Deschler, L. Deschler's Precedents of the United States House of Representatives 1977   book  
BibTeX:
@book{desc77-deschlers,
  author = {Deschler, Louis},
  title = {Deschler's Precedents of the United States House of Representatives},
  publisher = {Government Printing Office},
  year = {1977}
}
Dessein, W. Authority and Communication in Organizations 2002 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 69(4), pp. 811-838 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dess02-authority,
  author = {Dessein, Wouter},
  title = {Authority and Communication in Organizations},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {69(4)},
  pages = {811--838}
}
Devlin, C. and Elgie, R. The Effect of Increased Women's Representation in Parliament: The Case of Rwanda 2008 Parliamentary Affairs
Vol. 61(2), pp. 254, 237 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{devl08-effect,
  author = {Devlin, C. and Elgie, R.},
  title = {The Effect of Increased Women's Representation in Parliament: The Case of Rwanda},
  journal = {Parliamentary Affairs},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {61},
  number = {2},
  pages = {254, 237},
  url = {10.1093/pa/gsn007}
}
Dhillon, A. and Lockwood, B. When are Plurality Rule Voting Games Dominance Solvable? 2004 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 46(1), pp. 55-75 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dhil04-when,
  author = {Dhillon, Amrita and Lockwood, Ben},
  title = {When are Plurality Rule Voting Games Dominance Solvable?},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {46},
  number = {1},
  pages = {55--75}
}
Dhillon, I.S. Co-clustering documents and words using bipartite spectral graph partitioning 2001 Proceedings of the seventh ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining, pp. 269-274  inproceedings DOI URL 
Abstract: Both document clustering and word clustering are well studied problems. Most existing algorithms cluster documents and words separately but not simultaneously. In this paper we present the novel idea of modeling the document collection as a bipartite graph between documents and words, using which the simultaneous clustering problem can be posed as a bipartite graph partitioning problem. To solve the partitioning problem, we use a new spectral co-clustering algorithm that uses the second left and right singular vectors of an appropriately scaled word-document matrix to yield good bipartitionings. The spectral algorithm enjoys some optimality properties; it can be shown that the singular vectors solve a real relaxation to the NP-complete graph bipartitioning problem. We present experimental results to verify that the resulting co-clustering algorithm works well in practice.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{dhil01-co-clustering,
  author = {Dhillon, Inderjit S.},
  title = {Co-clustering documents and words using bipartite spectral graph partitioning},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the seventh ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year = {2001},
  pages = {269--274},
  url = {http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=502512.502550},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/502512.502550}
}
Diaconis, P. and Ylvisaker, D. Conjugate Priors for Exponential Families 1979 The Annals of Statistics
Vol. 7(2), pp. 269-281 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Let X be a random vector distributed according to an exponential family with natural parameter $ ? $. We characterize conjugate prior measures on $ through the property of linear posterior expectation of the mean parameter of X : EE(Xtextbar$)textbarX = x = ax + b. We also delineate which hyperparameters permit such conjugate priors to be proper.
BibTeX:
@article{diac79-conjugate,
  author = {Diaconis, Persi and Ylvisaker, Donald},
  title = {Conjugate Priors for Exponential Families},
  journal = {The Annals of Statistics},
  year = {1979},
  volume = {7},
  number = {2},
  pages = {269--281},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Mar., 1979 / Copyright textcopyright 1979 Institute of Mathematical Statistics},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2958808},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2958808}
}
Dickson, E., Hafer, C. and Landa, D. Cognition and Strategy: A Deliberation Experiment 2006   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dick06-cognition,
  author = {Dickson, Eric and Hafer, Catherine and Landa, Dimitri},
  title = {Cognition and Strategy: A Deliberation Experiment},
  year = {2006}
}
Diday, E. Orders and overlapping clusters by pyramids 1987   article  
BibTeX:
@article{dida87-orders,
  author = {Diday, E.},
  title = {Orders and overlapping clusters by pyramids},
  year = {1987}
}
Diermeier, D. Commitment, Deference, and Legislative Institutions 1995 American Political Science Review
Vol. 89, pp. 344-355 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier95-commitment,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel},
  title = {Commitment, Deference, and Legislative Institutions},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {89},
  pages = {344--355}
}
Diermeier, D., Eraslan, H. and Merlo, A. A structural model of government formation 2003 Econometrica
Vol. 71(1), pp. 27{\textendash}70 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier03-structural,
  author = {Diermeier, D. and Eraslan, H. and Merlo, A.},
  title = {A structural model of government formation},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {71},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27textendash70}
}
Diermeier, D., Eraslan, H. and Merlo, A. Coalition governments and comparative constitutional design* 1 2002 European Economic Review
Vol. 46(4-5), pp. 893{\textendash}907 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier02-coalition,
  author = {Diermeier, D. and Eraslan, H. and Merlo, A.},
  title = {Coalition governments and comparative constitutional design* 1},
  journal = {European Economic Review},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {46},
  number = {4-5},
  pages = {893textendash907}
}
Diermeier, D. and Feddersen, T.J. Information and Congressional Hearings 2000 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 44(1), pp. 51-65 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier00-information,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Feddersen, Timothy J.},
  title = {Information and Congressional Hearings},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {44(1)},
  pages = {51--65}
}
Diermeier, D. and Feddersen, T.J. Cohesion in Legislatures and the Vote of Confidence Procedure 1998 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 92(3), pp. 611-621 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We present a framework to analyze the effects of constitutional features on legislative voting with respect to cohesion and the distribution of payoffs. We then apply this framework to parliamentary democracies and show how a prominent feature of decision making in parliaments, the vote of confidence procedure, creates an incentive for ruling coalitions to vote together on policy issues that might otherwise split them. The key feature that creates cohesive voting is the fact that votes on bills are treated as votes on who controls floor access in future periods. As a consequence, legislative majorities capture more of the legislative rents from the minority in parliamentary democracies than in nonparliamentary settings.
BibTeX:
@article{dier98-cohesion,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Feddersen, Timothy J.},
  title = {Cohesion in Legislatures and the Vote of Confidence Procedure},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {92},
  number = {3},
  pages = {611--621},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 1998 / Copyright textcopyright 1998 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585484},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2585484}
}
Diermeier, D. and Feddersen, T.J. Comparing constitutions:: Cohesion and distribution in legislatures 1998 European Economic Review
Vol. 42(3{\textendash}5), pp. 665-672 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This paper summarizes our recent work on analyzing the effects of constitutional features on legislative outcomes and voting behavior. It illustrates how a general framework may be used to examine the effects of one of the principal features of parliamentary democracy: the vote of confidence procedure. We show how the confidence procedure creates incentives for governing coalitions to vote cohesively on policy issues that might otherwise split them. As a consequence, legislative majorities in parliamentary democracies behave in a more disciplined fashion and capture more of the legislative rents than in non-parliamentary settings.
BibTeX:
@article{dier98-comparing,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Feddersen, Timothy J},
  title = {Comparing constitutions:: Cohesion and distribution in legislatures},
  journal = {European Economic Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {42},
  number = {3textendash5},
  pages = {665--672},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014292197001360},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2921(97)00136-0}
}
Diermeier, D. and Fong, P. Legislative bargaining with reconsideration 2007 Unpublished manuscript  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier07-legislative,
  author = {Diermeier, D. and Fong, P.},
  title = {Legislative bargaining with reconsideration},
  journal = {Unpublished manuscript},
  year = {2007}
}
Diermeier, D. and Krehbiel, K. Institutionalism as a Methodology 2003 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 15, pp. 123-144 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier03-institutionalism,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Krehbiel, Keith},
  title = {Institutionalism as a Methodology},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {15},
  pages = {123--144}
}
Diermeier, D. and Krehbiel, K. Institutionnalism as a Methodolgy 2003 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 15(2), pp. 123-144 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier03-institutionnalism,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Krehbiel, Keith},
  title = {Institutionnalism as a Methodolgy},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {15},
  number = {2},
  pages = {123--144}
}
Diermeier, D. and Merlo, A. An empirical investigation of coalitional bargaining procedures 2004 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 88(3-4), pp. 783-797 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: textlessptextgreatertextlessbr/textgreaterModels of government formation processes in multi-party democracies are usually highly sensitive to the rules that govern the selection of formateurs (i.e. the parties selected to propose a potential government). The theoretical literature has focused on two selection rules: selection proportional to seat share, and selection in order of seat share. In this paper, we use a new data set on government formations in 11 parliamentary democracies to empirically assess which selection rule most closely approximates the data. We find that while there is little empirical support for selection in order of seat share, proportional selection fits the data well. However, we also find that a simple alternative that combines the insights of the two selection rules outperforms both of them in their ability to explain the data.textless/ptextgreater
BibTeX:
@article{dier04-empirical,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Merlo, Antonio},
  title = {An empirical investigation of coalitional bargaining procedures},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {88},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {783--797},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047272703000355},
  doi = {16/S0047-2727(03)00035-5}
}
Diermeier, D. and Morton, R. Experiments in majoritarian bargaining 2006 Social Choice and Strategic Decisions: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey S. Banks, D. Austen-Smith and J. Duggan eds. Springer: Heidelberg, pp. 201{\textendash}26  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier06-experiments,
  author = {Diermeier, D. and Morton, R.},
  title = {Experiments in majoritarian bargaining},
  journal = {Social Choice and Strategic Decisions: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey S. Banks, D. Austen-Smith and J. Duggan eds. Springer: Heidelberg},
  year = {2006},
  pages = {201textendash26}
}
Diermeier, D. and Morton, R. Experiments in Majoritarian Bargaining 2005 Social Choice and Strategic Decisions, pp. 201-226  incollection URL 
Abstract: We investigate the predictive success of the Baron-Ferejohn model of legislative bargaining in laboratory environments. In particular, we use a finite period version of the bargaining game under weighted majority rule where a fixed payoff is divided between three players. We find that our subjectstextquoteright behavior is not predicted well by the Baron-Ferejohn model. The model predicts hardly better than a coin flip which coalition partner is selected by the chosen proposer, and proposers allocate more money to other players than predicted. A sizable number of proposals are rejected in the first proposal periods, and subjects who vote to reject a proposal on average receive a higher payoff from the new proposal. We find that a simple equal sharing rule yields point predictions that can account for 2/1 to 4/3 of all accepted proposals.
BibTeX:
@incollection{dier05-experiments,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Morton, Rebecca},
  title = {Experiments in Majoritarian Bargaining},
  booktitle = {Social Choice and Strategic Decisions},
  year = {2005},
  pages = {201--226},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27295-X_8}
}
Diermeier, D. and Myerson, R.B. Bicameralism and its Consequences for the Internal Organization of Legislatures 1999 American Economic Review, pp. 1182{\textendash}1196  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier99-bicameralism,
  author = {Diermeier, D. and Myerson, R. B.},
  title = {Bicameralism and its Consequences for the Internal Organization of Legislatures},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {1182textendash1196}
}
Diermeier, D. and Myerson, R.B. Bicameralism and Its Consequences for the Internal Organization of Legislatures 1999 American Economic Review
Vol. 89, pp. 1182-1196 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dier99-bicameralism-a,
  author = {Diermeier, Daniel and Myerson, Roger B.},
  title = {Bicameralism and Its Consequences for the Internal Organization of Legislatures},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {89},
  pages = {1182--1196}
}
Diestel, R. Graph Theory 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dies97-graph,
  author = {Diestel, Reinhard},
  title = {Graph Theory},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
  year = {1997}
}
Dietrich, F. The possibility of judgment aggregation on agendas with subjunctive implications 2010 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 145(2), pp. 603-638 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The new field of judgment aggregation aims to find collective judgments on logically interconnected propositions. Recent impossibility results establish limitations on the possibility to vote independently on the propositions. I show that, fortunately, the impossibility results do not apply to a wide class of realistic agendas once propositions like textquotedblleftif a then btextquotedblright are adequately modelled, namely as subjunctive implications rather than material implications. For these agendas, consistent and complete collective judgments can be reached through appropriate quota rules (which decide propositions using acceptance thresholds). I characterise the class of these quota rules. I also prove an abstract result that characterises consistent aggregation for arbitrary agendas in a general logic.
BibTeX:
@article{diet10-possibility,
  author = {Dietrich, Franz},
  title = {The possibility of judgment aggregation on agendas with subjunctive implications},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {145},
  number = {2},
  pages = {603--638},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053108000513},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2007.11.003}
}
Dietrich, F. A generalised model of judgment aggregation 2007 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 28(4), pp. 529{\textendash}565 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{diet07-generalised,
  author = {Dietrich, F.},
  title = {A generalised model of judgment aggregation},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {28},
  number = {4},
  pages = {529textendash565},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/27U81NP2854XL107.pdf}
}
Dietrich, F. and List, C. Mentalism versus behaviourism in economics: a philosophy-of-science perspective 2012   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{diet12-mentalism,
  author = {Dietrich, F. and List, C.},
  title = {Mentalism versus behaviourism in economics: a philosophy-of-science perspective},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2033165}
}
Dietrich, F. and List, C. Majority voting on restricted domains 2010 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 145(2), pp. 512-543 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In judgment aggregation, unlike preference aggregation, not much is known about domain restrictions that guarantee consistent majority outcomes. We introduce several conditions on individual judgments sufficient for consistent majority judgments. Some are based on global orders of propositions or individuals, others on local orders, still others not on orders at all. Some generalize classic social-choice-theoretic domain conditions, others have no counterpart. Our most general condition generalizes Sen's triplewise value-restriction, itself the most general classic condition. We also prove a new characterization theorem: for a large class of domains, if there exists any aggregation function satisfying some democratic conditions, then majority voting is the unique such function. Taken together, our results support the robustness of majority rule.
BibTeX:
@article{diet10-majority,
  author = {Dietrich, Franz and List, Christian},
  title = {Majority voting on restricted domains},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {145},
  number = {2},
  pages = {512--543},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053110000141},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2010.01.003}
}
Dietrich, F. and List, C. Strategy-proof judgment aggregation 2007 Economics and Philosophy
Vol. 23(3), pp. 269 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{diet07-strategy-proof,
  author = {Dietrich, F. and List, C.},
  title = {Strategy-proof judgment aggregation},
  journal = {Economics and Philosophy},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {23},
  number = {3},
  pages = {269},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=1411712}
}
Dietrich, F. and Mongin, P. The premiss-based approach to judgment aggregation 2010 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 145(2), pp. 562-582 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In the framework of judgment aggregation, we assume that some formulas of the agenda are singled out as premisses, and that both Independence (formula-wise aggregation) and Unanimity Preservation hold for them. Whether premiss-based aggregation thus defined is compatible with conclusion-based aggregation, as defined by Unanimity Preservation on the non-premisses, depends on how the premisses are logically connected, both among themselves and with other formulas. We state necessary and sufficient conditions under which the combination of both approaches leads to dictatorship (resp. oligarchy), either just on the premisses or on the whole agenda. Our analysis is inspired by the doctrinal paradox of legal theory and is arguably relevant to this field as well as political science and political economy. When the set of premisses coincides with the whole agenda, a limiting case of our assumptions, we obtain several existing results in judgment aggregation theory.
BibTeX:
@article{diet10-premiss-based,
  author = {Dietrich, Franz and Mongin, Philippe},
  title = {The premiss-based approach to judgment aggregation},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {145},
  number = {2},
  pages = {562--582},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053110000220},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2010.01.011}
}
Diewert, W. Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory 1973 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 40(3), pp. 419{\textendash}425 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{diew73-afriat-a,
  author = {Diewert, W.},
  title = {Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {40},
  number = {3},
  pages = {419textendash425},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2296461}
}
Diewert, W.E. Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory 1973 The Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 40(3), pp. 419-425 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{diew73-afriat,
  author = {Diewert, W. E.},
  title = {Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory},
  journal = {The Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {40},
  number = {3},
  pages = {419--425},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jul., 1973 / Copyright textcopyright 1973 The Review of Economic Studies Ltd.},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2296461}
}
Ding, C.H.Q. A similarity-based probability model for latent semantic indexing 1999 Proceedings of the 22nd annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, pp. 58{\textendash}65  inproceedings URL 
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{ding99-similarity-based,
  author = {Ding, C. H. Q.},
  title = {A similarity-based probability model for latent semantic indexing},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 22nd annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {58textendash65},
  url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=312652}
}
Dion, D. Turning the legislative thumbscrew: Minority rights and procedural change in legislative politics 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dion01-turning,
  author = {Dion, D.},
  title = {Turning the legislative thumbscrew: Minority rights and procedural change in legislative politics},
  publisher = {Univ of Michigan Pr},
  year = {2001}
}
Dion, D. and Huber, J. Sense and Sensibility: The Role of Rules 1997 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 41, pp. 945-957 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dion97-sense,
  author = {Dion, Douglas and Huber, John},
  title = {Sense and Sensibility: The Role of Rules},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {945--957}
}
Dion, D. and Huber, J. Party Leadership and Procedural Choice in Legislatures 1996 Journal of Politics
Vol. 58, pp. 25-53 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dion96-party,
  author = {Dion, Douglas and Huber, John},
  title = {Party Leadership and Procedural Choice in Legislatures},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {58},
  pages = {25--53}
}
Dion, D. and Huber, J. Procedural Choice and the House Committee on Rules 1996 Journal of Politics
Vol. 58, pp. 25-53 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dion96-procedural,
  author = {Dion, Douglas and Huber, John},
  title = {Procedural Choice and the House Committee on Rules},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {58},
  pages = {25--53}
}
Dixit, A.K., Skeath, S. and Reiley, D. Games of Strategy 2009   book  
Abstract: The third edition uses resonant, real-world examples to simplify complex theoretical ideas, helping students see the value of strategic thinking in a variety of situations.
BibTeX:
@book{dixi09-games,
  author = {Dixit, Avinash K. and Skeath, Susan and Reiley, David},
  title = {Games of Strategy},
  publisher = {W. W. Norton & Company},
  year = {2009}
}
Dixit, A.K. and Weibull, J.W. Political Polarization 2007 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 104(18), pp. 7351-7356 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Failures of government policies often provoke opposite reactions from citizens; some call for a reversal of the policy, whereas others favor its continuation in stronger form. We offer an explanation of such polarization, based on a natural bimodality of preferences in political and economic contexts and consistent with Bayesian rationality. agreeing to disagree Bayes' Theorem
BibTeX:
@article{dixi07-political,
  author = {Dixit, Avinash K and Weibull, Jörgen W},
  title = {Political Polarization},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {104},
  number = {18},
  pages = {7351--7356},
  url = {http://www.pnas.org/content/104/18/7351},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0702071104}
}
Dixon, R. Constitutional Amendment Rules: A Comparative Perspective 2011 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: Constitutional amendment rules are now a near universal feature of national constitutions, yet their function remains largely under-theorized. This chapter thus uses a comparative perspective to explore a number of different functions, as well as dangers, to formal procedures for constitutional amendment. It notes, for example, the historical role played by constitutional amendment procedures in Canada, India, South Africa and Australia in: (i) formalizing, or legalizing, major constitutional revisions or changes; (ii) allowing a polity to textquoteleftupdatetextquoteright of various specific constitutional structures or procedure; and (iii) allowing legislatures to engage in more effective forms of textquoteleftdialoguetextquoteright with courts, by both jump-starting new judicial interpretations of a constitution and trumping existing judicial interpretations. It also explores the dangers of overly flexible amendment, from the perspective of the role of constitutions in promoting valuable forms of political (pre-) commitment, settlement, and minority rights protection. In addition, the chapter concludes by providing a concise summary, and critique, of the existing empirical literature on the actual determinants of the difficulty of constitutional amendment, both cross-nationally as well as within the US.
BibTeX:
@article{dixo11-constitutional,
  author = {Dixon, Rosalind},
  title = {Constitutional Amendment Rules: A Comparative Perspective},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2011},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1833634}
}
Dobbin, F. Forging Industrial Policy: The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age 1994   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dobb94-forging,
  author = {Dobbin, Frank},
  title = {Forging Industrial Policy: The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1994}
}
Dodd, L.C. Thinking about Congress: essays on Congressional change 2012   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dodd12-thinking,
  author = {Dodd, Lawrence C.},
  title = {Thinking about Congress: essays on Congressional change},
  publisher = {Routledge},
  year = {2012}
}
Dodd, L.C. Party coalitions in multiparty parliaments: a game-theoretic analysis 1974 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 68(3), pp. 1093{\textendash}1117 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dodd74-party,
  author = {Dodd, L. C},
  title = {Party coalitions in multiparty parliaments: a game-theoretic analysis},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {68},
  number = {3},
  pages = {1093textendash1117}
}
Dodd, L.C., Dodd, L.C. and Oppenheimer, B.I. Re-Envisioning Congress: Theoretical Perspectives on Congressional Change -- 2004 2004 Congress Reconsidered, pp. 411-445  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{dodd04-re-envisioning,
  author = {Dodd, Lawrence C. and Dodd, Lawrence C. and Oppenheimer, Bruce I.},
  title = {Re-Envisioning Congress: Theoretical Perspectives on Congressional Change -- 2004},
  booktitle = {Congress Reconsidered},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {2004},
  pages = {411--445}
}
Dogan, M. and Kazancigil, A. Compare Why and How 1994 Comparing nations: concepts, strategies, substance  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{doga94-compare,
  author = {Dogan, Mattei and Kazancigil, Ali},
  title = {Compare Why and How},
  booktitle = {Comparing nations: concepts, strategies, substance},
  publisher = {Blackwell},
  year = {1994}
}
Dokow, E. and Holzman, R. Aggregation of binary evaluations 2010 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 145(2), pp. 495-511 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We study a general aggregation problem in which a society has to determine its position (yes/no) on each of several issues, based on the positions of the members of the society on those issues. There is a prescribed set of feasible evaluations, i.e., permissible combinations of positions on the issues. This framework for the theory of aggregation was introduced by Wilson and further developed by Rubinstein and Fishburn. Among other things, it admits the modeling of preference aggregation (where the issues are pairwise comparisons and feasibility reflects rationality), and of judgment aggregation (where the issues are propositions and feasibility reflects logical consistency). We characterize those sets of feasible evaluations for which the natural analogue of Arrow's impossibility theorem holds true in this framework.
BibTeX:
@article{doko10-aggregation,
  author = {Dokow, Elad and Holzman, Ron},
  title = {Aggregation of binary evaluations},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {145},
  number = {2},
  pages = {495--511},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022053108000410},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jet.2007.10.004}
}
Dolores Collado, M. Estimating dynamic models from time series of independent cross-sections 1997 Journal of Econometrics
Vol. 82(1), pp. 37-62 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the estimation of dynamic models from time series of independent cross-sections. The population is divided into groups with fixed membership (cohorts) and the cohort sample means are used as a panel subject to measurement errors. We propose measurement-error corrected estimators and analyze their asymptotic properties. We also calculate the asymptotic biases of the non-corrected estimators for the AR(1) model to check up to what extent the measurement-error correction is needed. Finally, we carry out the Monte Carlo simulations to evaluate the performance of our estimators in finite samples.
BibTeX:
@article{dolo97-estimating,
  author = {Dolores Collado, M.},
  title = {Estimating dynamic models from time series of independent cross-sections},
  journal = {Journal of Econometrics},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {82},
  number = {1},
  pages = {37--62},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VC0-3SX6H6S-2/2/04f0acf15aa0e6313f1ed7b163336f04},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4076(97)00015-8}
}
Dougherty, K. and Moeller, J. Constitutional Change and American Pivotal Politics 2012 American Politics Research
Vol. 40(6), pp. 1092-1120 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Recent studies of legislative gridlock espouse the importance of institutional design in separation-of-powers games. However, few scholars have focused on the effects of the adoption of the U.S. Constitution on legislative gridlock. This article attempts to fill that gap by determining whether the Constitution improved the marginal effect of the gridlock interval on the ability to change policy. Results suggest that policy is more responsive to the range of pivotal players (in both the negative and the positive direction) under the Constitution than under the Articles of Confederation, providing empirical evidence that it may be the superior design.
BibTeX:
@article{doug12-constitutional,
  author = {Dougherty, Keith and Moeller, Justin},
  title = {Constitutional Change and American Pivotal Politics},
  journal = {American Politics Research},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {40},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1092--1120},
  url = {http://apr.sagepub.com/content/40/6/1092},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1532673X11434944}
}
Dow, J.K. and Endersby, J.W. Multinomial Probit and Multinomial Logit: A Comparison of Choice Models for Voting Research 2004 Electoral Studies
Vol. 23, pp. 107-122 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dow04-multinomial,
  author = {Dow, Jay K. and Endersby, James W.},
  title = {Multinomial Probit and Multinomial Logit: A Comparison of Choice Models for Voting Research},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {23},
  pages = {107--122}
}
Dowding, K. and Van Hees, M. In praise of manipulation 2008 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 38(1), pp. 1 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{dowd08-praise,
  author = {Dowding, K. and Van Hees, M.},
  title = {In praise of manipulation},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {38},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=1475296}
}
Doyle, D.R. Political complexity: nonlinear models of politics 2000   book  
Abstract: This collection illustrates how nonlinear methods can provide new insight into existing political questions. Politics is often characterized by unexpected consequences, sensitivity to small changes, non-equilibrium dynamics, the emergence of patterns, and sudden changes in outcomes. These are all attributes of nonlinear processes. Bringing together a variety of recent nonlinear modeling approaches, Political Complexity explores what happens when political actors operate in a dynamic and complex social environment.The contributions to this collection are organized in terms of three branches within non-linear theory: spatial nonlinearity, temporal nonlinearity, and functional nonlinearity. The chapters advance beyond analogy towards developing rigorous nonlinear models capable of empirical verification.Contributions to this volume cover the areas of landscape theory, computational modeling, time series analysis, cross-sectional analysis, dynamic game theory, duration models, neural networks, and hidden Markov models. They address such questions as: Is international cooperation necessary for effective economic sanctions? Is it possible to predict alliance configurations in the international system? Is a bureaucratic agency harder to remove as time goes on? Is it possible to predict which international crises will result in war and which will avoid conflict? Is decentralization in a federal system always beneficial?The contributors are David Bearce, Scott Bennett, Chris Brooks, Daniel Carpenter, Melvin Hinich, Ken Kollman, Susanne Lohmann, Walter Mebane, John Miller, Robert E. Molyneaux, Scott Page, Philip Schrodt, and Langche Zeng.This book will be of interest to a broad group of political scientists, ranging from those who employ nonlinear methods to those curious to see what it is about. Scholars in other social science disciplines will find the new methodologies insightful for their own substantive work.Diana Richards is Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Minnesota.
BibTeX:
@book{doyl00-political,
  author = {Doyle, Diana Richards},
  title = {Political complexity: nonlinear models of politics},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {2000}
}
Dreyer, E.C. Change and stability in party identifications 1973 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 35(03), pp. 712{\textendash}722 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{drey73-change,
  author = {Dreyer, E. C},
  title = {Change and stability in party identifications},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {35},
  number = {03},
  pages = {712textendash722}
}
Druckman, J., Jacobs, L.R. and Ostermeier, E. Candidate Strategies to Prime Issues and Image 2004 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 66, pp. 1205-1227 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{druc04-candidate,
  author = {Druckman, James and Jacobs, Lawrence R and Ostermeier, Eric},
  title = {Candidate Strategies to Prime Issues and Image},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {66},
  pages = {1205--1227}
}
Druckman, J.N. On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame? 2001 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 63(4), pp. 1041-1066 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The following values have no corresponding Zotero field:textlessbr/textgreaterPB - Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Southern Political Science Associationtextlessbr/textgreater
BibTeX:
@article{druc01-limits,
  author = {Druckman, James N.},
  title = {On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame?},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {63},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1041--1066},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 2001 / Copyright textcopyright 2001 Southern Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2691806},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2691806}
}
Druckman, J.N., Hennessy, C.L., Kifer, M.J. and Parkin, M. Issue Engagement on Congressional Candidate Web Sites, 2002textemdash2006 2010 Social Science Computer Review
Vol. 28(1), pp. 3-23 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{druc10-issue,
  author = {Druckman, James N and Hennessy, Cari Lynn and Kifer, Martin J and Parkin, Michael},
  title = {Issue Engagement on Congressional Candidate Web Sites, 2002textemdash2006},
  journal = {Social Science Computer Review},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {28},
  number = {1},
  pages = {3--23},
  url = {http://ssc.sagepub.com/content/28/1/3},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894439309335485}
}
Druckman, J.N., Kifer, M.J. and Parkin, M. Campaign Communications in U.S. Congressional Elections 2009 American Political Science Review
Vol. 103(03), pp. 343 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{druc09-campaign,
  author = {Druckman, James N. and Kifer, Martin J. and Parkin, Michael},
  title = {Campaign Communications in U.S. Congressional Elections},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {103},
  number = {03},
  pages = {343},
  url = {http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0003055409990037},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055409990037}
}
Dryzek, J.S. and List, C. Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation 2003 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33(1), pp. 1-28 
article URL 
Abstract: The two most influential traditions of contemporary theorizing about democracy, social choice theory and deliberative democracy are generally thought to be at loggerheads, in that one demonstrates the impossibility, instability or meaninglessness of the rational collective outcomes sought by the other. We argue that the two traditions can be reconciled. After expounding the central Arrow and Gibbard-Satterthwaite impossibility results, we reassess their implications, identifying the conditions under which meaningful democratic decision making is possible. We argue that deliberation can promote these conditions, and hence that social choice theory suggests not that democratic decision making is impossible, but rather that democracy must have a deliberative aspect.
BibTeX:
@article{dryz03-social,
  author = {Dryzek, John S. and List, Christian},
  title = {Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {33},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1--28},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Jan., 2003 / Copyright textcopyright 2003 Cambridge University Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/4092266}
}
Duclos, Jean-Yves., Esteban, J. and Ray, D. Polarization: Concepts, Measurement, Estimation 2004 Econometrica
Vol. 72(6), pp. 1737-1772 
article URL 
Abstract: We develop the measurement theory of polarization for the case in which income distributions can be described using density functions. The main theorem uniquely characterizes a class of polarization measures that fits into what we call the "identity-alienation" framework, and simultanously satisfies a set of axioms. Second, we provide sample estimators of population polarization indices that can be used to compare polarization across time or entities. Distribution-free statistical inference results are also used in order to ensure that the orderings of polarization across entities are not simply due to sampling noise. An illustration of the use of these tools using data from 21 countries shows that polarization and inequality orderings can often differ in practice.
BibTeX:
@article{ducl04-polarization,
  author = {Duclos, Jean-Yves and Esteban, Joan and Ray, Debraj},
  title = {Polarization: Concepts, Measurement, Estimation},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {72},
  number = {6},
  pages = {1737--1772},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Nov., 2004 / Copyright textcopyright 2004 The Econometric Society},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3598766}
}
Duddy, C. and Piggins, A. A measure of distance between judgment sets 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(4), pp. 855-867 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In the literature on judgment aggregation, an important open question is how to measure the distance between any two judgment sets. This is relevant for issues of social choice: if two individuals hold different beliefs then we might want to find a compromise that lies somewhere between them. We propose a set of axioms that determine a measure of distance uniquely. This measure differs from the widely used Hamming metric. The difference between Hammingtextquoterights metric and ours boils down to one axiom. Given judgment sets A and B , this axiom says that if the propositions in A textbackslashcap B jointly imply that the propositions in A - B share the same truth value, then the disagreement between A and B over those propositions in A - B should be counted as a single disagreement. We consider the application of our metric to judgment aggregation, and also use the metric to measure the distance between preference rankings.
BibTeX:
@article{dudd12-measure,
  author = {Duddy, Conal and Piggins, Ashley},
  title = {A measure of distance between judgment sets},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {4},
  pages = {855--867},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/q58664t167m71w64/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0565-y}
}
Duddy, C. and Piggins, A. The proximity condition 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(2), pp. 353-369 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We investigate the social choice implications of what we call textquotedblleftthe proximity conditiontextquotedblright. Loosely speaking, this condition says that whenever a profile moves textquotedblleftclosertextquotedblright to some individualtextquoterights point of view, then the social choice cannot move textquotedblleftfurther awaytextquotedblright from this individualtextquoterights point of view. We apply this idea in two settings: merging functions and preference aggregation. The precise formulation of the proximity condition depends on the setting. First, restricting attention to merging functions that are interval scale invariant, we prove that the only functions that satisfy proximity are dictatorships. Second, we prove that the only social welfare functions that satisfy proximity and a version of the Pareto criterion are dictatorships. We conclude that either proximity is not an attractive normative requirement after all, or we must give up some other social choice condition. Another possibility is that our normative intuition about proximity needs to be codified using different axioms.
BibTeX:
@article{dudd12-proximity,
  author = {Duddy, Conal and Piggins, Ashley},
  title = {The proximity condition},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {2},
  pages = {353--369},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/94587j2m311w7235/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0630-6}
}
Dufour, Jean-Marie. and Farhat, A. Exact nonparametric two-sample homogeneity tests for possibly discrete distributions 2001   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dufo01-exact,
  author = {Dufour, Jean-Marie and Farhat, Abdeljelil},
  title = {Exact nonparametric two-sample homogeneity tests for possibly discrete distributions},
  year = {2001}
}
Duggan, J. Endogenous Voting Agendas 2006 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 27(3), pp. 495-530 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dugg06-endogenous,
  author = {Duggan, John},
  title = {Endogenous Voting Agendas},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {27(3)},
  pages = {495--530}
}
Duggan, J. Endogenous Amendment Agendas 2002   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dugg02-endogenous,
  author = {Duggan, John},
  title = {Endogenous Amendment Agendas},
  year = {2002}
}
Duggan, J. Endogenous amendment agendas 2002   techreport URL 
BibTeX:
@techreport{dugg02-endogenous-a,
  author = {Duggan, J.},
  title = {Endogenous amendment agendas},
  year = {2002},
  url = {http://www.rochester.edu/college/PSC/duggan/papers/amendment8.PDF}
}
Duggan, J. Equilibrium Equivalence Under Expected Plurality and Probability of Winning Maximization 2000 Mimeo, University of Rochester  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dugg00-equilibrium,
  author = {Duggan, John},
  title = {Equilibrium Equivalence Under Expected Plurality and Probability of Winning Maximization},
  journal = {Mimeo, University of Rochester},
  year = {2000}
}
Duggan, J. Pseudo-rationalizability and tournament solutions 1997 Unpublished, April  article  
BibTeX:
@article{dugg97-pseudo-rationalizability,
  author = {Duggan, J.},
  title = {Pseudo-rationalizability and tournament solutions},
  journal = {Unpublished, April},
  year = {1997}
}
Duggan, J. and Fey, M. Electoral Competition with Policy-Motivated Candidates 2005 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 51(2), pp. 490-522 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dugg05-electoral,
  author = {Duggan, John and Fey, Mark},
  title = {Electoral Competition with Policy-Motivated Candidates},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {51(2)},
  pages = {490--522}
}
Duggan, J. and Jackson, M.O. Mixed Strategy Equilibrium and Deep Covering in Multidimensional Electoral Competition 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{dugg05-mixed,
  author = {Duggan, John and Jackson, Matthew O.},
  title = {Mixed Strategy Equilibrium and Deep Covering in Multidimensional Electoral Competition},
  year = {2005}
}
Duggan, J. and Martinelli, C. A Bayesian Model of Voting in Juries 2001 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 37, pp. 259-294 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dugg01-bayesian,
  author = {Duggan, John and Martinelli, Cesar},
  title = {A Bayesian Model of Voting in Juries},
  journal = {Games and Economic Behavior},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {37},
  pages = {259--294}
}
Duggan, M. More Guns, More Crime 2001 The Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 109(5), pp. 1086-1114 
article URL 
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between gun ownership and crime. Previous research has suffered from a lack of reliable data on gun ownership. I exploit a unique data set to reliably estimate annual rates of gun ownership at both the state and the county levels during the past two decades. My findings demonstrate that changes in gun ownership are significantly positively related to changes in the homicide rate, with this relationship driven almost entirely by an impact of gun ownership on murders in which a gun is used. The effect of gun ownership on all other crime categories is much less marked. Recent reductions in the fraction of households owning a gun can explain one-third of the differential decline in gun homicides relative to nongun homicides since 1993.
BibTeX:
@article{dugg01-more,
  author = {Duggan, Mark},
  title = {More Guns, More Crime},
  journal = {The Journal of Political Economy},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {109},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1086--1114},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Oct., 2001 / Copyright textcopyright 2001 The University of Chicago Press},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3078549}
}
Dulio, D.A. and Trumbore, P.F. Running on Iraq or running from Iraq? Conditional issue ownership in the 2006 midterm elections 2009 Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 62(2), pp. 230{\textendash}243 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{duli09-running,
  author = {Dulio, D. A. and Trumbore, P. F.},
  title = {Running on Iraq or running from Iraq? Conditional issue ownership in the 2006 midterm elections},
  journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {62},
  number = {2},
  pages = {230textendash243},
  url = {http://prq.sagepub.com/content/62/2/230.short}
}
Dummett, M.A.E.. Voting Procedures 1984   book  
BibTeX:
@book{dumm84-voting,
  author = {Dummett, M.A.E.},
  title = {Voting Procedures},
  publisher = {Oxford University Press},
  year = {1984}
}
Dummett, M. The work and life of Robin Farquharson 2005 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 25(2-3), pp. 475-483 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{dumm05-work,
  author = {Dummett, Michael},
  title = {The work and life of Robin Farquharson},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {25},
  number = {2-3},
  pages = {475--483},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/y16x743257263800/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-005-0014-x}
}
Duncan, O.D. Occupation Trends and Patterns of Net Mobility in the United States 1966 Demography
Vol. 3(1), pp. 1-18 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{dunc66-occupation,
  author = {Duncan, Otis Dudley},
  title = {Occupation Trends and Patterns of Net Mobility in the United States},
  journal = {Demography},
  year = {1966},
  volume = {3},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1--18},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: 1966 / Copyright textcopyright 1966 Population Association of America},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2060060},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2060060}
}
Dunlap, R. and Gale, R. Party membership and environmental politics: A legislative roll-call analysis 1974 Social Science Quarterly
Vol. 55(1974), pp. 670{\textendash}690 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dunl74-party,
  author = {Dunlap, R. and Gale, R.},
  title = {Party membership and environmental politics: A legislative roll-call analysis},
  journal = {Social Science Quarterly},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {55},
  number = {1974},
  pages = {670textendash690}
}
Dunning, D. and Hayes, A.F. Evidence for Egocentric Comparison in Social Judgement 1996 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Vol. 71(2), pp. 213-229 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dunn96-evidence,
  author = {Dunning, David and Hayes, Andrew F.},
  title = {Evidence for Egocentric Comparison in Social Judgement},
  journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {71(2)},
  pages = {213--229}
}
Dunson, D.B. and Rodriquez, A. Nonparametric Bayesian models through probit stick-breaking processes 2011 Bayesian Analysis
Vol. 6(1), pp. 145-177 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We describe a novel class of Bayesian nonparametric priors based on stick-breaking constructions where the weights of the process are constructed as probit transformations of normal random variables. We show that these priors are extremely flexible, allowing us to generate a great variety of models while preserving computational simplicity. Particular emphasis is placed on the construction of rich temporal and spatial processes, which are applied to two problems in finance and ecology.
BibTeX:
@article{duns11-nonparametric,
  author = {Dunson, David B. and Rodriquez, Abel},
  title = {Nonparametric Bayesian models through probit stick-breaking processes},
  journal = {Bayesian Analysis},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {6},
  number = {1},
  pages = {145--177},
  note = {Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet): MR2781811},
  url = {http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ba/1339611944},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/11-BA605}
}
Durkheim, E. The Rules of Sociological Method. Translated by S. A. Solovay and J.H. Mueller 1950   book  
BibTeX:
@book{durk50-rules,
  author = {Durkheim, Emile},
  title = {The Rules of Sociological Method. Translated by S. A. Solovay and J.H. Mueller},
  publisher = {The Free Press},
  year = {1950}
}
Dutta, B. On the tournament equilibrium set 1990 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 7(4), pp. 381-383 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt90-tournament,
  author = {Dutta, B.},
  title = {On the tournament equilibrium set},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {7},
  number = {4},
  pages = {381--383}
}
Dutta, B. Covering sets and a new condorcet choice correspondence* 1 1988 Journal of Economic Theory  article URL 
Abstract: JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC THEORY 44, 6380 (1988) and a * BHASKAR Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi 110016. India Received May 21, 1985; revised December 17, 1986 Given a finite A of outcomes and a
BibTeX:
@article{dutt88-covering,
  author = {Dutta, B.},
  title = {Covering sets and a new condorcet choice correspondence* 1},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1988},
  url = {http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0022053188900968}
}
Dutta, B. Covering sets and a new Condorcet choice correspondence 1988 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 44(1), pp. 63-80 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt88-covering-a,
  author = {Dutta, B.},
  title = {Covering sets and a new Condorcet choice correspondence},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {44},
  number = {1},
  pages = {63--80}
}
Dutta, B. Covering Sets and a New Condorcet Choice Correspondence 1988 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 44, pp. 63-80 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt88-covering-b,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskar},
  title = {Covering Sets and a New Condorcet Choice Correspondence},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {44},
  pages = {63--80}
}
Dutta, B. Fuzzy preferences and social choice 1987 Mathematical Social Sciences
Vol. 13(3), pp. 215-229 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The traditional Arrowian framework assumes that the aggregation rule maps n-tuples of exact individual preferences into an exact social preferences relation. In this paper, both individual and social preferences are permitted to be fuzzy. Under a relatively strong transitivity condition, the fuzzy counterparts of Arrow's conditions result in oligarchic and not dictatorial aggregation rules. The disctatorship result is restored if these conditions are supplemented by Positive Responsiveness. Under a weaker transitivity condition, these impossibilities disappear. However, if the social preferences relation is constrained to generate exact social choice, new impossibilities may emerge.
BibTeX:
@article{dutt87-fuzzy,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskan},
  title = {Fuzzy preferences and social choice},
  journal = {Mathematical Social Sciences},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {13},
  number = {3},
  pages = {215--229},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V88-46R0N5K-P/2/ea81111d52b10c4520eb3b124356d670},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-4896(87)90030-8}
}
Dutta, B., Jackson, M.O. and Breton, M.L. Equilibrium Agenda Formation 2004 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 23, pp. 21-57 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt04-equilibrium,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskar and Jackson, Matthew O. and Breton, Michel Le},
  title = {Equilibrium Agenda Formation},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {23},
  pages = {21--57}
}
Dutta, B., Jackson, M.O. and Breton, M.L. Voting By Successive Elimination and Strategic Candidacy 2002 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 103, pp. 190-218 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt02-voting,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskar and Jackson, Matthew O. and Breton, Michel Le},
  title = {Voting By Successive Elimination and Strategic Candidacy},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {103},
  pages = {190--218}
}
Dutta, B., Jackson, M.O. and Breton, M.L. Strategic Candidacy and Voting Procedures 2001 Econometrica
Vol. 69, pp. 1013-1037 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt01-strategic,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskar and Jackson, Matthew O. and Breton, Michel Le},
  title = {Strategic Candidacy and Voting Procedures},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {69},
  pages = {1013--1037}
}
Dutta, B. and Laslier, Jean-Francois. Comparison Functions and Choice Correspondences 1999 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 16, pp. 513-532 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dutt99-comparison,
  author = {Dutta, Bhaskar and Laslier, Jean-Francois},
  title = {Comparison Functions and Choice Correspondences},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {16},
  pages = {513--532}
}
Duverger, M. Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State 1954   book  
BibTeX:
@book{duve54-political,
  author = {Duverger, Maurice},
  title = {Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State},
  publisher = {Wiley},
  year = {1954}
}
Dzhafarov, E.N. Dissimilarity cumulation as a procedure correcting for violations of triangle inequality 2010 Journal of Mathematical Psychology
Vol. 54(2), pp. 284{\textendash}287 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{dzha10-dissimilarity,
  author = {Dzhafarov, E. N},
  title = {Dissimilarity cumulation as a procedure correcting for violations of triangle inequality},
  journal = {Journal of Mathematical Psychology},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {54},
  number = {2},
  pages = {284textendash287}
}
Eagle, A. Twenty-One Arguments against Propensity Analyses of Probability 2004 Erkenntnis
Vol. 60(3), pp. 371-416 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: I argue that any broadly dispositional analysis of probability will either fail to give an adequate explication of probability, or else will fail to provide an explication that can be gainfully employed elsewhere (for instance, in empirical science or in the regulation of credence). The diversity and number of arguments suggests that there is little prospect of any successful analysis along these lines.
BibTeX:
@article{eagl04-twenty-one,
  author = {Eagle, Antony},
  title = {Twenty-One Arguments against Propensity Analyses of Probability},
  journal = {Erkenntnis},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {60},
  number = {3},
  pages = {371--416},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:ERKE.0000023408.61887.6a},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:ERKE.0000023408.61887.6a}
}
Eaton, B.C. and Lipsey, R.G. The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Reconsidered: Some New Developments in the Theory of Spatial Competition 1975 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 42, pp. 27-50 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{eato75-principle,
  author = {Eaton, B. Curtis and Lipsey, Richard G.},
  title = {The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Reconsidered: Some New Developments in the Theory of Spatial Competition},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {42},
  pages = {27--50}
}
Echenique, F. and Komunjer, I. Testing models with multiple equilibria by quantile methods 2009 Econometrica
Vol. 77(4), pp. 1281{\textendash}1297 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{eche09-testing,
  author = {Echenique, F. and Komunjer, I.},
  title = {Testing models with multiple equilibria by quantile methods},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {77},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1281textendash1297}
}
Echenique, F. and Komunjer, I. Testing Models With Multiple Equilibria by Quantile Methods 2009 Econometrica
Vol. 77(4), pp. 1281-1297 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This paper proposes a method for testing complementarities between explanatory and dependent variables in a large class of economic models. The proposed test is based on the monotone comparative statics (MCS) property of equilibria. Our main result is that MCS produces testable implications on the (small and large) quantiles of the dependent variable, despite the presence of multiple equilibria. The key features of our approach are that (i) we work with a nonparametric structural model of a continuous dependent variable in which the unobservable is allowed to be correlated with the explanatory variable in a reasonably general way; (ii) we do not require the structural function to be known or estimable; (iii) we remain fairly agnostic on how an equilibrium is selected. We illustrate the usefulness of our result for policy evaluation within Berry, Levinsohn, and Pakes's (1999) model.
BibTeX:
@article{eche09-testing-a,
  author = {Echenique, Federico and Komunjer, Ivana},
  title = {Testing Models With Multiple Equilibria by Quantile Methods},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {77},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1281--1297},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3982/ECTA6223/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3982/ECTA6223}
}
Echenique, F. and Oviedo, J. A theory of stability in many-to-many matching markets 2006 Theoretical Economics
Vol. 1(2), pp. 233{\textendash}273 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{eche06-theory,
  author = {Echenique, F. and Oviedo, J.},
  title = {A theory of stability in many-to-many matching markets},
  journal = {Theoretical Economics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {1},
  number = {2},
  pages = {233textendash273}
}
Edlin, A., Gelman, A. and Kaplan, N. Voting as a Rational Choice: Why and How People Vote To Improve the Well-Being of Others 2007 Rationality and Society
Vol. 19(3), pp. 293 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{edli07-voting,
  author = {Edlin, Aaron and Gelman, Andrew and Kaplan, Noah},
  title = {Voting as a Rational Choice: Why and How People Vote To Improve the Well-Being of Others},
  journal = {Rationality and Society},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {19},
  number = {3},
  pages = {293}
}
Eells, E. and Sober, E. Probabilistic causality and the question of transitivity 1983 Philosophy of Science, pp. 35{\textendash}57  article  
BibTeX:
@article{eell83-probabilistic,
  author = {Eells, E. and Sober, E.},
  title = {Probabilistic causality and the question of transitivity},
  journal = {Philosophy of Science},
  year = {1983},
  pages = {35textendash57}
}
Efron, B. The Future of Indirect Evidence 2009   article  
BibTeX:
@article{efro09-future,
  author = {Efron, B.},
  title = {The Future of Indirect Evidence},
  year = {2009}
}
Efron, B. and Morris, C. Stein's Paradox in Statistics 1977 Scientific American
Vol. 236, pp. 119{\textendash}127 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{efro77-steins,
  author = {Efron, B. and Morris, C.},
  title = {Stein's Paradox in Statistics},
  journal = {Scientific American},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {236},
  pages = {119textendash127},
  url = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977SciAm.236e.119E}
}
Egan, P. Issue ownership and representation: A theory of legislative responsiveness to constituency opinion 2008 New York University  article  
BibTeX:
@article{egan08-issue,
  author = {Egan, P.},
  title = {Issue ownership and representation: A theory of legislative responsiveness to constituency opinion},
  journal = {New York University},
  year = {2008}
}
Eguia, J.X. United We Vote 2007 Journal of Public Economic Theory
Vol. 9(4), pp. 607-639 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{egui07-united,
  author = {Eguia, Jon X.},
  title = {United We Vote},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economic Theory},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {9},
  number = {4},
  pages = {607--639}
}
Eig, L.M. and Seitzinger, M.V. State Constitutional And Statutory Provisions Concerning Congressional and State Legislative Redistricting 1981   inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{eig81-state,
  author = {Eig, L. M. and Seitzinger, M. V.},
  title = {State Constitutional And Statutory Provisions Concerning Congressional and State Legislative Redistricting},
  year = {1981}
}
Eisner, M.A. Regulatory Politics in Transition 2000   book  
BibTeX:
@book{eisn00-regulatory,
  author = {Eisner, Marc Allen},
  title = {Regulatory Politics in Transition},
  publisher = {Johns Hopkins},
  year = {2000}
}
El-Arini, K. Dirichlet Processes 2008   misc URL 
BibTeX:
@misc{el-a08-dirichlet,
  author = {El-Arini, K.},
  title = {Dirichlet Processes},
  year = {2008},
  url = {http://www.bradblock.com/Dirichlet_Processes_A_gentle_tutorial.pdf}
}
El-Gamal, M. and Grether, D. Are People Bayesian? Uncovering Behavioral Strategies 1995 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 90, pp. 1137-45 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{el-g95-people,
  author = {El-Gamal, Mahmoud and Grether, David},
  title = {Are People Bayesian? Uncovering Behavioral Strategies},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {90},
  pages = {1137--45}
}
Eliaz, K., Ray, D. and Razin, R. Group decision-making in the shadow of disagreement 2007 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 132(1), pp. 236{\textendash}273 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elia07-group,
  author = {Eliaz, K. and Ray, D. and Razin, R.},
  title = {Group decision-making in the shadow of disagreement},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {132},
  number = {1},
  pages = {236textendash273}
}
Elkind, E., Faliszewski, P. and Slinko, A. Rationalizations of Condorcet-consistent rules via distances of hamming type 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(4), pp. 891-905 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In voting, the main idea of the distance rationalizability framework is to view the voterstextquoteright preferences as an imperfect approximation to some kind of consensus. This approach, which is deeply rooted in the social choice literature, allows one to define (textquotedblleftrationalizetextquotedblright) voting rules via a consensus class of elections and a distance: a candidate is said to be an election winner if she is ranked first in one of the nearest (with respect to the given distance) consensus elections. It is known that many classic voting rules can be distance-rationalized. In this article, we provide new results on distance rationalizability of several Condorcet-consistent voting rules. In particular, we distance-rationalize the Young rule and Maximin using distances similar to the Hamming distance. It has been claimed that the Young rule can be rationalized by the Condorcet consensus class and the Hamming distance; we show that this claim is incorrect and, in fact, this consensus class and distance yield a new rule, which has not been studied before. We prove that, similarly to the Young rule, this new rule has a computationally hard winner determination problem.
BibTeX:
@article{elki12-rationalizations,
  author = {Elkind, Edith and Faliszewski, Piotr and Slinko, Arkadii},
  title = {Rationalizations of Condorcet-consistent rules via distances of hamming type},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {4},
  pages = {891--905},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/y16277p2414w447k/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0555-0}
}
Elliott, M. and Golub, B. A Network Centrality Approach to Coalitional Stability 2012 SSRN eLibrary  article URL 
Abstract: We study games in which each player can simultaneously exert costly effort that provides different benefits to some of the other players. The static analysis of the game yields a prediction of no cooperation, while a standard repeated games approach yields a folk theorem. To obtain more refined predictions about repeated play, we start from the observation that outcomes in such settings are typically negotiated in multilateral meetings involving various subsets of players. Thus, our goal is to find and describe effort profiles that can be sustained in equilibrium despite the possibility of coordinated coalitional deviations. In general, even the existence of such solutions is a difficult matter. This paper argues that there are simple, efficient, and coalition-proof equilibria that can be found by analyzing the setting as a network of marginal benefit flows among players. In these equilibria, each player's effort is equal to a sum (appropriately weighted) of the efforts of those whose contributions help him at the margin; this is an eigenvector centrality condition in the network. The analysis is done without parametric assumptions on utility functions. To establish the main result, we study connections among three concepts: coalition-proof equilibria of a repeated game; Lindahl equilibria (which are "Walrasian" solutions in a static public goods environment); and effort profiles satisfying the centrality condition. We also find a simple spectral characterization of Pareto-efficient outcomes of our public goods environment: they are the ones where a certain marginal benefits matrix has a largest eigen value of 1.
BibTeX:
@article{elli12-network,
  author = {Elliott, Matthew and Golub, Benjamin},
  title = {A Network Centrality Approach to Coalitional Stability},
  journal = {SSRN eLibrary},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2166412}
}
Ellison, G. Basins of Attraction, Long-Run Stochastic Stability, and the Speed of Step-by-Step Evolution 2000 Review of Economic Studies
Vol. 67(1), pp. 17{\textendash}45 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elli00-basins,
  author = {Ellison, G.},
  title = {Basins of Attraction, Long-Run Stochastic Stability, and the Speed of Step-by-Step Evolution},
  journal = {Review of Economic Studies},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {67},
  number = {1},
  pages = {17textendash45}
}
Ellison, G. Learning, local interaction, and coordination 1993 Econometrica
Vol. 61(5), pp. 1047{\textendash}1071 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elli93-learning,
  author = {Ellison, G.},
  title = {Learning, local interaction, and coordination},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {61},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1047textendash1071}
}
Ellison, G. and Wolitzky, A. A Search Cost Model of Obfuscation 2009 National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series
Vol. No. 15237 
article URL 
Elster, J. Social Norms and Economic Theory 1989 Journal of Economic Perspectives
Vol. 3(4), pp. 99-117 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elst89-social,
  author = {Elster, Jon},
  title = {Social Norms and Economic Theory},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Perspectives},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {3(4)},
  pages = {99--117}
}
Elster, J., Offe, C. and Preuss, U.K. Institutional design in post-communist societies: Rebuilding the ship at sea 1998   book  
BibTeX:
@book{elst98-institutional,
  author = {Elster, J. and Offe, C. and Preuss, U. K},
  title = {Institutional design in post-communist societies: Rebuilding the ship at sea},
  publisher = {Cambridge Univ Pr},
  year = {1998}
}
Ely, J. Local conventions 2002 Advances in Theoretical Economics
Vol. 2(1), pp. 1 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ely02-local,
  author = {Ely, J.},
  title = {Local conventions},
  journal = {Advances in Theoretical Economics},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {1}
}
Ely, J., Frankel, A. and Kamenica, E. Suspense and Surprise 2012   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ely12-suspense,
  author = {Ely, J. and Frankel, A. and Kamenica, E.},
  title = {Suspense and Surprise},
  year = {2012},
  url = {http://economics.uchicago.edu/workshops/Komenica%20-%20Suspense%20and%20Surprise.pdf}
}
Elzinga, C. Turbulence in categorical time series 2006 Mathematical Population Studies (sub  article  
BibTeX:
@article{elzi06-turbulence,
  author = {Elzinga, C.},
  title = {Turbulence in categorical time series},
  journal = {Mathematical Population Studies (sub},
  year = {2006}
}
Elzinga, C. Combinatorial representations of token sequences 2005 Journal of classification
Vol. 22(1), pp. 87{\textendash}118 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elzi05-combinatorial,
  author = {Elzinga, C.},
  title = {Combinatorial representations of token sequences},
  journal = {Journal of classification},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {22},
  number = {1},
  pages = {87textendash118}
}
Elzinga, C. Sequence similarity: a nonaligning technique 2003 Sociological Methods & Research
Vol. 32(1), pp. 3{\textendash}3 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{elzi03-sequence,
  author = {Elzinga, C.},
  title = {Sequence similarity: a nonaligning technique},
  journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {32},
  number = {1},
  pages = {3textendash3}
}
Elzinga, C.H. Sequence analysis: Metric representations of categorical time series 2006 Sociological Methods & Research  article  
BibTeX:
@article{elzi06-sequence,
  author = {Elzinga, C. H},
  title = {Sequence analysis: Metric representations of categorical time series},
  journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
  year = {2006}
}
Endersby, J. Rules of Method and Rules of Conduct: An Experimental Study on Two Types of Procedure and Committee Behavior 2009 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 55(01), pp. 218{\textendash}236 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ende09-rules,
  author = {Endersby, J.},
  title = {Rules of Method and Rules of Conduct: An Experimental Study on Two Types of Procedure and Committee Behavior},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {55},
  number = {01},
  pages = {218textendash236}
}
Endersby, J.W. Rules of Method and Rules of Conduct: An Experimental Study on Two Types of Procedure and Committee Behavior 1993 Journal of Politics
Vol. 55(1), pp. 218-236 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ende93-rules,
  author = {Endersby, James W.},
  title = {Rules of Method and Rules of Conduct: An Experimental Study on Two Types of Procedure and Committee Behavior},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {55},
  number = {1},
  pages = {218--236}
}
Enelow, J. and Hinich, M.J. A new approach to voter uncertainty in the Downsian spatial model 1981 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 25(3), pp. 483{\textendash}493 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{enel81-new,
  author = {Enelow, J. and Hinich, M. J},
  title = {A new approach to voter uncertainty in the Downsian spatial model},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {25},
  number = {3},
  pages = {483textendash493}
}
Enelow, J.M. Saving amendments, killer amendments, and an expected utility theory of sophisticated voting 1981 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 43(04), pp. 1062{\textendash}1089 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{enel81-saving,
  author = {Enelow, J. M},
  title = {Saving amendments, killer amendments, and an expected utility theory of sophisticated voting},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {43},
  number = {04},
  pages = {1062textendash1089}
}
Enelow, J.M. and Hinich, M.J. Advances in the Spatial Theory of Voting 1990   book  
BibTeX:
@book{enel90-advances,
  author = {Enelow, James M. and Hinich, Melvin J.},
  title = {Advances in the Spatial Theory of Voting},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1990}
}
Enelow, J.M. and Hinich, M.J. A general probabilistic spatial theory of elections 1989 Public Choice
Vol. 61(2), pp. 101{\textendash}113 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{enel89-general,
  author = {Enelow, J. M. and Hinich, M. J.},
  title = {A general probabilistic spatial theory of elections},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {61},
  number = {2},
  pages = {101textendash113}
}
Enelow, J.M. and Koehler, D.H. The Amendment in Legislative Strategy: Sophisticated Voting in the US Congres 1980 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 42(02), pp. 396{\textendash}413 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{enel80-amendment,
  author = {Enelow, J. M and Koehler, D. H},
  title = {The Amendment in Legislative Strategy: Sophisticated Voting in the US Congres},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {42},
  number = {02},
  pages = {396textendash413}
}
Engle-Warnick, J., McCAUSLAND, W. and Miller, J.H. The ghost in the machine: Inferring machine-based strategies from observed behavior 2004   article  
BibTeX:
@article{engl04-ghost,
  author = {Engle-Warnick, J. and McCAUSLAND, W. and Miller, J. H},
  title = {The ghost in the machine: Inferring machine-based strategies from observed behavior},
  year = {2004}
}
Engstrom, E.J. Stacking the states, stacking the House: The partisan consequences of congressional redistricting in the 19th century 2006 American Political Science Review
Vol. 100(3), pp. 419 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{engs06-stacking,
  author = {Engstrom, E. J.},
  title = {Stacking the states, stacking the House: The partisan consequences of congressional redistricting in the 19th century},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {100},
  number = {3},
  pages = {419},
  url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/production/action/cjoGetFulltext?fulltextid=464873}
}
Engstrom, E.J. and Kernell, S. Serving Competing Principals: The Budget Estimates of OMB and CBO in an Era of Divided Government 1999 Presidential Studies Quarterly
Vol. 29(December), pp. 820-830 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{engs99-serving,
  author = {Engstrom, Erik J. and Kernell, Samuel},
  title = {Serving Competing Principals: The Budget Estimates of OMB and CBO in an Era of Divided Government},
  journal = {Presidential Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {29},
  number = {December},
  pages = {820--830}
}
Ensley, M.J. Candidate Divergence, Ideology, and Vote Choice in US Senate Elections 2007 April
Vol. 35(1), pp. 103-122 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ensl07-candidate,
  author = {Ensley, Michael J.},
  title = {Candidate Divergence, Ideology, and Vote Choice in US Senate Elections},
  journal = {April},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {35},
  number = {1},
  pages = {103--122}
}
Epanechnikov, V.A.. Nonparametric estimation of a multidimensional probability density 1969 Theory Probab. Appl
Vol. 14, pp. 153-158 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epan69-nonparametric,
  author = {Epanechnikov, V.A.},
  title = {Nonparametric estimation of a multidimensional probability density},
  journal = {Theory Probab. Appl},
  year = {1969},
  volume = {14},
  pages = {153--158}
}
Epstein, D. Legislating from Both Sides of the Aisle: Information and the Value of Bipartisan Consensus 1999 Public Choice
Vol. 101, pp. 1-22 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst99-legislating,
  author = {Epstein, David},
  title = {Legislating from Both Sides of the Aisle: Information and the Value of Bipartisan Consensus},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {101},
  pages = {1--22}
}
Epstein, D. Partisan and Bipartisan Signaling in Congress 1998 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
Vol. 14, pp. 183-204 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst98-partisan,
  author = {Epstein, David},
  title = {Partisan and Bipartisan Signaling in Congress},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {14},
  pages = {183--204}
}
Epstein, D. Uncovering Some Subtleties of the Uncovered Set: Social Choice Theory and Distributive Politics 1997 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 15(1), pp. 81-93 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst97-uncovering,
  author = {Epstein, David},
  title = {Uncovering Some Subtleties of the Uncovered Set: Social Choice Theory and Distributive Politics},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {15},
  number = {1},
  pages = {81--93}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. Legislative Organization Under Separate Powers 2001 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
Vol. 17, pp. 373-396 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst01-legislative,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {Legislative Organization Under Separate Powers},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {17},
  pages = {373--396}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. Asymmetric Information, Delegation, and the Structure of Policy Making 1999 Journal of Theoretical Politics
Vol. 11, pp. 37-56 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst99-asymmetric,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {Asymmetric Information, Delegation, and the Structure of Policy Making},
  journal = {Journal of Theoretical Politics},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {37--56}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. Delegating Powers: A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making Under Separate Powers 1999   book  
BibTeX:
@book{epst99-delegating,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {Delegating Powers: A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making Under Separate Powers},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1999}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. The Nondelegation Doctrine and the Separation of Powers: A Political Science Approach 1999 Cardozo Law Review
Vol. 20, pp. 947-987 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst99-nondelegation,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {The Nondelegation Doctrine and the Separation of Powers: A Political Science Approach},
  journal = {Cardozo Law Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {20},
  pages = {947--987}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. Divided Government and the Design of Administrative Procedures: A Formal Model and Empirical Test 1996 Journal of Politics
Vol. 58, pp. 393-417 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst96-divided,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {Divided Government and the Design of Administrative Procedures: A Formal Model and Empirical Test},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {58},
  pages = {393--417}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. A Theory of Strategic Oversight: Congress, Lobbyists, and the Bureaucracy 1995 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
Vol. 11, pp. 227-255 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst95-theory,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {A Theory of Strategic Oversight: Congress, Lobbyists, and the Bureaucracy},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {11},
  pages = {227--255}
}
Epstein, D. and O'Halloran, S. Administrative Procedures, Information, and Agency Discretion: Slack vs. Flexibility 1994 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 38, pp. 697-722 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst94-administrative,
  author = {Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn},
  title = {Administrative Procedures, Information, and Agency Discretion: Slack vs. Flexibility},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {38},
  pages = {697--722}
}
Epstein, L. and Knight, J. The Choices Justices Make 1997   book  
BibTeX:
@book{epst97-choices,
  author = {Epstein, Lee and Knight, Jack},
  title = {The Choices Justices Make},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {1997}
}
Epstein, L. and Mershon, C. Measuring Political Preferences 1996 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 40(1), pp. 261-294 
article URL 
Abstract: When analysts adopt surrogates of actors' political preferences for purposes unanticipated by the inventors of those measures, they often stretch (but not explicitly assess) the range of reliability and validity. The consequences pushing measures beyond their intended purposes may significantly impact research findings, as well as the conclusions drawn from those findings. "Methodological audit" of measures developed by Segal and Cover (1989) to represent the political preferences of justices on the United States Supreme Court. Mainly regression analysis using the Segal/Cover scores and vote data drawn from the United States Supreme Court Judicial Database. Analysts would be well advised to weigh carefully whether adequate tests have been performed before adopting others' preference measures for their own research. More specific conclusions are: 1) scholars should invoke the Segal/Cover scores in the set of circumstances indicated by their developers: aggregated individual-level decisions in civil liberties cases; and 2) students of the judicial process who seek to explore phenomena other than aggregated individual-level voting in civil liberties cases ought to give serious thought to devising new surrogates for judicial preferences.
BibTeX:
@article{epst96-measuring,
  author = {Epstein, Lee and Mershon, Carol},
  title = {Measuring Political Preferences},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {40},
  number = {1},
  pages = {261--294},
  note = {ArticleType: primaryarticle / Full publication date: Feb., 1996 / Copyright textcopyright 1996 Midwest Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111702}
}
Epstein, S., Lipson, A., Holstein, C. and Huh, E. Irrational reactions to neagative outcomes: Evidence to two conceptual systems 1992 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Vol. 62(2), pp. 328-339 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{epst92-irrational,
  author = {Epstein, Seymour and Lipson, Abigail and Holstein, Carolyn and Huh, Eileen},
  title = {Irrational reactions to neagative outcomes: Evidence to two conceptual systems},
  journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {62(2)},
  pages = {328--339}
}
ErdHos, P. and moser null, l. On the representation of directed graphs as unions of orderings 1964
Vol. 9, pp. 125{\textendash}132 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{erdh64-representation,
  author = {ErdHos, P. and moser, l},
  title = {On the representation of directed graphs as unions of orderings},
  year = {1964},
  volume = {9},
  pages = {125textendash132},
  url = {http://www.ams.org/mathscinet/search/publications.html?pg1=MR&s1=MR0168494}
}
Erdil, A. and Ergin, H. What's the Matter with Tie-Breaking? Improving Efficiency in School Choice 2008 American Economic Review
Vol. 98(3), pp. 669-689 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erdi08-whats,
  author = {Erdil, A. and Ergin, H.},
  title = {What's the Matter with Tie-Breaking? Improving Efficiency in School Choice},
  journal = {American Economic Review},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {98},
  number = {3},
  pages = {669--689}
}
Erikson, R. The Puzzle of Midterm Loss 1988 Journal of Politics
Vol. 50(4), pp. 1011-29 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erik88-puzzle,
  author = {Erikson, Robert},
  title = {The Puzzle of Midterm Loss},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {50(4)},
  pages = {1011--29}
}
Erikson, R.S. Economic Conditions and the Congressional Vote: A Review of the Macrolevel Evidence 1990 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34, pp. 373-399 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erik90-economic,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S.},
  title = {Economic Conditions and the Congressional Vote: A Review of the Macrolevel Evidence},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {373--399}
}
Erikson, R.S. Constituency opinion and congressional behavior: A reexamination of the Miller-Stokes representation data 1978 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 22(3), pp. 511{\textendash}535 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erik78-constituency,
  author = {Erikson, R. S},
  title = {Constituency opinion and congressional behavior: A reexamination of the Miller-Stokes representation data},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {22},
  number = {3},
  pages = {511textendash535}
}
Erikson, R.S. The Electoral Impact of Congressional Roll Call Voting 1971 American Political Science Review
Vol. 65(December), pp. 1018-32 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erik71-electoral,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S.},
  title = {The Electoral Impact of Congressional Roll Call Voting},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1971},
  volume = {65},
  number = {December},
  pages = {1018--32}
}
Erikson, R.S., Mackuen, M.B. and Stimson, J.A. The Macro Polity 2002   book  
BibTeX:
@book{erik02-macro,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S. and Mackuen, Michael B. and Stimson, James A.},
  title = {The Macro Polity},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {2002}
}
Erikson, R.S. and Palfrey, T.R. Equilibria in Campaign Spending Games: Theory and Data 2000 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 94(3), pp. 595-609 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: We present a formal game-theoretic model to explain the simultaneity problem that makes it difficult to obtain unbiased estimates of the effects of both incumbent and challenger spending in U.S. House elections. The model predicts a particular form of correlation between the expected closeness of the race and the level of spending by both candidates, which implies that the simultaneity problem should not be present in close races and should be progressively more severe in the range of safe races that are empirically observed. This is confirmed by comparing simple OLS regression of races that are expected to be close with races that are not, using House incumbent races spanning two decades.
BibTeX:
@article{erik00-equilibria,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S. and Palfrey, Thomas R.},
  title = {Equilibria in Campaign Spending Games: Theory and Data},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {94},
  number = {3},
  pages = {595--609},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 2000 / Copyright textcopyright 2000 American Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585833},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2585833}
}
Erikson, R.S. and Romero, D.W. Candidate equilibrium and the behavioral model of the vote 1990 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 84(4), pp. 1103{\textendash}1126 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{erik90-candidate,
  author = {Erikson, R. S and Romero, D. W},
  title = {Candidate equilibrium and the behavioral model of the vote},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {84},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1103textendash1126}
}
Erikson, R.S. and Wright, G.C. Policy representation of constituency interests 1980 Political Behavior
Vol. 2(1), pp. 91{\textendash}106 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{erik80-policy,
  author = {Erikson, R. S. and Wright, G. C.},
  title = {Policy representation of constituency interests},
  journal = {Political Behavior},
  year = {1980},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {91textendash106},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/J763602P17W24678.pdf}
}
Erikson, R.S., Wright, G.C., Brady, D.W., Cogan, J.F. and Ferejohn, J.F. Representation of Constituency Ideology in Congress 2000 Change and Continuity in House Elections, pp. 149-177  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{erik00-representation,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S. and Wright, Gerald C. and Brady, David W. and Cogan, John F. and Ferejohn, John F.},
  title = {Representation of Constituency Ideology in Congress},
  booktitle = {Change and Continuity in House Elections},
  publisher = {Stanford University Press},
  year = {2000},
  pages = {149--177}
}
Erikson, R.S., Wright, G.C., Dodd, L.C. and Oppenheimer, B.I. Voters, Candidates and Issues in Congressional Elections 1997 Congress Reconsidered, 6th Ed., pp. 132-161  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{erik97-voters,
  author = {Erikson, Robert S. and Wright, Gerald C. and Dodd, Lawrence C. and Oppenheimer, Bruce I.},
  title = {Voters, Candidates and Issues in Congressional Elections},
  booktitle = {Congress Reconsidered, 6th Ed.},
  publisher = {Congressional Quarterly Press},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {132--161}
}
Esaiasson, P. and Heidar, K. Parliamentary Party Groups 2000
Vol. Parliaments and legislatures seriesBeyond Westminster and Congress: the Nordic experience 
incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{esai00-parliamentary,
  author = {Esaiasson, Peter and Heidar, Knut},
  title = {Parliamentary Party Groups},
  booktitle = {Beyond Westminster and Congress: the Nordic experience},
  publisher = {Ohio State University Press},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {Parliaments and legislatures series}
}
Esarey, J. and Pierce, A. Assessing Fit Quality and Testing for Misspecification in Binary-Dependent Variable Models 2012 Political Analysis
Vol. 20(4), pp. 480-500 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: In this article, we present a technique and critical test statistic for assessing the fit of a binary-dependent variable model (e.g., a logit or probit). We examine how closely a model's predicted probabilities match the observed frequency of events in the data set, and whether these deviations are systematic or merely noise. Our technique allows researchers to detect problems with a model's specification that obscure substantive understanding of the underlying data-generating process, such as missing interaction terms or unmodeled nonlinearities. We also show that these problems go undetected by the fit statistics most commonly used in political science.
BibTeX:
@article{esar12-assessing,
  author = {Esarey, Justin and Pierce, Andrew},
  title = {Assessing Fit Quality and Testing for Misspecification in Binary-Dependent Variable Models},
  journal = {Political Analysis},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {20},
  number = {4},
  pages = {480--500},
  url = {http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/4/480},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pan/mps026}
}
Eschargrodsky Microsoft Word - Beliefs-Nov28-2005.doc 2005 , pp. 1{\textendash}43  article  
BibTeX:
@article{esch05-microsoft,
  author = {Eschargrodsky},
  title = {Microsoft Word - Beliefs-Nov28-2005.doc},
  year = {2005},
  pages = {1textendash43}
}
Eschenbach, C., Hall, F., Hemasinha, R., Kirkland, S., Li, Z., Shader, B., Stuart, J. and Weaver, J. Properties of Tournaments Among Well-Matched Players 2000 The American Mathematical Monthly
Vol. 107(10), pp. 881{\textendash}892 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{esch00-properties,
  author = {Eschenbach, C. and Hall, F. and Hemasinha, R. and Kirkland, S. and Li, Z. and Shader, B. and Stuart, J. and Weaver, J.},
  title = {Properties of Tournaments Among Well-Matched Players},
  journal = {The American Mathematical Monthly},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {107},
  number = {10},
  pages = {881textendash892}
}
Escobar, M.D. Estimating Normal Means with a Dirichlet Process Prior 1994 Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 89(425), pp. 268-277 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Abstract In this article, the Dirichlet process prior is used to provide a nonparametric Bayesian estimate of a vector of normal means. In the past there have been computational difficulties with this model. This article solves the computational difficulties by developing a textquotedblleftGibbs samplertextquotedblright algorithm. The estimator developed in this article is then compared to parametric empirical Bayes estimators (PEB) and nonparametric empirical Bayes estimators (NPEB) in a Monte Carlo study. The Monte Carlo study demonstrates that in some conditions the PEB is better than the NPEB and in other conditions the NPEB is better than the PEB. The Monte Carlo study also shows that the estimator developed in this article produces estimates that are about as good as the PEB when the PEB is better and produces estimates that are as good as the NPEB estimator when that method is better.
BibTeX:
@article{esco94-estimating,
  author = {Escobar, Michael D.},
  title = {Estimating Normal Means with a Dirichlet Process Prior},
  journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {89},
  number = {425},
  pages = {268--277},
  url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01621459.1994.10476468},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1994.10476468}
}
Escobar, M.D. and West, M. Bayesian density estimation and inference using mixtures 1995 Journal of the american statistical association
Vol. 90(430), pp. 577{\textendash}588 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{esco95-bayesian,
  author = {Escobar, M. D. and West, M.},
  title = {Bayesian density estimation and inference using mixtures},
  journal = {Journal of the american statistical association},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {90},
  number = {430},
  pages = {577textendash588},
  url = {http://amstat.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01621459.1995.10476550}
}
Eshel, I. and Akin, E. Cevolutionary instability of mixed Nash solutions 1983 Journal of mathematical biology
Vol. 18(2), pp. 123{\textendash}133 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{eshe83-cevolutionary,
  author = {Eshel, I. and Akin, E.},
  title = {Cevolutionary instability of mixed Nash solutions},
  journal = {Journal of mathematical biology},
  year = {1983},
  volume = {18},
  number = {2},
  pages = {123textendash133}
}
Estebantextbackslashldots, J. A theory of agreements in the shadow of conflict: the genesis of bargaining power 2008 Theory and decision  article URL 
Abstract: Page 1. DOI 10.1007/s11238-007-9093-8 Theory and Decision (2008) 65:227textendash252 textbackslashcopyright Springer 2007 JOAN ESTEBAN AND JÂtextasciiacuteOZSEF SÂtextasciiacuteAKOVICS A THEORY OF AGREEMENTS IN THE SHADOW OF CONFLICT: THE GENESIS OF BARGAINING POWER ABSTRACT.
BibTeX:
@article{este08-theory,
  author = {Estebantextbackslashldots, J.},
  title = {A theory of agreements in the shadow of conflict: the genesis of bargaining power},
  journal = {Theory and decision},
  year = {2008},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/1777U6XX82244277.pdf}
}
Esterling, K.M. Buying Expertise: Campaign Contributions and Attention to Policy Analysis in Congressional Committees 2007 American Political Science Review
Vol. 101(01), pp. 93-109 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{este07-buying,
  author = {Esterling, Kevin M.},
  title = {Buying Expertise: Campaign Contributions and Attention to Policy Analysis in Congressional Committees},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {101},
  number = {01},
  pages = {93--109}
}
European Centre for Political Studies, K. Paradoxes of Parties in Congress 1999 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 24(1), pp. 64, 31 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{euro99-paradoxes,
  author = {European Centre for Political Studies, Krehbiel},
  title = {Paradoxes of Parties in Congress},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {24},
  number = {1},
  pages = {64, 31},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/440299}
}
Evans, C.L. Legislative Structure: Rules, Precedents, and Jurisdictions 1999 legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 24(4), pp. 605-642 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{evan99-legislative,
  author = {Evans, C. Lawrence},
  title = {Legislative Structure: Rules, Precedents, and Jurisdictions},
  journal = {legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {24},
  number = {4},
  pages = {605--642}
}
Evdokimov, K. IdentiÖcation and Estimation of a Nonparametric Panel Data Model with Unobserved Heterogeneity? 2010   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{evdo10-identioecation,
  author = {Evdokimov, Kirill},
  title = {IdentiÖcation and Estimation of a Nonparametric Panel Data Model with Unobserved Heterogeneity?},
  year = {2010},
  url = {http://www.princeton.edu/%257Ekevdokim/nppanel_aug12.pdf}
}
Everett, C. On the basis and chromatic number of a graph 1966 Canadian Journal of Mathematics
Vol. 18, pp. 969{\textendash}973 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{ever66-basis,
  author = {Everett, C.},
  title = {On the basis and chromatic number of a graph},
  journal = {Canadian Journal of Mathematics},
  year = {1966},
  volume = {18},
  pages = {969textendash973}
}
Evstigneev, I.V., Flam, S.D., Ferris, M.C. and Pang, Jong-Shi. Complematary and Variational Problems: State of the Art 1997   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{evst97-complematary,
  author = {Evstigneev, Igor V. and Flam, Sjur Didrik and Ferris, Michael C. and Pang, Jong-Shi},
  title = {Complematary and Variational Problems: State of the Art},
  publisher = {SIAM},
  year = {1997}
}
Farquharson, R. Theory of Voting 1969   book  
BibTeX:
@book{farq69-theory,
  author = {Farquharson, Robin},
  title = {Theory of Voting},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1969}
}
Farquharson, R. The Theory of Voting 1969   book  
BibTeX:
@book{farq69-theory-a,
  author = {Farquharson, Robin},
  title = {The Theory of Voting},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1969}
}
Farrell, D.M. Electoral Systems: a comparative introduction 2001   book  
BibTeX:
@book{farr01-electoral,
  author = {Farrell, David M.},
  title = {Electoral Systems: a comparative introduction},
  publisher = {Palgrave},
  year = {2001}
}
Farrell, J. and Rabin, M. Cheap Talk 1996 Journal of Economic Perspectives
Vol. 10, pp. 103-118 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{farr96-cheap,
  author = {Farrell, Joseph and Rabin, Matthew},
  title = {Cheap Talk},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Perspectives},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {10},
  pages = {103--118}
}
Farrell, J. and Saloner, G. Coordination Through Committees and Markets 1988 RAND Journal of Economics
Vol. 19(2), pp. 235-252 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{farr88-coordination,
  author = {Farrell, Joseph and Saloner, Garth},
  title = {Coordination Through Committees and Markets},
  journal = {RAND Journal of Economics},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {19(2)},
  pages = {235--252}
}
Favardin, P., Lepelley, D. and Serais, J. Borda rule, Copeland method and strategic manipulation 2002 Review of Economic Design
Vol. 7(2), pp. 213{\textendash}228 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fava02-borda,
  author = {Favardin, P. and Lepelley, D. and Serais, J.},
  title = {Borda rule, Copeland method and strategic manipulation},
  journal = {Review of Economic Design},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {7},
  number = {2},
  pages = {213textendash228},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/KNCE4H6RBV9883MN.pdf}
}
Fawcett, J.T. Networks, Linkages, and Migration Systems 1989 International Migration Review
Vol. 23(3), pp. 671-680 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: Recent theoretical interest in migration systems calls attention to the functions of diverse linkages between countries in stimulating, directing and maintaining international flows of people. This article proposes a conceptual framework for the nonpeople linkages in international migration systems and discusses the implications for population movement of the four categories and three types of linkages that define the framework.
BibTeX:
@article{fawc89-networks,
  author = {Fawcett, James T.},
  title = {Networks, Linkages, and Migration Systems},
  journal = {International Migration Review},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {23},
  number = {3},
  pages = {671--680},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Special Silver Anniversary Issue: International Migration an Assessment for the 90's / Full publication date: Autumn, 1989 / Copyright textcopyright 1989 The Center for Migration Studies of New York, Inc.},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2546434},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2546434}
}
Fayers, P. and Hand, D. Causal variables, indicator variables and measurement scales: an example from quality of life 2002 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), pp. 233{\textendash}261  article  
BibTeX:
@article{faye02-causal,
  author = {Fayers, P. and Hand, D.},
  title = {Causal variables, indicator variables and measurement scales: an example from quality of life},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society)},
  year = {2002},
  pages = {233textendash261}
}
Fayers, P.M. and Hand, D.J. Causal variables, indicator variables and measurement scales: an example from quality of life 2002 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), pp. 233-261  article  
BibTeX:
@article{faye02-causal-a,
  author = {Fayers, P. M. and Hand, D. J.},
  title = {Causal variables, indicator variables and measurement scales: an example from quality of life},
  journal = {Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society)},
  year = {2002},
  pages = {233--261}
}
Fearon, J. BARGAINING OVER OBJECTS THAT INFLUENCE FUTURE BARGAINING POWER 1996   article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fear96-bargaining,
  author = {Fearon, James},
  title = {BARGAINING OVER OBJECTS THAT INFLUENCE FUTURE BARGAINING POWER},
  year = {1996},
  url = {http://www.stanford.edu/ jfearon/papers/booifbp.pdf}
}
Fearon, J.D. Signaling Foreign Policy Interests: Tying Hands versus Sinking Costs 1997 The Journal of Conflict Resolution
Vol. 41(1), pp. 68-90 
article URL 
Abstract: The author distinguishes between two types of costly signals that state leaders might employ in trying to credibly communicate their foreign policy interests to other states, whether in the realm of grand strategy or crisis diplomacy. Leaders might either (a) tie hands by creating audience costs that they will suffer ex post if they do not follow through on their threat or commitment (i.e., costs arising from the actions of domestic political audiences) or (b) sink costs by taking actions such as mobilizing troops that are financially costly ex ante. Analysis of a game model depicting the essentials of each case yields two principal results. First, in the games' equilibria, leaders never bluff with either type of signal; they do not incur or create costs and then fail to respond if challenged. Second, leaders do better on average by tying hands, despite the fact that the ability to do so creates a greater ex ante risk of war than does the use of sunk-cost signals. These results and the logic behind them may help explain some empirical features of international signaling, such as many crises' appearance as competitions in creating domestic political audience costs. They also generate empirical puzzles, such as why the seemingly plausible logic of inference that undermines bluffing in the model does not operate in all empirical cases.
BibTeX:
@article{fear97-signaling,
  author = {Fearon, James D.},
  title = {Signaling Foreign Policy Interests: Tying Hands versus Sinking Costs},
  journal = {The Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {41},
  number = {1},
  pages = {68--90},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: New Games: Modeling Domestic-International Linkages / Full publication date: Feb., 1997 / Copyright textcopyright 1997 Sage Publications, Inc.},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/174487}
}
Fearon, J.D. Rationalist explanations for war 1995 International Organization
Vol. 49(03), pp. 379{\textendash}414 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fear95-rationalist,
  author = {Fearon, J. D.},
  title = {Rationalist explanations for war},
  journal = {International Organization},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {49},
  number = {03},
  pages = {379textendash414}
}
Feddersen, T. Elections, information aggregation, and strategic voting 1999 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 96(19), pp. 10572{\textendash}10574 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fedd99-elections,
  author = {Feddersen, T.},
  title = {Elections, information aggregation, and strategic voting},
  journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {96},
  number = {19},
  pages = {10572textendash10574},
  url = {http://www.pnas.org/content/96/19/10572.full},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.19.10572}
}
Feddersen, T. Institutions, Rules, and the Lawmaking Process 1999
Vol. 26Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies, pp. 89{\textendash}95 
inproceedings  
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{fedd99-institutions,
  author = {Feddersen, T.},
  title = {Institutions, Rules, and the Lawmaking Process},
  booktitle = {Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {89textendash95}
}
Feddersen, T. and Pesendorfer, W. Abstention in Elections with Asymmetric Information and Diverse Preferences 1999 American Political Science Review
Vol. 93, pp. 381-398 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fedd99-abstention,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy and Pesendorfer, Wolfgang},
  title = {Abstention in Elections with Asymmetric Information and Diverse Preferences},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {93},
  pages = {381--398}
}
Feddersen, T. and Pesendorfer, W. Convicting the Innocent: The Inferiority of Unanimous Jury Verdicts Under Strategic Voting 1998 American Political Science Review
Vol. 92, pp. 23-35 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fedd98-convicting,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy and Pesendorfer, Wolfgang},
  title = {Convicting the Innocent: The Inferiority of Unanimous Jury Verdicts Under Strategic Voting},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {92},
  pages = {23--35}
}
Feddersen, T. and Pesendorfer, W. Voting Behavior and Information Aggregation in Elections with Private Information 1997 Econometrica
Vol. 65(5), pp. 1029-1058 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fedd97-voting,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy and Pesendorfer, Wolfgang},
  title = {Voting Behavior and Information Aggregation in Elections with Private Information},
  journal = {Econometrica},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {65},
  number = {5},
  pages = {1029--1058}
}
Feddersen, T. and Sandroni, A. A Theory of Participation in Elections 2006 The American Economic Review
Vol. 96(4), pp. 1271-1282 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fedd06-theory,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy and Sandroni, Alvaro},
  title = {A Theory of Participation in Elections},
  journal = {The American Economic Review},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {96},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1271--1282},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Sep., 2006 / Copyright textcopyright 2006 American Economic Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/30034339}
}
Feddersen, T., Sened, I. and Wright, S. Rational Voting and Candidate Entry under Plurality Rule 1990 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34(6), pp. 1005-1016 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fedd90-rational,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy and Sened, Itai and Wright, Stephen},
  title = {Rational Voting and Candidate Entry under Plurality Rule},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {34(6)},
  pages = {1005--1016}
}
Feddersen, T.J. Rational choice theory and the paradox of not voting 2004 The Journal of Economic Perspectives
Vol. 18(1), pp. 99{\textendash}112 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fedd04-rational,
  author = {Feddersen, T. J.},
  title = {Rational choice theory and the paradox of not voting},
  journal = {The Journal of Economic Perspectives},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {18},
  number = {1},
  pages = {99textendash112},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/3216877}
}
Feddersen, T.J. and Pesendorfer, W. The Swing Voter's Curse 1996 The American Economic Review
Vol. 86(3), pp. 408-424 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fedd96-swing,
  author = {Feddersen, Timothy J. and Pesendorfer, Wolfgang},
  title = {The Swing Voter's Curse},
  journal = {The American Economic Review},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {86},
  number = {3},
  pages = {408--424}
}
Fedrizzi, M., Kacprzyk, J., Kacprzyk, J. and Roubens, M. On measuring consensus in the setting of fuzzy preference relations 1988 Non-Conventional Preference Relations in Decision Making, pp. 129-141  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{fedr88-measuring,
  author = {Fedrizzi, M. and Kacprzyk, J. and Kacprzyk, J. and Roubens, M.},
  title = {On measuring consensus in the setting of fuzzy preference relations},
  booktitle = {Non-Conventional Preference Relations in Decision Making},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
  year = {1988},
  pages = {129--141}
}
Feinberg, Y. Characterizing common priors in the form of posteriors 2000 Journal of Economic Theory
Vol. 91(2), pp. 127{\textendash}179 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fein00-characterizing,
  author = {Feinberg, Y.},
  title = {Characterizing common priors in the form of posteriors},
  journal = {Journal of Economic Theory},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {91},
  number = {2},
  pages = {127textendash179}
}
Feinerer, I. and Hornik, K. Text Mining of Supreme Administrative Court Jurisdictions 2008 Data Analysis, Machine Learning and Applications, pp. 569-576  incollection URL 
Abstract: Within the last decade text mining, i.e., extracting sensitive information from text corpora, has become a major factor in business intelligence. The automated textual analysis of law corpora is highly valuable because of its impact on a companytextquoterights legal options and the raw amount of available jurisdiction. The study of supreme court jurisdiction and international law corpora is equally important due to its effects on business sectors.
In this paper we use text mining methods to investigate Austrian supreme administrative court jurisdictions concerning dues and taxes. We analyze the law corpora using R with the new text mining package tm. Applications include clustering the jurisdiction documents into groups modeling tax classes (like income or value-added tax) and identifying jurisdiction properties. The findings are compared to results obtained by law experts.
BibTeX:
@incollection{fein08-text,
  author = {Feinerer, Ingo and Hornik, Kurt},
  title = {Text Mining of Supreme Administrative Court Jurisdictions},
  booktitle = {Data Analysis, Machine Learning and Applications},
  year = {2008},
  pages = {569--576},
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78246-9_67}
}
Feld, S. Group Decision Making over Multidimensional Objects of Choice 1992 BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN DECISION PROCESSES  article URL 
Abstract: Recent work in social theory has suggested very pessimistic results about the way in which majority rule voting procedures (a) reflect (or fail to reflect) the will of the majority and (b) are subject to manipulation. We briefly review this work but focus on more recent
BibTeX:
@article{feld92-group,
  author = {Feld, S},
  title = {Group Decision Making over Multidimensional Objects of Choice},
  journal = {BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN DECISION PROCESSES},
  year = {1992},
  url = {http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~bgrofman/73%2520Grofman%2520and%2520Feld.%25201992.%2520Group%2520Decision%2520Making...%2520Org.%2520Behav.%2520and%2520Hu.%2520Per..pdf}
}
Feld, S. and Grofman, B. The Implications of Issue Salience for Electoral Competition 2005   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{feld05-implications,
  author = {Feld, Scott and Grofman, Bernard},
  title = {The Implications of Issue Salience for Electoral Competition},
  year = {2005}
}
Feld, S., Grofman, B., Hartly, R., Kilgour, M. and Miller, N. The uncovered set in spatial voting games 1987 Theory and Decision
Vol. 23(2), pp. 129{\textendash}155 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld87-uncovered,
  author = {Feld, S. and Grofman, B. and Hartly, R. and Kilgour, M. and Miller, N.},
  title = {The uncovered set in spatial voting games},
  journal = {Theory and Decision},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {23},
  number = {2},
  pages = {129textendash155}
}
Feld, S. and Grofmanldots, B. Centripetal forces in spatial voting: On the size of the yolk 1988 Public Choice  article URL 
Abstract: The , the smallest circle which intersects all median lines, has been shown to be an important tool in understanding the nature of majority in a context. The center of the is a natural 'center'of the set of voter ideal points. The radius of the
BibTeX:
@article{feld88-centripetal,
  author = {Feld, S and Grofmanldots, B},
  title = {Centripetal forces in spatial voting: On the size of the yolk},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1988},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/index/KN6765G46421J7M6.pdf}
}
Feld, S.L. and Grofman, B. Majority Rule Outcomes and the Structure of Debate in One-issue-at-a-time Decision-making 1988 Public Choice
Vol. 59(3), pp. 239-252 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld88-majority,
  author = {Feld, Scott L. and Grofman, Bernard},
  title = {Majority Rule Outcomes and the Structure of Debate in One-issue-at-a-time Decision-making},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {59},
  number = {3},
  pages = {239--252}
}
Feld, S.L. and Grofman, B. Necessary and sufficient conditions for a majority winner in n-dimensional spatial voting games: An intuitive geometric approach 1987 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 31(4), pp. 709{\textendash}728 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld87-necessary,
  author = {Feld, S. L and Grofman, B.},
  title = {Necessary and sufficient conditions for a majority winner in n-dimensional spatial voting games: An intuitive geometric approach},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {31},
  number = {4},
  pages = {709textendash728}
}
Feld, S.L., Grofman, B. and Miller, N.R. Limits on Agenda Control in Spatial Voting Games 1989 Mathematical and Computer Modeling
Vol. 12(4/5), pp. 405-416 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld89-limits,
  author = {Feld, Scott L. and Grofman, Bernard and Miller, Nicholas R.},
  title = {Limits on Agenda Control in Spatial Voting Games},
  journal = {Mathematical and Computer Modeling},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {12(4/5)},
  pages = {405--416}
}
Feldman, A.M. A very unsubtle version of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem 1974 Economic Inquiry
Vol. 12(4), pp. 534{\textendash}546 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld74-very,
  author = {Feldman, A. M},
  title = {A very unsubtle version of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem},
  journal = {Economic Inquiry},
  year = {1974},
  volume = {12},
  number = {4},
  pages = {534textendash546}
}
Feldman, S. and Zaller, J. The Political Culture Of Ambivalence: Ideological Responses To The Welfare State 1992 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 36, pp. 268-307 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{feld92-political,
  author = {Feldman, Stanley and Zaller, John},
  title = {The Political Culture Of Ambivalence: Ideological Responses To The Welfare State},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {36},
  pages = {268--307}
}
Felsenthal, D.S. Ch. 12. Microcosms and Macrocosms: Normative Schemes for Seat Allocation in Proportional Representation Systems 1990 Topics in social choice: sophisticated voting, efficacy, and proportional representation  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{fels90-ch,
  author = {Felsenthal, D. S.},
  title = {Ch. 12. Microcosms and Macrocosms: Normative Schemes for Seat Allocation in Proportional Representation Systems},
  booktitle = {Topics in social choice: sophisticated voting, efficacy, and proportional representation},
  publisher = {Praeger},
  year = {1990}
}
Felsenthal, D.S. Topics in social choice: sophisticated voting, efficacy, and proportional representation 1990   book URL 
BibTeX:
@book{fels90-topics,
  author = {Felsenthal, D. S.},
  title = {Topics in social choice: sophisticated voting, efficacy, and proportional representation},
  publisher = {Praeger},
  year = {1990},
  url = {http://www.getcited.org/pub/102786944}
}
Fenn, D., Suleman, O., Efstathiou, J. and Johnson, N.F. How does Europe make its mind up? Connections, cliques, and compatibility between countries in the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Vol. 360(2), pp. 576{\textendash}598 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fenn06-how,
  author = {Fenn, D. and Suleman, O. and Efstathiou, J. and Johnson, N. F.},
  title = {How does Europe make its mind up? Connections, cliques, and compatibility between countries in the Eurovision Song Contest},
  journal = {Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {360},
  number = {2},
  pages = {576textendash598}
}
Fenno, R.F. Going home: Black representatives and their constituents   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fenn??-going,
  author = {Fenno, Richard F.},
  title = {Going home: Black representatives and their constituents},
  publisher = {University of Chicago Press}
}
Fenno, R.F. Home Style: House Members in Their Districts 1978   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fenn78-home,
  author = {Fenno, Richard F.},
  title = {Home Style: House Members in Their Districts},
  publisher = {Little, Brown.},
  year = {1978}
}
Fenno, R.F. U.S. House Members in Their Constituencies: An Exploration 1977 American Political Science Review
Vol. 71(4), pp. 883-917 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fenn77-us,
  author = {Fenno, Richard F.},
  title = {U.S. House Members in Their Constituencies: An Exploration},
  journal = {American Political Science Review},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {71},
  number = {4},
  pages = {883--917}
}
Fenno, R.F. US House members in their constituencies: An exploration 1977 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 71(3), pp. 883{\textendash}917 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fenn77-us-a,
  author = {Fenno, R. F.},
  title = {US House members in their constituencies: An exploration},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {71},
  number = {3},
  pages = {883textendash917},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/1960097}
}
Fenno, R.F. Congressmen in Committees 1973   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fenn73-congressmen,
  author = {Fenno, Richard F.},
  title = {Congressmen in Committees},
  publisher = {Little, Brown},
  year = {1973}
}
Ferdous, N., Eluru, N., Bhat, C. and Meloni, I. A Multivariate Ordered Response Model System for Adults' Weekday Activity Episode Generation by Activity Purpose and Social Context 2009 Technical paper, Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin  article  
BibTeX:
@article{ferd09-multivariate,
  author = {Ferdous, N. and Eluru, N. and Bhat, C. and Meloni, I.},
  title = {A Multivariate Ordered Response Model System for Adults' Weekday Activity Episode Generation by Activity Purpose and Social Context},
  journal = {Technical paper, Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin},
  year = {2009}
}
Ferdous, N., Eluru, N., Bhat, C.R. and Meloni, I. A multivariate ordered-response model system for adults' weekday activity episode generation by activity purpose and social context Transportation Research Part B: Methodological
Vol. 44(8-9), pp. 922-943 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: This paper proposes a multivariate ordered-response system framework to model the interactions in non-work activity episode decisions across household and non-household members at the level of activity generation. Such interactions in activity decisions across household and non-household members are important to consider for accurate activity-travel pattern modeling and policy evaluation. The econometric challenge in estimating a multivariate ordered-response system with a large number of categories is that traditional classical and Bayesian simulation techniques become saddled with convergence problems and imprecision in estimates, and they are also extremely cumbersome if not impractical to implement. We address this estimation problem by resorting to the technique of composite marginal likelihood (CML), an emerging inference approach in the statistics field that is based on the classical frequentist approach, is very simple to estimate, is easy to implement regardless of the number of count outcomes to be modeled jointly, and requires no simulation machinery whatsoever. The empirical analysis in the paper uses data drawn from the 2007 American Time Use Survey (ATUS) and provides important insights into the determinants of adults' weekday activity episode generation behavior. The results underscore the substantial linkages in the activity episode generation of adults based on activity purpose and accompaniment type. The extent of this linkage varies by individual demographics, household demographics, day of the week, and season of the year. The results also highlight the flexibility of the CML approach to specify and estimate behaviorally rich structures to analyze inter-individual interactions in activity episode generation.
BibTeX:
@article{ferd??-multivariate,
  author = {Ferdous, Nazneen and Eluru, Naveen and Bhat, Chandra R. and Meloni, Italo},
  title = {A multivariate ordered-response model system for adults' weekday activity episode generation by activity purpose and social context},
  journal = {Transportation Research Part B: Methodological},
  volume = {44},
  number = {8-9},
  pages = {922--943},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V99-4YJ6MRS-2/2/539364dff5c8d8bd2c0546ea60d6ccbb},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2010.02.002}
}
Ferdous, N., Eluru, N., Bhat, C.R. and Meloni, I. A Multivariate Ordered Response Model System for Adultstextquoteright Weekday Activity Episode Generation by Activity Purpose and Social Context 2009 Technical paper, Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin  article  
BibTeX:
@article{ferd09-multivariate-a,
  author = {Ferdous, N. and Eluru, N. and Bhat, C. R and Meloni, I.},
  title = {A Multivariate Ordered Response Model System for Adultstextquoteright Weekday Activity Episode Generation by Activity Purpose and Social Context},
  journal = {Technical paper, Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin},
  year = {2009}
}
Ferejohn, J., Przeworski, A., Stokes, S.C. and Manin, B. Accountability and Authority: Toward a Theory of Political Accountability 1999 Democracy, Accountability, and Representation, pp. 131-153  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{fere99-accountability,
  author = {Ferejohn, John and Przeworski, Adam and Stokes, Susan C. and Manin, Bernard},
  title = {Accountability and Authority: Toward a Theory of Political Accountability},
  booktitle = {Democracy, Accountability, and Representation},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {1999},
  pages = {131--153}
}
Ferejohn, J. and Shipan, C. Congressional Influence on Bureaucracy 1990 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
Vol. 6, pp. 1-20 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fere90-congressional,
  author = {Ferejohn, John and Shipan, Charles},
  title = {Congressional Influence on Bureaucracy},
  journal = {Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {6},
  pages = {1--20}
}
Ferguson, T.S. A Bayesian analysis of some nonparametric problems 1973 The annals of statistics, pp. 209{\textendash}230  article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{ferg73-bayesian,
  author = {Ferguson, T. S.},
  title = {A Bayesian analysis of some nonparametric problems},
  journal = {The annals of statistics},
  year = {1973},
  pages = {209textendash230},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/2958008}
}
Festinger, L.A. A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance 1957   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fest57-theory,
  author = {Festinger, Leon A.},
  title = {A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance},
  publisher = {Stanf},
  year = {1957}
}
Fey, M. Choosing from a large tournament 2008 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 31(2), pp. 301{\textendash}309 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fey08-choosing,
  author = {Fey, M.},
  title = {Choosing from a large tournament},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {31},
  number = {2},
  pages = {301textendash309}
}
Fey, M. Stability and Coordination in Duverger's Law: A Formal Model of Preelection Polls and Strategic Voting 1997 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 91(1), pp. 135-147 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fey97-stability,
  author = {Fey, Mark},
  title = {Stability and Coordination in Duverger's Law: A Formal Model of Preelection Polls and Strategic Voting},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {91},
  number = {1},
  pages = {135--147}
}
Field, B.N. and Siavelis, P.M. Candidate Selection Procedures in Transitional Polities: A Research Note 2008 Party Politics
Vol. 14(5), pp. 639, 620 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fiel08-candidate,
  author = {Field, B. N. and Siavelis, P. M.},
  title = {Candidate Selection Procedures in Transitional Polities: A Research Note},
  journal = {Party Politics},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {14},
  number = {5},
  pages = {639, 620},
  url = {10.1177/1354068808093393}
}
Figueiredo, M.A.T. and Jain, A.K. Unsupervised learning of finite mixture models 2002 IEEE Transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, pp. 381{\textendash}396  article  
BibTeX:
@article{figu02-unsupervised,
  author = {Figueiredo, M. A.T and Jain, A. K},
  title = {Unsupervised learning of finite mixture models},
  journal = {IEEE Transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence},
  year = {2002},
  pages = {381textendash396}
}
Figueiredo, R.J.P.d. Electoral Competition, Political Uncertainty, and Policy Insulation 2002 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 96(2), pp. 321-333 
article URL 
Abstract: Why are government bureaus not necessarily organized to implement policy effectively? One view holds that a main culprit is political uncertainty. Elected officials know that they will not hold office forever, so they use "insulating" structures that constrain bureaucratic discretion, making bureaus less subject to sabotage but also less effective. I revise this theory by modeling how public officials choose administrative structures. I show that in systems with few veto points, groups will be most likely to act cooperatively on policy when political uncertainty is greatest. In contrast, in systems with many veto points, only electorally weak groups will insulate policies from future interference, therefore shifting focus from uncertainty to electoral strength. Because the conditions that lead to policy insulation are rare, electoral competition should not be thought of as a primary cause of bureaucratic inefficiency.
BibTeX:
@article{figu02-electoral,
  author = {Figueiredo, Rui J. P. de},
  title = {Electoral Competition, Political Uncertainty, and Policy Insulation},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {96},
  number = {2},
  pages = {321--333},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/3118028}
}
Fine, B. A note on the measurement of inequality and interpersonal comparability 1985 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 1(4), pp. 273{\textendash}277 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fine85-note,
  author = {Fine, B.},
  title = {A note on the measurement of inequality and interpersonal comparability},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {1},
  number = {4},
  pages = {273textendash277}
}
Fink, E. Political rhetoric and strategic choice in the ratification conventions on the U.S. Constitution 1987 School: University of Rochester  phdthesis  
BibTeX:
@phdthesis{fink87-political,
  author = {Fink, Evelyn},
  title = {Political rhetoric and strategic choice in the ratification conventions on the U.S. Constitution},
  school = {University of Rochester},
  year = {1987}
}
Fink, E.C. Representation by Deliberation: Changes in the Rules of Deliberation in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789-1844 2000 The Journal of Politics
Vol. 62(4), pp. 1109-1125 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: PB - Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Southern Political Science Association
BibTeX:
@article{fink00-representation,
  author = {Fink, Evelyn C.},
  title = {Representation by Deliberation: Changes in the Rules of Deliberation in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789-1844},
  journal = {The Journal of Politics},
  year = {2000},
  volume = {62},
  number = {4},
  pages = {1109--1125},
  note = {ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Nov., 2000 / Copyright textcopyright 2000 Southern Political Science Association},
  url = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/2647867},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2647867}
}
Finlayson, A. Rhetoric and the Political Theory of Ideologies 2012 Political Studies
Vol. 60(4), pp. 751{\textendash}767 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The political theory of ideologies proposes a distinct way of conceiving of and analysing political thought, especially as it appears textquoteleftin the wildtextquoteright. Exploring the claim that there is a form or mode of thinking specific and proper to politics, and that it is the concern of the political theory of ideology, the article examines two of the leading contemporary approaches in this field: the morphological analysis of Michael Freeden and the discourse analysis associated with Ernesto Laclau. In showing how each produces a distinct object for theoretical analysis (respectively, textquoteleftthe concepttextquoteright and textquoteleftthe signifiertextquoteright) the case is made for constituting a third object textendash the political argument textendash the apprehension of which requires the integration of aspects of the rhetorical tradition into the political theory of ideologies. The conclusion briefly outlines some of the possible implications, for political theory and analysis more generally, of the rhetorical conception of political thought and ideology.
BibTeX:
@article{finl12-rhetoric,
  author = {Finlayson, Alan},
  title = {Rhetoric and the Political Theory of Ideologies},
  journal = {Political Studies},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {60},
  number = {4},
  pages = {751textendash767},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00948.x/abstract},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.00948.x}
}
Finocchiaro, C.J. and Rohde, D.W. War for the Floor: Partisan Theory and Agenda Control in the U.S. House of Representatives 2002   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{fino02-war,
  author = {Finocchiaro, Charles J. and Rohde, David W.},
  title = {War for the Floor: Partisan Theory and Agenda Control in the U.S. House of Representatives},
  year = {2002}
}
Fiorina, M.P.. and Plott, C.R.. Committee decisions under majority rule: An experimental study 1978 The American Political Science Review
Vol. 72(2), pp. 575-598 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fior78-committee,
  author = {Fiorina, M.P. and Plott, C.R.},
  title = {Committee decisions under majority rule: An experimental study},
  journal = {The American Political Science Review},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {72},
  number = {2},
  pages = {575--598}
}
Fiorina, M. Congress: Keystone of the Washington Establishment 1989   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fior89-congress,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris},
  title = {Congress: Keystone of the Washington Establishment},
  publisher = {Yale University Press},
  year = {1989}
}
Fiorina, M., Dodd, L.C. and Oppenheimer, B.I. Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy: A Mismatch of Incentives and Capabilities 1981 Congress Reconsidered  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{fior81-congressional,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris and Dodd, Lawrence C. and Oppenheimer, Bruce I.},
  title = {Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy: A Mismatch of Incentives and Capabilities},
  booktitle = {Congress Reconsidered},
  publisher = {CQ Press},
  year = {1981}
}
Fiorina, M.P. Representation and Backlash: The Positive and Negative Influence of Descriptive Representation 2007 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 32(1), pp. 133, 107 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fior07-representation,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P.},
  title = {Representation and Backlash: The Positive and Negative Influence of Descriptive Representation},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {32},
  number = {1},
  pages = {133, 107},
  url = {10.3162/036298007X202001}
}
Fiorina, M.P. Economic Retrospective Voting in American National Elections: A Micro-Analysis 1978 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 22(2), pp. 426-443 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fior78-economic,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P.},
  title = {Economic Retrospective Voting in American National Elections: A Micro-Analysis},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {22(2)},
  pages = {426--443}
}
Fiorina, M.P., Abrams, S.J. and Pope, J.C. Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America 2005   article  
BibTeX:
@article{fior05-culture,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P. and Abrams, Samuel J. and Pope, Jermey C.},
  title = {Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America},
  year = {2005}
}
Fiorina, M.P. and Mayhew, D.R. Divided government
Vol. Longman classics in political science 
book  
BibTeX:
@book{fior??-divided,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P. and Mayhew, David R.},
  title = {Divided government},
  publisher = {Longman},
  volume = {Longman classics in political science}
}
Fiorina, M.P., Rivers, D., Fiorina, M.P. and Rohde, D. Constituency Service, Reputation, and the Incumbency Advantage 1989 Home Style and Washington Work  incollection  
BibTeX:
@incollection{fior89-constituency,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P. and Rivers, Douglas and Fiorina, Morris P. and Rohde, David},
  title = {Constituency Service, Reputation, and the Incumbency Advantage},
  booktitle = {Home Style and Washington Work},
  publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
  year = {1989}
}
Fiorina, M.P. and Shepsle, K.A. Is Negative Voting an Artifact? 1989 American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 33(2), pp. 423-439 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fior89-negative,
  author = {Fiorina, Morris P. and Shepsle, Kenneth A.},
  title = {Is Negative Voting an Artifact?},
  journal = {American Journal of Political Science},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {33(2)},
  pages = {423--439}
}
Fischoff, B. Hindsight is not equal to foresight: The effect of outcome knowledge on judgment under uncertainty 1975 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Vol. 1(3), pp. 288-299 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fisc75-hindsight,
  author = {Fischoff, Baruch},
  title = {Hindsight is not equal to foresight: The effect of outcome knowledge on judgment under uncertainty},
  journal = {Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {1(3)},
  pages = {288--299}
}
Fish, M.S. and Kroenig, M. The handbook of national legislatures: a global survey 2009   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fish09-handbook,
  author = {Fish, M. Steven and Kroenig, Matthew},
  title = {The handbook of national legislatures: a global survey},
  publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
  year = {2009}
}
Fishburn, P. Condorcet Social Choice Functions 1977 SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Vol. 33, pp. 469-489 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish77-condorcet,
  author = {Fishburn, Peter},
  title = {Condorcet Social Choice Functions},
  journal = {SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics},
  year = {1977},
  volume = {33},
  pages = {469--489}
}
Fishburn, P.C. Decision theory and discrete mathematics 1996 Discrete Applied Mathematics
Vol. 68(3), pp. 209-221 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fish96-decision,
  author = {Fishburn, Peter C.},
  title = {Decision theory and discrete mathematics},
  journal = {Discrete Applied Mathematics},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {68},
  number = {3},
  pages = {209--221},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0166218X95000672},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-218X(95)00067-2}
}
Fishburn, P.C. Operations on binary relations 1978 Discrete Mathematics
Vol. 21(1), pp. 7-22 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fish78-operations,
  author = {Fishburn, Peter C.},
  title = {Operations on binary relations},
  journal = {Discrete Mathematics},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {21},
  number = {1},
  pages = {7--22},
  url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0012365X78901437},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-365X(78)90143-7}
}
Fisher, D.C., Lundgren, J.R., Merz, S.K. and Reid, K.B. The domination and competition graphs of a tournament 1998 Journal of Graph Theory
Vol. 29(2), pp. 103{\textendash}110 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish98-domination,
  author = {Fisher, D. C and Lundgren, J. R and Merz, S. K and Reid, K. B},
  title = {The domination and competition graphs of a tournament},
  journal = {Journal of Graph Theory},
  year = {1998},
  volume = {29},
  number = {2},
  pages = {103textendash110}
}
Fisher, D.C., Lundgren, J.R., Merz, S.K. and Reid, K.B. Domination graphs of tournaments and digraphs 1995 Congressus Numerantium, pp. 97{\textendash}108  article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish95-domination,
  author = {Fisher, D. C and Lundgren, J. R and Merz, S. K and Reid, K. B.},
  title = {Domination graphs of tournaments and digraphs},
  journal = {Congressus Numerantium},
  year = {1995},
  pages = {97textendash108}
}
Fisher, L. The Legislative Veto: Invalidated, It Survives 1993 Law and Contemporary Problems
Vol. 56, pp. 273-292 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish93-legislative,
  author = {Fisher, Louis},
  title = {The Legislative Veto: Invalidated, It Survives},
  journal = {Law and Contemporary Problems},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {56},
  pages = {273--292}
}
Fisher, S. Definition and measurement of tactical voting: The role of rational choice 2004 British Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34(01), pp. 152{\textendash}166 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish04-definition,
  author = {Fisher, S.},
  title = {Definition and measurement of tactical voting: The role of rational choice},
  journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {34},
  number = {01},
  pages = {152textendash166}
}
Fisher, S.D., Lessard-Phillips, L., Hobolt, S.B. and Curtice, J. Disengaging voters: Do plurality systems discourage the less knowledgeable from voting? 2008 Electoral Studies
Vol. 27(1), pp. 89{\textendash}104 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fish08-disengaging,
  author = {Fisher, S. D and Lessard-Phillips, L. and Hobolt, S. B and Curtice, J.},
  title = {Disengaging voters: Do plurality systems discourage the less knowledgeable from voting?},
  journal = {Electoral Studies},
  year = {2008},
  volume = {27},
  number = {1},
  pages = {89textendash104}
}
Fiske, A.P. and Tetlock, P.E. Taboo Trade-offs: Reactions to Transactions that Transgress the Spheres of Justice 1997 Political Psychology
Vol. 18(2), pp. 255-297 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fisk97-taboo,
  author = {Fiske, Alan Page and Tetlock, Philip E.},
  title = {Taboo Trade-offs: Reactions to Transactions that Transgress the Spheres of Justice},
  journal = {Political Psychology},
  year = {1997},
  volume = {18(2)},
  pages = {255--297}
}
Fiske, S.T. and Taylor, S.E. Social Cognition 1991   book  
BibTeX:
@book{fisk91-social,
  author = {Fiske, Susan T. and Taylor, Shelley E.},
  title = {Social Cognition},
  publisher = {McGraw-Hill},
  year = {1991}
}
Fitzmaurice, G.M., Lipsitz, S.R. and Ibrahim, J.G. A Note on Permutation Tests for Variance Components in Multilevel Generalized Linear Mixed Models 2007 Biometrics
Vol. 63(3), pp. 942-946 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fitz07-note,
  author = {Fitzmaurice, Garrett M. and Lipsitz, Stuart R. and Ibrahim, Joseph G.},
  title = {A Note on Permutation Tests for Variance Components in Multilevel Generalized Linear Mixed Models},
  journal = {Biometrics},
  year = {2007},
  volume = {63},
  number = {3},
  pages = {942--946},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0420.2007.00775.x/full},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0420.2007.00775.x}
}
Fleck, R.K. and Kilby, C. Reassessing the Role of Constituency in Congressional Voting 2002 Public Choice
Vol. 112(1-2), pp. 31-53 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{flec02-reassessing,
  author = {Fleck, Robert K. and Kilby, Christopher},
  title = {Reassessing the Role of Constituency in Congressional Voting},
  journal = {Public Choice},
  year = {2002},
  volume = {112},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {31--53}
}
Fleurbaey, M. Social preferences for the evaluation of procedures 2012 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 39(2), pp. 599-614 
article DOI URL 
Abstract: The standard analysis of procedures (mechanisms), in the theory of implementation, focuses on the properties of the subset of possible outcomes. But since a given procedure may yield very different outcomes in different circumstances (preference profile, information or rationality of players), it may be useful to rely on fine-grained social preferences over outcomes in order to evaluate the procedure. This paper introduces the notion of cross-profile social ordering, and illustrates how this concept may be used for the assessment of procedures.
BibTeX:
@article{fleu12-social,
  author = {Fleurbaey, Marc},
  title = {Social preferences for the evaluation of procedures},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {39},
  number = {2},
  pages = {599--614},
  url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/k345485370022l4r/abstract/},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-011-0641-3}
}
Florens, J.P., Heckman, J.J., Meghir, C. and Vytlacil, E.J. Identification of treatment effects using control functions in models with continuous, endogenous treatment and heterogeneous effects 2008   book  
BibTeX:
@book{flor08-identification,
  author = {Florens, J. P and Heckman, J. J and Meghir, C. and Vytlacil, E. J},
  title = {Identification of treatment effects using control functions in models with continuous, endogenous treatment and heterogeneous effects},
  publisher = {NBER},
  year = {2008}
}
Fong, C. Which beliefs matter for redistributive politics? Target-specific versus general beliefs about he causes of income 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{fong04-which,
  author = {Fong, Christina},
  title = {Which beliefs matter for redistributive politics? Target-specific versus general beliefs about he causes of income},
  year = {2004}
}
Fong, C. Social preferences, self-interest, and the demand for redistribution 2001 Journal of Public Economics
Vol. 82(2), pp. 225{\textendash}246 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fong01-social,
  author = {Fong, C.},
  title = {Social preferences, self-interest, and the demand for redistribution},
  journal = {Journal of Public Economics},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {82},
  number = {2},
  pages = {225textendash246}
}
Fong, C.M., Bowles, S., Gintis, H., Jean Mercier-Ythier, S.K. and Louis-Andr'e Handbood on the eonomics of giving, reciprocity and altruism 2004   misc  
BibTeX:
@misc{fong04-handbood,
  author = {Fong, Christina M. and Bowles, Samuel and Gintis, Herbert and Jean Mercier-Ythier, Serge Kolm and Louis-Andr'e},
  title = {Handbood on the eonomics of giving, reciprocity and altruism},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
  year = {2004}
}
Forgette, R. Party Caucuses and Coordination: Assessing Caucus Activity and Party Effects 2004 Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 29(3), pp. 407-430 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{forg04-party,
  author = {Forgette, Richard},
  title = {Party Caucuses and Coordination: Assessing Caucus Activity and Party Effects},
  journal = {Legislative Studies Quarterly},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {29},
  number = {3},
  pages = {407--430}
}
Forgette, R., Garner, A. and Winkle, J. Do Redistricting Principles and Practices Affect US State Legislative Electoral Competition? 2009 State Politics & Policy Quarterly
Vol. 9(2), pp. 151{\textendash}175 
article URL 
BibTeX:
@article{forg09-redistricting,
  author = {Forgette, R. and Garner, A. and Winkle, J.},
  title = {Do Redistricting Principles and Practices Affect US State Legislative Electoral Competition?},
  journal = {State Politics & Policy Quarterly},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {9},
  number = {2},
  pages = {151textendash175},
  url = {http://spa.sagepub.com/content/9/2/151.short}
}
Forsythe, R., Myerson, R.B., Rietz, T.A. and Weber, R.J. An Experiment on Coordination in Multi-Candidate Elections: The Importance of Polls and Election Histories 1993 Social Choice and Welfare
Vol. 10(3), pp. 223-247 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fors93-experiment,
  author = {Forsythe, Robert and Myerson, Roger B. and Rietz, Thomas A. and Weber, Robert J.},
  title = {An Experiment on Coordination in Multi-Candidate Elections: The Importance of Polls and Election Histories},
  journal = {Social Choice and Welfare},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {10},
  number = {3},
  pages = {223--247}
}
Forsythe, R., Rietz, T., Myerson, R. and Weber, R. An experimental study of voting rules and polls in three-candidate elections 1996 International Journal of Game Theory
Vol. 25(3), pp. 355-383 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fors96-experimental,
  author = {Forsythe, Robert and Rietz, Thomas and Myerson, Roger and Weber, Robert},
  title = {An experimental study of voting rules and polls in three-candidate elections},
  journal = {International Journal of Game Theory},
  year = {1996},
  volume = {25},
  number = {3},
  pages = {355--383}
}
Foster, D. and Young, P. Stochastic evolutionary game dynamics* 1990 Theoretical Population Biology
Vol. 38(2), pp. 219{\textendash}232 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fost90-stochastic,
  author = {Foster, D. and Young, P.},
  title = {Stochastic evolutionary game dynamics*},
  journal = {Theoretical Population Biology},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {38},
  number = {2},
  pages = {219textendash232}
}
Foster, D.P. and Young, H.P. Learning Nash Equilibrium 2003   techreport  
BibTeX:
@techreport{fost03-learning,
  author = {Foster, Dean P. and Young, H. Peyton},
  title = {Learning Nash Equilibrium},
  year = {2003}
}
Fowler, E.F. and Ridout, T.N. Advertising Trends in 2010 2011 The Forum
Vol. 8(4) 
article DOI URL 
BibTeX:
@article{fowl11-advertising,
  author = {Fowler, Erika Franklin and Ridout, Travis N},
  title = {Advertising Trends in 2010},
  journal = {The Forum},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {8},
  number = {4},
  url = {http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/for.2011.8.4_20120105083457/for.2011.8.4/for.2011.8.4.1411/for.2011.8.4.1411.xml},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1540-8884.1411}
}
Fowler, J. Altruism and Turnout 2006 Journal of Politics
Vol. Forthcoming 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fowl06-altruism,
  author = {Fowler, James},
  title = {Altruism and Turnout},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {Forthcoming}
}
Fowler, J. Habitual Voting and Behavioral Turnout 2006 Journal of Politics
Vol. Forthcoming 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{fowl06-habitual,
  author = {Fowler, James},
  title = {Habitual Voting and Behavioral Turnout},
  journal = {Journal of Politics},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {Forthcoming}
}
Fox, J. Effect displays in R for generalised linear models 2003 Journal of Statistical Software  article URL 
Abstract: Abstract This paper describes the implementation in R of a method for tabular or graphical display of terms in a complex generalised linear model. By complex, I mean a model that contains terms related by marginality or hierarchy, such as polynomial terms, or main effects and
BibTeX:
@article{fox03-effect,
  author = {Fox, J.},
  title = {Effect displays in R for generalised linear models},
  journal = {Journal of Statistical Software},
  year = {2003},
  url = {http://www.jstatsoft.org/v08/i15/paper}
}
Fréchette, G.R., Kagel, J.H. and Morelli, M. Gamson's Law versus non-cooperative bargaining theory 2005 Games and Economic Behavior
Vol. 51(2), pp. 365{\textendash}390 
article